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What is a run-on sentence?
A run-on sentence is… <ul><li>a sentence that consists of  </li></ul><ul><li>two independent clauses  </li></ul><ul><li>th...
What is an  independent clause?
An independent clause is one that… <ul><li>stands by itself as a simple, complete sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>contains a s...
<ul><li>EXAMPLES OF INDEPENDENT CLAUSES </li></ul><ul><li>John walks. </li></ul><ul><li>Cats and dogs sleep a lot. </li></...
Types of run-on sentences
FUSED <ul><li>There is NO punctuation between the two independent clauses </li></ul><ul><li>Obama was one of the candidate...
COMMA SPLICES <ul><li>There is a COMMA placed between the two independent clauses </li></ul><ul><li>Obama held his accepta...
Is this a run-on sentence? <ul><li>Obama used the Internet to reach out to many people, consequently many people voted for...
YES! <ul><li>The word  consequently  is a conjunctive (connecting) adverb which cannot be used to connect two independent ...
CORRECTING RUN-ONS  USING CONVENTIONAL PUNCTUATION
ONE SEPARATE THE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES INTO TWO SENTENCES
 
 
TWO JOIN THE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES WITH A SEMICOLON OR COLON
 
THREE CONNECT THE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES WITH A COMMA AND A COORDINATING CONJUNCTION.
Coordinating conjunctions
 
FOUR MAKE ONE OF THE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES INTO A DEPENDENT CLAUSE <ul><li>A dependent clause cannot stand on its own. </li>...
DEPENDENT CLAUSES <ul><li>Adjective clauses </li></ul><ul><li>Adverb clauses </li></ul>
Adjective clauses consist of  RELATIVE PRONOUNS  +  PREDICATE <ul><li>who   used the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>which   wa...
 
Adverb clauses consist of SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTION  +  SUBJECT  +  PREDICATE <ul><li>after   Obama   won the election </l...
 
FIVE RESTRUCTURE THE TWO INDEPENDENT CLAUSES INTO ONE INDEPENDENT CLAUSE <ul><li>Turn one of the independent clauses into ...
 
SUMMARY <ul><li>Separate the two independent clauses into two separate sentences by adding a period. </li></ul><ul><li>Use...
<ul><li>Adapted by K. Wykes from: </li></ul><ul><li>Wysocki, Anne Francis.  The DK Handbook .  </li></ul><ul><li>New York:...
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Run On Sentences

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This presentation is an adaptation by me of information from The DK Handbook, Pearson Ed., 2009 regarding run-on sentences and their subsequent revision. It presents five different ways to correct run-ons.

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Transcript of "Run On Sentences "

  1. 2. What is a run-on sentence?
  2. 3. A run-on sentence is… <ul><li>a sentence that consists of </li></ul><ul><li>two independent clauses </li></ul><ul><li>that are connected </li></ul><ul><li>with punctuation that is unconventional </li></ul><ul><li>or with no punctuation between them. </li></ul>
  3. 4. What is an independent clause?
  4. 5. An independent clause is one that… <ul><li>stands by itself as a simple, complete sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>contains a subject </li></ul><ul><li>contains a predicate (verb) </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>EXAMPLES OF INDEPENDENT CLAUSES </li></ul><ul><li>John walks. </li></ul><ul><li>Cats and dogs sleep a lot. </li></ul><ul><li>The room was huge and airy. </li></ul><ul><li>The presidential elections caused much consternation for voters this year. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Types of run-on sentences
  7. 8. FUSED <ul><li>There is NO punctuation between the two independent clauses </li></ul><ul><li>Obama was one of the candidates for U. S. president he won the election. </li></ul>
  8. 9. COMMA SPLICES <ul><li>There is a COMMA placed between the two independent clauses </li></ul><ul><li>Obama held his acceptance speech at Grant </li></ul><ul><li>Park in Chicago, there were thousands of </li></ul><ul><li>admirers in attendance at the event. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Is this a run-on sentence? <ul><li>Obama used the Internet to reach out to many people, consequently many people voted for him. </li></ul>
  10. 11. YES! <ul><li>The word consequently is a conjunctive (connecting) adverb which cannot be used to connect two independent clauses. </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes comma splices are created in this way. </li></ul>
  11. 12. CORRECTING RUN-ONS USING CONVENTIONAL PUNCTUATION
  12. 13. ONE SEPARATE THE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES INTO TWO SENTENCES
  13. 16. TWO JOIN THE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES WITH A SEMICOLON OR COLON
  14. 18. THREE CONNECT THE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES WITH A COMMA AND A COORDINATING CONJUNCTION.
  15. 19. Coordinating conjunctions
  16. 21. FOUR MAKE ONE OF THE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES INTO A DEPENDENT CLAUSE <ul><li>A dependent clause cannot stand on its own. </li></ul>
  17. 22. DEPENDENT CLAUSES <ul><li>Adjective clauses </li></ul><ul><li>Adverb clauses </li></ul>
  18. 23. Adjective clauses consist of RELATIVE PRONOUNS + PREDICATE <ul><li>who used the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>which was on the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>that caused much consternation </li></ul><ul><li>whose use of the Internet </li></ul>
  19. 25. Adverb clauses consist of SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTION + SUBJECT + PREDICATE <ul><li>after Obama won the election </li></ul><ul><li>although the election caused much consternation </li></ul><ul><li>before people voted </li></ul><ul><li>when Obama won </li></ul><ul><li>while the elections were going on </li></ul>
  20. 27. FIVE RESTRUCTURE THE TWO INDEPENDENT CLAUSES INTO ONE INDEPENDENT CLAUSE <ul><li>Turn one of the independent clauses into a phrase that </li></ul><ul><li>modifies the subject in the other independent clause. </li></ul>
  21. 29. SUMMARY <ul><li>Separate the two independent clauses into two separate sentences by adding a period. </li></ul><ul><li>Use a colon or semicolon to connect one independent clause to the other. </li></ul><ul><li>Use a comma and a coordinating conjunction to connect the two independent clauses. </li></ul><ul><li>Make one independent clause into a dependent clause by using relative pronouns or subordinating conjunctions. </li></ul><ul><li>Restructure the independent clauses into one independent clause. </li></ul>
  22. 30. <ul><li>Adapted by K. Wykes from: </li></ul><ul><li>Wysocki, Anne Francis. The DK Handbook . </li></ul><ul><li>New York: Pearson Education, 2009. </li></ul>
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