Chapter 17 early explorations

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Chapter 17 early explorations

  1. 1. Europeans Explore the East...WEST Chapter 3 Sec. 1
  2. 2. Age of Exploration  Wanted a direct sea route to Asia  Opportunity  New for huge profits technology improved sea travel  Caravel ship  New cartography skills  Hour glass, compass, and astrolabe
  3. 3. Early Travelers  Portugal  First country to venture into Atlantic  Proved you could sail around Africa  Under Ferdinand and Isabella, Spain joined Portugal in the race to Asia  Columbus landed in Caribbean  Thought he was in India
  4. 4. Magellan       1519-Left with 250 me and 5 ships Spanish-Funded Named Pacific Magellan was killed in Philippines 1522-18 men and 1 ship return Proved world was round, much larger than originally thought, and no feasible trade route west.
  5. 5. Portugal  Concerned more about trade than colonization  In 1500’s, Portugal dominated trade with Africa and India  Colonized Brazil
  6. 6. Spain  Two Goals:  Acquire wealth (Gold)  Convert natives to Christianity  Conquistadors conquered large American civilizations  Cortez-Aztecs; Pizarro-Incan
  7. 7. Spain (cont.)  By the 1600’s controlled much of N. & S. America and the West Indies  Native American population declined  Mistreatment  European  To Disease replace them, Spanish began bringing over Africans to do work
  8. 8. The Netherlands  In 1600’s, the Dutch pushed Portugal out of Asia  Amsterdam became the major trade city  Large Navy
  9. 9. France  French went to North America and the Caribbean for trade  Looked for a Northwest Passage  Jesuit missionaries converted natives
  10. 10. England  Established colonies to provide raw materials/religious freedom  Early N. Amer. Colonies included Jamestown and Plymouth  Pushed Native American tribes west
  11. 11. The Atlantic Slave Trade: Trade Triangle  In 1600’s, European territories based economies on slave labor  European ships carried manufactured goods to Africa for slaves.  The ships took the slaves to the Americas and sold them.  The ships would bring back rum, sugar and molasses
  12. 12. Columbian Exchange and Global Trade Ch. 4 Sec. 4
  13. 13. Columbian Exchange  Europeans introduced new foods to colonies around the world  Expanded trade led to an exchange of ideas, goods, technology, people, and diseases
  14. 14. The Commercial Revolution  By the 1600’s the nation replaced the city as the basic economic unit  Growth of capitalism  Gov’t chartered banks  Joint-stock companies
  15. 15. Mercantilism  State’s power depended on wealth  Colonies provided:  gold and silver  raw materials  a new market for goods

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