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Run On Sentences

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This presentation is an adaptation by me of information from The DK Handbook, Pearson Ed., 2009 regarding run-on sentences and their subsequent revision. It presents five different ways to correct …

This presentation is an adaptation by me of information from The DK Handbook, Pearson Ed., 2009 regarding run-on sentences and their subsequent revision. It presents five different ways to correct run-ons.

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  • 1.  
  • 2. What is a run-on sentence?
  • 3. A run-on sentence is…
    • a sentence that consists of
    • two independent clauses
    • that are connected
    • with punctuation that is unconventional
    • or with no punctuation between them.
  • 4. What is an independent clause?
  • 5. An independent clause is one that…
    • stands by itself as a simple, complete sentence.
    • contains a subject
    • contains a predicate (verb)
  • 6.
    • EXAMPLES OF INDEPENDENT CLAUSES
    • John walks.
    • Cats and dogs sleep a lot.
    • The room was huge and airy.
    • The presidential elections caused much consternation for voters this year.
  • 7. Types of run-on sentences
  • 8. FUSED
    • There is NO punctuation between the two independent clauses
    • Obama was one of the candidates for U. S. president he won the election.
  • 9. COMMA SPLICES
    • There is a COMMA placed between the two independent clauses
    • Obama held his acceptance speech at Grant
    • Park in Chicago, there were thousands of
    • admirers in attendance at the event.
  • 10. Is this a run-on sentence?
    • Obama used the Internet to reach out to many people, consequently many people voted for him.
  • 11. YES!
    • The word consequently is a conjunctive (connecting) adverb which cannot be used to connect two independent clauses.
    • Sometimes comma splices are created in this way.
  • 12. CORRECTING RUN-ONS USING CONVENTIONAL PUNCTUATION
  • 13. ONE SEPARATE THE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES INTO TWO SENTENCES
  • 14.  
  • 15.  
  • 16. TWO JOIN THE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES WITH A SEMICOLON OR COLON
  • 17.  
  • 18. THREE CONNECT THE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES WITH A COMMA AND A COORDINATING CONJUNCTION.
  • 19. Coordinating conjunctions
  • 20.  
  • 21. FOUR MAKE ONE OF THE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES INTO A DEPENDENT CLAUSE
    • A dependent clause cannot stand on its own.
  • 22. DEPENDENT CLAUSES
    • Adjective clauses
    • Adverb clauses
  • 23. Adjective clauses consist of RELATIVE PRONOUNS + PREDICATE
    • who used the Internet
    • which was on the Internet
    • that caused much consternation
    • whose use of the Internet
  • 24.  
  • 25. Adverb clauses consist of SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTION + SUBJECT + PREDICATE
    • after Obama won the election
    • although the election caused much consternation
    • before people voted
    • when Obama won
    • while the elections were going on
  • 26.  
  • 27. FIVE RESTRUCTURE THE TWO INDEPENDENT CLAUSES INTO ONE INDEPENDENT CLAUSE
    • Turn one of the independent clauses into a phrase that
    • modifies the subject in the other independent clause.
  • 28.  
  • 29. SUMMARY
    • Separate the two independent clauses into two separate sentences by adding a period.
    • Use a colon or semicolon to connect one independent clause to the other.
    • Use a comma and a coordinating conjunction to connect the two independent clauses.
    • Make one independent clause into a dependent clause by using relative pronouns or subordinating conjunctions.
    • Restructure the independent clauses into one independent clause.
  • 30.
    • Adapted by K. Wykes from:
    • Wysocki, Anne Francis. The DK Handbook .
    • New York: Pearson Education, 2009.

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