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Sigmund Freud Psychosexual Development
Sigmund Freud <ul><li>1856- 1939 </li></ul><ul><li>Psychoanalytic </li></ul><ul><li>Unconscious </li></ul><ul><li>Dream An...
By the end of the lesson you should be able to… <ul><li>Describe Freud’s personality theory </li></ul><ul><li>Describe Fre...
Personality Theory <ul><li>Id  </li></ul><ul><li>Ego </li></ul><ul><li>Superego </li></ul>
Id <ul><li>Instinctive aspect of the personality </li></ul><ul><li>Operates on the pleasure principle </li></ul><ul><li>De...
Ego  <ul><li>Logical aspect of the personality </li></ul><ul><li>It operates on the reality principle </li></ul><ul><li>It...
Superego <ul><li>It is the moral aspect of the personality </li></ul><ul><li>It develops due to the moral and ethical </li...
Healthy Personality <ul><li>Which aspect should be the strongest to ensure a healthy personality? </li></ul><ul><li>What w...
Superego Stronger <ul><li>Judgmental </li></ul><ul><li>Saint </li></ul><ul><li>Moral </li></ul><ul><li>Guilty </li></ul><u...
Id Stronger <ul><li>Selfish </li></ul><ul><li>Antisocial behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Uncaring </li></ul><ul><li>Self-absorb...
Psychosexual development <ul><li>Our personality develops throughout our childhood </li></ul><ul><li>Stage theory </li></u...
Success Criteria <ul><li>What age do we pass through each stage? </li></ul><ul><li>Where on the body is the libido focused...
Psychosexual Development <ul><li>Oral </li></ul><ul><li>Anal </li></ul><ul><li>Phallic </li></ul><ul><li>Latency </li></ul...
Oral Stage 0-1 <ul><li>Mouth  </li></ul><ul><li>Lips  </li></ul><ul><li>Tongue </li></ul><ul><li>Sucking </li></ul><ul><li...
Fixation <ul><li>Overindulgence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Symptoms include selfishness, dependency, compulsive talking </li></...
Anal Stage 1-3 years <ul><li>Membranes of rectum and anus </li></ul><ul><li>Fecal mass inside body </li></ul><ul><li>Relea...
Fixations <ul><li>Anal Expulsive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Symptoms giving to everyone, gardeners (sublimating their wish to s...
Phallic Stage 3-6 years <ul><li>Genital Organs </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional Crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Oedipus Complex/Electr...
Fixation <ul><li>Caused by failure to resolve Oedipus/Electra conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms:  Exhibitionism, reckles...
Oedipus Complex <ul><li>Crucial stage </li></ul><ul><li>Consolidation of gender identity (identification) </li></ul><ul><l...
Boys <ul><li>Wants to be like dad </li></ul><ul><li>Fantasizes eliminating father </li></ul><ul><li>Castration anxiety </l...
Girls <ul><li>Karen Horney “womb envy” </li></ul><ul><li>Penis envy </li></ul><ul><li>Sense of inferiority </li></ul><ul><...
Latency Stage 6-Puberty <ul><li>Phew!  Sexual thoughts repressed- Sublimation </li></ul><ul><li>Child explores </li></ul><...
Genital Stage Puberty - Adulthood <ul><li>Sexual desires renewed </li></ul><ul><li>Individual seeks relationships with oth...
Personality Theory <ul><li>Id = libido and psychosexual stages </li></ul><ul><li>Ego = defense mechanisms </li></ul><ul><l...
