Created By: Corinne Basinger
The name Bismuth comes from the German word wissmuth,
meaning white mass.
Bismuth has been known to be around since ancient times and
used. Therefore, it is unsure who discovered it first or where it was
In 1753, Claude Geoffroy was the first to classify and show bismuth
as a distinct element
Bismuth is a solid at room temperature, and is silvery white in color. Bismuth crystals
can be made artificially and are not found naturally.
( Bismuth Rock)
( Bismuth Crystals)
Bismuth melts at 271.40 degrees Celsius.
Bismuth boils at an extremely high temperature of 1564 degrees
Has a density of 9.807g/ cm^3
An interesting characteristic that bismuth possesses is that bismuth
has a lower density as a solid than in liquid form.
Bismuth is particularly good for making sharp castings for objects
subject to damage , and the low melting point of bismuth allows for
bismuth alloys to be used in safety equipment and extinguishing
Bismuth has no major isotopes that have any commercial
209 Bi is the only naturally occurring form of Bismuth.
Bismuth can be found in mines all over
the world, but the largest mines are
found in China, Mexico, Peru, and
Bismuth can be mined out in it’s natural
whitish rock form.
Bismuth typically costs more than
copper, lead and zinc. It sells for about
There are typically no primary uses for the natural metallic Bismuth. It is mostly Bismuth
alloys, and it is the properties that Bismuth contributes to several alloys that makes this
A major use of Bismuth is in a pharmaceutical remedy known as Bismuth Subsalicylate
(C7H5BiO4) , which is used in Pepto Bismol to help with stomach and intestinal discomforts .
Bismuth Subnitrate is a compound found in Bismoline, which aids in the relief of skin
( Bismoline)( Pepto-Bismol)
Other Common Bismuth Compounds and Their Uses:
Bismuth Oxide, Bi2O3
Commonly used as a catalyst in chemical
industry for glazes, glass, and medicine.
Used in cosmetics such as, face powders.
natural ore of Bismuth.
( Bismuthinite )
( Bismuth Oxide)
( Mineral Make-up)
*When Bismuth is heated over a flame it produces a blue flame color.
• Bismuth has five valence electrons and is often Bi 3- ion.
• Bismuth’s Quantum Numbers
n = 6 l = 1 ml = 1 ms = + ½
Bismuth has a typically low specific heat of about 0.12 J/g* °C
Do you love Bismuth as much as Bismuth loves you?
Well, if you would like to join the Bismuth
appreciation club on facebook here is a link for you!
There are a whopping 178 members willing to share
their love for Bismuth with you!
Bismuth. Chemistry Explained, 2010. 2 Nov. 2010
Bismuth. Mineral Information Institute, 2010. 24 Oct. 2010
Everett. Bismuth. Mr. Everett’s Web Page, 30 Oct. 2010. 2 Nov. 2010
Hardassets Investor. Bismuth: Not Just For Heartburn. 3 Mar. 2009. 2 Nov. 2010
Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility- Office of Science Education. The
Element Bismuth. Jefferson Lab,2010. 2 Nov. 2010