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Chapter 21 english civil war
Chapter 21 english civil war
Chapter 21 english civil war
Chapter 21 english civil war
Chapter 21 english civil war
Chapter 21 english civil war
Chapter 21 english civil war
Chapter 21 english civil war
Chapter 21 english civil war
Chapter 21 english civil war
Chapter 21 english civil war
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Chapter 21 english civil war

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  • 1. English Revolution
  • 2. Opposition to the Crown Under Elizabeth’s 45 year reign, Parliament gained a lot of power James I (1603-1625)  Elizabeth I dies with no heir  Promoted divine right  Disagreements Puritans and Parliament  Translated Bible
  • 3. Charles I (1625-1647)  Charles constantly was dissolving Parliament over taxation  Implemented martial law in England  1628-Parliament forced Charles to sign the Petition of Rights(p. 180), ignores  Charles and Archbishop Laud persecuted the Puritans (Great Migration)
  • 4. Civil War Facing many invasions, Charles had to turn to the Puritan-ruled Parliament Charles refuses reforms  Charles-Royalists/Cavaliers  Oliver Cromwell-RoundheadsParliament Charles in 1649 was captured and executed
  • 5. Political Unrest Oliver Cromwell (1649-1658)  formed a common wealth  Navigation Act (1651)  Ineffective so he implemented military rule under Puritan Law The monarchy and parliament were “restored” in 1660  More individual rights (Habeas Corpus)
  • 6. The Merry Monarch Charles II  Puritans lost their power  Constitutional monarchy limited the king Charles’ successor was his Catholic brother James II in 1685 The Whigs opposed James as king and the Tories supported him
  • 7. Glorious Revolution (1688)  Protestant daughter Mary married to William the Orange of the Netherlands  Both parties supported William claiming the throne  James II fled to France  Later led a revolt with the Irish (1689)
  • 8. Change in Power  William allowed Parliament to be primary ruler  Passed Bill of Rights that further weakened the monarchy (p.183)  Monarch could not rule without Parliament’s consent  Had to be a protestant-Act of Settlement (1701)  Act of Union (1707)  United Scotland and England
  • 9. Rise of Parliament Power Anne and George I (1702-1727) chose members of Parliament for a cabinet Robert Walpole  First prime minister  King granted him many administrative duties
  • 10. Expanding Empire Under George III (1760): England defeated France in the 7 Year’s War (1756-1763)  Gained Canada and France’s territory east of the Mississippi R. 

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