The inca
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The inca

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The inca The inca Presentation Transcript

  • 1400s -1532
    The Inca
  • Created 2500 mile Empire in the Andes Mountains
  • Incan Government
    Ruled by an Emperor—held absolute power, owned everything and was the chief religious leader—claimed to be son of the sun.
    Strong Centralized government
    Everyone had to speak Quechua and follow the Incan religion
    INCA POLITICAL SYSTEM
    CAPITAL AT CUZCO
  • “THE LOST CITY”
    Incan city isolated in the Andes Mountains
    Discovered in 1911
    Archaeologists estimate that approximately 1200 people could have lived in the area, though many theorize it was most likely a retreat for Incan rulers
    Want to see more? Check out this website for 360° views of this amazing city: http://www.peru-machu-picchu.com/funerary-rock.php
    MACHU PICCHU
    A new 7 Wonder of the World
  • worshipped many gods related to nature and guardian spirits
    chief deity—sun god
    RELIGION
    Temple of the Sun god
  • INCAN ADVANCES
    Built terraces—flat area of land on hillsides. Incas had to adapt to their mountainous environment and provide ample food.
    Kept records with knotted colored string called quipus.
    Excelled in medicine—performed surgery, used herbs and antiseptics
  • Roads help bind the Empire
    Temple to the Sun—built with stone blocks, inner walls lined with gold. Built with advanced technology and able to withstand earthquakes
    Roads:
    More than 12,000 miles of roads
    runners carried news across the roads, kept capital in contact with entire empire.
    armies could move quickly over roads and crush rebellions.
    INCA AND ENGINEERING
    INCAN Roads Last!
  • The Destruction of the Incas
    1532 destroyed by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizzaro
    Nov. 1532 Spanish betray and capture Incan Emperor Atahualpa then slaughter thousands of Incans
    August 29, 1533 Incan Emperor Atahualpa is strangled to death by the Spanish—the Inca people were helpless without the direction of their emperor and the capital fell without a struggle.