Helping those we are responsible for to reach their
1. Put service before self interest- Desire to empower others takes
precedence over the desire to achieve more power for ourselves.
2. Listen first to affirm others- The servant leader does not have all the
answer; nor does he claim to. He listens carefully to the problems of
others, provides understanding, and affirms his confidence in
3. Inspire trust by being trustworthy- Servant leaders gain trust because
they give everything away- power, control, rewards, information, and
recognition. This allows others to flourish.
4. Nourish others and help them become whole- Help others to find the
power of the human spirit and accept their responsibilities.
The Servant by James C. Hunter
•Help others grow
•“Leading on behalf of” & “for the
sake of”…his/her followers
•Servant leadership is essentially
(according to the old paradigm)
Maslow’s needs vs. Hunter’s leadership model
Hierarchy of Human Needs
James Hunter’s Servant
(1984 Nobel Peace Prize)
South African activist and Christian
cleric and an opponent of apartheid.
He was the first black South African
Archbishop of Cape Town, South
Archbishop Tutu actively defends
human rights and has campaigned
to fight: AIDS, tuberculosis,
homophobia, poverty, and racism.
Tutu received the Nobel Peace Prize
in 1984, the Albert Schweitzer Prize
for Humanitarianism in 1986, the
Gandhi Peace Prize in 2005, and the
Presidential Medal of Freedom in
What others have to say about servant leadership…
Steven R. Covey, from The Principle-Centered Leader, says, “If our
intent is to serve, to bless others without self concern, we are inwardly
rewarded with increased internal security and an abundance
Robert Wood Johnson, of Johnson & Johnson, says, “It is the duty of
the leader to be a servant to those responsible to him.”
Jesus Christ says in Matthew 20:26-28 “…Whoever wants to be a leader
among you must be your servant, and whoever wants to be first
among you must become your slave. For even the Son of Man came
not to be served, but to serve others and to give his life as a ransom
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