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Frankish Rulers
Chapter 12, Section 1
The Merovingians
After the fall of Rome, there were
constant wars
 Franks arose as the strongest group
(Merovingians)
 C...
Pepin the Short
Anointed by Pope-Divine Ruler
 Gave Pope protection & papal states
 Pope relied on the Franks for
protec...
Charlemagne’s Empire
Pepin’s son became king in 768
 Charles doubled the Frankish lands
 After defending Pope Leo in Rom...
Invasions
Vikings attacked Europe in the 800’s
 Explored Europe and even to North
America
 Constant attacks weakened the...
Medieval Life
Political and Economic
Change
 Germanic Tribes not able to
understand Roman Laws
 Divided rule among cheiftans
 Commerc...
Feudalism
Weaker central gov’ts led to power
and land distributed to nobles in
exchange for military services
 Each level...
Features of this Era
Castles were built for protection
 Knights were financed by lords, but
would often serve the king
 ...
Life on a Manor
Warfare made it necessary for
manors to be self-sufficient
 Peasants farmed the land and were
the public ...
The Medieval Church
Spiritual Role
Church taught all were dependant on
God’s Grace
 Grace was received through
sacraments
 Peasants learned ...
Political and Social Role
After the decline of Rome, the pope
began to gain more power
 Church was the central structure ...
Monasteries
Benedict founded a monastery in 529
that laid the framework for future
monasteries
 Monks preserved ancient t...
Political and Social Role
Church had its own courts and laws
which were applied to rich and poor
 Many church officials w...
Church Reform
Monks modeled way of life
 Cardinals elected the pope
 Innocent III fought to remove heresy
from the churc...
Finding the Truth…

More Reforms

Inquisition was established to
seek and punish heretics
 Franciscan and Dominican Friar...
Anti-Semitism
By 1100 Christians blamed Jews for
their problems
 Some church leaders required Jews
to wear ID badges
 We...
Rise of European
Monarchy
England
Angles, Saxons, and Jutes took over
Britain after Rome
 William the Conqueror set up a tax
system and took a cens...
Change in England
King John’s abuse of power led the
nobles to force him to sign the Magna
Carta
 The Magna Carta guarant...
France
Unlike in England, French gov’t was
not representative
 As population grew, towns grew, and
more power went to tow...
Holy Roman Empire
While France and England grew
strong central gov’t, Germany
remained fragmented
 German Emperors claime...
Chapter 12 rise of medieval europe
Chapter 12 rise of medieval europe
Chapter 12 rise of medieval europe
Chapter 12 rise of medieval europe
Chapter 12 rise of medieval europe
Chapter 12 rise of medieval europe
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Chapter 12 rise of medieval europe

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Rise of Medieval Europe

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Transcript of "Chapter 12 rise of medieval europe"

  1. 1. Frankish Rulers Chapter 12, Section 1
  2. 2. The Merovingians After the fall of Rome, there were constant wars  Franks arose as the strongest group (Merovingians)  Clovis was first to accept Christianity in 481  Charles Martel defeated Muslims-732 
  3. 3. Pepin the Short Anointed by Pope-Divine Ruler  Gave Pope protection & papal states  Pope relied on the Franks for protection, tying Catholicism and western Europe together 
  4. 4. Charlemagne’s Empire Pepin’s son became king in 768  Charles doubled the Frankish lands  After defending Pope Leo in Rome, Charles was crowned as a Roman Emperor by Leo  After Charles death, empire was divided into three parts, the middle remained the Roman Empire 
  5. 5. Invasions Vikings attacked Europe in the 800’s  Explored Europe and even to North America  Constant attacks weakened the central monarchies, leading to more local control 
  6. 6. Medieval Life
  7. 7. Political and Economic Change  Germanic Tribes not able to understand Roman Laws  Divided rule among cheiftans  Commerce became more localized  Subsistence economy/Barter System  Feudal System
  8. 8. Feudalism Weaker central gov’ts led to power and land distributed to nobles in exchange for military services  Each level of feudalism had obligations to the level above them  Serfs were tied to the land 
  9. 9. Features of this Era Castles were built for protection  Knights were financed by lords, but would often serve the king  Code of Chivalry used by knights became the basis for good manners today  Tournaments were the entertainment 
  10. 10. Life on a Manor Warfare made it necessary for manors to be self-sufficient  Peasants farmed the land and were the public workers as well  Some were craft workers  Usually manors provided only enough food for survival  Life was hard for everyone 
  11. 11. The Medieval Church
  12. 12. Spiritual Role Church taught all were dependant on God’s Grace  Grace was received through sacraments  Peasants learned Christianity through art 
  13. 13. Political and Social Role After the decline of Rome, the pope began to gain more power  Church was the central structure in most people’s lives  Began to dictate who had control (Charlemagne) as well as the social norms of medieval society 
  14. 14. Monasteries Benedict founded a monastery in 529 that laid the framework for future monasteries  Monks preserved ancient texts  Provided schools, charity, & hospitals  Served as missionaries, converting many throughout Europe 
  15. 15. Political and Social Role Church had its own courts and laws which were applied to rich and poor  Many church officials were nobles who had land and knights to fight for them  Led to corruption and a change of focus from the spiritual mission of the church 
  16. 16. Church Reform Monks modeled way of life  Cardinals elected the pope  Innocent III fought to remove heresy from the church and offenders were excommunicated  Excommunication
  17. 17. Finding the Truth… More Reforms Inquisition was established to seek and punish heretics  Franciscan and Dominican Friars lived lives of simplicity and poverty that gained the clergy more respect  Punishment for Heresy
  18. 18. Anti-Semitism By 1100 Christians blamed Jews for their problems  Some church leaders required Jews to wear ID badges  Were forced from their land and had to become peddlers and money lenders  Many moved to Eastern Europe 
  19. 19. Rise of European Monarchy
  20. 20. England Angles, Saxons, and Jutes took over Britain after Rome  William the Conqueror set up a tax system and took a census  Henry II set up common law so that everyone was tried equally 
  21. 21. Change in England King John’s abuse of power led the nobles to force him to sign the Magna Carta  The Magna Carta guaranteed representation and fair trials to citizens  Under Henry III, the middle class helped create the Parliament 
  22. 22. France Unlike in England, French gov’t was not representative  As population grew, towns grew, and more power went to town leaders rather than feudal lords  As monarchy gained land and power, nobles’ power was lessened 
  23. 23. Holy Roman Empire While France and England grew strong central gov’t, Germany remained fragmented  German Emperors claimed the right to appoint popes, while the pope claimed to anoint the Emperor  Concordat of Worms gave Emperor power to choose bishops 
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