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Imperialism
Imperialism
Imperialism
Imperialism
Imperialism
Imperialism
Imperialism
Imperialism
Imperialism
Imperialism
Imperialism
Imperialism
Imperialism
Imperialism
Imperialism
Imperialism
Imperialism
Imperialism
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Imperialism

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Transcript

  • 1. U.S. Rise to Power<br />
  • 2. Words to Know:<br />Isolationism<br />Expansionism<br />Imperialism<br />
  • 3. Monroe Doctrine<br />James Monroe: 1822<br />Stated that the United States would not interfere with any European colonies already existing, but opposes any new colonies in North and South America<br />U.S. continued to sign treaties with Latin America for trade and business<br />
  • 4. Why expand?<br />After the frontier is settled, need new places to do business with<br />Some consider our job to “lift up” those who are uncivilized<br />Americans do have mixed feelings on the ideas of expansion<br />Can we build our power peacefully? William Seward believed we could. Trade is the way we can do that.<br />
  • 5. The U.S. Goes Shopping<br />Alaska: 1867, Purchased from Russia<br />Midway Islands: 1867, a “midway” stopping point for ships on their way to China<br />
  • 6. Hawaii<br />Independent tribes at first, King Kamehameha unifies them<br />1790’s begins trade with the U.S.<br />Americans and Europeans devastated the island with diseases<br />1820’s Christian Missionaries arrive<br />1830’s Sugar Cane introduced, industry grows with American help<br />Tariff’s relaxed for Hawaiian’s<br />Queen does not agree with Hawaii’s annexation, farmers revolt, Hawaiians unhappy, farmers prevail 1898<br />
  • 7. Samoa<br />On the trade route to Australia<br />1830’s missionaries arrive<br />1878 given trade rights and a place for a naval station<br />1899 GBR, US and GER meet and divide Samoa, without their permission<br />Annexed 1899<br />
  • 8. China<br />Many countries have stakes in China<br />US was worried they would miss out on opportunities<br />“Open Door Policy” Nations could trade freely throughout China, benefits US<br />Boxer Rebellion: Secret society rebelling against the “Foreign Devils”, fought for 2 months until defeated<br />A second “Open Door Policy” comes up: Maintain China’s independence and trade continues<br />
  • 9. Japan<br />Japan ignores the open door policy<br />Goes to war with Russia<br />Conflict with the U.S. over trade<br />Japan becomes a major naval power by 1905<br />Japanese immigration to the US grows greatly during this time of war with Russia<br />Anti-Asian feelings emerge<br />“Gentlemen’s Agreement” No more immigrants<br />
  • 10. Spanish American War<br />Cubans treated poorly by Spain for years<br />Cubans tried rebelling many times, unsuccessful<br />Many Presidents stayed out of the issue<br />Americans were appalled by Spain’s behavior, newspapers began telling stories of the Cuban people, brought attention to their plight<br />President McKinley finally intervenes, sends the Maine, supposedly attacked, U.S. sends a msg to Spain to get out<br />War declared on April 25, 1898<br />
  • 11. Philippines<br />First violence of Spanish American war starts here<br />Base for Spanish Navy<br />President sends message to brace for attacks<br />May 1st, attack<br />Filipino’s support US, Spain treats them badly as well<br />Finally defeated, Philippine’s gains independence from Spain, but under U.S. control <br />
  • 12. Continued…<br />Cuba: Teddy Roosevelt and his Rough Riders charge San Juan Hill, Spanish American war ends<br />Spain’s rule in this area of the world is mainly over<br />Puerto Rico is quickly taken into US control<br />War lasts only 4 months, few lives lost in battle, thousands lost to disease<br />Treaty of Paris: Dec. 10, 1898 ends Spanish Strong holds<br />
  • 13. Shopping again!<br />Cuba becomes a “protectorate”<br />1901, we give Cuba it’s independence, but they must allow us trade rights, we get Guantanamo Naval base and the right to intervene in their independence is ever threatened<br />Guam and Puerto Rico are “territories,” American Citizens<br />Philippines becomes an independent country finally in 1946 after much debate and bloodshed<br />
  • 14. Latin America<br />1901: US buys lease from France to build the Panama Canal<br />Buys 99 year lease from Colombia for the land, but loses it when Colombians protest the sale<br />T. Rose gets Panama to rise up against Colombia to declare their independence<br />Nov. 6, 1903, Panama is now independent<br />Hay Treaty gives land to US for Canal<br />Opens Aug 14, 1914<br />
  • 15. T. Rose<br />“Speak Softly and Carry A Big Stick”<br />Respond to foreign affairs with military actions<br />Exercise “international foreign policy”<br />Instability in Latin America could lead to European takeovers<br />Roosevelt Corollary: The right to intervene in Domestic Affairs of Latin America no matter what<br />This went on for 30 years<br />
  • 16. Taft<br />Intervene whenever American Business prosperity is threatened<br />American investments bring stability<br />Dollar Diplomacy: American business grows greatly in Latin America during this time<br />Whenever our business would be threatened, military would intervene<br />
  • 17. Mexican Revolution<br />Moral Diplomacy: Woodrow Wilson, felt that military action wasn’t always necessary, hoped that teaching people to act morally could get more done, teach people to elect good leaders<br />Mexico was very poor with few rich leaders running the country<br />Civil War in Mexico<br />US tried to intervene and calm the war, but situations in Europe were taking the attention<br />
  • 18. We will fight when our interests are being threatened<br />

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