Turf Care Calendar AGR-55 AGR-55 Basic Lawn Care Requirements Good reference to other publications
To renovate or not? < 50% Dead Excessive Thatch Weeds cover 20-40% RENOVATE! Compacted soil > 50% Weeds or Bare soil Serious thatch problem RE-ESTABLISH!
Why did the lawn deteriorate? Do the corrective measures Change management practices
Do-it-yourself or professional? You can do some of it yourself. May rent equipment
When? “A poorly done fall (turf) seeding is still better than a well-done spring seeding.” Bill Pound (Buckeye Yard and Garden Line) Best time: Mid-August through late September Second best time: Mid-February through March
Select the Right Grass Kentucky Bluegrass well-drained soils, full sunlt. Shade fine texture, spreads poor traffic, shade, low mowing height tolerance; severe grub susceptibility, thatch build-up, poor seedling vigor, 2 lbs./1000sq.ft.
Select the Right Grass Tall fescue full sun med. Shade; heavy claysandy soil good traffic tolerance no serious insects, thatch, irrigation, More frequent mowings, brown patch 6 lb./1000 sq. ft.
Select the Right Grass Fine Fescues some shade tolerant of: low fertility, drought, acid soils very fine texture poor traffic tolerance, clumps, grub damage, no heavy fertilization 2 lb./1000 sq. ft.
Select the Right Grass Bermudagrass all varieties of questionable hardiness excellent sod resiliency, spreading habit, heat/drought resistant, traffic tolerant, no mowing Oct. - April dormancy period, invasive, vegetative propagation, thatch, no shade tolerance May/June planting
Select the Right Grass Zoysiagrass hardy throughout Kentucky no serious heat, drought, cold problems excellent sod resiliency, spreading habit, heat/drought resistant, traffic tolerant, no mowing Oct. - April SLOW to establish!
Provides a nutrient analysis easy to take FREE! Takes 7-10 working days for results Take A Soil Test
Soil Test #1 When the Results Return What information do you need?
Steps to Renovation Control existing vegetation Scalp Prepare surface Add fertilizer Apply seed Lightly rake Water
Eliminate the Competition Use non-selective herbicide wait 7-10 days Mow turf close Selective herbicide broadleaf weeds wait 1 month
Seed Bed Preparation Seed to Soil Contact Power raking De-thatcher Verticutter Hand rake
Clean Seed Bed Rake off loose thatch Add fertilizer (if necessary) at rate no Nitrogen
Apply Seed In 2 - 4 directions by hand rotary spreader drop seeder slit seeder (professional only) Rake in lightly
Post-Renovation Water Fertilization Mowing Weed Control
Lawn Maintenance Regular Mowing – Use sharp mower and cut at 3 inches. Recycle your clippings by leaving them on the lawn. Never cut more than 1/3 of the blade of grass at a time.
Lawn Maintenance Irrigate – In absence of adequate rainfall, give your lawn 1 inch of water per week, 1/2 inch twice a week is best. Water deeply, light watering creates shallow roots.
Lawn Maintenance Fertilize – Take a soil test FIRST. Use 4-1-2 ratio fertilizer for good lawn maintenance. Fertilize in September, October and November.
Lawn Maintenance Control weeds, insects, and disease as needed. Remember if you don't have a problem, don't try to fix it. Spot treat as needed.
Lawn Maintenance Core aerate and control thatch. Do this in the fall to establish a good seed bed. De-thatch only if thatch exceeds 1/2 inch thickness.
Autumn Tasks Aug-Oct 1 Seed or renovate Sept 1-Nov Weed control Sept-Dec Fertilize Anytime Lime Store and service mower