Incan Government Ruled by an Emperor—held absolute power, owned everything and was the chief religious leader—claimed to be son of the sun. Strong Centralized government Everyone had to speak Quechua and follow the Incan religion INCA POLITICAL SYSTEM CAPITAL AT CUZCO
“THE LOST CITY” Incan city isolated in the Andes Mountains Discovered in 1911 Archaeologists estimate that approximately 1200 people could have lived in the area, though many theorize it was most likely a retreat for Incan rulers Want to see more? Check out this website for 360° views of this amazing city: http://www.peru-machu-picchu.com/funerary-rock.php MACHU PICCHU A new 7 Wonder of the World
worshipped many gods related to nature and guardian spirits chief deity—sun god RELIGION Temple of the Sun god
INCAN ADVANCES Built terraces—flat area of land on hillsides. Incas had to adapt to their mountainous environment and provide ample food. Kept records with knotted colored string called quipus. Excelled in medicine—performed surgery, used herbs and antiseptics
Roads help bind the Empire Temple to the Sun—built with stone blocks, inner walls lined with gold. Built with advanced technology and able to withstand earthquakes Roads: More than 12,000 miles of roads runners carried news across the roads, kept capital in contact with entire empire. armies could move quickly over roads and crush rebellions. INCA AND ENGINEERING INCAN Roads Last!
The Destruction of the Incas 1532 destroyed by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizzaro Nov. 1532 Spanish betray and capture Incan Emperor Atahualpa then slaughter thousands of Incans August 29, 1533 Incan Emperor Atahualpa is strangled to death by the Spanish—the Inca people were helpless without the direction of their emperor and the capital fell without a struggle.