The cold war beginning


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The cold war beginning

  1. 1. THE COLD WARthe beginning<br />1945-1991<br />
  2. 2. Even before World War II Ended, the leaders of US, Great Britain and USSR were meeting to decide what to do after the war.<br />The YALTA Conference: February 1945<br />Decide to divide Germany into Four occupation zones, as well as the capital of Berlin<br />Agreed to free elections in Poland and along the countries that bordered USSR—this never happens<br />Proposed the charter for the United Nations<br /> <br />The Potsdam Conference: July 1945<br />US—Harry Truman (FDR died in April)<br />GB—Clement Atlee replaced Churchill<br />USSR—Stalin<br />Made final plans to divide Germany and reunite it later<br />
  3. 3. THE DIVISION OF GERMANY<br />1948-The US, France, and Britain announced they would reunite their occupied sections of Germany. The Soviet Union refused to participated and blocked all routes to West Berlin.<br />
  4. 4. THE SUPERPOWERS STANDOFF<br />The Berlin Airlift: The allies responded to the block of West Berlin by dropping food, fuel and medicine into West Berlin for 327 days until the USSR lifted the block.<br />
  5. 5. MONEY TO ENCOURAGE DEMOCRACY<br />The Truman Doctrine 1947<br />Civil War had broken out between communists and conservatives in Greece<br />Goal of the Truman Doctrine: The US hoped that by giving money to Greece it would prevent a communist take over.<br />THE POLICY OF CONTAINMENT: After the success of the Truman Doctrine the US adopted a policy of known as Containment. This meant they would not try to end communism where it already existed but stop the spread of it to any other nation.<br />The Marshall Plan 1947-1951<br />The US wanted to continue stopping the spread of communism<br />Offered aid to any country to help rebuild after the war<br />Marshall Plan Success:<br />17 nations participated<br />US gave $13 billion in aid<br />By 1952 European farm and industrial output levels were above the prewar levels<br />Offered aid to the USSR but they declined.<br />The Eisenhower Doctrine—1957 extended Marshall plan aid to the Middle East<br />
  6. 6. THE BERLIN WALL<br />Berlin was located entirely in communist East Germany. Despite this location, West Berlin remained part of West Germany and democratic. <br /> Because of the economic success of W. Berlin, many East Berliners were fleeing to West Berlin.<br />In response to this the East German government built a wall on August 13, 1961 dividing East and West Berlin. It stood until Nov. 9, 1989.<br />
  7. 7. The Berlin Wall<br />The barrier between East and West Berlin, went up over night. The concrete and permanence was added later. The Wall became a symbol of Cold War tensions.<br />
  8. 8. THE UNITED NATIONS<br />The Start: <br />April 1945-Fifty one nations met in San Francisco and began the UN in October 1945<br />GOAL: To maintain international peace and security to solve world problems.<br />The Headquarters are in NYC<br />It was made to be stronger than the League of Nations in that it has a standing military force<br />Two Main Bodies of the UN<br />The General Assembly <br /> All member nations get one vote. Today 192/195 countries are part of the General Assembly (Taiwan, Kosovo and Vatican City are not members)<br />The Security Council<br />5 Permanent Members: (the winners of WWII) -Britain, France, US, China, and USSR (Russia). These nations all have veto power<br />10 Temporary Nations: serve 2 year terms<br />