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Pennsylvania Driving Manual Mrs. Wheeling  2010-2011
Course of Study <ul><li>Driver Education will teach to the state manual.  Students will learn about licensing and the new ...
Class Rules <ul><li>Follow all directions the first time they are given. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep hands, feet, and all objec...
Grading <ul><li>Safety Education is a  GRADUATION REQUIREMENT .  Students are given a letter grade A to F.  The grade will...
Time Management & Make-Up Work <ul><li>Each class is 40 minutes in length.  Students should report directly to their assig...
Learner’s Permit <ul><li>Driving in PA is a privilege </li></ul><ul><li>Minimum age is 16 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Complete t...
At The Test Center <ul><li>Vision test  </li></ul><ul><li>Try without your glasses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Must pass or go t...
Driving on a PA Permit <ul><li>Curfew in effect 11pm to 5 am </li></ul><ul><li>Must have licensed driver age 21+ </li></ul...
Receiving your License <ul><li>Permit is good for one year </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You must have 50 hours of practice drivin...
Items for the Road test <ul><li>Your signed learner’s permit </li></ul><ul><li>Valid Driver’s license  </li></ul><ul><li>V...
Test Car and Instrumentation <ul><li>Car will be spot inspected </li></ul><ul><li>Instructor may ask for lights, flashers ...
ROAD TEST at DMV <ul><li>You must Parallel Park- shows skill level </li></ul><ul><li>Test will include: </li></ul><ul><ul>...
Road Test through Company <ul><li>Company Name: Transportation Solutions </li></ul><ul><li>6 hours of driving </li></ul><u...
Signs, Signals and  Pavement Markings  <ul><li>Standard Traffic Lights- nationally  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vertical </li></...
LIGHTS <ul><li>RED  light </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Steady means stop wait for cycle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flashing stop ...
Non Functioning Light <ul><li>Think  “Stop Sign” </li></ul><ul><li>Intersection becomes four way stop </li></ul><ul><li>Al...
Pedestrian Signals <ul><li>Functions along with Traffic lights </li></ul><ul><li>Walk sign is White Stick Figure or “Walk”...
Blind Pedestrians <ul><li>White Cane </li></ul><ul><li>Seeing Eye Dog </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large dog </li></ul></ul><ul><...
SCHOOL ZONE SIGNALS <ul><li>Yellow Warning Light indicate hours </li></ul><ul><li>Speed Limit, 15 MPH during school hours ...
RAILROAD CROSSINGS <ul><li>75% of PA crossings have only warning and cross-buck signs at the tracks </li></ul><ul><li>20% ...
I. Pennsylvania Laws and Regulations <ul><li>TRAFFIC LAWS </li></ul><ul><li>SIGNS- Identify from a distance </li></ul><ul>...
Traffic Laws  <ul><li>5.  Octagon </li></ul><ul><li>6.   Vertical Rectangle </li></ul><ul><li>7.   Horizontal Rectangle </...
Colors <ul><li>Red –  Prohibitive </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow –  Warning </li></ul><ul><li>Green –  Guide </li></ul><ul><li>O...
REGULATORY SIGNS <ul><li>Stop signs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Complete stop is when you rock back </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4...
REGULATORY SIGNS <ul><li>NO - Circle and a Slash </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No to what ever is under the slash </li></ul></ul><...
WARNING SIGNS- Yellow <ul><li>No Passing Zone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Left side of the road </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shows...
WARNING SIGNS- Yellow <ul><li>Divided Highway </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shows where the highway splits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
WARNING SIGNS- Yellow <ul><li>Narrow Bridge sign </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gov. Pinchot paved 16’ wide roads 1930’s </li></ul>...
WARNING SIGNS- Yellow <ul><li>Shoulder Signs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low shoulder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soft shoulder <...
CONSTRUCTION SIGNS <ul><li>Work Zones </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Headlights on </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fines and points doub...
Guide Signs- Green <ul><li>Largest and smallest signs on roadway </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interstate signs </li></ul></ul><ul...
ROUTE MARKERS <ul><li>U. S. Routes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shaped like a “Marshall’s Badge” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Best ...
SERVICE SIGNS- Blue Color <ul><li>International Symbols </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shape on blue field informs you of services ...
PAVEMENT MARKINGS <ul><li>Yellow Lines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Separates two way traffic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>White Lines ...
CHAPTER 3: Learning to Drive <ul><li>Topics: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Choosing Safety First </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Everyd...
CHOOSING SAFETY FIRST <ul><li>Vehicle Check: Preparing to Drive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adjust Seat-   bent legs, bent elbow...
Choosing Safety First <ul><li>Seatbelts: single most effective thing to do </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2008 Saved 13,000 lives <...
CHOOSING SAFETY FIRST <ul><li>Driver Factors: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inattention-  accounts for 25-30% of crashes </li></ul...
CHOOSING SAFETY FIRST <ul><li>Driver’s Health Factors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vision checked from time to time </li></ul></u...
EVERYDAY DRIVING SKILLS <ul><li>Managing Space </li></ul><ul><li>Managing Speed </li></ul><ul><li>Turns, Merging and Passi...
SMITH SYSTEM of SEEING <ul><li>5 Point Plan for Defensive Driving </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1.  Aim High </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
SIPDE Process <ul><li>S–  Search -  scan ahead </li></ul><ul><li>I–  Identify -  all risks </li></ul><ul><li>P–  Predict -...
EVERYDAY DRIVING SKILLS <ul><li>Top Ten Reason Teens Crash: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1.  Driving Too Fast  2. Moves into traf...
EVERYDAY DRIVING SKILLS <ul><li>Managing Space: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep a Space Cushion- allows for reaction </li></ul>...
EVERYDAY DRIVING SKILLS <ul><li>Keep Space to the Sides </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stay centered in available space </li></ul><...
EVERYDAY DRIVING SKILLS <ul><li>Blind Spots </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Traditional Mirrors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhanced ...
EVERYDAY DRIVING SKILLS <ul><li>Looking to the Sides </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scan at intersections; keep head on a pivot </l...
EVERYDAY DRIVING SKILLS <ul><li>Night Time Driving- more dangerous </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dangers :  Limited vision, Other ...
OVERDRIVING YOUR HEADLIGHTS <ul><li>Driving so fast you can not stop in time to avoid a hazard that appears within the len...
MANAGING SPEED <ul><li>Posted Speed Limit- Black and White sign </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum Speed - Ideal Conditions </li></...
MANAGING SPEED <ul><li>Road Conditions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wet Pavement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Watch for “Slipp...
Tire Smart <ul><li>www.betiresmart </li></ul><ul><li>19% at least 1 tire underinflated by 8lbs </li></ul><ul><li>11% Bald ...
REACTING TO SLICK ROADS  <ul><li>Reduce speed 5-10 mph </li></ul><ul><li>Ice and snow may need slower speeds </li></ul><ul...
MANAGING SPEED <ul><li>Visibility Conditions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fog </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use low beams on hea...
MANAGING SPEED <ul><li>Traffic Flow </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Speed difference causes crashes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maint...
MANAGING SPEED <ul><li>Communicating Your Actions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Signals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Law require...
TURNING, MERGING and PASSING <ul><li>Signal before you turn </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal distance and makes the turn clear ...
TURNING, MERGING, PASSING <ul><li>Right and Left Turns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proper lane and enter proper lane </li></ul><...
TURNS ON RED <ul><li>Right Turn on RED </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No sign </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must stop, yield and enter...
