0
Grids, Clouds and
Computation:
Getting to Ground Truth under Mostly Cloudy
Conditions

Presented by:
Steven Armentrout, Ph...
History: Parabon Computation

 Founded in 1999
 Launched the first COTS grid platform –
 Frontier®
 Operate the only broke...
Overview

 Motivation and History
 How Parabon does ―cloud‖
 Applications
 Considerations




                            ...
Is Cloud Computing Different than Grid
Computing?




                          © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All right...
Is Cloud Computing Different than Grid
Computing?




                 No




                          © 2008 Parabon Com...
Cloud Computing’s Pedigree
                  (Syllables - Letters)

   Distributed    (4     - 11)
   Utility        (3   ...
Is Cloud Computing Different than Grid
Computing?
 Distinguish Requirements and Implementation
 Key User Requirement:
 Res...
Computation as a Utility

  “If computers of the kind I have
  advocated become the computers of
  the future, then comput...
The Big Switch

 Recall the world before the Internet
 Imagine the world before electricity
 ―The Big Switch,‖ by Nicholas...
The Big Switch

  IT is racing toward a new paradigm:
  Computing delivered as an on-demand
  service
  The transformation...
Within the DoD, why now?
 Consumer market successes Awareness
 Unprecedented capability      Potential
 Technical advances...
Frontier Online Service




                          © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 12
Frontier Online Service




                1. Security
                              © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All...
Frontier Online Service




               4. Scalability
                            © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All...
Frontier Online Service




                5. Usability
                               © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. A...
Frontier Enterprise




                      © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 16
Frontier Enterprise




            6. Unobtrusiveness

                          © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rig...
Frontier Enterprise




              7. Ease of Admin.

                            © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All ...
Considerations: Locality

 1. Remote or Local
     Security
     Cost
     Data




                           © 2008 P...
Locksmith Decryption Service
NIJ          An online decryption service
NATIONAL
INSTITUTE
             to serve law enforc...
Considerations: User Interface

 Who are the end users?
     Unix wizards
     Support staff
     Warfighter




      ...
Frontier Dashboard




                     © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 22
Frontier Dashboard




                     © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 23
Watchman™




                   QuickTime™ and a
               TIFF (LZW) decompressor
            are neede d to see th...
Watchman™




                   QuickTime™ and a
               TIFF (LZW) decompressor
            are neede d to see th...
Watchman™




                   QuickTime™ and a
               TIFF (LZW) decompressor
            are neede d to see th...
Watchman™




                   QuickTime™ and a
               TIFF (LZW) decompressor
            are neede d to see th...
Watchman™




                   QuickTime™ and a
               TIFF (LZW) decompressor
            are neede d to see th...
Considerations: Types of Applications

 What are the computational demands
 of the applications?

 Web apps    load = tran...
NASA Origin
                     The Ultimate Source
                    from Which to Evolve   TM




   Automated design...
NASA Origin
                    The Ultimate Source
                   from Which to Evolve   TM




   Automated design o...
InSēquio™

  Synthetic DNA can be used as a nanoscale
  construction material and woven into designs




                 ...
InSēquio™

      Using its complementary binding properties, DNA can
      be ―programmed‖ to self-assemble into target de...
The limit of microtechnology:
 1 micron box shown in blue
   on a smooth muscle cell




                                 ...
Using theof microtechnology:of DNA,
        The limit binding properties
         1 micron box shown in blue to be
       ...
InSēquio™

  The resultant structures have the important property
  of being uniquely addressable.




                   ...
Applicable Domains for the D0D
Does your organization do any of the following?

Assembly planning          Evolutionary co...
Considerations: Feature Set

 Business reporting capabilities
 Ease of administration
 Fault tolerance (―How many 9s?‖)


...
Considerations: Cost of Dedicated
Hardware
 100 node (200-400 core) cluster ~ $200,000 /
 yr
 (includes cost of power, spa...
Final Considerations
 The DoD has ~5M desktops
 At 20% utilization, rougly $10B of capacity
 is wasted annually
 At the sa...
Q&A




      © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 41
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Grids Clouds Computation Steven Armentrout

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Steven Armentrout of Parabon on Grids and cloud computing

