The cold war beginning
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The cold war beginning

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    The cold war beginning The cold war beginning Presentation Transcript

    • THE COLD WARthe beginning
      1945-1991
    • Even before World War II Ended, the leaders of US, Great Britain and USSR were meeting to decide what to do after the war.
      The YALTA Conference: February 1945
      Decide to divide Germany into Four occupation zones, as well as the capital of Berlin
      Agreed to free elections in Poland and along the countries that bordered USSR—this never happens
      Proposed the charter for the United Nations
       
      The Potsdam Conference: July 1945
      US—Harry Truman (FDR died in April)
      GB—Clement Atlee replaced Churchill
      USSR—Stalin
      Made final plans to divide Germany and reunite it later
    • THE DIVISION OF GERMANY
      1948-The US, France, and Britain announced they would reunite their occupied sections of Germany. The Soviet Union refused to participated and blocked all routes to West Berlin.
    • THE SUPERPOWERS STANDOFF
      The Berlin Airlift: The allies responded to the block of West Berlin by dropping food, fuel and medicine into West Berlin for 327 days until the USSR lifted the block.
    • MONEY TO ENCOURAGE DEMOCRACY
      The Truman Doctrine 1947
      Civil War had broken out between communists and conservatives in Greece
      Goal of the Truman Doctrine: The US hoped that by giving money to Greece it would prevent a communist take over.
      THE POLICY OF CONTAINMENT: After the success of the Truman Doctrine the US adopted a policy of known as Containment. This meant they would not try to end communism where it already existed but stop the spread of it to any other nation.
      The Marshall Plan 1947-1951
      The US wanted to continue stopping the spread of communism
      Offered aid to any country to help rebuild after the war
      Marshall Plan Success:
      17 nations participated
      US gave $13 billion in aid
      By 1952 European farm and industrial output levels were above the prewar levels
      Offered aid to the USSR but they declined.
      The Eisenhower Doctrine—1957 extended Marshall plan aid to the Middle East
    • THE BERLIN WALL
      Berlin was located entirely in communist East Germany. Despite this location, West Berlin remained part of West Germany and democratic.
      Because of the economic success of W. Berlin, many East Berliners were fleeing to West Berlin.
      In response to this the East German government built a wall on August 13, 1961 dividing East and West Berlin. It stood until Nov. 9, 1989.
    • The Berlin Wall
      The barrier between East and West Berlin, went up over night. The concrete and permanence was added later. The Wall became a symbol of Cold War tensions.
    • THE UNITED NATIONS
      The Start:
      April 1945-Fifty one nations met in San Francisco and began the UN in October 1945
      GOAL: To maintain international peace and security to solve world problems.
      The Headquarters are in NYC
      It was made to be stronger than the League of Nations in that it has a standing military force
      Two Main Bodies of the UN
      The General Assembly
      All member nations get one vote. Today 192/195 countries are part of the General Assembly (Taiwan, Kosovo and Vatican City are not members)
      The Security Council
      5 Permanent Members: (the winners of WWII) -Britain, France, US, China, and USSR (Russia). These nations all have veto power
      10 Temporary Nations: serve 2 year terms