Feeder Advanced Storage Transaction (FAST)Battery Storage for a Smarter Grid<br />Presented to our client, PGE<br />The Ev...
Feeder Advanced Storage Transaction (FAST): What is it?<br />Inverter<br />Oxford Substation<br /> in Salem<br />1,300 kWh...
Why Battery Storage?<br />Issues with current “not smart” grid:<br /><ul><li>Electricity cannot be stored, it is created &...
Battery storage can provide power during peak demand
Transient nature means a short term bridge is needed to allow time for backup generators to kick in</li></ul>Source: Esour...
Why Battery Storage?<br />Issues with current “not smart” grid:<br /><ul><li>Renewables: may not be available during peak ...
FAST Environment<br />5 MW<br />Residential Demand Response<br /><ul><li>5 MW of customer backup generators (diesel) DSG
113 kW Solar PV at Kettle Chips plant
Implement 1,300 kWh battery (EnerDel), a 5 MW PCS (Eaton) as part of “Islanding”
Demand Response programs</li></li></ul><li>FAST and the Smart Grid<br /><ul><li>Intentional Islanding an SG technical feat.
 Monitor and Control. Existing GenOnsys – ethernet radio and modbus.
 Current human control signals >> price based signals
GenOnsys expand to manage more DER</li></ul>http://mendocoastcurrent.files.wordpress.com/2009/07/smartgrid-graphic.jpg<br />
Energy Storage<br />Reference: Energy Storage and the Smart Grid TiE Oregon Clean Energy Special Interest Group100421<br />
Battery Technology: Lifetime behavior<br />Frequency regulation and Voltage support<br />Energy, Power, Power Quality<br /...
FAST Benefits<br />
Peak Discharge/Off Peak Charge<br />CHARGE<br />CHARGE<br />DISCHARGE<br />Source: Esource<br />
Savings ValuationPeak Power at Off Peak Prices<br />Assumptions:<br />Battery discharges 1 MW during peak, charges 1 MW of...
Battery Economics – Peak Shaving<br />
Battery Battle:Utility ScalevsElectric Vehicles<br />
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  • Ken’s section begin
  • Energy vs PowerCurrently one of the least expensive long term energy storage devices is fossil fuels. Discharge time: Hours vs MinutesHours good for daily peak shavingMinutes is good for power quality, emergency peak power, reliability, frequency regulation (cycle vs depth of discharge)
  • Technology:Naresh And Anil
  • Wind - PGE suggest a $13.50/MWh cost to integrate wind based on thermal and market purchases. Battery economics need to improve substantially to compete. PGE&apos;s 2009 IRP and NPPCC 2010 Power Plan document discuss methods for wind integration with only a mention of DSG and DR. Most reports on wind integration are looking to larger capacity storage technologies like Pumped Hydro or CAES to manage Wind supply. SCE 8MW Tehachipi (A123) at windDuke 20MW wind in Texas. At windMore value in utilizing transmission more effectively (higher capacity factor)There could be more opportunities for lithium-ion manufacturers to join with utilities on DOE-funded projects. Duke Energy (DUK), for instance, hasn&apos;t yet selected the battery providers for its Notrees Wind storage project, which was granted $21.8 million from the DOE.Duke spokesman Greg Efthimiou said in an email that the utility intends to employ multiple battery types to store wind-generated energy at the Texas-based wind farm, which calls for about 20 MW of storage capacity.Read more: http://www.nasdaq.com/aspx/company-news-story.aspx?storyid=200912011458dowjonesdjonline000389#ixzz0qipA2Juz
  • PNW is not a leader, but we should still develop transparent liquid market for energyPrice caps are dangerousPUC/utility forecasting (CO2 tax
  • Victor
  • 2. If PNW continues its status quo to the rest of the country on market development, PGE should consider some 3. PGE pricing tools to be used for customers to evaluate projects4. GenOnsys should receive R&amp;D support for expansion into the real control room at PGE5. Leverage 3rd party experience, but do intelligence to target best customers6. Cascade Crossing have to do.7.
  • 2010 jun14 fast presentation

    1. 1. Feeder Advanced Storage Transaction (FAST)Battery Storage for a Smarter Grid<br />Presented to our client, PGE<br />The EverReadys:<br />NareshBokka, Michael Broda, RK Karduri, Cynthia Kan, Ken Nichols, Anil Palliboina, Victor Shestakov<br />Tuesday, June 15, 2010<br />
    2. 2. Feeder Advanced Storage Transaction (FAST): What is it?<br />Inverter<br />Oxford Substation<br /> in Salem<br />1,300 kWh Battery<br />5,000 kW<br />Ever Ready<br />
    3. 3. Why Battery Storage?<br />Issues with current “not smart” grid:<br /><ul><li>Electricity cannot be stored, it is created & consumed at the same time
    4. 4. Battery storage can provide power during peak demand
    5. 5. Transient nature means a short term bridge is needed to allow time for backup generators to kick in</li></ul>Source: Esource<br />
    6. 6. Why Battery Storage?<br />Issues with current “not smart” grid:<br /><ul><li>Renewables: may not be available during peak periods (or may be available during off peak)</li></li></ul><li>Goals of the FAST project<br />Part of the PNW Smartgrid Demonstration Project, funded by ARRA as a research project for PGE to explore how storage capacity will provide local and grid-wide benefits ($20 million for PGE) <br />Anchor a high reliability island or microgrid<br />Provide power during peak demand<br />Firming intermittent renewable resources<br />
    7. 7. FAST Environment<br />5 MW<br />Residential Demand Response<br /><ul><li>5 MW of customer backup generators (diesel) DSG
    8. 8. 113 kW Solar PV at Kettle Chips plant
    9. 9. Implement 1,300 kWh battery (EnerDel), a 5 MW PCS (Eaton) as part of “Islanding”
    10. 10. Demand Response programs</li></li></ul><li>FAST and the Smart Grid<br /><ul><li>Intentional Islanding an SG technical feat.
