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  • 1. 5/26/2011 Thin Client NIPR/SIPR Presented by team “ Coming Soon ” UNCLASSIFIED
  • 2. 5/26/2011 Customers This project applies to all Army Users within the CONUS Theater of operations (Military, DA Civilian, Defense Contractor) UNCLASSIFIED
  • 3. 5/26/2011 Mission UNCLASSIFIED
    • 1. Establish secure, easy to use, rapidly provisioned Information Technology Cloud solution for the Army, including:
        • Agile and simple acquisition processes
        • CAC enabled NIPR/SIPR access from stationary and remote
        • terminals based on security postures
        • Elastic, usage-based delivery of pooled computing resources
        • Secure linkage and secure data base storage host
        • Interoperable Thin Client stations
        • Application grid based on user requested software options
        • Always on and available, utility-like solutions.
        • 2. Drive the Army-wide adoption of SIPR/NIPR protocols using cloud computing solutions.
  • 4. 5/26/2011 Facts & Assumptions UNCLASSIFIED
    • Current architecture /infrastructure is outdated and presents many maintenance issues.
    • Costs for licensing and new equipment are increasing/unaffordable by Government.
    • Bandwidth requirements/space allocation outweighs the value of on-hand technology.
    • The need for widgets that allow users to generate content and collaborate are
    • available, but not compatible for inclusion in current architecture.
    • Government funding will not be available for reset/lifecycle.
    • A reduction in policy/instruction would put most users on the same page.
    • Cloud Computing Initiatives for the Army will set direction, establish guidelines and define the future vision and architecture for the LANDWARNET
  • 5. 5/26/2011 UNCLASSIFIED Cloud Resource Model Document current Architecture Survey Customers Develop Needs Statement Review Available options Gather costs per option Develop vision Goal Area Determine Solution Visualize your operation using new technologies available Query Agencies within your parameter to determine technologies which will remain Prepare initial statement of work identifying all requirements and the need for cloud applications to replace Contact solutions providers for availability and provisioning costs Identify Communications equipment, software, platforms architecture and policies Prepare budget criteria for decision makers Primary Objective Old Communications Model Complete list of service needs Establish Performance Metrics Initiative Get Buy-in from leadership Assign Clear Courses of action and needs per vendor Establish Communications Initiative and Develop Portal New Communications Model Establish Governance and install product Reach Initiative Obtain Funding and specify contracting method
  • 6. 5/26/2011 Use Cases Considered
    • COA’s:
    • DISA – DoD Provided Service
    • GSA – Gov’t negotiated contract thru commercial vendor(s)
    • Microsoft – Vendor Provided Service
    • Google – Vendor Provided Service
    UNCLASSIFIED
  • 7. Various Private Cloud Mission Applications DISA PKI/CAC DISA-Army Cloud SIPR/NIPR Desktop Service Army Enterprise CDS Army Users 1. End User to Enterprise 2. Enterprise to Cloud 3. Enterprise to Cloud to Enterprise 1 2 3 Army – DISA Maintained Service COA 1 5/26/2011 UNCLASSIFIED
  • 8. Commercial Cloud NIPR Desktop Service Various Private Cloud Mission Applications DISA PKI/CAC DISA-Army Cloud SIPR Desktop Service Army Enterprise CDS Army Users 1 3 3 2 1. End User to Enterprise 2. Enterprise to Cloud 3. Enterprise to Cloud to Enterprise Commercial – DISA – Army Service COA’s 2,3,4 5/26/2011 UNCLASSIFIED
  • 9. 5/26/2011 Key Requirements
    • Identity
    • Open Client
    • Federated Identity
    • Location Awareness
    • Metering and monitoring
    • Management and Governance
    • Security
    • A Common File Format for VMs
    • Common API for Cloud Storage and Middleware
    • Data and Application Federation
    • SLAs and Benchmarks
    • Lifecycle Management
    • Interoperability
    • Transaction / Concurrency
    UNCLASSIFIED
  • 10. 5/26/2011 SLA Considerations
    • Retention Time : During an emergency/outage, how long would it take for the organization to sustain its operations
    • Uptime : The percent of the time that the system will be available (e.g., 99.9%) and the period over which the measurement is taken
    • Performance and throughput
    • Security and Data protection : Where is the data stored? What precautions are taken by the vendor to ensure the data isn't tampered with?
    • The level of support offered (e.g., 24/7)
    • Service credits if the SLA isn't met
    •   COOP
    UNCLASSIFIED
  • 11. 5/26/2011 Cost Analysis (1500 Users)
    • Desktop Cost Assumptions
    • • Physical Desktop Cost: $888 (Source: Intel Destkop TCO Case study. Optimum Refresh Cycle and Method for Desktop Outsourcing)
    • • Desktop Technology Refresh Cycle: 3 Years
    • • Desktop Deployment Cost: $250 (Source: Intel Destkop TCO Case study. Optimum Refresh Cycle and Method for Desktop Outsourcing)
    • • Desktop Power Consumption: $146/year (11 cents per KwH Power Cost)
    • Thin Client Cost Assumptions
    • • 5 Year CAPEX of $1750/user
    • Initial cost approx $615/user
    • Direct cost savings of over $1.3M over a 5-year period against physical desktop deployment (1500 user system)
    • 5 Year product maintenance
    • • Thin Client annual power consumption: $25/year (20W power consumption)
    UNCLASSIFIED
  • 12. Comparative Cost Savings 5/26/2011 UNCLASSIFIED
  • 13.
    • Reductions in HW/SW Procurement Costs
      • No purchasing or re-purchasing of infrastructure equipment
    • Reduction in O & M Costs
      • No lifecycle replacement costs
      • Green IT; lower energy and power consumption
    • Decreased Manpower
      • Less System Admins needed for daily ops
    • Increased Accessibility/Flexibility
      • Can access anywhere with an active internet connection
    • Increased Security
      • Central Management
      • Increased Insider Threat capability
    Benefits 5/26/2011 UNCLASSIFIED
  • 14.
    • Cultural retraining required
      • Users will have to get used to the idea of doing things different than used to doing
    • Convincing ARMY to release hold on unclassified data
    • Reliability
      • Speed at which work accomplished dependant on network connection speeds.
    • Security of Thin Client in a cloud environment .
      • Data only as secure as the host cloud
    Challenges 5/26/2011 UNCLASSIFIED
  • 15. 5/26/2011 Cloud Performance Model UNCLASSIFIED
  • 16. 5/26/2011 Security
    • MAC 1
    • Cryptography
    • DoD “STIG” Compliance
    • Data/Storage – CONUS Based
    • Cross-Domain Solution
    • Auditing/Reporting
    • Remote Access
    • Compliance to DoD, Army Regulations (e.g., AR 25-series, DoD 8510-series)
    UNCLASSIFIED
  • 17. 5/26/2011 Options/Architectural Considerations UNCLASSIFIED
    • Thin Client Architecture
      • Virtual Desktop
      • Blade
      • Citrix
      • Streaming apps/OS
      • Application Integration
      • Interoperability with Mission Services
      • Standards / Data Portability
      • Data Access/Ownership
      • Service – Service communications
      • Security /Data Authentication Accreditation, Verification
  • 18. 5/26/2011 SCOPE Analysis UNCLASSIFIED
  • 19. 5/26/2011 COA Recommendation
    • COA #3: Microsoft – Vendor Provided Service
    • Stand up SaaS
    • Migrate End Users to Cloud
    UNCLASSIFIED
  • 20. 5/26/2011 Proposed Strategy UNCLASSIFIED