Bs 150 Writing A Career Action Plan Nov 11 2009

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  • 1. PD 102:
    Chapter 9: Think
  • 2. What is it, anyway?
    Critical thinking: searching, plotting, making associations, explaining, analyzing, probing for multiple angles, justifying, scrutinizing, making decisions, solving problems, and investigating
    It is literally thing about something from many angles
    Critical thinking is about making informed, enlightened, educated, open-minded decisions in college, in relationships, in finances, and in life in general
  • 3. What can critical thinking do for you?
    Can help you focus on issues
    Gather relevant, accurate information
    , remember facts, organize thoughts logically, analyze questions and problems, and manage your priorities
    It can assist in your problem solving skills and help you control your emotions so that you can make rational judgments
    It can help you produce new knowledge through research and analysis and help you determine the accuracy of printed and spoken words
  • 4. What does critical thinking involve?
    Restraining emotions
    Looking at things differently
    Analyzing information
    Asking questions
    Solving problems
    Distinguishing fact from opinion
    Seeking truth in argument and persuasion
  • 5. Restraining Emotion
    You do not have to eliminate emotions from your thoughts, but it is crucial that you know when your emotions are clouding an issue
    Be sure you listen to all sides of the argument or statement before you make a decision or form an opinion
    Do not let your emotions make you withdraw or turn you away from the situation
    Work to understand why others feel their side is valid
  • 6. Looking at Things Differently
    Critical thinking involves looking at an issue from many different angles
    It encourages you to dog deeper than you have before
  • 7. Analyzing Information
    It involves analyzing information
    To analyze, you break a topic, statement, or problem into parts to understand it more clearly
    An easy way to analyze is to create a chart of the information using right and left hand columns
  • 8. Asking Questions
    If you could meet anyone on earth and ask five questions, who would you meet, why would you meet that person, and what questions would you ask?
  • 9. Solving Problems
    There are many ways to address and solve problems
    It is important to remember that every problem does have a solution but the solution may not be what we wanted
    Identify and narrow the problem; put your problem in writing
    Research and develop alternatives
    Use brainstorming
  • 10. Distinguishing Fact from Opinion
    Opinions surface more often than facts
    A fact is something that can be proven, something that can be objectively verified
    An opinion is a statement that is held to be true, but one that has no objective proof
    Statements that cannot be proved should always be treated as opinion
    When in doubt, ask questions
  • 11. Seeking Truth in Arguments and Persuasions
    As you develop your critical thinking skills, you will begin to recognize the illogical nature of thoughts, the falsehoods of statements, the deception in some advertisements, and the irrational fears used to persuade
    Ex: ad hominem- when someone initiates a personal attack on a person rather than listening to and rationally debating his or her ideas; slander
    Bandwagon- tries to convince you to do something just because everyone else is doing it (peer pressure)
    Straw argument- attacks the opponent’s argument to make one’s own argument stronger; it does not necessarily make argument A stronger; it simply discounts argument B
  • 12. Creative Thinking
    You are introducing something that is uniquely yours
    You’ve examined a situation and developed a new way of explaining information, delivering a product, or using an item
    Creative thinking and critical thinking both require that you “loosen up” your brain and be more flexible in your approaches and tactics
  • 13. Julia Cameron’s “The Artist’s Way”
    In “The Artist’s Way”, Julia Cameron suggests that there are basic principles in creativity:
    1) Creativity is the natural order of life
    2) There is an underlying, indwelling creative force infusing all of life
    3) We are, ourselves, creations. And we, in turn, are meant to create ourselves
    4) The refusal to be creative is counter to our true nature
  • 14. Next Time…
    Read Chapter 10. Be prepared for a quiz on Chapter 10 and the vocabulary words.