Groin swelling is one of the commonest problem in general surgical practice. A groin swelling is always considered to be synonymous with a hernia. However this does not always hold true. there are a variety of other causes which present as an groin swelling.Awareness of the diferential diagnosis is therefore essential for aproper diagnosis thus preventing mismanagement. The presentation gives abroad outline of the various conditions depending upon the various areas of the groin from which the swelling arises.