Some Facts about the Cold War<br />It was between the two Superpowers; the US and the Soviet Union.<br />It lasts from 1945-1991.<br />It is called a COLD war becasue the two countries never actually go to war with one another they compete for control of other countries, nuclear weapons, and technological advancements--such as space exploration.<br />The US adopted a policy of containment: a commitment to stop the spread of communism to other nations.<br />One way the US practiced containment was to provide aid (money) to war torn countries to provide stability so people would choose democratic over communist governments.<br />The Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan, and Eisenhower Doctrine were all ways of giving aid to foreign nations.<br />Another way to enforce containment was through physical war--Both the Vietnam and Korean War were a result of the US trying to stop the spread of communism.<br />
THE COLD WAR<br />Ways to Prevent the Spread of Communism<br /> <br />1945—The Creation of the United Nations<br /> The United Nations was created as an international organization <br /> to deal with world problems. It was the predecessor to the <br /> League of Nations, but stronger because it had a military.<br /> <br />1947—The Truman Doctrine<br /> President Truman wanted to prevent the spread of Communism to <br /> nations struggling with rebuilding after the war. He extended <br /> US aid to Greece and Turkey. The success of this will lead the <br /> US to continue to give money to foreign nations.<br /> <br />1947—The Policy of Containment<br /> The US adopted a policy of containment. This policy was the idea <br /> that the US would not try to end communism where it already<br /> existed but to stop the spread of it by any means necessary. The<br /> US attempted to “contain” communism throughout the second <br /> half of the 20th century.<br /> <br />1948—The Marshall Plan<br /> The US offered money to any country in Europe to help them <br /> rebuild following World War II. This was to help prevent the <br /> depressions that followed World War I and to prevent countries<br /> from choosing communist governments. The program was VERY<br /> successful.<br />
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