CROSSING TRAFFIC <ul><li>Remember: </li></ul><ul><li>Cross completely don’t block intersection </li></ul><ul><li>Move into...
MERGING, PASSING  TRAFFIC <ul><li>Merging with Traffic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Good driver’s judgment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
PASSING <ul><li>Two Lane Road- legal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Posted speed is passing speed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk a...
NEGOTIATING INTERSECTIONS <ul><li>Yielding vs Right of Way </li></ul><ul><li>Approaching Intersections </li></ul><ul><ul><...
NEGOTIATING INTERSECTIONS <ul><li>Moving Through an Intersection </li></ul><ul><li>Straight across is safest 3-6 seconds <...
NEGOTIATING CURVES <ul><li>Most Common Teen Crash </li></ul><ul><li>Getting Through the Curve </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slow b...
PHYSICS OF DRIVING <ul><li>ENERGY OF MOTION :  Square of the difference    in speed </li></ul><ul><li>10MPH= (X) EOM </li>...
PHYSICS CONT. <ul><li>DISTANCE BETWEEN IMPACT & TOTAL STOP: </li></ul><ul><li>Tire :   Traction and inflation impacts stop...
PHYSICS CONT. <ul><li>MOMENTUM :   (Mass x Velocity) STRAIGHT    LINE FORCE </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: 80,000 lbs @ 2 MPH= 4,00...
Friction Cont. <ul><li>MOMENTUM>FRICTION =   Car goes in straight line </li></ul><ul><li>MOMENTUM<FRICTION =   Car follows...
<ul><li>TOTAL STOPPING DISTANCE:   Approximately 4 sec. </li></ul><ul><li>Perception Time/Distance=   Driver controls this...
<ul><li>FEET PER SECOND:   Distance traveled in one second at speed </li></ul><ul><li>Formula:   Speed Traveled + ½ Speed=...
NEGOTIATING FREEWAY  OR INTERSTATES <ul><li>Entering using the ramp </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On the ramp see the gap, signal ...
PARKING <ul><li>Parallel- car at no risk to traffic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Downhill with or without a curb cut tires right ...
PARKING LAWS <ul><li>No PARKING ISSUES  need to know these for test </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Double Park  On Sidewalk </li></...
SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES <ul><li>Work Zone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fines and penalties double </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Headli...
SHARING THE ROADWAYS <ul><li>Pedestrians- facing traffic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Move slower than traffic </li></ul></ul><ul...
SHARING THE ROADWAYS <ul><li>Trucks and Buses-  you must see their mirrors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Passing-  equals two car ...
SCHOOL BUS SAFETY <ul><li>State Protects the Children </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Failing to stop 60 suspension of License </li>...
EMERGENCY VEHICLES <ul><li>You are NOT part of the situation </li></ul><ul><li>You should immediately : </li></ul><ul><ul>...
ROAD RAGE <ul><li>New phenomenon </li></ul><ul><li>Never use car to express anger </li></ul><ul><li>Never take an act of r...
DEALING with  DRIVING EMERGENCIES <ul><li>Steer out of trouble </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Faster than braking to avoid a crash ...
DEALING with  DRIVING EMERGENCIES <ul><li>Flooded Roadway </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Know the depth of the water </li></ul></ul...
DEALING with  DRIVING EMERGENCIES <ul><li>Brake Failure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pump pedal try to build braking pressure  </...
CHANGING A TIRE <ul><li>Manual will tell the how’s and where’s </li></ul><ul><li>Get passengers to a safe location  (out o...
OFF ROAD RECOVERY <ul><li>Different than what your parents learn </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They learned the ¼ turn, ¼ turn sty...
HEAD ON COLLISION <ul><li>Should be seen at a distance if scanning </li></ul><ul><li>Car is in your lane: </li></ul><ul><u...
FUNERAL PROCESSION <ul><li>Show RESPECT </li></ul><ul><li>Yield to vehicles in the procession </li></ul><ul><li>Do not joi...
CHAPTER 4 <ul><li>POINT SYSTEM-  Driver profile </li></ul><ul><li>POLICE STOP-  what to do and not do </li></ul><ul><li>CR...
POINT SYSTEM <ul><li>Creates a driver’s profile </li></ul><ul><li>Points acquired </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First 6 points mus...
POINT SYSTEM <ul><li>Points removed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State has built in forgiveness system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li...
CAR INSURANCE <ul><li>Liability Insurance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimum coverage in PA, MUST be carried </li></ul></ul><ul...
POLICE STOP <ul><li>Respond to the flashing lights/siren </li></ul><ul><li>What to do when stopped: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>...
CRASHES <ul><li>If in a crash do the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 Stop immediately, pull off road if possible </li><...
VI. INFLUENCES UPON DRIVING PERFORMANCE <ul><li>A.  Know the Legal Aspects of Alcohol and  Other Drug Use </li></ul><ul><l...
<ul><li>2. Terms For Drinking and Driving </li></ul><ul><li>a. BAC:  Blood Alcohol Content or      Concentration </li></ul...
<ul><li>e. Breathalyzer:  Machine that checks  BAC </li></ul><ul><li>f.  Field Sobriety Test:  Physical and/or Verbal </li...
UNDER THE INFLUENCE <ul><li>What constitutes a DUI </li></ul><ul><ul><li>21 years and older a BAC of .08 </li></ul></ul><u...
PENALITIES FOR ABUSE <ul><li>State has developed a 3 tiered scale </li></ul><ul><li>Based on age and BAC levels </li></ul>...
PENALITIES  <ul><li>ARD includes the following </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1.  90 day loss of license </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li...
UNDERAGE DRINKING <ul><li>Under 21 you may not: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 Buy alcohol 2 Have possession of D&A </li></ul></u...
Penalties when intoxicated w/wout a car <ul><li>A. 21 + year of age – Full adult </li></ul><ul><li>1) 30 day suspension of...
<ul><li>b. 18-21 years of age </li></ul><ul><li>1) Same as adult, except parents </li></ul><ul><li>  are notified  </li></...
COST OF SUPPLING D&A <ul><li>Parents that supply face: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$1000 for first minor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Evaluating Factors that Influence D&A use <ul><li>1. Advertising </li></ul><ul><li>a. Aimed at teenage audience </li></ul>...
<ul><li>2. Peer Pressure </li></ul><ul><li>a. Can be positive and negative </li></ul><ul><li>b. Negative is to share guilt...
<ul><li>4. Holidays </li></ul><ul><li>a. Alcohol is associated with holidays </li></ul><ul><li>b. Drinking part of celebra...
LICENSING COMPACT <ul><li>Compact is a national agreement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ One License” concept  </li></ul></ul><ul...
CHAPTER FIVE <ul><li>Name Change </li></ul><ul><li>Seat Belt Law </li></ul><ul><li>Child Restraint Law </li></ul><ul><li>A...
NAME or ADDRESS CHANGE <ul><li>Required to notify PennDOT </li></ul><ul><li>15 days to complete the notification </li></ul...
SEATBELT LAWS <ul><li>It’s a law to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Front Seat riders, anyone 8-18 anywhere in the car, under 18 pa...
CHILD RESTRAINT LAWS <ul><li>IN PA 7,000 children under 5 in crashes </li></ul><ul><li>Child Protection Law states: </li><...
AIR BAG SAFETY  <ul><li>Air bags are supplemental restraint system </li></ul><ul><li>Sit as far away as possible from bags...
AMERICAN DIABILITY ACT <ul><li>All test center must provide access </li></ul><ul><li>Centers must provide for hearing prob...
