Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Chapter 22 the french revolution
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.


Saving this for later?

Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime - even offline.

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Chapter 22 the french revolution


Published on

Published in: Education, News & Politics

1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide


  • 1. The French Revolution
  • 2. Old Regime • First Estate • 1% of population • Mostly priests w/ many privileges • Second Estate • 2% of population • Nobles who owned 25% of land • Had many privileges as well • Third Estate • 97% of population • Peasants, artists, and bourgeoisie
  • 3. Discontent Grows • 3rd estate began growing angry with their social position • Bourgeoisie wanted more political power • Growing population put strain on resources and raised prices • Previous kings had put nation into severe debt (XIV & XV) • Overseas conflicts (Am. Rev.)
  • 4. Uniting the Estates • Louis XVI tried to tax the nobility but they refused • In May 1789 he called an Estates-General to have them implement taxes • Nobles intended to use the council to weaken the monarchy
  • 5. National Assembly (1789-1791) • 3rd Estate wanted to meet as a delegation to best represent people • They were locked out, so they created the National Assembly • Wanting equality, the Assembly had heated debates and wanted to write a constitution (Tennis Court Oath)
  • 6. THE GREAT FEAR • Assembly mobs stormed the Bastille on July 14th and freed prisoners • Wave of violence throughout the country side followed, with many nobles being driven from their land
  • 7. End of the Old Order • In August 1789, nobles voted to lose power • Declaration of the Rights of Man • Louis XVI refused to accept these changes • Louis was forced to move to Paris • 1791 Constitution limited monarchy and created a unicameral legislature
  • 8. Continued Unrest & Violence • Unrest on the Legislative Assembly (Radicals, Moderates, Conservatives) • Unrest outside the Assembly • Émigrés & Sans-Culottes • King & Queen failed to escape to Austria in June 1791 • Fearing the reinstatement of Louis, war was declared on Austria and Prussia in April 1792 and Louis XVI was arrested (September Massacres)
  • 9. National Convention Reforms (Sep. 1792-1795) • Ended monarchy and formed a republic • Controlled by Radical Jacobins • Implemented the metric system • Beheaded Louis XVI to legitimize the republic in January 1793
  • 10. Revolution Spreads • Radicals won control of the National Convention • Wanted to end monarchies everywhere and expand France • Monarchs of Europe became allies • France adopted conscription to build up the army, angers many
  • 11. Reign of Terror • July 1793-July 1794 • To stop the civil war in France, Robespierre’s Committee of Public Safety executed “traitors” (40,000) • Robespierre’s execution ended the “Terror” but also Jacobin power
  • 12. The Directory (1795-1799) • In 1795, the National Convention had lost all support • A new constitution created the Directory, 2-house legislature • Continued food shortages and inflation doomed the Directory • People began to look for one strong leader once again
  • 13. Rise of Napoleon • Napoleon Bonaparte was a skilled general • Gained fame by defeating the Austrians and winning land for France • He was popular, so when in Paris, he led a coup d´état
  • 14. Napoleon’s Rule • Established a dictatorship in 1799 • Brought order to education and banking systems • Passed Napoleonic Code of laws • Made peace with the Catholic Church (Concordat of 1801)
  • 15. Napoleon’s Empire • By 1812, Napoleon controlled land all the way to Russia • Continental System • Peninsular War • Angry at Russia, Napoleon attacked with 420,000 troops • Defeat eroded Napoleon’s power
  • 16. Napoleon’s Legacy • Though he was a dictator, he spread Enlightenment ideas of equality, toleration and economic reform • Nationalism • Ended Holy Roman Empire • Louisiana Purchase allowed America to become a world Power
  • 17. Peace in Europe
  • 18. Congress of Vienna 1814-1815 • Met in 1814 after 25 years of war • Containment, legitimacy, balance of power • Restored boundaries to 1792 areas • Restored monarchies in France, Spain, & Portugal • Isolated France with buffer states
  • 19. Forces change Europe • Reactionists hoped to stop the spread of liberalism • Alliances formed to prevent spread of nationalism and democracy • Concert of Europe met to avoid any more disturbances or conflicts