Railway West

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Canadian social studies 10 history.

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Railway West

  1. 1. TRANSCONTINENTAL RAILWAY <ul><li>IN 1875 CANADA STRETCHED FROM SEA TO SEA BUT LITTLE EXISTED TO LINK THIS COUNTRY TOGETHER </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RAILROAD THAT HAD BEEN PROMISED TO B.C. WAS VITAL TO BINDING CANADA INTO ONE NATION </li></ul></ul><ul><li>OBSTACLES INCLUDE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NEED FOR LABOURERS & ENGINEERS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NEED FOR GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE WITH FINANCE </li></ul></ul>CANADA IN 1873
  2. 2. BUILDING THE RAILROAD <ul><li>CONSTRUCTION IS SLOW TO START </li></ul><ul><ul><li>INITIAL FINANCING COMES FROM AMERICAN BUSINESSMEN WITH CANADIAN HUGH ALLAN AS HEAD OF THE COMPANY </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PLANNED TO PUT PART OF RAILROAD THROUGH U.S. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MACDONALD RESIGNS AND THE NEW PRIME MINISTER MACKENZIE IS NOT A SUPPORTER OF THE RAILROAD </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SMALL SECTIONS ARE BUILT IN THE PRAIRIES </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ONE LOCOMOTIVE ARRIVES IN RED RIVER IN 1877 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MACDONALD RE-ELECTED AND NEW CONTRACTS LET FOR THE RAILROAD </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NO MONEY AVAILABLE FROM BRITAIN SO CANADA HAS TO PAY FOR RAILROAD ITSELF </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BY 1880 WITH ONLY 1/10 TH OF THE LINE FINISHED, CANADA NEEDS PRIVATE FINANCING TO FINISH THE RAILWAY </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A GROUP OF CANADIAN, AMERICAN, BRITISH & FRENCH BUSINESSMEN FINANCE REST OF LINE </li></ul>
  3. 3. PACIFIC SCANDAL <ul><li>MACDONALD’S CONSERVATIVE GOVERNMENT HAS TO CHOOSE BETWEEN TWO COMPETING BIDS TO CONSTRUCT THE RAILWAY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>INTEROCEANIC COMPANY OF TORONTO, HEADED BY SENATOR DAVID MACPHERSON WITH BRITISH MONEY </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CANADA PACIFIC COMPANY OF MONTREAL UNDER HUGH ALLAN WITH AMERICAN MONEY </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CONTRACT GOES TO HUGH ALLAN WITH CONTRIBUTIONS TO CONSERVATIVE ELECTION CAMPAIGN TOTALLING $350,000 </li></ul><ul><li>LEAKED DOCUMENTS REVEAL THE EXTENT OF BRIBERY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MACDONALD’S CONSERVATIVE GOVERNMENT FALLS (MACDONALD APPEARS IN HOUSE TO ANNOUNCE RESIGNATION AFTER LONG DRINKING BINGE) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>THE CANADA PACIFIC COMPANY GOES BANKRUPT WITH ONLY A FEW SECTIONS OF TRACK LAID </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. MACDONALD’S NATIONAL POLICY <ul><li>MACKENZIE HAD REFUSED TO USE TARIFFS TO PROTECT CANADIAN MANUFACTURERS DURING THE DEPRESSION OF THE 1870s </li></ul><ul><li>MACDONALD AND TORIES RUN IN 1878 ELECTION ON THE ‘NATIONAL POLICY’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>USE TARIFFS TO PROTECT CANADIAN INDUSTRY </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RE-DIRECT CANADIAN TRADE INTO AN EAST-WEST ROUTE </li></ul></ul><ul><li>THE ‘NATIONAL POLICY’ HAS A NATIONAL RAILROAD AS A VITAL COMPONENT </li></ul>JOHN FRENCH, 1 ST COMMISSIONER OF THE NWMP, RECRUITING NEW MEMBERS
  5. 5. CONSERVATIVES RESURECTED <ul><li>CONSERVATIVES SWEEP BACK TO POWER IN 1878 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MACDONALD IS RE-ELECTED AS MP FOR VICTORIA </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ECONOMY IS NOW RECOVERING – CONSERVATIVES FIND A NEW COMPANY WILLING TO TAKE ON THE RAILROAD </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY COMPANY, (C.P.R.) ASSOCIATED WITH THE BANK OF MONTREAL – GEORGE STEPHEN, R.B. ANGUS & DONALD SMITH </li></ul></ul>DONALD SMITH’S NAME IS KEPT FROM MACDONALD AS THE TWO ARE POLITICAL ENEMIES <ul><li>THE NEW COMPANY NEEDS SOME INCENTIVES TO COMPLETE THE PROJECT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$25,000,000 IN LOANS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>25,000,000 ACRES OF LAND </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1200 KM OF TRACK ALREADY LAID </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TAX EXEMPTIONS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GUARANTEE OF MONOPOLY UNTIL 1900 </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. THE NEW CPR <ul><li>NEW COMPANY DECIDES ON A NEW SOUTHERN ROUTE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FARTHER SOUTH TO COUNTER COMPETITION </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NEW ROUTE WITH NEW STOPS TO COUNTER LAND SPECULATORS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DECIDED SOUTHERN PRAIRIE WAS NOT DESERT BUT PRIME AGRICULTURAL LAND </li></ul></ul>CANADIAN RAILROAD TRACKS LAID TO 1882 OLD CPR ROUTE
  7. 7. THE NEW CPR <ul><li>NEW COMPANY HIRES WILLIAM CORNELIUS VAN HORNE TO OVERSEE THE PRAIRIE CONSTRUCTION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>BOASTS HIS CONSTRUCTION GANG CAN LAY 800 KM OF TRACK IN A YEAR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ I eat all I can; I drink all I can; I smoke all I can and I don’ give a damn for anything.” </li></ul></ul>WILLIAM CORNELIUS VAN HORNE <ul><li>CONSTRUCTION OF BRITISH COLUMBIA SIDE GIVEN TO ANDREW ONDERDONK </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HIRES CHINESE LABOURERS TO WORK IN THE DANGEROUS MOUNTAIN PASSES </li></ul></ul><ul><li>BY SUMMER OF 1883 RAILROAD NEEDS 22.5 MILLION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MACDONALD REMINDED THAT “The day the Canadian Pacific bursts,the conservative party bursts the day after”. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. THE CPR COMPLETED <ul><li>THE BAILOUT OF 1883 RUNS OUT AT THE END OF 1884 AND THE CPR GOES BACK TO THE GOVERNMENT FOR MORE FUNDS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>THIS TIME MACDONALD CANNOT PAY OUT ANYMORE AND HOLD A MAJORITY IN PARLIAMENT </li></ul></ul>THE LAST SPIKE <ul><li>THE MORNING AFTER MACDONALD TURNED DOWN GEORGE STEPHEN’S APPEAL FOR MORE MONEY NEWS OF RIEL’S REBELLION AT DUCK LAKE REACHED OTTAWA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MACDONALD DISPATCHES 300 TROOPS BY TRAIN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A BILL TO FINANCE THE REMAINING PORTION OF THE RAILWAY PASSES </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>THE LAST SPIKE IS DRIVEN BY DONALD SMITH ON 7 NOVEMBER 1885 </li></ul></ul>

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