DISABLED PARKING <ul><li>Two conditions must be met: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Car must display Disabled Plate or place card <...
ORGAN DONOR DESIGNATION <ul><li>Every renewal you must decide to be a donor </li></ul><ul><li>“ ORGAN DONOR” will appear o...
ANTI-LITTERING LAW <ul><li>Illegal to throw anything from car </li></ul><ul><li>Driver is held responsible </li></ul><ul><...
PASSENGERS in  OPEN-BED TRUCK <ul><li>Trucks max. 35mph if adults riding in bed </li></ul><ul><li>No one under 18 may be i...
SAFETY and EMISSION INSPECTION <ul><li>Car are safety inspected once a year </li></ul><ul><li>Can be inspected 90 day in a...
CHAPTER 6 REFERENCES <ul><li>Customer Call Center </li></ul><ul><li>Road Test and Special Points Exam </li></ul><ul><li>De...
MAP STUDY <ul><li>FRONT OF MAP </li></ul><ul><li>A. MAP GRID </li></ul><ul><li>1. Vertical Sides are Numbered </li></ul><u...
<ul><li>B.  LEGEND: Top Right Corner/Front </li></ul><ul><li>1. Legend Gives Road Types and Size </li></ul><ul><li>2. Show...
II. BACKSIDE OF THE MAP <ul><li>A.  SELECTED PA COMMUNITIES LISTING </li></ul><ul><li>1. Listed Alphabetically (County Sea...
<ul><li>C.  TIME AND MILEAGE CHART (Blue State Outline) </li></ul><ul><li>1. Connect Major Towns by Most Direct    Route <...
<ul><li>D.  MILEAGE CHART </li></ul><ul><li>1. Towns Listed Alphabetically in      Columns </li></ul><ul><li>2. Find Dista...
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Pennsylvania Driving Manual

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Transcript of "Pennsylvania Driving Manual"

  1. 1. Pennsylvania Driving Manual Mrs. Wheeling 2010-2011
  2. 2. Course of Study <ul><li>Driver Education will teach to the state manual. Students will learn about licensing and the new graduated license procedures. Class will explore the safety problems of residential driving, country driving, small town driving, interstate, and metropolitan driving. We will also cover signs, signals, pavement markings, car care and insurance. This course is 30 classroom hours and is helpful for Driver Education Car, which is six hours behind the wheel, that meets the federal standard of 30-6. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Class Rules <ul><li>Follow all directions the first time they are given. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep hands, feet, and all objects to yourself. </li></ul><ul><li>Be on time for class and DO NOT leave your seat before the bell. If you are late, hand me your pass and take your seat, or come in and take your seat and you will be marked tardy. </li></ul><ul><li>Be supportive and respectful of your classmates and teacher. When answering a question make sure you respect the answer given. </li></ul><ul><li>FOLLOW all safety rules. </li></ul><ul><li>DEFIANT BEHAVIOR NOT BE TOLERATED </li></ul>
  4. 4. Grading <ul><li>Safety Education is a GRADUATION REQUIREMENT . Students are given a letter grade A to F. The grade will be determined by the areas listed below and a final test that is 20% of the final grade. </li></ul><ul><li>Tests & Quizzes 3. Class participation </li></ul><ul><li>Final Test 4. Packet </li></ul>
  5. 5. Time Management & Make-Up Work <ul><li>Each class is 40 minutes in length. Students should report directly to their assigned areas. Each student should have their packet and something to write with, daily. </li></ul><ul><li>All classes missed for any reason need to be made up. Information missed will be on quizzes and tests and should be made up in accordance with the student handbook. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Learner’s Permit <ul><li>Driving in PA is a privilege </li></ul><ul><li>Minimum age is 16 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Complete the application . Front and Back, which includes the doctor’s form </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check or Money Order– NO cash </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parent/Guardian Consent form </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You drive at your parent’s privilege </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>They may have the state rescind your license </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proof of identification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Birth Certificate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social Security card </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NO Photocopies </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. At The Test Center <ul><li>Vision test </li></ul><ul><li>Try without your glasses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Must pass or go to your own eye doctor </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Knowledge Test </li></ul><ul><li>18 Questions from the manual </li></ul><ul><li>15 Correct to pass </li></ul>
  8. 8. Driving on a PA Permit <ul><li>Curfew in effect 11pm to 5 am </li></ul><ul><li>Must have licensed driver age 21+ </li></ul><ul><li>Licensed driver must be up front </li></ul><ul><li>Licensed driver, physically able to drive </li></ul><ul><li>After hours with spouse/parent/guardian </li></ul><ul><li>Number of passengers=seatbelts </li></ul>
  9. 9. Receiving your License <ul><li>Permit is good for one year </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You must have 50 hours of practice driving </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You must drive for 6 months on the permit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You can test 3 times on each permit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>16 & 17 year olds must wait one week if failed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After three fails permit needs replaced </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Items for the Road test <ul><li>Your signed learner’s permit </li></ul><ul><li>Valid Driver’s license </li></ul><ul><li>Valid car registration </li></ul><ul><li>Valid current insurance </li></ul><ul><li>50 hour confirmation form completed </li></ul>
  11. 11. Test Car and Instrumentation <ul><li>Car will be spot inspected </li></ul><ul><li>Instructor may ask for lights, flashers etc. </li></ul><ul><li>In car he may ask to operate all controls </li></ul><ul><li>Seat Belts MUST be worn </li></ul>
  12. 12. ROAD TEST at DMV <ul><li>You must Parallel Park- shows skill level </li></ul><ul><li>Test will include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Two lefts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One speed limit change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One traffic control: stop sign-traffic light </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Successful test- photo license </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fail test 16-17 wait one week, 18+ wait a day </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Road Test through Company <ul><li>Company Name: Transportation Solutions </li></ul><ul><li>6 hours of driving </li></ul><ul><li>Cost of course: $330 </li></ul><ul><li>Application forms from me or in office </li></ul><ul><li>Driver’s test has same components except No Parallel Parking. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Signs, Signals and Pavement Markings <ul><li>Standard Traffic Lights- nationally </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vertical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Top is RED </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Middle is YELLOW </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bottom is GREEN </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fourth Light is an ARROW </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Horizontal </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Left light is RED </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Middle is YELLOW </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Right is GREEN </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fourth is an ARROW </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. LIGHTS <ul><li>RED light </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Steady means stop wait for cycle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flashing stop look and proceed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>YELLOW light </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Steady means light is cycling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flashing indicates intersection you continue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GREEN light </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Steady means proceed when traffic clears </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arrows function by Color </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Non Functioning Light <ul><li>Think “Stop Sign” </li></ul><ul><li>Intersection becomes four way stop </li></ul><ul><li>All rules of a four way stop applies </li></ul><ul><li>Lane Boxes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows for traffic pattern change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arrows show which lane to travel in </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Functions usually during rush hour </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Pedestrian Signals <ul><li>Functions along with Traffic lights </li></ul><ul><li>Walk sign is White Stick Figure or “Walk” </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t Walk is Orange Hand or words </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flashing means cycle of light is soon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Steady no pedestrian traffic crosses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use to know the time left on Green </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Blind Pedestrians <ul><li>White Cane </li></ul><ul><li>Seeing Eye Dog </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large dog </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chest harness, pressed against owner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be on special guard with Blind Pedestrians </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. SCHOOL ZONE SIGNALS <ul><li>Yellow Warning Light indicate hours </li></ul><ul><li>Speed Limit, 15 MPH during school hours </li></ul><ul><li>Three point violation </li></ul><ul><li>Fines must also be paid </li></ul>
  20. 20. RAILROAD CROSSINGS <ul><li>75% of PA crossings have only warning and cross-buck signs at the tracks </li></ul><ul><li>20% have RED warning lights </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drivers are required to stop, look and listen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If space allows drive on over the tracks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>5% have RED lights and gates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Must stop and wait, points and suspension </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Maintain speed to cross all the tracks </li></ul>
