Thompson ch08 ln
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Thompson ch08 ln

on

  • 155 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
155
Slideshare-icon Views on SlideShare
155
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Thompson ch08 ln Thompson ch08 ln Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter 8 Social Stratification and the U.S. Class System *This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: any public performances or display, including transmission of any image over a network; preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images; any rental, lease, or lending of the program. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Slides by Michael Miller
    • Key Terms Social Differentiation • Process by which we are set apart for differential treatment Social Inequality • Condition under which we have unequal access to resources Social Stratification • Form of inequality based on our access to valued resources Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
    • Systems of Stratification Slave System • Two distinct strata: category of free people and a category who are the legal property of others Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Caste System • Rank is heredity and permanent • Marriage between members of different categories is prohibited
    • Systems of Stratification Estate System • Centered on monopoly of power and ownership of land Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Class System • Achieved statuses are the principal means of ranking
    • Determining Social Class Ranking Wealth Power Authority Income Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
    • Socioeconomic Status Measuring social class • Reputational method • Subjective method • Objective method (preferred by U.S. sociologists) Socioeconomic status • A ranking that combines income, occupational prestige, education, and neighborhood to define social class Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
    • Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Lower Lower-Middle Upper-Middle U.S. Social Classes
    • Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
    • Poverty Absolute Poverty • Being below the minimum level of subsistence and unable to function as members of society Relative Poverty • A lack of resources relative to others and the overall standards of society Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
    • Who Are U.S. Poor? Media Images • Influence assumptions about who is poor The Reality • In 2005, 33 million Americans (12%) had poverty incomes • Poverty rates vary by age, race, and gender • Feminization of poverty: women and girls are majority Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
    • Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
    • Poverty and Culture Culture of Poverty • Set of norms, beliefs, values, and attitudes that trap poor in permanent cycle of poverty • Most sociologists disagree with idea that poor people remain poor because of defective culture Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
    • Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
    • Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
    • Life Chances Class is a powerful predictor of life outcomes... Opportunities for securing resources • Like eating nutritious food, getting decent housing, going to college, etc. Advantages begin early and persist throughout life Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
    • Social Mobility Vertical movement within class structure Intergenerational & Intragenerational Structural mobility • large-scale changes causing movement in hierarchy • major basis of movement in U.S. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
    • Sociological Perspectives Functionalist Davis and Moore 1. Inequality is created by needs of system 2. Some positions are more important to society and require more training and skills 3. Differential reward motivates people to fill important jobs Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
    • Sociological Perspectives Conflict Marx 1. History = class struggle where elites gain most benefits 2. Bourgeoisie (capitalists) vs. Proletariat (working class) Would you agree that mass media are instruments of ruling class? Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
    • Sociological Perspectives Interactionist We use symbols to differentiate ourselves from those in other classes Lifestyle displays rank Veblen Wealth becomes prestige through conspicuous consumption Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.