Reformation
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Reformation

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Reformation Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Protestant Reformation Ch. 1 Sec. 3
  • 2. Martin Luther (1483-1546)  Lawyer turned monk  Justification by faith  Dispute with Pope Leo X over church abuses  On October 31st, 1517 Luther nailed the 95 Theses on the church door in Wittenberg
  • 3. Luther’s Protest  Church sold indulgences to pay for St. Peter’s Basilica  In 1520 Luther was condemned and his works banned  In 1521 Luther was excommunicated  Translated the New Testament into German-(significance?)
  • 4. Spread of Protestantism John Calvin Ch. 1 Sec. 4 Henry VIII
  • 5. Church of England  Henry VIII wanted a male heir so he wanted to divorce his wife, Catherine  Catherine was the Aunt to Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor Pope needed for protection  Henry passed the Act of Supremacy in 1534 Separated from the Catholic Church
  • 6. Church of England  Under Edward VI, Protestant ideas entered the Church of England  Mary tried to restore Catholicism  Elizabeth I introduced a moderate blend of both called Anglicanism.  Puritans wanted to “purify” Church of England of Catholicism
  • 7. Calvinists (1541)  John Calvin formed the very conservative Calvinists in Switzerland  Geneva became a theocracy  God determined events-predestination  Spread quickly Presbyterians-Scotland Huguenots-France  Philosophies led to later revolutions
  • 8. Other Protestant Movements  Anabaptists Baptized as adults Separate church and state  Viewed Led as radicals to Mennonites, Amish, Quakers, Baptists
  • 9. Catholic Reformation Ignatius Loyola Council of Trent
  • 10. Reaffirming Catholicism  Council of Trent reaffirmed what protestants had challenged  Eliminated abuses by clergy and required them to attend seminary  Latin Vulgate Bible only accepted  Inquisition did more to attack heresy and instituted censorship to fight the influx of new ideas
  • 11. Fallout from the Reformations  Jesuits helped spread Catholicism and educated many around the world  Division arose between Catholics and Protestants-Peace of Augsburg  Many rulers chose Protestantism for their people as a way to promote the economy and keep money out of Italy
  • 12. Baroque Art  Emotion, complexity, exaggeration  Peter Paul Rubensartist  Lorenzo Bernini-St. Peter’s Square