Goal # 8 notes for wwi 1

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Goal # 8 notes for wwi 1

  1. 1. 1914-1918:The Worldat War<br />
  2. 2. Causesof theWar<br />
  3. 3. There had been relative peace in Europe for 100 years prior to WWI.<br /> But……..<br />
  4. 4. CAUSES<br />Militarism<br />Alliances<br />Imperialism<br />Nationalism<br />
  5. 5. Alliances Form <br />Triple entente<br />(Allied Powers)<br />Triple Alliance <br />(Central powers)<br />Germany<br />Turkey (Ottoman Empire)<br />Austria-Hungary<br />Britain <br />France<br />Russia<br />
  6. 6.
  7. 7. The Major Players: 1914-17<br />Allied Powers:<br />Central Powers:<br />Nicholas II [Rus]<br />Wilhelm II [Ger]<br />George V [Br]<br />Victor Emmanuel II [It]<br />Enver Pasha[Turkey]<br />Pres. Poincare [Fr]<br />Franz Josef [A-H]<br />
  8. 8. BALKANS<br />Powder Keg of Europe<br />Austria-Hungary annexed Bosnia<br />This infuriated the Serbs<br />Archduke Francis Ferdinand (Austria-Hungary) is assassinated and Serbia is held responsible.<br />
  9. 9. Pan-Slavism: The Balkans, 1914<br />The“Powder Keg”of Europe<br />
  10. 10. The“Spark”<br />
  11. 11. Archduke Franz Ferdinand & His Family<br />
  12. 12. The Assassination: Sarajevo<br />
  13. 13. The Assassin:<br />GavriloPrincip<br />
  14. 14. American Poster<br />
  15. 15. Financing the War<br />
  16. 16. German Poster<br />
  17. 17. A Multi-Front War<br />
  18. 18. The Western Front: A “War of Attrition”<br />
  19. 19. WESTERN FRONT<br />3 year stalemate<br />Trench warfare<br />Huge casualities <br />Example – Battle of Verdun – Germans lost 330,000 – took 11 months<br />By 1916 there were 2 million casualities<br />
  20. 20. The Western Front<br />
  21. 21. Trench Warfare<br />
  22. 22. Trench Warfare<br />“No Man’s Land”<br />
  23. 23. Verdun – February, 1916<br /><ul><li> German offensive.
  24. 24. Each side had 500,000 casualties.</li></li></ul><li>The Somme – July, 1916<br /><ul><li> 60,000 British soldiers killed in one day.
  25. 25. Over 1,000,000 killed in 5 months.</li></li></ul><li>War IsHELL !!<br />
  26. 26. Sacrifices in War<br />
  27. 27. Krupp’s “Big Bertha” Gun<br />
  28. 28. TheEasternFront<br />
  29. 29. EASTERN FRONT<br />Russians and Serbs VS Germans, Austrians and Turks<br />Millions died<br />Germans had to fight on 2 fronts but they began to freeze to death in Russia.<br />Russia Pulls out because of Revolution<br />
  30. 30. The“Colonial”Fronts<br />
  31. 31. Sikh British Soldiers in India<br />
  32. 32. Fighting in Africa<br />Black Soldiers in the German Schutztruppen[German E. Africa]<br />British Sikh Mountain Gunners<br />
  33. 33. Fighting in Africa<br />3rd British Battalion, Nigerian Brigade<br />
  34. 34. Fighting in Salonika, Greece<br />French colonial marine infantry fromCochin, China - 1916<br />
  35. 35. COLLAPSE OF EASTERN FRONT<br />With Russia out the Central Powers put all of their resources into western front.<br />Situation looks grave until Italy and the US join forces with the allies.<br />
  36. 36. United States declares neutrality<br />Progressives<br />Safer factories to kill them?<br />American Union Against Militarism<br />Immigrant nation is divided<br />Irish immigrants favored Germany (free homeland from British)<br />
  37. 37. Freedom of the Seas<br />Could trade non-military goods to both sides<br />Britain blockaded Germany<br />U.S. couldn’t sell to Germany<br />After forbidding U.S. to sell cotton to Germany, it agreed to buy it to make up losses<br />U.S. loans to Allies equaled 2 billion, loans to Germany 27 million<br />
  38. 38. Lives versus Money<br />U.S. was in greatest economic boom ever<br />German submarine policy threatened American lives<br />
  39. 39. U Boat Threat<br />Traditional law<br />Required submarine surface<br />Warn target to stop<br />Send a boarding party to check papers and cargo<br />Allow time for passengers to board life boats<br />Germany would sink ships without checking cargo<br />Germany agreed to not target U.S. ships<br />Issue was Americans on belligerent nations ships<br />Sec of State Byran wanted to tell Americans not to travel in war zones<br />President Wilson said NO<br />
  40. 40. AmericaJoinstheAllies<br />
  41. 41. German Submarine Warfare<br />Germans had declared unrestricted sub warfare<br />Lusitania is sunk – carrying 128 Americans – 1000 dead<br />Germans say the passenger ship is carrying munitions – Brits deny<br />Ship sinks in under 20 minutes<br />Germans also sink the Sussex<br />The Sussex Pledge between U.S. and Germany<br />
  42. 42. The Sinking of the Lusitania<br />
  43. 43. ZIMMERMAN TELEGRAM<br />Secret message from Germany to Mexico<br />If Mexico allies with the Central Powers it could gain New Mexico, Arizona and Texas<br />Land lost in 1848<br />**Telegram intercepted – Wilson asks Congress to declare war on Germany to “Make the World Safe for Democracy”<br />
  44. 44. The Zimmerman Telegram<br />
  45. 45. The YanksAre Coming!<br />
  46. 46. Doughboys deploy<br />Arrive in France in June 1917<br />2 million Americans will serve overseas<br />General Pershing is given command of the American Expeditionary Force <br />
  47. 47. Americans in the Trenches<br />
  48. 48. The War of theIndustrial Revolution:NewTechnology<br />
  49. 49. French Renault Tank<br />
  50. 50. British Tank at Ypres<br />
  51. 51. U-Boats<br />
  52. 52. Allied Ships Sunk by U-Boats<br />
  53. 53. The Airplane<br />“Squadron Over the Brenta”Max Edler von Poosch, 1917<br />
  54. 54. The Flying Aces of World War I<br />FrancescoBarraco, It.<br />Eddie “Mick”Mannoch, Br.<br />Eddie Rickenbacher, US<br />Manfred vonRichtoffen, Ger.[The “RedBaron”]<br />Rene PaukFonck, Fr.<br />Willy Coppens deHolthust, Belg.<br />
  55. 55. Curtis-Martin U. S. Aircraft Plant<br />
  56. 56. Looking for the “Red Baron?”<br />
  57. 57. The Zeppelin<br />
  58. 58. FlameThrowers<br />GrenadeLaunchers<br />
  59. 59. Poison Gas<br />Machine Gun<br />
  60. 60. “Art”ofWorldWar I<br />
  61. 61. “A Street in Arras”John Singer Sargent, 1918<br />
  62. 62. “Oppy Wood” – John Nash, 1917<br />
  63. 63. “Those Who Have Lost Their Names”Albin Eggar-Linz, 1914<br />
  64. 64. “Gassed and Wounded”Eric Kennington, 1918<br />
  65. 65. “Paths of Glory”C. R. W. Nevinson, 1917<br />
  66. 66. 1918 Flu Pandemic: Depletes All Armies<br />50,000,000 – 100,000,000 died<br />

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