Freud? What do you think? <ul><li>Very controversial theories even after so many years </li></ul>
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Sigmund freud psychosexual

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Transcript of "Sigmund freud psychosexual"

  1. 1. Sigmund Freud Psychosexual Development
  2. 2. Sigmund Freud <ul><li>1856- 1939 </li></ul><ul><li>Psychoanalytic </li></ul><ul><li>Unconscious </li></ul><ul><li>Dream Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Free Association </li></ul>
  3. 3. By the end of the lesson you should be able to… <ul><li>Describe Freud’s personality theory </li></ul><ul><li>Describe Freud’s stages of psychosexual development </li></ul><ul><li>Describe specific personality types as a result of fixation at a particular stage </li></ul>
  4. 4. Personality Theory <ul><li>Id </li></ul><ul><li>Ego </li></ul><ul><li>Superego </li></ul>
  5. 5. Id <ul><li>Instinctive aspect of the personality </li></ul><ul><li>Operates on the pleasure principle </li></ul><ul><li>Demands immediate satisfaction and doesn’t care about reality </li></ul><ul><li>Freud describes babies as “bundles of id” </li></ul>
  6. 6. Ego <ul><li>Logical aspect of the personality </li></ul><ul><li>It operates on the reality principle </li></ul><ul><li>It can make conscious and rational decisions that reflect the demands of instinct (id), morality (superego), and external reality (environment) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Superego <ul><li>It is the moral aspect of the personality </li></ul><ul><li>It develops due to the moral and ethical </li></ul><ul><li>restraints placed on us by our parents/caregivers </li></ul><ul><li>It dictates our belief of right and wrong </li></ul>
  8. 8. Healthy Personality <ul><li>Which aspect should be the strongest to ensure a healthy personality? </li></ul><ul><li>What would happen if the id is the strongest? </li></ul><ul><li>What will happen if the superego is the strongest? </li></ul><ul><li>What does the ego use to protect itself from anxiety, which is experienced as a result of the conflict? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Superego Stronger <ul><li>Judgmental </li></ul><ul><li>Saint </li></ul><ul><li>Moral </li></ul><ul><li>Guilty </li></ul><ul><li>Rigid </li></ul>
  10. 10. Id Stronger <ul><li>Selfish </li></ul><ul><li>Antisocial behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Uncaring </li></ul><ul><li>Self-absorbed </li></ul>
  11. 11. Psychosexual development <ul><li>Our personality develops throughout our childhood </li></ul><ul><li>Stage theory </li></ul><ul><li>Each stage is characterized by a focus on a different region of the body, where libido or sexual drive is fixated </li></ul>
  12. 12. Success Criteria <ul><li>What age do we pass through each stage? </li></ul><ul><li>Where on the body is the libido focused </li></ul><ul><li>How is pleasure gained at each stage </li></ul><ul><li>Which personality structure is present or develops? </li></ul><ul><li>What may cause a fixation at the stage? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Psychosexual Development <ul><li>Oral </li></ul><ul><li>Anal </li></ul><ul><li>Phallic </li></ul><ul><li>Latency </li></ul><ul><li>Genital </li></ul>
  14. 14. Oral Stage 0-1 <ul><li>Mouth </li></ul><ul><li>Lips </li></ul><ul><li>Tongue </li></ul><ul><li>Sucking </li></ul><ul><li>Biting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First erotogenic zone to make libidinous demands </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Fixation <ul><li>Overindulgence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Symptoms include selfishness, dependency, compulsive talking </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Frustration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Symptoms include nail biting, sarcasm, thumb sucking, greed </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Anal Stage 1-3 years <ul><li>Membranes of rectum and anus </li></ul><ul><li>Fecal mass inside body </li></ul><ul><li>Release </li></ul><ul><li>Expulsion anally explosive </li></ul><ul><li>Control of feces anally retentive </li></ul>
  17. 17. Fixations <ul><li>Anal Expulsive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Symptoms giving to everyone, gardeners (sublimating their wish to smear) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Anal Retentive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Miserly, thrifty, orderly, obstinate, </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Phallic Stage 3-6 years <ul><li>Genital Organs </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional Crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Oedipus Complex/Electra Complex </li></ul><ul><li>Critical Stage for moral development </li></ul><ul><li>Identification </li></ul>
  19. 19. Fixation <ul><li>Caused by failure to resolve Oedipus/Electra conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms: Exhibitionism, recklessness, vanity, pride, incapable of close love </li></ul>
  20. 20. Oedipus Complex <ul><li>Crucial stage </li></ul><ul><li>Consolidation of gender identity (identification) </li></ul><ul><li>Formation of superego </li></ul><ul><li>Mother/father fixation </li></ul>
  21. 21. Boys <ul><li>Wants to be like dad </li></ul><ul><li>Fantasizes eliminating father </li></ul><ul><li>Castration anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Identifies with father </li></ul><ul><li>Formation of gender roles, super-ego, and gender identity </li></ul>
  22. 22. Girls <ul><li>Karen Horney “womb envy” </li></ul><ul><li>Penis envy </li></ul><ul><li>Sense of inferiority </li></ul><ul><li>Blames mother </li></ul><ul><li>Poor resolution of Oedipal complex </li></ul><ul><li>Poorly developed super-ego and a weaker moral sense compared with male </li></ul>
  23. 23. Latency Stage 6-Puberty <ul><li>Phew! Sexual thoughts repressed- Sublimation </li></ul><ul><li>Child explores </li></ul><ul><li>Focus is on social and intellectual skills </li></ul>
  24. 24. Genital Stage Puberty - Adulthood <ul><li>Sexual desires renewed </li></ul><ul><li>Individual seeks relationships with others </li></ul>
  25. 25. Personality Theory <ul><li>Id = libido and psychosexual stages </li></ul><ul><li>Ego = defense mechanisms </li></ul><ul><li>Super-ego = Oedipus complex Identification and internalization </li></ul><ul><li>These + defense mechanisms + external reality = personality </li></ul>
  26. 26. Freud? What do you think? <ul><li>Very controversial theories even after so many years </li></ul>
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