History Name Nickel: German -means “Old Nick” (which also means Devil). -Derived from Kupfernickel, meaning Devil’s Copper
History Discovery It was found in niccolite in 1751. Discovered by Swedish Chemist and Mineralogist, Axel Fredrick Cronstedt, who first believed it was copper.
Properties State at Room Temperature: Solid Color: Silvery-white Melting Point: 1455 degrees Celsius Boiling Point: 2913 degrees Celsius Density: 8.912g per cubic centimeter
Importance of Properties Themost important properties are the melting point and boiling point. This is because nickel has to be heated and reduced, as part of the purification process, before it can be used.
Isotopes Total: 23 Stable(5): Ni-58, Ni-60, Ni-61, Ni-62, & Ni-64 Ni-58 is the most abundant nickel isotope Radioactive Isotope Uses: None
Availability Located: Primarily found in ores (pentlandite, pyrrhotite, garnierite, millerite, & niccolite) Most abundant in Sudbury Region of Ontario, Canada
Availability Obtaining it: It first must be mined. Then it is roasted and reduced to a purity of approximately 75%. From there, the Mond process is used to purify it further. Cost: Pure= $7.7 per 100g
Uses Primary: Catalyst for hydrogenation of vegetable oils, heat regulation, nuclear reactors, solar engineering, corrosion resistant alloys. Major Compounds: NiCd(rechargeable batteries), Alnico Magnets, stainless steel, electric guitar strings.
Other Ferromagnetic Considered carcinogenic Breathing in large amounts of nickel compounds can lead to chronic bronchitis and lung & nasal cancers Magnetic at room temperature, but becomes less so as the temperature is increased.
Works Cited "Nickel." Chemicool Periodic Table. Chemicool.com. 24 Feb. 2011. Web. 10/31/2011 <http://www.chemicool.com/elements/nickel.html>. Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility - Office of Science EducationLast, . "Its Elemental-The Element Nickel." Jefferson Lab. Jefferson Lab, 31 Oct 2011. Web. 31 Oct 2011. <http://education.jlab.org/faq/index.html>. McPartland, Josh. "Everything About Nickel: History, Invention, Some Critical Applications, Characteristics & Significance." How To Stop Sweating So Much. How To Stop Sweating So Much, 2011. Web. 31 Oct 2011. <http://howtostopsweatingsomuch.com/articlearchive/? everything-about-nickel-history-invention-some-critical- applications-characteristics-significance-1448>.