Forestry cde rules 2014
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  • 1. Forestry CDE Rules Beginning 2014 CDE Details Thursday, April 24, 2014, 10:00 a.m. Green River Lake State Park, Campbellsville, KY Rules 1. A team representing a chapter may consist of four members. The highest three scores will constitute the team score. All four members will use their event eligibility. 2. The state event will be an open invitation without regional eliminations being required. 3. An FFA member may participate in the state event only once. 4. Any communication between participants during the event will be sufficient cause to eliminate the team(s) involved from the event. 5. Any assistance given a team member from any source during the event will be sufficient cause to eliminate the team from the event. 6. In case of a tie, the highest individual score on a team will be used to break the tie (for all placings). 7. The judges reserve the right to stop a participant at any time when damage to parts or instruments appears to be imminent or safety of the participant is questioned. 8. No team shall practice Forestry Judging within Green River Lake State Park in the 30 days prior to the contest. Teams found to be in violation of this rule will be disqualified. 9. Students WILL be in the forest and should dress accordingly. Recommended dress includes long pants, close toed shoes (preferably boots), and rain gear if the forecast calls for rain. 10. Each student should bring insect repellant, clip board, writing utensil, Biltmore Stick.
  • 2. PARTS OF CONTEST: Written Test (200 points) Test will consist of general knowledge questions about forestry terms, measurements, pests, etc., which will come from the listed publications. Primary references include: Forest & Forestry Text and Kentucky Division of Forestry Website. Extension publications, textbooks, and other websites may also be used as references. Tree Identification (200 Points) Participants will identify 25 trees from the attached list. Timber Cruising (250 points) Participants will measure 10 trees. For each tree, participants will record DBH (Diameter Breast Height) to the nearest one-inch class and the merchantable height of each tree height rounded down to the nearest ½ log. Volume tables will be provided for the event. The minimum diameters and log lengths will be: DBH 10 inches Top Diameter 10 inches DIB Height 16 feet Merchantable Height stops are estimated to the upper point on a tree where it becomes 10 inches in diameter or where a major fork in a tree stem occurs or where a limb has a diameter equal to ½ of the diameter of the tree at that point. DOYLE LOG SCALE WILL BE USED. 1. 2. 3. 4. Points per tree: 10 - DBH; 10 - # logs; 5 - board feet. Measure DBH to nearest inch. Measure merchantable timber to the nearest ½ log There will be a 1" leeway on DBH worth 1/2 credit (5 points). There will be a ½” log leeway on number of logs (5 points) ½” log = 8 ft.; 1 log = 16 ft.). Board feet must be exact according to the official judge's measurements. Even Year Practicums The following practicums will be used in even numbered years (2014, 2016, etc.) Timber Stand Improvement (100 points) Participants will be given a scenario and guidelines about a tract of timber. They will then be given 10 trees and asked to identify each tree as: Crop Tree, Deaden Tree, Leave Tree. An example scenario is attached. Map Interpretation (100 points) Participants will answer questions using a furnished United States Geological Survey topographic map. The participants should know the legal description, recognize topographic map symbols, understand the meaning of map symbols, size and location of 40 acres or more in a parcel.
