The Renaissance 1300-1500 Italy offered new opportunities—The Renaissance Began in Florence, Italy After the Crusades Italy became the center of trade and gained great wealth wealthy merchants dominated politics and business Renaissance marked by renewed interest in Greek an Roman literature, art, & life—known as classic learning Humanism: intellectual movement that focused on Worldly subjects rather than religious ones New Values Shaped the Renaissance 1. people were eager to achieve as individuals 2. believed you could enjoy life without offending God unlike in the Middle Ages
Giotto Bondone Painted the Arena Chapel using Fresco
Dante alghieri Wrote The Divine Comedy where he describes his tour of hell. Influenced the development of the Italian language.
Machiavelli Wrote, The Prince where he described the idea of the perfect ruler. He said that a ruler can use unethical actions as long as it is in the best interest of the people. Famous quote, “The End Justifies, the Means.” –It doesn’t matter HOW you achieve your goal, as long as you achieve it.
michaelangelo Painted the Sistene Chapel with scenes from the Bible, also known for his “David” sculpture.
‘David’ By Michaelangelo
Leonardo divinci Known as the “true renaissance man” He was an inventor, painter, sculptor, writer and scientist. Drew pictures of helicopters, submarines.
The Last Supper Famous paining by Da Vinci that showed the last supper of Jesus.
The renaissance spread to northern europe Spread to Northern Europe Spread through foreign courts visiting Italy wealthy merchants were attracted to the individualism and worldly pleasures. William Shakespeare wrote several poems and plays such as Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet, and Julius Caesar.
End of the renaissance End of the Renaissance (1600s) 1. role of self-worth and dignity of individuals allows individualsto seek fame for themselves 2. Helps to lead more individual thought, the Reformation and the Scientific Revolution 3. The rise of democratic ideas begin to slowly spread 4. The Renaissance sparks exploration and will begin a new era of exploitation and dominance by European nations