Chapter 13 height of medieval europe

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Height of Medieval Europe

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Chapter 13 height of medieval europe

  1. 1. Anti-Semitism  By 1100 Christians blamed Jews for their problems  Some church leaders required Jews to wear ID badges  Were forced from their land and had to become peddlers and money lenders  Many moved to Eastern Europe
  2. 2. The Crusades
  3. 3. First Crusade  Seljuks Turks threatened Constantinople  Pope Urban II inspired knights & peasants to rise up against Muslims in 1095  On the way to Jerusalem they also killed many Jews  When they conquered Jerusalem in 1099, they massacred most of the people there
  4. 4. Second Crusade  Muslims regained some land in 1145  The Pope wanted it back  Crusade was led by the French king Louis VII  Quarrelling and ineffective leadership caused it to fail in 1149
  5. 5. Third Crusade  Muslim leader Saladin conquered Jerusalem in 1187 A unified force of kings, including King Richard from England tried to regain it Richard fought alone Lost but gained pilgrims access to Jerusalem
  6. 6. Effects  First Crusade gave western Europeans a sense of power  Weakened feudalism and gained monarchs more power  Crusaders learned much from the Muslim and Byzantine worlds that improved civilization and pulled them out of the dark ages  Opened up new trade routes east
  7. 7. Economic and Cultural Revival
  8. 8. Economic Expansion  Advances in agriculture increased production  Trade exploded as towns grew Goods from all over the world were once again available  Trade made it necessary to develop a money economy Led to banking, loans and a larger decline of feudalism
  9. 9. Growth of Towns  Dramatic Increase in towns Overcrowding, Disease (Plague)
  10. 10. Development of the Middle Class  Guilds governed business Kept quality of work, prices and wages at a good level  Artisans made & craft workers up the new middle class Governed towns Funded the king
  11. 11. GUILD SETUP
  12. 12. Education  Growth of towns increased need for education  Around 1150 Universities began popping up around Europe  Greek, Roman, and Muslim writings and science, kept safe by Muslims and Jews, led to a cultural revival  Thomas Aquinas silenced church officials wary of “reason”
  13. 13. Medieval Literature & Art  Troubadours performed music about knights and chivalry  Many women, mostly nuns, were also well-known writers & composers  Most literature was in the vernacular so that everyone could understand it Geoffrey Chaucer-”Canterbury Tales” “Beowulf”  Churches were in the Gothic Style

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