  • 3. Forest Products (100 points) Ten to twenty wood products/samples will be displayed for participants to evaluate and identify its tree species source from the tree identification specimen list. The wood products/samples will be presented as actual samples, pictures/slides, and/or written descriptions. The National FFA Tree ID Specimen list will be used for Forest Products. Odd Year Practicums The following practicums will be used in odd numbered years (2015, 2017, etc.) Tool ID (100 points) Tools to be used will be those on the national contest tool list. There will be 20 tools from this list to identify. Compass and Pacing (100 points) The participants will use a hand compass and pacing to the nearest full foot to simulate the determination of the property lines on a tract of timber. The participant will start at any point and record the compass reading and distance to the next point. Azimuth readings shall be recorded. Partial credit will be given with a deduction of one point for each two degrees or two feet the participant is off the correct answer. Tree Forest Disorders (100 points) Symptoms of 10-20 disorders from the attached list will be displayed for the participants to identify by common names. The symptoms may be presented in any of the following forms: actual samples, pictures/slides, written descriptions, and/or written case history. References National FFA Career Development Events Handbook http://www.ffa.org/documents/cde_forestry.pdf Forests & Forestry, 4th edition, Holland et al. U.K. Extension Publications: FOR 2, FOR 3, FOR 4, & FOR 9 Kentucky Division of Forestry http://www.forestry.ky.gov Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources http://fw.ky.gov/
  • 4. Kentucky Tree ID List COMMON NAME SCIENTIFIC NAME 1. Sugar Maple Acer saccharum 2. Red Maple Acer rubrum 3. Silver Maple Acer saccharinum 4. Boxelder Acer negundo 5. Sumac Rhus spp. 6. Pawpaw Asimina triloba 7. American Holly Ilex opaca 8. River Birch Betula nigra 9. American Hornbeam Carpinus caroliniana 10. Eastern Hophornbeam Ostrya virginiana 11. Catalpa Catalpa spp. 12. Royal Paulownia Paulownia tomentosa 13. Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida 14. Eastern Redcedar Juniperus virginiana 15. Persimmon Diospyos virginiana 16. Sourwood Oxydendron arboretum 17. American Beech Fagus grandifolia 18. American Chestnut Castanea dentate 19. White Oak Quercus alba 20. Bur Oak Quercus macrocarpa 21. Post Oak Quercus stellata 22. Chestnut Oak Quercus prinus
  • 5. 23. Chinkapin Oak Quercus muehlenbergii 24. Northern Red Oak Quercus rubra 25. Black Oak Quercus velutina 26. Southern Red Oak Quercus falcate 27. Cherrybark Oak Quercus pagodaefolia 28. Pin Oak Quercus palustris 29. Willow Oak Quercus phellos 30. Shingle Oak Quercus imbricaria 31. Sweetgum Liquidamber styraciflua 32. Witch-Hazel Hamamelis virgiania 33. Buckeye Aesculus spp. 34. Black Walnut Juglans nigra 35. White Walnut (butternut) Juglans cinerea 36. Shagbark Hickory Carya ovate 37. Shellbark Hickory Carya lacinosa 38. Mockernut Hickory Carya tomentosa 39. Pignut Hickory Carya glabra 40. Pecan Carya illinoensis 41. Bitternut Hickory Carya cordiformis 42. Sassafras Sassafras albidum 43. Eastern Redbud Cercis Canadensis 44. Kentucky Coffeetrree Gymnocladus diocus 45. Honey Locust Gleditisia triacanthos 46. Black Locust Robinia pseudoacacia
  • 6. 47. Magnolia Magnolia spp. 48. Yellow-Poplar Liriodendron tulipifera 49. Red Mulberry Morus rubra 50. White Mulberry Morus alba 51. Osage Orange Maclura pomifera 52. Black Gum Nyssa sylvatica 53. Ash Fraxinus spp. 54. Eastern White Pine Pinus strobes 55. Loblolly Pine Pinus taeda 56. Virginia Pine Pinus virginiana 57. Eastern Hemlock Tsuga Canadensis 58. American Sycamore Platanus occidentalis 59. Black Cherry Prunus serotina 60. Serviceberry Amelanchier arborea 61. Hawthorn Crataegus spp. 62. Black Willow Salix nigra 63. Eastern Cottonwood Populus deltoids 64. Tree-Of-Heaven Ailanthus altissima 65. Baldcypress Taxodium distichum 66. American Basswood Tilia Americana 67. American Elm Ulmus Americana 68. Slippery Elm Ulmus rubra 69. Winged Elm Ulmus alata 70. Hackberry Celtis occidentalis