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  1. 1. Grids, Clouds and Computation: Getting to Ground Truth under Mostly Cloudy Conditions Presented by: Steven Armentrout, PhD President & CEO © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 1
  2. 2. History: Parabon Computation Founded in 1999 Launched the first COTS grid platform – Frontier® Operate the only brokered computation service Customers in the government, academic, non-profit, and private sectors Sponsor of Compute Against Cancer® Privately-held small business based in Reston, VA © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 2
  3. 3. Overview Motivation and History How Parabon does ―cloud‖ Applications Considerations © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 3
  4. 4. Is Cloud Computing Different than Grid Computing? © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 4
  5. 5. Is Cloud Computing Different than Grid Computing? No © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 5
  6. 6. Cloud Computing’s Pedigree (Syllables - Letters) Distributed (4 - 11) Utility (3 - 7) Internet (3 - 8) Peer-to-Peer (3 - 3) “P2P” Cluster (2 - 7) Grid (1 - 4) Cloud (1 - 5) Net (1 - 3)<- Prediction © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 6
  7. 7. Is Cloud Computing Different than Grid Computing? Distinguish Requirements and Implementation Key User Requirement: Resources delivered as on-demand utility services  Applications  Information  Computation Implementation: Driven by other requirements  Security  Economics  Technical constraints © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 7
  8. 8. Computation as a Utility “If computers of the kind I have advocated become the computers of the future, then computing may someday be organized as a public utility just as the telephone system is a public utility... The computer utility could become the basis of a new and important industry.” —John McCarthy, MIT Centennial in 1961 © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 8
  9. 9. The Big Switch Recall the world before the Internet Imagine the world before electricity ―The Big Switch,‖ by Nicholas Carr (Jan 2008) draws strong parallels between the maturation of the electricity and computing industries The implications for IT are profound © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 9
  10. 10. The Big Switch IT is racing toward a new paradigm: Computing delivered as an on-demand service The transformation is like that of the electric industry during the 20th century It’s the biggest IT transformation since the introduction of the World Wide Web © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 10
  11. 11. Within the DoD, why now? Consumer market successes Awareness Unprecedented capability Potential Technical advances Feasibility  Virtualization  Security Economic pressures Necessity Adoption by adversaries Competition ―Retirement of the Boomers‖ Openness to change © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 11
  12. 12. Frontier Online Service © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 12
  13. 13. Frontier Online Service 1. Security © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 13
  14. 14. Frontier Online Service 4. Scalability © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 14
  15. 15. Frontier Online Service 5. Usability © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 15
  16. 16. Frontier Enterprise © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 16
  17. 17. Frontier Enterprise 6. Unobtrusiveness © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 17
  18. 18. Frontier Enterprise 7. Ease of Admin. © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 18
  19. 19. Considerations: Locality 1. Remote or Local  Security  Cost  Data © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 19
  20. 20. Locksmith Decryption Service NIJ An online decryption service NATIONAL INSTITUTE to serve law enforcement of JUSTICE developed with AccessData® DNA Frontier Qu i ckTi me ™ an d a TIFF (Un co mp re s se d) de co mp re s so r a re ne ed ed to se e thi s p i ctu re . Only file headers need to be transmitted so Locksmith is suitable for a public grid. © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 20
  21. 21. Considerations: User Interface Who are the end users?  Unix wizards  Support staff  Warfighter © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 21
  22. 22. Frontier Dashboard © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 22
  23. 23. Frontier Dashboard © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 23
  24. 24. Watchman™ QuickTime™ and a TIFF (LZW) decompressor are neede d to see this picture. © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 24
  25. 25. Watchman™ QuickTime™ and a TIFF (LZW) decompressor are neede d to see this picture. © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 25
  26. 26. Watchman™ QuickTime™ and a TIFF (LZW) decompressor are neede d to see this picture. © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 26
  27. 27. Watchman™ QuickTime™ and a TIFF (LZW) decompressor are neede d to see this picture. © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 27
  28. 28. Watchman™ QuickTime™ and a TIFF (LZW) decompressor are neede d to see this picture. © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 28
  29. 29. Considerations: Types of Applications What are the computational demands of the applications? Web apps load = transactions / s Grid apps load = calculations / s Data apps load = throughput / s © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 29
  30. 30. NASA Origin The Ultimate Source from Which to Evolve TM Automated design of spacecraft antenna Non-branching: Branching: ST5-4W-03 ST5-3-10 © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 30
  31. 31. NASA Origin The Ultimate Source from Which to Evolve TM Automated design of spacecraft antenna Evolved antenna flew on three nanosats (20‖) for ST5 mission © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 31
  32. 32. InSēquio™ Synthetic DNA can be used as a nanoscale construction material and woven into designs QuickTime™ and a TIFF (LZW) decompressor are neede d to see this picture. See CAD View of DNA © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 32
  33. 33. InSēquio™ Using its complementary binding properties, DNA can be ―programmed‖ to self-assemble into target designs 9 DNA strands 9 strands 1 DNA motif 4x4 grid 8x8 grid © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 33
  34. 34. The limit of microtechnology: 1 micron box shown in blue on a smooth muscle cell 100 nm © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 34
  35. 35. Using theof microtechnology:of DNA, The limit binding properties 1 micron box shown in blue to be inSēquio enables molecules on a smooth muscle cell engineered at the nanoscale. QuickTime™ and a TIFF (LZW) decompressor are neede d to see this picture. 80 nm 100 nm © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 35
  36. 36. InSēquio™ The resultant structures have the important property of being uniquely addressable. © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 36
  37. 37. Applicable Domains for the D0D Does your organization do any of the following? Assembly planning Evolutionary computation Optimization Biodefense Financial forecasting Parameter studies Bioinformatics Genomic sequencing Photorealistic Rendering Biometrics (multi-modal) Logistical planning Proteomics Combinatorial opt. Machine learning Psychometric profiling Data mining Modeling and Robotic motion planning Decision support simulation Search Decryption Molecular modeling Statistical analysis Drug discovery Monte Carlo simulations Steganography Environmental modeling Nanotechnology Weather Prediction Operations research © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 37
  38. 38. Considerations: Feature Set Business reporting capabilities Ease of administration Fault tolerance (―How many 9s?‖) © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 38
  39. 39. Considerations: Cost of Dedicated Hardware 100 node (200-400 core) cluster ~ $200,000 / yr (includes cost of power, space, cooling, labor & support) Frontier Online  $0.10 - $0.30 / cap-hour (Ch)  100 C @ $0.15 / Ch for 10 hrs = $150 Frontier Enterprise  A 10 : 1 price-performance advantage © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 39
  40. 40. Final Considerations The DoD has ~5M desktops At 20% utilization, rougly $10B of capacity is wasted annually At the same time, there are few examples of high-value SOA mashups that demonstrate the value of this latent capacity This ―Mashup Gap‖ has resulted in requirements that may not live up to the demands of the applications that will ultimately create the most value for the DoD © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 40
  41. 41. Q&A © 2008 Parabon Computation, Inc. All rights reserved. | 41
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