How did we get here? After the fall of the Roman Empire, threats of attacks ended almost all trade in Western Europe. Cities were easy targets for attacks. People moved from the cities for safety and to grow their own food. These conditions led to the growth of feudalism.
FEUDALISM POLITICAL system of local government based on the granting of land in return for loyalty, military assistance, andother services. In Medieval society a person born and died on the same piece of land and in the same social class.
MANORIALISM Manorialism was the ECONOMIC system that revolved around self-sufficient farming estates. There was little or no trade. EVERYTHING was produced on the manor and used by the people who lived on it.
CHARLES THE GREAT--CHARLESMAGNE Leader of the Kingdom of the Franks Created a huge empire Pope asked Charlemagne for help to drive the barbarians out of Rome. Pope crowned him as emperor. Helped to revive literacy and learning in Western Europe. Empire declined after his death.
INVASIONS WEAKEN EUROPE…AGAIN. Muslims from Africa invaded the Mediterranean Coast Slavs invaded central Europe The Vikings Invaded from 793-1000 came from Scandinavia—modern day Denmark, Sweden, and Norway. Raided from Ireland to Russia Raids were swift—landed, plundered, killed and left Great sea farers—1000 traveled to Newfoundland in Canada
ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH MOST POWERFUL INSTITUTION IN THE MIDDLE AGES Filled political and leadership positions Gained vast amounts of land and wealth The Pope in Rome held the greatest power. Canon Law-Church Law and had the power to tax
Increased trade in italy As Italy became the center of trade, they gained great wealth. Eventually this would lead to spending in luxuries such as art, literature, and interest in classic Greek and Roman ideals. THIS IS THE RENAISSANCE!!!
Changes in the Middle Ages France: Created legislative branch—the Estates General. Fought 100 Year War with England. England: Moves towards a limited monarchy—Signing of the Magna Carta and creation of Parliament English Common Law—decisions by royal courts became law SPAIN 1479 united under Ferdinand and Isabella Spanish Inquisition—forced conversion of Jews and Muslims along with torture. GERMANY Known as the Holy Roman Empire Hapsburgs became most powerful family in Europe