Latin America<br />Key Terms<br />
Latin America<br />Mexico<br />Central America<br />South America<br />Caribbean Islands<br />
traditional economy<br />Families produce only what they need to live<br />Families make decisions<br /><ul><li>fishing
hunting
gathering</li></li></ul><li>market economy<br /><ul><li>Decisions are made based on supplyand demand
Buyers and sellers make the decisions </li></li></ul><li>command economy<br />All decisions are made by the government<br ...
what can be sold
who can work
what you are paid</li></ul>Raul Castro is the President of Cuba.<br />
communism<br />Government has strong control of the economy and society<br />What happens is a commandeconomy.<br />
socialism<br />type of economy <br />Property and labor will be distributed (spread) more equally<br />
embargo<br />to stop (ban)<br />The U.S. used an embargo to stoptrade with Cuba<br />An armsembargo means a country cannot...
Free Trade Zone<br />Area where people can buy goods from other countries without paying extra taxes <br />This increases ...
industrialized<br /><ul><li>type of economy
more factories and manufacturing
less farming</li></li></ul><li>service industry<br />Businesses that don’t make things<br /><ul><li>fast food worker
hotel manager
waiter
nurse</li></ul> Taxi driver in Buenos Aires, Argentina<br />
migrant worker<br /><ul><li>a person who moves from place to place to work
usually plants or harvests crops</li></li></ul><li>plantation<br />large farms that grow crops for sale<br />owned by rich...
hacienda<br /><ul><li>large ranch
Many Spanish people raised cattle on these when they came to Mexico</li></li></ul><li>subsistence farms<br />small farms<b...
wages<br /><ul><li>money you earn for a job</li></ul>Brazil’s currency<br />
labor union<br />Workers join together<br />They fight for higher wages, workers’ rights and better working conditions<br />
NAFTA<br />North American Free Trade Agreement<br />includes: Mexico, the U.S., and Canada<br />
maquiladora<br />Factory<br />Workers put parts together and then ship products to another country to be sold<br />1/2 of ...
colony<br />Land controlled by another country<br /><ul><li>Mexico was a colony of Spain</li></ul>Spanish colonies in L.A....
communist state<br />Type of government<br />Government believes in communism<br />It has a commandeconomy<br />Cuba is a ...
commonwealth<br /> A territory<br />They control a part of the government (self-governing)<br />Another country controls s...
nationalize<br /> The government takes control of <br />Usually farms and businesses<br />Castro nationalized farms and fa...
republic<br /><ul><li>type of government
country with a president
the president is elected</li></ul>Panama is a republic.<br />
parliamentary democracy<br /><ul><li>Type of government
Head of government is a Prime Minister
PM is chosen by the legislature</li></ul>Belize is a parliamentarydemocracy.<br />
mestizos<br />mixed people<br />They have Spanish and Native American blood<br />Many people in L.A. have a mixed heritage...
smog<br /><ul><li>pollution
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Latin america vocabulary

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Vocab needed to know for our Latin America unit.

