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Fossil Fuels

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A set of slides created to teach Fossil Fuel to learners at Bishops Diocesan College in Cape Town.

A set of slides created to teach Fossil Fuel to learners at Bishops Diocesan College in Cape Town.

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  • 1. The Energy Story (Fossil Fuels) K Warne
  • 2. SAMPLE ONLY SAMPLE ONLY SAMPLE ONLY For FULL presentation click HERE >> ScienceCafe How Coal was Formed  Coal developed from the ………………. that died ………. …………………… ago.  It is often referred to as a ……………….. From World Book © 2002 World Book, Inc., 233 N. Michigan Avenue, Suite 2000, Chicago, IL 60601. All rights reserved. World Book photo
  • 3. Fossil Fuels  Plants & animals  die  buried many years  decompose  oil & gas! From World Book © 2002 World Book, Inc., 233 N. Michigan Avenue, Suite 2000, Chicago, IL 60601. All rights reserved. World Book photo
  • 4. SAMPLE ONLY SAMPLE ONLY SAMPLE ONLY For FULL presentation click HERE >> ScienceCafe Oil (Petroleum)  Formed from the remains of dead/decayin g …………...  Used extensively to make ………., …………. & ……………… compounds (……….. etc)
  • 5. SAMPLE ONLY SAMPLE ONLY SAMPLE ONLY For FULL presentation click HERE >> ScienceCafe Natural Gas  Formed during the decomposition of ………….. ………………..  Often mined in large off shore drilling platforms.
  • 6. SAMPLE ONLY SAMPLE ONLY SAMPLE ONLY For FULL presentation click HERE >> ScienceCafe Fossil Fuels  The coal-forming plants probably grew in ………... As the plants died, they formed a ………… of ………….. on the swamp floor.  This matter …………. into a substance called ……….. which became buried under sand or other mineral matter.  The increasing ..………..of the layers began to change the peat into …….,…….. ………………..
  • 7. SAMPLE ONLY SAMPLE ONLY SAMPLE ONLY For FULL presentation click HERE >> ScienceCafe Problems with fossil fuels  All the fossil fuels – took a very long time to form they are said to be ……………………….  We are using fossil fuels much …………………… than they can be ……………….  We will ………… of fossil fuels.  Conflict/war – results as ……………………………… for these resources.  Pollution problems are caused: ……………….. and …………………..
  • 8. SAMPLE ONLY SAMPLE ONLY SAMPLE ONLY For FULL presentation click HERE >> ScienceCafe Fossil Fuels Combustion  Combustion refers to reaction with oxygen.  Coal (carbon) C + O2  CO2  Oil (hydrocarbon) C20H42 + O2  ……….. + ………….  Natural gas (hydrocarbon – methane) CH4 + O2  ……….. + …………. Complete & balance these reactions!
  • 9. SAMPLE ONLY SAMPLE ONLY SAMPLE ONLY For FULL presentation click HERE >> ScienceCafe Fossil Fuels - Alternatives  Nuclear Power  Hydro-electricity (gravitational potential)  Wind Power  Solar Energy  Wave Energy  Biomass
  • 10. Global warming  Fossil Fuels  energy  heat  Fossil fuels  CO2  CO2 traps heat in the atmosphere CO2
  • 11. Acid Rain  Forest damaged by acid rain!
  • 12. SAMPLE ONLY SAMPLE ONLY SAMPLE ONLY For FULL presentation click HERE >> ScienceCafe Hi - This is a SAMPLE presentation only. My FULL presentations, which contain loads more slides (with all the gaps filled in) as well as other resources, are freely available on my resource sharing website: www.sciencecafe.org.za (paste into your browser if link above does not work) Have a look and enjoy! Keith Warne

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