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Sociology Chapter 4 socialization and the self
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Sociology Chapter 4 socialization and the self

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  • 1. Importance of Socialization Ch. 4, Sec. 1 pp. 108-114 Describe the self concept you have of yourself and the looking glass self others have for you. Are they different?
  • 2. Socialization and Personality    Socialization is the cultural process of learning to participate in group life Youth is most important time for socialization Personal and social development occurs only through prolonged social contact with others
  • 3. Socialization and the Self Ch. 4, Sec. 2, pp.115-119
  • 4. Symbolic Interactionism Self Concept: image of yourself as having an identity separate from other people Looking Glass Self  1. 2. 3.  How do we appear to others (imagined) What is their reaction to our appearance Evaluate ourselves based on this imagined perception Distortions? Significant others?
  • 5. Role Taking    Imitation Stage Play Stage Game Stage Generalized Other-Have you reached this stage? REACTIONS OF THE SELF  “ME”-created through socialization ~“Ego”  “I”-spontaneous impulses~ “Id”
  • 6. Agents of Socialization Ch. 4, Sec. 3&4, pp. 121-132
  • 7. Family     Learn norms, values, and beliefs Learn to develop relationships Acquire self image Obtain social class
  • 8. Schools   Children are cared for by someone other than parents More impersonal relationships
  • 9. Schools   Hidden Curriculum-unofficial skills children are taught in preparation for life Extracurricular Activities
  • 10. Peer Group     Composed of individuals of roughly the same age and interests Provide sense of belonging Not under adult control Experience in areas of conflict, competition, and cooperation
  • 11. Peer Group     Independence, freedom to express yourself May develop values that conflict with the adult world Relationships with the opposite sex Peer pressure
  • 12. Mass Media      Methods of communication to reach the general population Either helps sustain status quo or moves society towards change Display role models to imitate Teach Values Show achievement, success, and hard work
  • 13. Violence and Mass Media   By 16 years of age you will have seen 20,000 homicides Correlation between watching violence and aggressive behavior?
  • 14. Processes of Socialization Ch. 4 Sec. 4
  • 15. Process of Socialization  Total Institutions are used to change previously learned behavior  Desocialization-process of giving up old norms, values, and attitudes.   Destroys your personal identity Resocialization-process by which you adopt new norms, values, beliefs, and attitudes.
  • 16. Process of Socialization   Anticipatory Socialization-process of preparing in advance for new norms, values, and attitudes. Reference Group-A group you use to evaluate yourself and where you gain your norms, beliefs, and values