Exploring the development of the usPresentation Transcript
Exploring the Development of the US Growth of US Nationalism Development of Sectionalism President Andrew Jackson Power of the National Government versus State Governments
Growth of us nationalism Nationalism is pride in our nation and the feeling that you are an American. It is the belief that national interests should be placed ahead of regional concerns. For many Americans, loyalty to ones state or region was stronger than loyalty to the USA. Forces Encouraging US Nationalism: The American System Andrew Jackson Development of National “Celebrities” Manifest Destiny
Henry Clay’s American System Henry Clay’s American System called for three things: Expand transportation High tariff which would protect American goods from foreign competition Strengthen the Bank of the US-strengthen the nation. Better transportation meant that Americans had more contact with one. Clay’s system helps to strengthen the American Economy. A strong economy=a strong and happy nation.
President Andrew Jackson The Election of 1828 This was the first Presidential Election where white men DID NOT have to own land to vote. Jackson was seen a president elected by all. He was the first president from the South, drew more Southerners into national politics. Jackson was labeled “The Common Man’s President” By feeling a connection with the President, people felt a connection to the nation.
Hudson river school Famous artist and writers often contribute to nationalism because they instill in the public a sense of pride for our successful citizens. Transcendentalists—writers who focused on nature.
Manifest destiny This was the idea that God wanted Americans to expand from the East Coast to the West Coast. As US collected more land through purchases, treaties, and conflicts, nationalism and national pride increased.
Green-Purchased $ Blue-Treaty Orange-Taken by force
Sectionalism As the nation develops several issues divide the regions of the nation. This will continue to build until it explodes in the CIVIL WAR!!!!!
Division of Regions NORTH Industrial—factories, cities, had immigrants for cheap labor Wanted high protective tariffs strong FEDERAL government South Agricultural Economy Used Slaves for hard labor Wanted low tariffs—high tariffs hurt their exports to other countries. Supported a strong STATE government.
The Missouri Compromise in 1820 was made to try to keep a balance between slave and free states and prevent sectional tensions. It allowed Missouri to come in as a slave state and Maine to come in as a free state. It also drew a line across the country at 3630’ in which any future territory that applied for statehood that was ABOVE this line would come in as free and BELOW would come in as a slave state.
FEDERAL vs. STATE Power
What are the Alien and Sedition Acts? AlienPresident could imprison or deport citizens of other countries residing in the US Sedition—made it illegal to make malicious statements against the federal gov’t.—Violated Free Speech Can States nullify a state law?? NULLIFICATION: to recognize a federal law Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions: Both states declared the government’s actions in the Alien and Sedition Act unconstitutional and refused to follow them. Significance: Increased tension between states and federal government. Clear defiance of the federal government’s power. As the 1800s progressed, many people in the south saw the power of the federal government as a threat to their way of life. More restrictions on expansion of slavery High Tariffs and Westward Expansion favored the North. The Marshall Court- Established the dominance of the national government over the states and shaped the future of American government