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Chapter 8
Social Stratification
and the U.S. Class System
*This multimedia product and its contents are protected under co...
Key Terms
Social Differentiation
• Process by which we are set apart for differential treatment

Social Inequality
• Condi...
Systems of Stratification

Slave System
• Two distinct strata:
category of free people
and a category who are
the legal pr...
Systems of Stratification

Estate System
• Centered on
monopoly of power
and ownership of land

Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson...
Determining Social Class Ranking

Wealth

Power

Authority

Income
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights r...
Socioeconomic Status
Measuring social class
• Reputational method
• Subjective method
• Objective method (preferred by U.S...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Lower

Lower-Middle

Upper-Middle

U.S. Social Classes
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Poverty
Absolute Poverty
• Being below the minimum level of subsistence and
unable to function as members of society

Rela...
Who Are U.S. Poor?
Media Images
• Influence assumptions about who is poor

The Reality
• In 2005, 33 million Americans (12...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Poverty and Culture
Culture of Poverty
• Set of norms, beliefs, values, and attitudes that trap poor
in permanent cycle of...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Life Chances
Class is a powerful predictor of
life outcomes...
Opportunities for securing resources
• Like eating nutritio...
Social Mobility
Vertical movement within class structure
Intergenerational & Intragenerational
Structural mobility
• large...
Sociological Perspectives
Functionalist
Davis and Moore
1. Inequality is created by needs of system
2. Some positions are ...
Sociological Perspectives
Conflict
Marx
1. History = class struggle where elites gain most benefits
2. Bourgeoisie (capita...
Sociological Perspectives
Interactionist
We use symbols to differentiate ourselves from those in
other classes
Lifestyle d...
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Thompson ch08 ln

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Transcript of "Thompson ch08 ln"

  1. 1. Chapter 8 Social Stratification and the U.S. Class System *This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: any public performances or display, including transmission of any image over a network; preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images; any rental, lease, or lending of the program. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Slides by Michael Miller
  2. 2. Key Terms Social Differentiation • Process by which we are set apart for differential treatment Social Inequality • Condition under which we have unequal access to resources Social Stratification • Form of inequality based on our access to valued resources Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  3. 3. Systems of Stratification Slave System • Two distinct strata: category of free people and a category who are the legal property of others Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Caste System • Rank is heredity and permanent • Marriage between members of different categories is prohibited
  4. 4. Systems of Stratification Estate System • Centered on monopoly of power and ownership of land Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Class System • Achieved statuses are the principal means of ranking
  5. 5. Determining Social Class Ranking Wealth Power Authority Income Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  6. 6. Socioeconomic Status Measuring social class • Reputational method • Subjective method • Objective method (preferred by U.S. sociologists) Socioeconomic status • A ranking that combines income, occupational prestige, education, and neighborhood to define social class Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  7. 7. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Lower Lower-Middle Upper-Middle U.S. Social Classes
  8. 8. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  9. 9. Poverty Absolute Poverty • Being below the minimum level of subsistence and unable to function as members of society Relative Poverty • A lack of resources relative to others and the overall standards of society Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  10. 10. Who Are U.S. Poor? Media Images • Influence assumptions about who is poor The Reality • In 2005, 33 million Americans (12%) had poverty incomes • Poverty rates vary by age, race, and gender • Feminization of poverty: women and girls are majority Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  11. 11. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  12. 12. Poverty and Culture Culture of Poverty • Set of norms, beliefs, values, and attitudes that trap poor in permanent cycle of poverty • Most sociologists disagree with idea that poor people remain poor because of defective culture Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  13. 13. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  14. 14. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  15. 15. Life Chances Class is a powerful predictor of life outcomes... Opportunities for securing resources • Like eating nutritious food, getting decent housing, going to college, etc. Advantages begin early and persist throughout life Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  16. 16. Social Mobility Vertical movement within class structure Intergenerational & Intragenerational Structural mobility • large-scale changes causing movement in hierarchy • major basis of movement in U.S. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  17. 17. Sociological Perspectives Functionalist Davis and Moore 1. Inequality is created by needs of system 2. Some positions are more important to society and require more training and skills 3. Differential reward motivates people to fill important jobs Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  18. 18. Sociological Perspectives Conflict Marx 1. History = class struggle where elites gain most benefits 2. Bourgeoisie (capitalists) vs. Proletariat (working class) Would you agree that mass media are instruments of ruling class? Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  19. 19. Sociological Perspectives Interactionist We use symbols to differentiate ourselves from those in other classes Lifestyle displays rank Veblen Wealth becomes prestige through conspicuous consumption Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
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