    11. 11. Monitor and Control. Existing GenOnsys – ethernet radio and modbus.
    12. 12. Current human control signals >> price based signals
    13. 13. GenOnsys expand to manage more DER</li></ul>http://mendocoastcurrent.files.wordpress.com/2009/07/smartgrid-graphic.jpg<br />
    14. 14. Energy Storage<br />Reference: Energy Storage and the Smart Grid TiE Oregon Clean Energy Special Interest Group100421<br />
    15. 15. Battery Technology: Lifetime behavior<br />Frequency regulation and Voltage support<br />Energy, Power, Power Quality<br />Reference:Altairnano Lithium Titanate Cycle Life versus depth of discharge<br />
    16. 16. FAST Benefits<br />
    17. 17. Peak Discharge/Off Peak Charge<br />CHARGE<br />CHARGE<br />DISCHARGE<br />Source: Esource<br />
    18. 18. Savings ValuationPeak Power at Off Peak Prices<br />Assumptions:<br />Battery discharges 1 MW during peak, charges 1 MW off peak<br />Volume negligible (no price elasticity effect)<br />Data from Dow Jones Mid Columbia Price Index<br />June 2005 – May 2010 time period (5 yrs)<br />Average price differential is $9.80/MW<br />Savings is $17,802<br />
    19. 19. Battery Economics – Peak Shaving<br />
    20. 20. Battery Battle:Utility ScalevsElectric Vehicles<br />
    21. 21. Policy Analysis<br /><ul><li>PNW ISO
    22. 22. Managing renewable generation
    23. 23. Price signals (shorter blocks, shorter duration)
    24. 24. CA AB 2514. 5% storage rate by 2020, or 3,400 MW in CA.</li></ul>“Ratepayers pay for manufacturing jobs”<br /><ul><li>NO Price Caps. CAISO current cap is $1,000/MWh energy. </li></ul>“you can cut my power for $1,000/MWh”<br /><ul><li> SG Industry to Federal Leadership:</li></ul> “thanks for the $3.4 Billion, all we really needed was a CO2 tax”<br /><ul><li> Utilities/PUC challenged to forecast in volatile policy environment
    25. 25. FERC to consider allowing distributed resources to sell power.</li></li></ul><li>Policy Analysis<br /> Interests Coincide<br /><ul><li>Project Transparency
    26. 26. Economic Development (Jobs)
    27. 27. Social Responsibility
    28. 28. Sustainability
    29. 29. Renewable Energy Integration
    30. 30. Reliability
    31. 31. Business Case</li></li></ul><li>United Nation’s World Summit 2005 <br />Sustainability<br /><ul><li> FAST project – a perfect example of sustainable development</li></ul> Chart 1. Balancing three “pillars” of sustainability <br /><ul><li> Improved quality of life
    32. 32. Jobs created
    33. 33. “Green collars”
    34. 34. Energy security
    35. 35. Renewable energy integration
    36. 36. Renewable energy infrastructure growth
    37. 37. Reduced GHG emissions
    38. 38. Jobs created
    39. 39. Energy independence
    40. 40. Fossil fuels energy facility</li></ul> construction avoided<br /><ul><li> Green economy growth</li></ul>“Sustainable development requires the reconciliation of environmental, social and economic demands - the “three pillars” of sustainability.”United Nation’s World Summit 2005<br />
    41. 41. PGE SG Challenges & Opportunities<br />Technical challenge of intentional islanding <br />Transparent pricing for power and ancillary services >> Ratecase risk<br />Develop smart tools such as market and forward pricing<br />Expand GenOnsys to incorporate new distributed resources<br />Demand Response via 3rd parties, with smart meter analytics<br />Look for SG opportunities when considering T&D investment<br />Support EV cars through pricing program, ratepayers should not pay for capital<br />
    42. 42. Acknowledgements to our Technical Advisors at PGE <br /><ul><li>Mark Osborn, Manager Distributed Resources
    43. 43. Conrad Eustis, Director Retail Technology</li></li></ul><li>Discussion Questions <br />Do think public policy should support use of the city right-of-way for the distribution system battery storage? E.g. a battery-inverter storage system that is 8 feet long, 4 feet deep, and five feet high ever half-mile.<br /> <br />Market interest in Power reliability:<br />For a commercial or industrial high reliability zone? E.g. a square mile where a high reliability micro grid is created for the property owners/tenants. How should the incremental cost be recovered?<br />For residential customers an optional home back-up system? The system backs up the home in the event of a grid outage. The utility owns and maintains the systems and uses it to support renewables integration. The customer would pay about $10 a month for the back-up service.<br /> <br />The lack of a transparent and liquid market for power services in the Pacific Northwest makes the introduction of certain resources very difficult. Do you think the region should create (as most US regions already have) an independent system operator that manages a transparent market mechanism? What entities should drive the creation process?<br /> <br />What key issues have we missed on our analysis?<br />

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