  21. 21. I. Pennsylvania Laws and Regulations <ul><li>TRAFFIC LAWS </li></ul><ul><li>SIGNS- Identify from a distance </li></ul><ul><li>A. SHAPES : </li></ul><ul><li>Pentagon </li></ul><ul><li>Triangle- Pointing Down </li></ul><ul><li>Circle </li></ul><ul><li>Diamond </li></ul>
  22. 22. Traffic Laws <ul><li>5. Octagon </li></ul><ul><li>6. Vertical Rectangle </li></ul><ul><li>7. Horizontal Rectangle </li></ul><ul><li>8. Pennant </li></ul><ul><li>9. Non Parallel Rectangle </li></ul>
  23. 23. Colors <ul><li>Red – Prohibitive </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow – Warning </li></ul><ul><li>Green – Guide </li></ul><ul><li>Orange – Construction </li></ul><ul><li>Black /White– Informative </li></ul><ul><li>Brown – Parks & Recreation </li></ul><ul><li>Blue – Motor Services </li></ul>
  24. 24. REGULATORY SIGNS <ul><li>Stop signs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Complete stop is when you rock back </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4-Way Stop all traffic stops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>First is first </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Yield to the right </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Turning left yields </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Law of the jungle </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Yield signs- bordered in red possible stop </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-buck signs- locate rail tracks </li></ul>
  25. 25. REGULATORY SIGNS <ul><li>NO - Circle and a Slash </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No to what ever is under the slash </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U-turns legal everywhere else </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Directional Signs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lane adjustments </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Speed Limit- max under ideal conditions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>+5MPH is a wives tale </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. WARNING SIGNS- Yellow <ul><li>No Passing Zone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Left side of the road </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shows the end of the passing zone </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chevron Signs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large V’s that point you through the curve </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Curve </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Designed for that stretch of road </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May have adjusted safe speed on bottom </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. WARNING SIGNS- Yellow <ul><li>Divided Highway </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shows where the highway splits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shows where the highway rejoins </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lane Ends </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shows the lane merges into continuing lane </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Intersections </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Design and direction of intersections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Circular intersection or traffic circle </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. WARNING SIGNS- Yellow <ul><li>Narrow Bridge sign </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gov. Pinchot paved 16’ wide roads 1930’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roads widen, bridges still at 16’ in country </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slippery When Wet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shows car fish tailing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Low Clearance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Height in Feet and Inches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Canada would be metric </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. WARNING SIGNS- Yellow <ul><li>Shoulder Signs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low shoulder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soft shoulder </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Traffic Control Signs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Traffic light ahead </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stop Sign ahead </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Shared Roadway </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bicycles, pedestrians, Schools, Carts </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. CONSTRUCTION SIGNS <ul><li>Work Zones </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Headlights on </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fines and points double </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Flagger </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Traffic controlled from the ground </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use a sign post with “Slow” and “Stop ” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Arrow Boards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arrows move traffic , V’s place merger point </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Watch for barrels, cones and concrete blocks </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Guide Signs- Green <ul><li>Largest and smallest signs on roadway </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interstate signs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Road name sign on every street </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Freeway show location of exits </li></ul><ul><li>Interstate Highways: numbers count </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Even Number (4,22) East/West </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Odd Number (3,81) North/South </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Three Digits: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Even I-295 Beltway or loop, end on interstate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Odd I-312 Spur that leads to a location and stops </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mileage markers- distance from state line </li></ul></ul></ul>
  32. 32. ROUTE MARKERS <ul><li>U. S. Routes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shaped like a “Marshall’s Badge” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Best of the Secondary Roads </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PA Routes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shaped like a “Keystone” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Directional arrows </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Directs you as you come to a road junction </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. SERVICE SIGNS- Blue Color <ul><li>International Symbols </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shape on blue field informs you of services </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Business Logo signs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Logo tells exactly what is at the exit </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Location of signs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Found between mile signs on Interstates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must be within 2 miles of the exit </li></ul></ul>
  34. 34. PAVEMENT MARKINGS <ul><li>Yellow Lines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Separates two way traffic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>White Lines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Separates one way traffic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Solid line </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stay in the lane of travel </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Broken line </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Passing is allowed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Zebra Strips </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stay out of the restricted area that is indicated </li></ul></ul>
  35. 35. CHAPTER 3: Learning to Drive <ul><li>Topics: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Choosing Safety First </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Everyday Driving Skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Special Circumstances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emergency Situations </li></ul></ul>
  36. 36. CHOOSING SAFETY FIRST <ul><li>Vehicle Check: Preparing to Drive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adjust Seat- bent legs, bent elbows </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fasten Seatbelt- both shoulder and lap belt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secure Loose Items- stop flying objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adjust Review Mirrors- enhanced mirrors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adjust Ventilation- comfort of the driver </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adjust Head Restraint- prevents whiplash </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wear Corrective lenses- required if noted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lock the Doors- increase survival by 75% </li></ul></ul>
  37. 37. Choosing Safety First <ul><li>Seatbelts: single most effective thing to do </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2008 Saved 13,000 lives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2004-2008 saved over 75,000 lives </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Least likely to Buckle Up </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Young men </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pick up truck occupants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rural Drivers and night time drivers </li></ul></ul>
  38. 38. CHOOSING SAFETY FIRST <ul><li>Driver Factors: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inattention- accounts for 25-30% of crashes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- 28% of crashes caused from use of phone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Driver Distraction: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eyes off the road- reading, looking for something </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hands off the steering wheel/Texting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- 25 States have banned Texting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Electric Items </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Interaction with others </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of Sleep- same as driving drunk </li></ul></ul>
