Violence Against Women


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Created as intern at Peace Over Violence and presented to audience at UCLA in 2009.

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  • Both platonic and romantic relationship standards
  • What are they and what are their implications?
  • What are they and what are their implications?
  • Afghan marriage law can't be changed: cleric :
  • CA and Prop 8 or 187; Iran progressive politically until social values Itola; genital mutilation in Africa (cultural relativism); myths in U.S. affected our political response to rape crimes and excuses perpetrators by blaming the victim
  • A lack of respect and view of inequality validates harm directed toward women
  • Refer back to lack of laws protecting domestic workers before showing Indonesia account
  • In reality, women all over the world face violence and discrimination due to political, social, economic, and religious inequality. Even when this violence and discrimination manifests in different forms, the underlying factors of inequality are the same.
  • Violence Against Women

    1. 1. International Violence Against Women Peace Over Violence Leona Smith, M.S.W. Katie Virant, intern M.S.W. 2010
    2. 2. Points of Discussion…. <ul><li>Feminist Theory of violence against women </li></ul><ul><li>Perpetuation of violence against women </li></ul><ul><li>Global manifestations of violence against women </li></ul><ul><li>The myth of “Us” vs. “Them” </li></ul><ul><li>How can we impact change? </li></ul>
    3. 3. Feminist Theory of Violence Against Women <ul><li>Inequality: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>economic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>political </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>social </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>religious </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Objectification </li></ul>
    4. 4. Perpetuation of Violence Against Women <ul><li>Media Messages </li></ul><ul><li>Political and religious suppression </li></ul><ul><li>Social norms and cultural beliefs </li></ul>
    5. 5. Media Messages <ul><li>Unhealthy relationship standards </li></ul><ul><li>Unhealthy concepts of femininity </li></ul><ul><li>Unhealthy concepts of female gender roles </li></ul>
    6. 6. Media Messages
    7. 7. Media Messages cont.
    8. 8. Political and Religious Suppression <ul><ul><li>Afghan Marriage Law passed March 2009 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Based on religious fundamentalism </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Quotes by Mohseni, a top Afghan cleric, supporting the law </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Women and men are not equal in Afghanistan and shouldn't be treated as equals” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Referring to man’s role as breadwinner: “For all these expenses, can't we at least give the right to a husband to demand sex from his wife after four nights?” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>”… it is essential for the woman to submit to the man's sexual desire.” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“… it is the right of a man to ask for sex and she should make herself ready for it. This is the right of a man.&quot; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exceptions = wife is ill, would be harmed by intercourse, fasting for Ramadan, preparing for a pilgrimage, menstruating, or has just given birth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Afghan marriage law can't be changed: cleric : </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Social Norms and Cultural Beliefs <ul><li>Both influence, and are influenced by, political, social, economic, and religious inequality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Genital Mutilation in Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Myths of Rape Internationally </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Myths of Rape Internationally <ul><li>Only young attractive women get raped </li></ul><ul><li>Women who get raped were asking for it </li></ul><ul><li>Rape is a misunderstanding </li></ul><ul><li>Rape isn’t an everyday occurrence </li></ul><ul><li>Most women who report rape are lying </li></ul><ul><li>Men rape because they lose control </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>She was wearing tight jeans </li></ul><ul><li>(inspired from case in France) </li></ul><ul><li>She was asking for it (sexy clothes) </li></ul><ul><li>She was flirting online </li></ul><ul><li>(technology sex crimes) </li></ul><ul><li>She was his steady girlfriend </li></ul><ul><li>(intimate partner SA) </li></ul><ul><li>She was drunk and partying </li></ul><ul><li>(alcohol related rape) </li></ul><ul><li>He had it coming (male rape) </li></ul><ul><li>She was his wife (spousal rape) </li></ul><ul><li>I have to do everything for her </li></ul><ul><li>(elderly rape) </li></ul><ul><li>The intensity got to him </li></ul><ul><li>(military sexual violence) </li></ul>GREAT BRITIAN Truth About Rape Campaign UNITED STATES Denim Day Campaign
    11. 11. Manifestations of Violence Against Women
    12. 12. Global Accounts of Violence <ul><li>Sexual Slavery in Taiwan & South Korea </li></ul><ul><li>Tradition & Abuse in South Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Abduction, Rape, Murder & Impunity in Russia </li></ul><ul><li>Exploiting Domestic Workers in Indonesia </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    13. 13. Global Accounts of Violence <ul><li>Injustice and Violence in Turkey </li></ul><ul><li>Abuse of Military Power in the Democratic Republic of Congo </li></ul><ul><li>Girl Soldiers in Liberia </li></ul><ul><li>Trafficking Women in Kosovo </li></ul><ul><li>Rape as Weapon of War in Chad </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    14. 14. Understanding rape as a weapon of war: Darfur <ul><li> </li></ul>
    15. 15. Myth of “Us” vs. “Them”
    16. 16. The Myth of “Us” vs “Them”: Are we really that different? <ul><li>Amnesty International: </li></ul><ul><li>In the U.S., a woman is raped every 6 minutes; a woman is battered every 15 seconds </li></ul><ul><li>This year, more than 15,000 women will be sold into sexual slavery in China </li></ul><ul><li>More than 7,000 women in India will be murdered by their families and in-laws in disputes over dowries </li></ul>
    17. 17. In Reality…
    18. 18. How Do We Impact change <ul><li>Individual contributions </li></ul><ul><li>Community contributions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Neighborhood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>School </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Global </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Facebook </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Campaigns </li></ul></ul></ul>
    19. 19. Global Campaigns <ul><li>EVAW: End Violence Against Women International </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education, MAD Project, Conferences, Donations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Amnesty International </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peace Over Violence www. peaceoverviolence .org </li></ul></ul>