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The 1980s
 

The 1980s

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    The 1980s The 1980s Presentation Transcript

    • The 1980s
      The Reagan Revolution
    • The Election of 1980: Carter v. Reagan
      Jimmy Carter
      Ronald Reagan
      Inflation
      Oil Shock- High oil prices
      In a recession
      Unemployment up to 8%
      Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan
      Iranian Hostage Crisis
      Offered hope for the economy
      Offered a build-up of American forces to stop Soviet Union
      “Are you better off now then you were four years ago?”
    • State of the Economy in 1981
      Interest rates were 20%
      Value of dollar was 36 cents
      Reagan blamed it on the government
      Excessive taxes
      High government spending
    • Supply Side Economics
      Lower corporate income taxes
      Would mean a greater profit
      Would invest more
      Effects of lower corporate taxes
      Costs go down for the business
      Can invest in new technology
      Make items more productively
      Can hire more people
    • Decrease in government spending
      Did not touch popular programs
      Social Security
      Medicare
      Cut 41 Billion dollars in spending
      Food stamps
      Reduced public service jobs
      Reduced student loans
      Reduced support for city mass transit (public buses)
    • Private Sector is rejuvenated
      Policy of Deregulation is to rely on marketplace to direct nation’s economy
      Upset Environmentalists
      Opened land to coal and timber production
      Halted growth of American parkland
      Billion acres opened for off shore drilling
      Rid the automobile industry of many regulations
      Negotiated with Japan to lower exports and save Detroit
    • PATCO: Air Traffic Controllers
      Strike in the summer of 1981
      Reagan states “protective services are the government’s reason for being “
      Reagan took action
      Fired striking workers
      Decertified the Union
      Trained thousands of new air traffic controllers at a cost of $1.3 billion
    • Mixed reviews on Civil Rights
      Strong rhetoric against Roe v. Wade decision that legalized abortion
      Did appoint first woman to Supreme Court with Sandra Day O’Connor
      72 nominees to federal courts
      12 were women
      3 were Black
      Openly opposed school busing mandated by Swann v. Charlotte Mecklenburg
      Openly against affirmative action
    • Reagan and Foreign Policy
      First day in office, hostages from Iran were set fee
      Doubled defense spending
      Expansion of navy
      B-1 bombers
      MX nuclear missiles
      Hard line on “Evil Empire”
      Placed 572 Pershing II missiles in western Europe pointing to Moscow and other large cities
      Complained only had 10 minutes of reaction time
    • Star Wars
      (SDI) the Strategic Defense Initiative
      Anti Missile system
      Used lasers and particle beams to destroy incoming missiles in outer space
      Critics believed it would cause the Soviet Union to build quicker and more efficient missiles
      Each side had a build up of 50,000 missiles
    • South American Leadership: Who do we support?
      Reagan perceived that the Soviet Union was supporting communism in South America
      Conditions in South America
      Extremes of wealth
      Small landowning elite
      Masses of poverty stricken
      U.S. wished to support a modern middle class regime that did not exist
      Ended up backing right wing dictators rather than support land reform and redistribution of wealth
    • The U.S. and Nicaragua
      Sandinistas were successful in the overthrow of the Somoza government
      Sandinistas were left winged
      Carter extended aid
      Reagan reversed policy
      Accused Sandinistas of driving out moderates, and turning toward Cuba and Soviet Union
      Reagan asked Congress to oust Sandinistas
      Congress said no
      Reagan opted for covert action
    • The United States backs the Contras
      Contras were rebels of the Sandinistas
      They were exiles in Honduras and Costa Rica
      Began supplying weapons to Contras
      Actions of the Contras
      Attempted to disrupt the Nicaraguan economy
      Raiding villages
      Blowing up oil tanks
      Blowing up mining harbors
      Congress passed the Boland Amendment
      U.S. could not spend money in Central America
    • Trouble in the Middle East
      Israel honored Camp David Accords
      Withdrew from Sinai Peninsula
      Reagan wanted a homeland for the Palestinian Arabs on the West Bank, Israel did not comply
      PLO (Palestine Liberation Force) continued to make attempts to raid Israel from Lebanon
      June 1882, Israel invades Lebanon to destroy the PLO
      U.S. did not stop invasion, but did not send troops
    • Middle Eastern Trouble Spots
    • U.S. Marines deployed to Lebanon
      Sent as a peace keeping mission
      A multinational force is deployed to restore order
      Muslims perceived the Marines were aiding the Christian government of Lebanon, instead of being peace-keepers
      Congress wanted Marines pulled out
      Reagan said NO, the Marines were there to protect Lebanon from Syria (backed by Soviets)
    • U.S. Marines in Lebanon
      Terrorists drive a truck loaded with bombs into barracks
      239 Marines die
      President pulls out
      Last marine leaves Beirut in February 1984
      Leaves President humiliated
    • 1984 Election
      Ronald Reagan
      Walter Mondale
      Voters give Reagan credit for:
      Curbing inflation
      Reviving economy
      Challenging communism
      Geraldine Ferraro of New York was first female on the national ticket
    • Iran Arms Deal
      Trade weapons for hostages
      6 American hostages were being held in Lebanon by group of terrorists loyal to Ayatollah Khomeini
      National Security Advisor Robert McFarlane proposed trading anti-tank missiles in return for the hostages release
      Iran complied because of war with Iraq
    • Iran-Contra Affair
      Oliver North was the LT Colonel assigned to the National Security Council
      New Security Advisor Casey decides to send TOW anti-tank missiles and HAWK anti-aircraft missiles to Iran
      Searching for a way to help Contras after the Boland Amendment
      North solicited donations from right-wing Americans
      Used profits from sale of weapons to Iran to fund Contras
    • War on Drugs
      Nancy Regan’s “Just say No” campaign
      I learned it by watching You
    • Reagan and Gorbachev
      Mikhail Gorbachev was a young, dynamic leader
      Wanted to improve relations with U.S.
      Gorbachev wanted changes at home
      Perestroika- reconstruct economy
      Glasnost- political openness
      Agreed to the Intermediate Nuclear Forces Treaty
      Removed all intermediate range missiles from Europe
      Soviets withdrew from Afghanistan