  39. 39. CHOOSING SAFETY FIRST <ul><li>Driver’s Health Factors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vision checked from time to time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hearing checked </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medications and diseases </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Alcohol and Driving </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One person dies every 30 minutes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>30% of teen death’s are alcohol related </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impairment starts with the first drink </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drugs account for another 20% of deaths </li></ul></ul>
  40. 40. EVERYDAY DRIVING SKILLS <ul><li>Managing Space </li></ul><ul><li>Managing Speed </li></ul><ul><li>Turns, Merging and Passing </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiating Intersections </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiating Curves </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiating Interstates and Freeways </li></ul>
  41. 41. SMITH SYSTEM of SEEING <ul><li>5 Point Plan for Defensive Driving </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Aim High </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Get the BIG Picture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Keep Your Eyes Moving </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. Make Sure Others SEE you </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5. Leave yourself an OUT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.smithsystem.com </li></ul></ul>
  42. 42. SIPDE Process <ul><li>S– Search - scan ahead </li></ul><ul><li>I– Identify - all risks </li></ul><ul><li>P– Predict - what the risk will do wrong </li></ul><ul><li>D– Decide - how to handle problem </li></ul><ul><li>E– Execute - do what you decided </li></ul>
  43. 43. EVERYDAY DRIVING SKILLS <ul><li>Top Ten Reason Teens Crash: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Driving Too Fast 2. Moves into traffic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Careless turns 4. Wrong side of the road </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5. Tailgating 6. Speeding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7. Curve issues 8. Distractions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>9. Running Traffic Control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10. Inexperience </li></ul></ul>
  44. 44. EVERYDAY DRIVING SKILLS <ul><li>Managing Space: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep a Space Cushion- allows for reaction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4 Seconds between vehicles- ideal conditions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Add one second for all additional issues </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allow Longer time if: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1. Slippery roads 2. Trail car wants to pass </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3. Large vehicle 4. Heavy load </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>5. Down hill 6. Approaching slow mover </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>7. Stopped uphill 8. Lead car can’t see you </li></ul></ul></ul>
  45. 45. EVERYDAY DRIVING SKILLS <ul><li>Keep Space to the Sides </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stay centered in available space </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Move to the left to allow merging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Watch for opening doors and pedestrians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Separate Hazards </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Keep Space to the Rear </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use mirrors and 4 second rule </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Watch for tailgaters </li></ul></ul>
  46. 46. EVERYDAY DRIVING SKILLS <ul><li>Blind Spots </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Traditional Mirrors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhanced Mirrors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Looking Ahead- scan the road ahead </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Look 10 to 15 seconds to begin scanning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Look for: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vehicles and Pedestrian in line of travel </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Slow movers and stopped vehicles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Signs that warn or guide you along </li></ul></ul></ul>
  47. 47. EVERYDAY DRIVING SKILLS <ul><li>Looking to the Sides </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scan at intersections; keep head on a pivot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Look “left-right-left” see the late crossers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Green light means think about going </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Looking Behind </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use the mirrors as often as possible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Changing lanes, merging, exiting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use signal to show intent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Backing up with mirror assist, use your eyes </li></ul></ul>
  48. 48. EVERYDAY DRIVING SKILLS <ul><li>Night Time Driving- more dangerous </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dangers : Limited vision, Other driver’s lights can blind you, More people are tired and under the influence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State Laws for Use of Headlights : Insufficient light, Bad weather, Can not see 1,000 ft. ahead, Between sunset & sunrise, Work Zones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety Issues with Headlights : Low beams within 500 ft. of oncoming traffic, 300 ft. behind a vehicle, Look to berm if blinded </li></ul></ul>
  49. 49. OVERDRIVING YOUR HEADLIGHTS <ul><li>Driving so fast you can not stop in time to avoid a hazard that appears within the length of road ahead lighted by your headlights </li></ul><ul><li>Dry road: @ 55 MPH more than 250ft to stop </li></ul>
  50. 50. MANAGING SPEED <ul><li>Posted Speed Limit- Black and White sign </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum Speed - Ideal Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>No +5 mph or more </li></ul><ul><li>Cruise Control won’t count if speeding </li></ul><ul><li>Adjusted Speed Limit- driving to conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Slower than Speed Limit sign </li></ul><ul><li>Common Speed- moving with the flow </li></ul><ul><li>5-7 mph over, not with the fastest cars </li></ul>
  51. 51. MANAGING SPEED <ul><li>Road Conditions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wet Pavement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Watch for “Slippery when Wet” signs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>First 5 minutes oils and grease mixes with water, “Summer Ice” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Allow more time </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hydroplaning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tires lift up onto the water </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1/10 th of an inch will lift car </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Snow and Ice- remember one word GENTLY </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Black ice is invisible </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Colder the better ice and snow stay crystal </li></ul></ul></ul>
  52. 52. Tire Smart <ul><li>www.betiresmart </li></ul><ul><li>19% at least 1 tire underinflated by 8lbs </li></ul><ul><li>11% Bald </li></ul><ul><li>Tires can lose as much as 50% of inflation pressure and not appear flat. </li></ul>
  53. 53. REACTING TO SLICK ROADS <ul><li>Reduce speed 5-10 mph </li></ul><ul><li>Ice and snow may need slower speeds </li></ul><ul><li>Do all actions Gently </li></ul><ul><li>Do NOT use your cruise control </li></ul><ul><li>Shade will keep roads icy longer </li></ul><ul><li>Approach intersection expect to slide </li></ul>
  54. 54. MANAGING SPEED <ul><li>Visibility Conditions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fog </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use low beams on headlights </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Think 4 second stopping distance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Snow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Blinding can be snowballs and adds glare </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Low beams </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Keep wiper speed to deal with rain </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Expect spray from other cars </li></ul></ul></ul>
  55. 55. MANAGING SPEED <ul><li>Traffic Flow </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Speed difference causes crashes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintain space cushion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>React to restricted area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yield to Emergency Vehicles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reacting to Slow Movers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Orange reflective Triangle max 25 mph </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stay back till passing </li></ul></ul>
  56. 56. MANAGING SPEED <ul><li>Communicating Your Actions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Signals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Law requires turn signals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>100’ below 35mph 300’ over 35 mph, Make clear </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hand Signals if electric signals fail </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lights Flash to give right of way </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Four ways- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To indicate problem with speed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Car broken down </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Horn is an alarming device (Chicken Little) </li></ul></ul>
  57. 57. TURNING, MERGING and PASSING <ul><li>Signal before you turn </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal distance and makes the turn clear </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Position your car in the correct lane </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nearest lane or lanes indicated with arrows </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Control your speed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t over steer or under steer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Complete the turn in the proper lane </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enter first lane moving in your direction </li></ul></ul>
