WHY DID THE US CHANGE ITS ANTI-IMPERIALISM POLICIES?
Late 1800s-early 1900s
MOTIVATING FACTORS: The US needed markets to sell their good and ports to refuel their ships in the Pacific.
European nations had been practicing imperialism in Africa and Asia. Because these nations were controlling many potential trading partners of the US, many pushed for the US to gain influence and trading rights abroad
"Well, I hardly know which to take first." Boston Globe, 1898 .
Is Imperialism Right for the US? Pro-Imperialism Point of View Anti-Imperialism Point of View The US needs colonies to compete economically Supporting an empire would be a financial burden To be a true world power, the US needs colonies and naval bases The US should concentrate its energies to solve problems at home It is the American destiny to expand, and its duty to care for poor, weak people Nonwhite people cannot be assimilated into American society To abandon territories makes the US appear cowardly before the world An empire would involve the US in more wars It is only honorable to keep land that Americans lost their lives to obtain. It is a violation of democratic principles to annex land and not offer its people the same rights as those of US citizens.
The Spanish-American War opens imperialistic opportunities for the US
The Growth of the American Empire 1898-1917 1898 Hawaii Annexation after 1893 revolution 1898 Puerto Rico Guam Philippines Gained from Spain after the war 1899 Samoa Treaty with Great Britain 1899 Wake Island Annexation 1903 Panama Canal Zone Treaty Panama with after encouraging revolution against Columbia . 1917 The Virgin Islands Purchased from Denmark
warned foreign powers to stay out of the Western Hemisphere.
Used to support US annexation of Texas and the Mexican American War
addition to the Monroe Doctrine
Made by President Teddy Roosevelt
Roosevelt said if a nation in the Western Hemisphere was guilty of consistently behaving wrongly, the Monroe Doctrine required that the US step in and act “as an international police power.”
The “Big Stick” Policy
established by Teddy Roosevelt who said the US should “Walk softly and carry a big stick” meaning the US would use peaceful methods to protect its interests whenever possible but could resort to military force.
Used in Nicaragua, Haiti, and the Dominican Republic