  • 7. References: Partial tree list: “Kentucky Forest Trees How to Know Them” University of Kentucky College of Agriculture Cooperative Extension Service Equipment List 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. Altimeter Back-pack Fire Pump Bark Gauge Bulldozer Canthook Chainsaw Chainsaw Chaps Clinometer Data Recorder Denisometer Diameter Tape Dot Grid Drip Torch Endloader Feller Buncher Fiberglass Measuring Tape Fire Rake Fire Weather Kit Fire-Swatter Flow/current Meter GPS Reciever Hand Compass Hand Lens/Field Microscope Hip Chain Hypo-Hatchet Increment Borer Log Rule 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. Loggers Tape pH Meter Planimeter Plant Press Plastic Flagging Pulaski Forester Axe Relaskop Safety Glasses Safety Hardhat Soil Sampler Soil Test Kit Staff Compass Stereoscope Survey Instrument Tally Book Tally Meter Tree Caliper Tree Harvester Tree Marking Gun Tree Planting Hoe or Bar Tree Skidder Tree Stick Water Sampler Water Test Kit Wedge Prism Wheeler Caliper
  • 8. Tree Disorders List 1. Air pollution 2. Aphid 3. Beetles 4. Butt or Heart Rot 5. Canker 6. Chemical damage 7. Cicada 8. Climatic injury: snow, wind, frost, drought, hail 9. Damping off 10. Douglas fir tussock moth 11. Emerald ash borer 12. Fire damage 13. Gypsy moth 14. Hemlock woolly adelgid 15. Landscape equipment damage 16. Lightning damage 17. Mechanical damage 18. Mistletoe 19. Nematode 20. Rust 21. Sawfly 22. Scale 23. Spruce budworm 24. Sunscald 25. Tent caterpillar 26. Wetwood or slime flux 27. Wildlife/Livestock damage 28. Wood borer Wood Products Specimen List 1. Alder, Red 2. Ash 3. Aspen 4. Aspen 5. Baldcypress 6. Beech, American 7. Birch, Black 8. Birch, White 9. Cherry, Black 10. Cottonwood, Eastern 11. Elm 12. Fir, Balsam 13. Fir, Douglas 14. Hemlock, Eastern 15. Hemlock, Western 16. Hickory 17. Maple, Red 18. Maple, Sugar 19. Oak, Black 20. Oak, Chestnut 21. Oak, Northern Red 22. Oak, Scarlet 23. Oak, Southern Red 24. Oak, White 25. Pecan 26. Pine, Eastern White 27. Pine, Loblolly 28. Pine, Lodgepole 29. Pine, Longleaf 30. Pine, Pitch 31. Pine, Ponderosa 32. Pine, Red 33. Pine, Shortleaf 34. Poplar, Yellow 35. Red Cedar, Western 36. Redcedar, Eastern 37. Spruce, Red 38. Spruce, Sitka 39. Spruce, White 40. Sweetgum
  • 9. 41. Sycamore 42. Walnut, Black
  • 10. 2013 TIMBER STAND IMPROVEMENT (TSI) WORKSHEET Stand Description: The area is typical of an old field (30 plus years ago) that is reverting to hardwoods. The major tree species noted in this area are; yellow-poplar and eastern redcedar. The stand also contains other species including sugar maple, red maple, persimmon, and black cherry. This area is in need of proper forest management techniques to improve the woodlot for the future. Goal: Your primary goal is the long term development of high quality timber. Your secondary goal is to improve wildlife habitat by killing low quality canopy trees to increase browse on the forest floor. This will be accomplished by deciding which trees should be left as crop trees (crop trees), which trees should be eliminated to improve the growth of the crop trees or to meet your wildlife goals (deaden) and which trees are not impacting your goals and should be left alone (leave). Hints: A crop tree is a straight tree with few lower limbs and good diameter growth. A leave tree is a tree that is not interfering with a crop tree and would have limited effect on the stand if removed. Black cherry and black walnut tend to hold a higher value than other species. Circle the action you would take for the selected tree to improve the stand: crop tree, deaden or leave TREE # SPECIES ANSWER 1 yellow-poplar crop tree deaden leave 2 red maple crop tree deaden leave 3 sugar maple crop tree deaden leave 4 yellow-poplar crop tree deaden leave 5 yellow-poplar crop tree deaden leave 6 red maple crop tree deaden leave 7 yellow-poplar crop tree deaden leave 8 black cherry crop tree deaden leave 9 sugar maple crop tree deaden leave 10 eastern redcedar crop tree deaden leave