  58. 58. TURNING, MERGING, PASSING <ul><li>Right and Left Turns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proper lane and enter proper lane </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Left turns yield to all other traffic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Center Lane Turning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NOT an acceleration lane, enter, stop, turn </li></ul></ul><ul><li>U-Turns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LEGAL in PA everywhere except where signed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not interrupt traffic flow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do it where your action can be seen </li></ul></ul>
  59. 59. TURNS ON RED <ul><li>Right Turn on RED </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No sign </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must stop, yield and enter flow </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Left Turn on RED </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On a One Way street to a One Way street </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Turn on RED rules apply </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NO TURN ON RED </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sign make turns either way illegal </li></ul></ul>
  60. 60. CROSSING TRAFFIC <ul><li>Remember: </li></ul><ul><li>Cross completely don’t block intersection </li></ul><ul><li>Move into the intersection and wait </li></ul><ul><li>Left turns must yield </li></ul><ul><li>At Intersections </li></ul><ul><li>Straight across is safest 3-6 seconds </li></ul><ul><li>Right Turn needs 4-8 seconds </li></ul><ul><li>Left turn most dangerous 6-9 seconds </li></ul>
  61. 61. MERGING, PASSING TRAFFIC <ul><li>Merging with Traffic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Good driver’s judgment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accelerate to catch traffic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No passing on the ramp </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Passing- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is it legal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is it worth it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does your car have the power needed </li></ul></ul>
  62. 62. PASSING <ul><li>Two Lane Road- legal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Posted speed is passing speed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk a head on collision </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Passing on the RIGHT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Waiting for left turner, if room is available </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple lane roadway </li></ul></ul><ul><li>No Passing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intersections, bridges, tunnels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Curves, hill crests, shoulder of multi lane </li></ul></ul>
  63. 63. NEGOTIATING INTERSECTIONS <ul><li>Yielding vs Right of Way </li></ul><ul><li>Approaching Intersections </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Signs and pavement marking, signal intent </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Traffic Signal and Stop Signs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Point of No Return </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stop Signs never become GO signs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>One Way – Wrong Way Signs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>White line and traffic flow </li></ul></ul>
  64. 64. NEGOTIATING INTERSECTIONS <ul><li>Moving Through an Intersection </li></ul><ul><li>Straight across is safest 3-6 seconds </li></ul><ul><li>Right Turn needs 4-8 seconds </li></ul><ul><li>Left turn most dangerous 6-9 seconds </li></ul><ul><li>Jug Handles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No Left Turns all Right and Crossing Traffic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Circular Intersections or Traffic Circles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Know where you’re going and need to exit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Signal all lane changes and move with flow </li></ul></ul>
  65. 65. NEGOTIATING CURVES <ul><li>Most Common Teen Crash </li></ul><ul><li>Getting Through the Curve </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slow before entering, See the end accelerate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Momentum will take you straight out of the curve M>F you leave the road </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Friction allows tire to grip the road and steer the curve F>M car holds the road </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Banked Curve- inside is lower than outside </li></ul></ul>
  66. 66. PHYSICS OF DRIVING <ul><li>ENERGY OF MOTION : Square of the difference in speed </li></ul><ul><li>10MPH= (X) EOM </li></ul><ul><li>20MPH= (4X) EOM 2x2 </li></ul><ul><li>50MPH= (25X) EOM 5x5 </li></ul><ul><li>WEIGHT PUNISHES/SPEED KILLS </li></ul>
  67. 67. PHYSICS CONT. <ul><li>DISTANCE BETWEEN IMPACT & TOTAL STOP: </li></ul><ul><li>Tire : Traction and inflation impacts stopping </li></ul><ul><li>Car Condition : Shocks and springs effect tire’s grip </li></ul><ul><li>Road Condition : Surface effects grip and tire contact </li></ul>
  68. 68. PHYSICS CONT. <ul><li>MOMENTUM : (Mass x Velocity) STRAIGHT LINE FORCE </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: 80,000 lbs @ 2 MPH= 4,000 lbs @ 40 MPH </li></ul><ul><li>FRICTION: Heat Produced by Rubbing Objects </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: Tires Rubbing the Pavement </li></ul>
  69. 69. Friction Cont. <ul><li>MOMENTUM>FRICTION = Car goes in straight line </li></ul><ul><li>MOMENTUM<FRICTION = Car follows the steering wheel </li></ul><ul><li>FORCE : Newton’s Second Law </li></ul><ul><li>F=MA or Force=Mass x Acceleration </li></ul>
  70. 70. <ul><li>TOTAL STOPPING DISTANCE: Approximately 4 sec. </li></ul><ul><li>Perception Time/Distance= Driver controls this part </li></ul><ul><li>Reaction Time/Distance= ¾ Second to react </li></ul><ul><li>Stopping Distance= Road surface, Car, Weather </li></ul>
  71. 71. <ul><li>FEET PER SECOND: Distance traveled in one second at speed </li></ul><ul><li>Formula: Speed Traveled + ½ Speed= Feet per Second </li></ul><ul><li>EX: 60 MPH + 30= 90 Feet per Second </li></ul>
  72. 72. NEGOTIATING FREEWAY OR INTERSTATES <ul><li>Entering using the ramp </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On the ramp see the gap, signal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acceleration lane gain speed and MERGE </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Traveling on the freeway- 65mph/100f/sec </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stay alert avoid highway hypnosis </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Exiting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Move onto deceleration lane, begin slowing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check ramp Speed Limit, slow to road speed </li></ul></ul>
  73. 73. PARKING <ul><li>Parallel- car at no risk to traffic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Downhill with or without a curb cut tires right </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uphill with a Curb Cut tire left, swing to curb </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uphill no curb Tire cut right, rolls off road </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Angle- 1/3 of car moves into traffic </li></ul><ul><li>Perpendicular- most dangerous </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Need to put ½ to ¾ of car into traffic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solid van will block view, backup blind </li></ul></ul>
  74. 74. PARKING LAWS <ul><li>No PARKING ISSUES need to know these for test </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Double Park On Sidewalk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In Intersection In Crosswalk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Near Construction On bridge, overpass </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On RR tracks Between divided road </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Signed No Parking Signed No Stopping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>15’ Fire hydrant 20’ Crosswalk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>30’ intersection control 20’ Fire station drive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Block Streetcars On limited access road </li></ul></ul>
  75. 75. SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES <ul><li>Work Zone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fines and penalties double </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Headlights must be on, not safety lights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obey the flagger, lengthen following distance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Railroad Crossing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Obey lights and gates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Never start across without speed to clear track </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t get trapped on the tracks by traffic </li></ul></ul>
  76. 76. SHARING THE ROADWAYS <ul><li>Pedestrians- facing traffic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Move slower than traffic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low profile target </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Judge response by physical size </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bicyclists and Motorcyclists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Move with the flow of traffic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Motorcycles factor of 2, accel 2x stop in ½ distance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Horses and Horse drawn cart- don’t startle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two brains are at work </li></ul></ul>
  77. 77. SHARING THE ROADWAYS <ul><li>Trucks and Buses- you must see their mirrors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Passing- equals two car lengths </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Being Passed- hit with air blast </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Following- be able to see the “BIG PICTURE” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Turns- there is a wide swing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oversized load- reduces lane of travel, lead car </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Backing- moving into blind spot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Escape ramps- Stop runaway trucks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buses Have the same characteristics </li></ul></ul>