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Latin america vocabulary

  1. 1. Latin America<br />Key Terms<br />
  2. 2. Latin America<br />Mexico<br />Central America<br />South America<br />Caribbean Islands<br />
  3. 3. traditional economy<br />Families produce only what they need to live<br />Families make decisions<br /><ul><li>fishing
  4. 4. hunting
  5. 5. gathering</li></li></ul><li>market economy<br /><ul><li>Decisions are made based on supplyand demand
  6. 6. Buyers and sellers make the decisions </li></li></ul><li>command economy<br />All decisions are made by the government<br /><ul><li>prices
  7. 7. what can be sold
  8. 8. who can work
  9. 9. what you are paid</li></ul>Raul Castro is the President of Cuba.<br />
  10. 10. communism<br />Government has strong control of the economy and society<br />What happens is a commandeconomy.<br />
  11. 11. socialism<br />type of economy <br />Property and labor will be distributed (spread) more equally<br />
  12. 12. embargo<br />to stop (ban)<br />The U.S. used an embargo to stoptrade with Cuba<br />An armsembargo means a country cannot get weapons <br />
  13. 13. Free Trade Zone<br />Area where people can buy goods from other countries without paying extra taxes <br />This increases trade<br />A “F.T.Z.” doesn’t have this “wall.”<br />
  14. 14. industrialized<br /><ul><li>type of economy
  15. 15. more factories and manufacturing
  16. 16. less farming</li></li></ul><li>service industry<br />Businesses that don’t make things<br /><ul><li>fast food worker
  17. 17. hotel manager
  18. 18. waiter
  19. 19. nurse</li></ul> Taxi driver in Buenos Aires, Argentina<br />
  20. 20. migrant worker<br /><ul><li>a person who moves from place to place to work
  21. 21. usually plants or harvests crops</li></li></ul><li>plantation<br />large farms that grow crops for sale<br />owned by rich people or large companies<br />In L.A. they grow: coffee, bananas, cotton, sugarcane<br />coffee<br />
  22. 22. hacienda<br /><ul><li>large ranch
  23. 23. Many Spanish people raised cattle on these when they came to Mexico</li></li></ul><li>subsistence farms<br />small farms<br />grow just enough to feed their family<br />Farmers raise animals and grow corn, beans, and rice<br />A campesino in Cuba working on his subsistence farm.<br />
  24. 24. wages<br /><ul><li>money you earn for a job</li></ul>Brazil’s currency<br />
  25. 25. labor union<br />Workers join together<br />They fight for higher wages, workers’ rights and better working conditions<br />
  26. 26. NAFTA<br />North American Free Trade Agreement<br />includes: Mexico, the U.S., and Canada<br />
  27. 27. maquiladora<br />Factory<br />Workers put parts together and then ship products to another country to be sold<br />1/2 of Mexicans work in one<br />
  28. 28. colony<br />Land controlled by another country<br /><ul><li>Mexico was a colony of Spain</li></ul>Spanish colonies in L.A.<br />
  29. 29. communist state<br />Type of government<br />Government believes in communism<br />It has a commandeconomy<br />Cuba is a communist state.<br />
  30. 30. commonwealth<br /> A territory<br />They control a part of the government (self-governing)<br />Another country controls some of the government<br />Puerto Rico is a commonwealth. So far, the people have voted not to become a U.S. state.<br />
  31. 31. nationalize<br /> The government takes control of <br />Usually farms and businesses<br />Castro nationalized farms and factories in Cuba when it became a communiststate.<br />
  32. 32. republic<br /><ul><li>type of government
  33. 33. country with a president
  34. 34. the president is elected</li></ul>Panama is a republic.<br />
  35. 35. parliamentary democracy<br /><ul><li>Type of government
  36. 36. Head of government is a Prime Minister
  37. 37. PM is chosen by the legislature</li></ul>Belize is a parliamentarydemocracy.<br />
  38. 38. mestizos<br />mixed people<br />They have Spanish and Native American blood<br />Many people in L.A. have a mixed heritage<br />
  39. 39. smog<br /><ul><li>pollution
  40. 40. haze of fog and chemicals in the air
  41. 41. problem in many cities</li></ul>Smog in Mexico City.<br />
  42. 42. samba<br />party dance<br />important tradition in Brazil<br />Popular in large parades<br />Rio Carnival in Brazil.<br />
  43. 43. campesino<br />“farmer” or “farm worker” (peasant)<br />Usually a campesino does only subsistencefarming<br />
  44. 44. absolve<br />To judge someone as not guilty<br />
  45. 45. eco-tourists<br />People who visit natural wonders<br /><ul><li>rain forests
  46. 46. natural parks</li></li></ul><li>literacy rate<br /><ul><li>Percentage of people in a country that can read or write
  47. 47. Usually a country with a high literacy rate has a good economy</li></ul>A school in Mexico<br />
  48. 48. favelas<br />Poor areas in big cities<br />“Brazilian slums”<br /><ul><li>They get larger as more people move to cities</li></li></ul><li>topography<br />the land<br />Study of the earth’s shapes and features<br />TheAndesMts. are a topographical feature of Latin America<br />
  49. 49. pampas<br />grassy plains<br />located in SE South America<br /><ul><li>Many cattle and sheep are raised on the pampas</li></li></ul><li>isthmus<br /><ul><li>narrow piece of land
  50. 50. connects to larger areas of land</li></ul>Isthmus of Panama.<br />
  51. 51. archipelago<br />A chain or cluster of islands<br />There are many archipelagos in the Caribbean Sea.<br />
  52. 52. selva<br />The word used in Brazil for rain forest<br />jungle<br />
  53. 53. deforestation<br />Permanent removal of woodland<br />many animals lose their homes<br />many plants die<br />big problem in the Amazon rain forest<br />

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