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Re seeding drought killed lawns
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Re seeding drought killed lawns

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  • 1. Gardener’s Toolbox Series
    2011
    Is Your Grass Greener?
    Lawn care after the drought
  • 2. Brought to you by:
    Amy Aldenderfer
    County Extension Agent
    for Horticulture
  • 3. Overview
    Key to a good lawn
    General Maintenance
    Getting Started
    Grass Selection
  • 4. Key to a Great Lawn
    Uniformity!
  • 5. Turf Care Calendar
    AGR-55
    AGR-55
    Basic Lawn Care Requirements
    Good reference to other publications
  • 6. To renovate or not?
    < 50% Dead
    Excessive Thatch
    Weeds cover 20-40%
    RENOVATE!
    Compacted soil
    > 50% Weeds or Bare soil
    Serious thatch problem
    RE-ESTABLISH!
  • 7. Why did the lawn deteriorate?
    Do the corrective measures
    Change management practices
  • 8. Do-it-yourself or professional?
    You can do some of it yourself.
    May rent equipment
  • 9. When?
    “A poorly done fall (turf) seeding is still better than a well-done spring seeding.”
    Bill Pound (Buckeye Yard and Garden Line)
    Best time:
    Mid-August through late September
    Second best time:
    Mid-February through March
  • 10. Determine grass type:
    Bluegrass
    Tall fescue
    Fine fescues
    Bermudagrass
    Zoysiagrass
  • 11. Select the Right Grass
    Kentucky Bluegrass
    well-drained soils, full sunlt. Shade
    fine texture, spreads
    poor traffic, shade, low mowing height tolerance; severe grub susceptibility, thatch build-up, poor seedling vigor,
    2 lbs./1000sq.ft.
  • 12. Select the Right Grass
    Tall fescue
    full sun med. Shade; heavy claysandy soil
    good traffic tolerance
    no serious insects, thatch, irrigation,
    More frequent mowings, brown patch
    6 lb./1000 sq. ft.
  • 13. Select the Right Grass
    Fine Fescues
    some shade
    tolerant of: low fertility, drought, acid soils
    very fine texture
    poor traffic tolerance, clumps, grub damage, no heavy fertilization
    2 lb./1000 sq. ft.
  • 14. Select the Right Grass
    Bermudagrass
    all varieties of questionable hardiness
    excellent sod resiliency, spreading habit, heat/drought resistant, traffic tolerant, no mowing Oct. - April
    dormancy period, invasive, vegetative propagation, thatch, no shade tolerance
    May/June planting
  • 15. Select the Right Grass
    Zoysiagrass
    hardy throughout Kentucky
    no serious heat, drought, cold problems
    excellent sod resiliency, spreading habit, heat/drought resistant, traffic tolerant, no mowing Oct. - April
    SLOW to establish!
  • 16. Provides a nutrient analysis
    easy to take
    FREE!
    Takes 7-10 working days for results
    Take A Soil Test
  • 17. Soil Test #1
    When the Results Return
    What information do you need?
  • 18. Steps to Renovation
    Control existing vegetation
    Scalp
    Prepare surface
    Add fertilizer
    Apply seed
    Lightly rake
    Water
  • 19. Eliminate the Competition
    Use non-selective herbicide
    wait 7-10 days
    Mow turf close
    Selective herbicide
    broadleaf weeds
    wait 1 month
  • 20. Seed Bed Preparation
    Seed to Soil Contact
    Power raking
    De-thatcher
    Verticutter
    Hand rake
  • 21. Clean Seed Bed
    Rake off loose thatch
    Add fertilizer (if necessary) at rate
    no Nitrogen
  • 22. Apply Seed
    In 2 - 4 directions
    by hand
    rotary spreader
    drop seeder
    slit seeder (professional only)
    Rake in lightly
  • 23. Post-Renovation
    Water
    Fertilization
    Mowing
    Weed Control
  • 24. Lawn Maintenance
    Regular Mowing –
    Use sharp mower and cut at 3 inches.
    Recycle your clippings by leaving them on the lawn.
    Never cut more than 1/3 of the blade of grass at a time.
  • 25. Lawn Maintenance
    Irrigate –
    In absence of adequate rainfall, give your lawn 1 inch of water per week, 1/2 inch twice a week is best.
    Water deeply, light watering creates shallow roots.
  • 26. Lawn Maintenance
    Fertilize –
    Take a soil test FIRST.
    Use 4-1-2 ratio fertilizer for good lawn maintenance.
    Fertilize in September, October and November.
  • 27. Lawn Maintenance
    Control weeds, insects, and disease as needed.
    Remember if you don't have a problem, don't try to fix it.
    Spot treat as needed.
  • 28. Lawn Maintenance
    Core aerate and control thatch.
    Do this in the fall to establish a good seed bed.
    De-thatch only if thatch exceeds 1/2 inch thickness.
  • 29. Autumn Tasks
    Aug-Oct 1
    Seed or renovate
    Sept 1-Nov
    Weed control
    Sept-Dec
    Fertilize
    Anytime
    Lime
    Store and service mower
  • 30. Good Luck!

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