  78. 78. SCHOOL BUS SAFETY <ul><li>State Protects the Children </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Failing to stop 60 suspension of License </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5 Points on your driving record </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Safety Island </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Amber lights announce the stop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flashing RED lights stop within 10’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wait till lights and sign retract </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Legal to Pass- never with flow </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Opposite side of physically divided highway </li></ul></ul>
  79. 79. EMERGENCY VEHICLES <ul><li>You are NOT part of the situation </li></ul><ul><li>You should immediately : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 Pull to the curb 2 One way get clear </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 Stay out of intersection 4 Allow 500’ to start </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5 be sure no other vehicle is coming </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Obey Police or traffic controller </li></ul><ul><li>Take sirens seriously </li></ul><ul><li>Snow Plows – reduce travel lane </li></ul>
  80. 80. ROAD RAGE <ul><li>New phenomenon </li></ul><ul><li>Never use car to express anger </li></ul><ul><li>Never take an act of rage personally </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t retaliate of teach a lesson </li></ul><ul><li>What to do: never stop or confront </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 Get out of the way 2 Avoid eye contact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 Keep fast lane free 4 Don’t challenge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5 Ignore gesture out burst, call police </li></ul></ul>
  81. 81. DEALING with DRIVING EMERGENCIES <ul><li>Steer out of trouble </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Faster than braking to avoid a crash </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Snap turn and snap recovery </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Braking suddenly- don’t pump the pedal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>With ABS brake hard and continue steering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Without ABS squeeze brake don’t lock up </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Control a skid- fishtailing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Steer where you want to go, work back </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Catch it before 90* or you won’t recover </li></ul></ul>
  82. 82. DEALING with DRIVING EMERGENCIES <ul><li>Flooded Roadway </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Know the depth of the water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2’ can cause your car to float, 6” lose control </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Accelerator Sticks- car gains speed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep eyes on road and tap the gas pedal hard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hook the mat with your heal and pull back </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Turn car off, shift to (N) and coast of road </li></ul></ul>
  83. 83. DEALING with DRIVING EMERGENCIES <ul><li>Brake Failure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pump pedal try to build braking pressure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Release parking brake and apply pressure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t yank the cable tight it will break </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tire Blowout- sudden total loss of air </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hold wheel tight and fight the swerve </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t brake, allow roll down, leave roadway </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change Tire </li></ul></ul>
  84. 84. CHANGING A TIRE <ul><li>Manual will tell the how’s and where’s </li></ul><ul><li>Get passengers to a safe location (out of car) </li></ul><ul><li>Loosen lug nuts while tire is on the ground </li></ul><ul><li>Lift car properly- high enough to change </li></ul><ul><li>Place spare and hand tighten lug nuts </li></ul><ul><li>Lower car and tighten lugs across axle </li></ul><ul><li>Get to a repair shop- 50/50 tires </li></ul>
  85. 85. OFF ROAD RECOVERY <ul><li>Different than what your parents learn </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They learned the ¼ turn, ¼ turn style </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Recovery Techniques </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Move to the right and center the road’s edge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scan for a smooth spot to steer back on </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drive to that point and gently return to lane </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only if lane if blocked use ¼ turn, ¼ turn </li></ul></ul>
  86. 86. HEAD ON COLLISION <ul><li>Should be seen at a distance if scanning </li></ul><ul><li>Car is in your lane: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 Sound your horn </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 Use right hand escape route first </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 left swerve is dangerous but available </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4 If crash is unavoidable brake hard, and brace for impact, slowing reduces damage </li></ul></ul>
  87. 87. FUNERAL PROCESSION <ul><li>Show RESPECT </li></ul><ul><li>Yield to vehicles in the procession </li></ul><ul><li>Do not join the flow </li></ul><ul><li>If lead car make traffic light they all go </li></ul><ul><li>Cars in procession should have lights on </li></ul><ul><li>Cars in procession may have flags also </li></ul>
  88. 88. CHAPTER 4 <ul><li>POINT SYSTEM- Driver profile </li></ul><ul><li>POLICE STOP- what to do and not do </li></ul><ul><li>CRASHES AND YOUR RESPONSE- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>information you need to share </li></ul></ul><ul><li>DRUGS, ALCOHOL and DRIVING- underage use and abuse and its effect on your license </li></ul><ul><li>LICENSING COMPACT-all states share info </li></ul>
  89. 89. POINT SYSTEM <ul><li>Creates a driver’s profile </li></ul><ul><li>Points acquired </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First 6 points must take written test </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Second 6 pts Department hearing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Third 6 pts license will have sanctions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>16-18 1 st 6 pts license will be suspended </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Point totals can be found at dmv,state.pa.us </li></ul></ul>
  90. 90. POINT SYSTEM <ul><li>Points removed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State has built in forgiveness system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 points removed each year of safe driving </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If 0 points for one year record is wiped clean </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>License suspension or revoked </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Suspended for given time </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Must apply for license restitution pay $25 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Revoked license it is ILLEGAL to drive </li></ul></ul></ul>
  91. 91. CAR INSURANCE <ul><li>Liability Insurance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimum coverage in PA, MUST be carried </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pays for all damages to others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Failure to insure, loss of car registration </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Comprehensive Insurance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pays for all damages to them and YOU </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Banks require this till car is paid for </li></ul></ul>
  92. 92. POLICE STOP <ul><li>Respond to the flashing lights/siren </li></ul><ul><li>What to do when stopped: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 Signal your intent 2 Light interior </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 Limit movement 4 Place hands on wheel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5 Keep seat belted 6 stay in car </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7 Inform the police if carrying firearms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>8 Wait to be told to get your license </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>9 BE POLITE </li></ul></ul>
  93. 93. CRASHES <ul><li>If in a crash do the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 Stop immediately, pull off road if possible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 Call police if anyone dies or is hospitalized </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 Call police if either car needs towed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4 Get the following information: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1 Name/address 2 Car registration number </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3 Phone Number 4 Insurance policy # </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5 Get names of all involved, witnesses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parked car you must leave the above information or it is a hit and run </li></ul></ul>
  94. 94. VI. INFLUENCES UPON DRIVING PERFORMANCE <ul><li>A. Know the Legal Aspects of Alcohol and Other Drug Use </li></ul><ul><li>1. JUST SAY “ NO ” </li></ul><ul><li>a. If you never start you never have to quit </li></ul><ul><li>b. All addictions are acquired, except for babies </li></ul>
  95. 95. <ul><li>2. Terms For Drinking and Driving </li></ul><ul><li>a. BAC: Blood Alcohol Content or Concentration </li></ul><ul><li>b. DUI: Driving Under the Influence </li></ul><ul><li>c. DWI: Driving While Intoxicated </li></ul><ul><li>d. Driving Impaired </li></ul>
  96. 96. <ul><li>e. Breathalyzer: Machine that checks BAC </li></ul><ul><li>f. Field Sobriety Test: Physical and/or Verbal </li></ul><ul><li>g. Nystagmus: Eyes Sweep side to side, Jerky or Stuttering when drunk </li></ul>
  97. 97. UNDER THE INFLUENCE <ul><li>What constitutes a DUI </li></ul><ul><ul><li>21 years and older a BAC of .08 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Under 21 a BAC of .02 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>IMPLIED CONSENT law </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You will DRUG TEST on DEMAND </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blood, breathe or urine test </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Failure to do so is automatic DUI arrest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Closes oxidation window </li></ul></ul>
