Transcript of "The new government testing the constitution"
Running a New Nation<br />Imagine having to start and run an entire nation from scratch. That is what our founding fathers were faced with as they began the United States under the new US Constitution. As with any new venture, there would be many obstacles and problems to face. <br />
The Presidency of George Washington<br />The Precedents of Washington<br />(decision made without law, that eventually become the formal behavior).<br />1. THE FIRST CABINET: Washington realized he could not be an expert in all fields, so he hired ADVISORS to help him on specific topics. The first cabinet consisted of three departments:<br /> Secretary of State-Thomas Jefferson (Foreign Affairs)<br /> Secretary of Treasury-Alexander Hamilton (our Federalist Rep!)<br /> Secretary of War-Henry Knox<br />2. Another MAJOR PRECEDENT Washington set was:Serving only TWO terms! <br />3. The third Precedent set by Washington was NEUTRALITY in Foreign Affairs<br />Washington believed that getting involved in other nations political issues would harm US relations with other countries. He recognized the benefit of the US being separated by oceans from other countries. It is not until the AGE OF IMPERIALISM in the Late 1800s that the US really begins to move away from NEUTRALITY.<br />What did George Washington Warn about in his Farewell Address?<br />1. Do not form Political Parties—this would divide the nation.<br />2. Do not get involved in foreign affair<br />
The Supreme Court Helps Establish National Supremacy<br />John Marshall served as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court from 1801-1835—Established the dominance of the national government over the states and shaped the future of American government.<br />
James Madison and the War of 18124th President of US-Served from 1809-1817<br />THE WAR OF 1812<br /><ul><li>Also known as the Second War for Independence
Fought from 1812-1814 between US and Great Britain</li></ul>Causes:<br />British Impressment: Britain was seizing American ships and demanding military service from people they assumed were British citizens.<br />Lack of the Respect for the US:Britain violated US neutrality rights during British and French conflicts.<br />Desire for More Land:Many Americans demanded the US take Canada and make it part of the U.S.<br />