The enlightenment inspires revolutionsPresentation Transcript
Good Morning I want to make sure that you are aware of the order of US History. So I am going to go over some events in Chronological (dated) order:
Before George Washington
America was known as the 13 Colonies and was part of BRITAIN
After the French and Indian War (1754-1763) the British began to ENFORCE taxes on the colonists.
The Colonists felt less and less British and more “American”, they began to plan for a Revolution.
THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
Fought between the British and the Colonists
George Washington led the American Army
Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence
The Colonists won and the United States of America was established.
The Articles of Confederation
Our first plan for government was the AOC. These were very weak
Weak Federal Government
Like 13 independent countries rather than one united nation.
Strong State government, each state printed their own money.
No national judicial system or President
Federal government had no power to tax or raise an army.
SHAYS REBELLION—demonstrated the need for a stronger national government.
Plans were made for a Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia.
Delegates from every state, except Rhode Island. Decided to throw out the AOC and start over.
Made our current Constitution
Constitution showed many divisions in the nation:
Strong federal gov’t vs. strong state gov’t
Northern issues vs. Southern issues
Big states vs. small states
Our 1 st President
Set many Precedents —actions that he does that eventually become tradition:
Created a Cabinet to help advise him on issues.
Chose not to run for a third term. From 1787-1940 no President attempted to run for a third term. Franklin Roosevelt broke this in 1940.
Made two important warnings in his Farewell Address:
Warned the nation not to get involved in Political Parties (this began right after him with Adams and Jefferson)
Warned the US to stay out of foreign affairs with European nations.
2 nd President: John Adams
DEFEATED JEFFERSON WHO BECAME HIS VP—THEY DID NOT GET ALONG
XYZ AFFAIR—with France
Passing of the ALIEN and SEDITION ACTS
Served only one term
The New Political Parties FEDERALISTS ANTIFEDERALISTS Strong Federal Government Weak Federal government and strong national government Led by Alexander Hamilton and John Adams Led by Jefferson Supported the Bank of the US Opposed the Bank of US Loose Interpretation of the Constitution Strict Interpretation of the Constitution Political Party: FEDERALIST Political Party: DEMOCRAT-REPUBLICANS
3 rd President: Thomas Jefferson
Strict interpretation of the Constitution but took liberties with the Louisiana Purchase.
Sent Lewis and Clark to explore the new territory
Served 2 terms
MANIFEST DESTINY This is the idea that as Americans we had the God given destiny to expand our territory from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. This led to Americans traveling across the country to find settle in new territories and conflicts with nations and Native Americans who controlled the land we wanted.