Exploring the development of the us
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Exploring the development of the us

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Exploring the development of the us Exploring the development of the us Presentation Transcript

  • Exploring the Development of the US
    Growth of US Nationalism
    Development of Sectionalism
    President Andrew Jackson
    Power of the National Government versus State Governments
  • Growth of us nationalism
    Nationalism is pride in our nation and the feeling that you are an American. It is the belief that national interests should be placed ahead of regional concerns.
    For many Americans, loyalty to ones state or region was stronger than loyalty to the USA.
    Forces Encouraging US Nationalism:
    The American System
    Andrew Jackson
    Development of National “Celebrities”
    Manifest Destiny
  • Henry Clay’s American System
    Henry Clay’s American System called for three things:
    Expand transportation
    High tariff which would protect American goods from foreign competition
    Strengthen the Bank of the US-strengthen the nation.
    Better transportation meant that Americans had more contact with one.
    Clay’s system helps to strengthen the American Economy. A strong economy=a strong and happy nation.
  • President Andrew Jackson
    The Election of 1828
    This was the first Presidential Election where white men DID NOT have to own land to vote. Jackson was seen a president elected by all.
    He was the first president from the South, drew more Southerners into national politics.
    Jackson was labeled “The Common Man’s President”
    By feeling a connection with the President, people felt a connection to the nation.
  • Hudson river school
    Famous artist and writers often contribute to nationalism because they instill in the public a sense of pride for our successful citizens.
    Transcendentalists—writers who focused on nature.
  • Manifest destiny
    This was the idea that God wanted Americans to expand from the East Coast to the West Coast.
    As US collected more land through purchases, treaties, and conflicts, nationalism and national pride increased.
  • Green-Purchased $ Blue-Treaty Orange-Taken by force
  • Sectionalism
    As the nation develops several issues divide the regions of the nation. This will continue to build until it explodes in the CIVIL WAR!!!!!
  • Division of Regions
    NORTH
    Industrial—factories, cities,
    had immigrants for cheap labor
    Wanted high protective tariffs
    strong FEDERAL government
    South
    Agricultural Economy
    Used Slaves for hard labor
    Wanted low tariffs—high tariffs hurt their exports to other countries.
    Supported a strong STATE government.
  • The Missouri Compromise in 1820 was made to try to keep a balance between slave and free states and prevent sectional tensions. It allowed Missouri to come in as a slave state and Maine to come in as a free state. It also drew a line across the country at 3630’ in which any future territory that applied for statehood that was ABOVE this line would come in as free and BELOW would come in as a slave state.
  • FEDERAL vs. STATE Power
     
    What are the Alien and Sedition Acts?
    AlienPresident could imprison or deport citizens of other countries residing in the US
    Sedition—made it illegal to make malicious statements against the federal gov’t.—Violated Free Speech
    Can States nullify a state law??
    NULLIFICATION: to recognize a federal law
      Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions:
    Both states declared the government’s actions in the Alien and Sedition Act unconstitutional and refused to follow them.
    Significance: Increased tension between states and federal government. Clear defiance of the federal government’s power.
    As the 1800s progressed, many people in the south saw the power of the federal government as a threat to their way of life.
    More restrictions on expansion of slavery
    High Tariffs and Westward Expansion favored the North.
    The Marshall Court- Established the dominance of the national government over the states and shaped the future of American government