  98. 98. PENALITIES FOR ABUSE <ul><li>State has developed a 3 tiered scale </li></ul><ul><li>Based on age and BAC levels </li></ul><ul><li>Table One .08 - .099 </li></ul><ul><li>Table Two BAC .1 to .159 (minors land here) </li></ul><ul><li>Table Three BAC .16 and up </li></ul><ul><li>Average DUI in PA is .22 </li></ul><ul><li>ARD= Accelerated Rehabilitation Disposition </li></ul>
  99. 99. PENALITIES <ul><li>ARD includes the following </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. 90 day loss of license </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. 6 mon. court supervised </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. $300-5,000 fines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. D&A evaluation/treatment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5. 12 ½ Hours of D&A traffic school </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Zero Tolerance= .02 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All minors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not .00 because of medicines and mouthwashes </li></ul></ul>
  100. 100. UNDERAGE DRINKING <ul><li>Under 21 you may not: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 Buy alcohol 2 Have possession of D&A </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 Have in your car 4 Attempt to buy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5 Carry false ID </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Penalties: will begin on 16 th birthday </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$500 plus court cost </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suspension- 1 st 90 days, 2 nd 1 year, 2 years </li></ul></ul>
  101. 101. Penalties when intoxicated w/wout a car <ul><li>A. 21 + year of age – Full adult </li></ul><ul><li>1) 30 day suspension of license </li></ul><ul><li>2) 72 hour in jail </li></ul><ul><li>3) $300 to $5,000 in fees and fines </li></ul><ul><li>4) Order to have drug evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>5) Must accept findings of evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>6) 12 ½ hour of Alcohol Driving School </li></ul>
  102. 102. <ul><li>b. 18-21 years of age </li></ul><ul><li>1) Same as adult, except parents </li></ul><ul><li> are notified </li></ul><ul><li>2) Automatic suspension 3 months </li></ul><ul><li>3) One year second offense </li></ul><ul><li>4) two years each additional offense </li></ul><ul><li>c. 16-18 years </li></ul><ul><li>1) Same as 18-21 no jail time </li></ul><ul><li>2) Mandatory suspension </li></ul>
  103. 103. COST OF SUPPLING D&A <ul><li>Parents that supply face: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$1000 for first minor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$2500 for each additional </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One year in jail </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accessory after the fact to any and all issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example 17 minor party would cost $41,000 </li></ul></ul>
  104. 104. Evaluating Factors that Influence D&A use <ul><li>1. Advertising </li></ul><ul><li>a. Aimed at teenage audience </li></ul><ul><li>b. Glamorizes D&A use </li></ul><ul><li>c. Thousands of nick at your will </li></ul>
  105. 105. <ul><li>2. Peer Pressure </li></ul><ul><li>a. Can be positive and negative </li></ul><ul><li>b. Negative is to share guilt </li></ul><ul><li>c. Positive steers clear </li></ul><ul><li>3. Social Norms and culture </li></ul><ul><li>a. Nationality have different views </li></ul><ul><li>b. Passage into manhood or adulthood </li></ul><ul><li>c. PA has no view, zero use </li></ul>
  106. 106. <ul><li>4. Holidays </li></ul><ul><li>a. Alcohol is associated with holidays </li></ul><ul><li>b. Drinking part of celebration </li></ul><ul><li>C. Define and Analyze Problems of DUI </li></ul><ul><li>1. Significance of the problem </li></ul><ul><li>a. National Highway Safety 50% </li></ul><ul><li>b. MDD Study 80-85% </li></ul><ul><li>c. 2007 impact 39,600 highway deaths </li></ul>
  107. 107. LICENSING COMPACT <ul><li>Compact is a national agreement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ One License” concept </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This means your record follows you </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equal penalties in every state </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Respect the laws and decisions of each other </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Picked up in another state goes on PA record </li></ul></ul>
  108. 108. CHAPTER FIVE <ul><li>Name Change </li></ul><ul><li>Seat Belt Law </li></ul><ul><li>Child Restraint Law </li></ul><ul><li>Air Bag Safety </li></ul><ul><li>Disabilities Act </li></ul><ul><li>Reserved Handicapped Parking </li></ul><ul><li>Organ Donor </li></ul><ul><li>Litter Laws </li></ul><ul><li>Passengers in Truck Bed </li></ul><ul><li>Vehicles Inspection and Emmisions </li></ul>
  109. 109. NAME or ADDRESS CHANGE <ul><li>Required to notify PennDOT </li></ul><ul><li>15 days to complete the notification </li></ul><ul><li>No Cost </li></ul>
  110. 110. SEATBELT LAWS <ul><li>It’s a law to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Front Seat riders, anyone 8-18 anywhere in the car, under 18 passengers=seatbelts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What seatbelts do: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Control the secondary impacts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They keep you inside the car </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>25x’s greater chance to survive with belts </li></ul></ul>
  111. 111. CHILD RESTRAINT LAWS <ul><li>IN PA 7,000 children under 5 in crashes </li></ul><ul><li>Child Protection Law states: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Under the age of 4 must be in approved “child safety seat” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1 year should be in rear facing seat, back seat </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ages 4-8 must be in approved “Child Booster Seat” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Driver is responsible to see that all are secure </li></ul></ul>
  112. 112. AIR BAG SAFETY <ul><li>Air bags are supplemental restraint system </li></ul><ul><li>Sit as far away as possible from bags </li></ul><ul><li>Low grip on steering wheel prevents burns </li></ul><ul><li>No rear facing seat in front seat </li></ul><ul><li>All children under 12 should be in back seat </li></ul>
  113. 113. AMERICAN DIABILITY ACT <ul><li>All test center must provide access </li></ul><ul><li>Centers must provide for hearing problems </li></ul><ul><li>Center must provide for the illiterate </li></ul><ul><li>Center should be contacted in advance </li></ul><ul><li>Centers offer alternative testing </li></ul>
  114. 114. DISABLED PARKING <ul><li>Two conditions must be met: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Car must display Disabled Plate or place card </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The car must have the disabled in it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Illegally parking in a disabled Stall: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>$50 to $200 in fines </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Illegally parked car towed at owner’s expense </li></ul></ul></ul>
  115. 115. ORGAN DONOR DESIGNATION <ul><li>Every renewal you must decide to be a donor </li></ul><ul><li>“ ORGAN DONOR” will appear on license </li></ul><ul><li>Under 18 “parental consent” required </li></ul><ul><li>Organ Donor’s Trust Fund </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contribute $1.00 when renewing license </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helps defer cost and create programs </li></ul></ul>
  116. 116. ANTI-LITTERING LAW <ul><li>Illegal to throw anything from car </li></ul><ul><li>Driver is held responsible </li></ul><ul><li>Fines up to $ 300 if convicted </li></ul>
  117. 117. PASSENGERS in OPEN-BED TRUCK <ul><li>Trucks max. 35mph if adults riding in bed </li></ul><ul><li>No one under 18 may be in the open-bed </li></ul><ul><li>Exceptions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Farm children doing farm work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Children employed by farm’ and at work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Young hunters moving to hunting area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Children in sanctioned parades </li></ul></ul>
  118. 118. SAFETY and EMISSION INSPECTION <ul><li>Car are safety inspected once a year </li></ul><ul><li>Can be inspected 90 day in advance </li></ul><ul><li>Problem can be ordered to be fixed 5 days </li></ul><ul><li>Emission testing near large cities </li></ul><ul><li>Locally we can’t alter the car’s exhaust </li></ul><ul><li>Tune ups and engine work maybe needed </li></ul>
  119. 119. CHAPTER 6 REFERENCES <ul><li>Customer Call Center </li></ul><ul><li>Road Test and Special Points Exam </li></ul><ul><li>Department Forms and Publications </li></ul><ul><li>Statewide Maps and Country Maps </li></ul><ul><li>Information on Other Programs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Occupant material Crash scene do’s and don’t </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bicycle manual Operation Lifesaver material </li></ul></ul>
  120. 120. MAP STUDY <ul><li>FRONT OF MAP </li></ul><ul><li>A. MAP GRID </li></ul><ul><li>1. Vertical Sides are Numbered </li></ul><ul><li>a. Top to bottom </li></ul><ul><li>b. Numbers 1 to 13 </li></ul><ul><li>2. Horizontal Sides are Lettered </li></ul><ul><li>a. Left to Right </li></ul><ul><li>b. A to Z </li></ul><ul><li>3. What is located at E4 on the map? </li></ul>
  121. 121. <ul><li>B. LEGEND: Top Right Corner/Front </li></ul><ul><li>1. Legend Gives Road Types and Size </li></ul><ul><li>2. Shows Scale for Communities </li></ul><ul><li>3. Has All the Symbol Keys for the Map </li></ul><ul><li>C. PARKS AND RECREATION INDEX </li></ul><ul><li>1. Down Left Border </li></ul><ul><li>2. Shows location of Park </li></ul><ul><li>3. Shows what Facilities are Available </li></ul>
  122. 122. II. BACKSIDE OF THE MAP <ul><li>A. SELECTED PA COMMUNITIES LISTING </li></ul><ul><li>1. Listed Alphabetically (County Seats are Red) </li></ul><ul><li>2. Show Grid Reference for each Community </li></ul><ul><li>B. CITY MAPS </li></ul><ul><li>1. Goes Street Level for Most Large Cities </li></ul><ul><li>2. Not Good Enough to find a Specific Spot </li></ul>
  123. 123. <ul><li>C. TIME AND MILEAGE CHART (Blue State Outline) </li></ul><ul><li>1. Connect Major Towns by Most Direct Route </li></ul><ul><li>2. Distance and Time based on 55 MPH Average </li></ul>
  124. 124. <ul><li>D. MILEAGE CHART </li></ul><ul><li>1. Towns Listed Alphabetically in Columns </li></ul><ul><li>2. Find Distance by Cross Referencing </li></ul><ul><li>3. Towns Closest to Titusville: Oil City, Erie, and Meadville </li></ul>
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