Aesthetic and pollution related problems.a) Land contamination : Mostly, land contamination is an aesthetic issue rather than pollution.
The main pollutants are blood , animal dung , and body part:- They can introduce bacterial contamination Increase in nitrate , phosphate and sulphates leading to health problems .
Improper waste handling causes unpleasant odour and negatively affecting the esthetic value of the environment.
1) Waste generated by slaughterhouses ( e.g. hides, blood, bones , dung , fat and body part which could be used in: preparation of leather. chicken feed selling . Preparation of organic manure and cosmetics. Bricks industry use hides .
Through the following sources: animals the slaughtering activities Vehicular movement to transport animals and meat to and from the slaughterhouse.
Spoiling the meat Due to the absence of cold storage facilities posing a danger to the consumer’s health .
1. Wind helps in spreading of unpleasant odour and flies in the neighboring settlements .2. The vulnerability of neighbouring areas to flooding by rain water since most of the slaughterhouses waste disposal sites are located in elevated or higher areas.
H) Slaughterhouses waste disposal sites and their impact on the neighboring residential areas :1. solid and liquid wastes attracts scavengers such as large birds and homeless dogs
2. Wastes provide an ideal habitat for the breeding and multiplication of insects (flies).3. no waste management units in the study area even inside these slaughterhouses resulted in health hazards for the neighboring residential areas e.g. respiratory diseases and nuisance ( nasty smell) .4. No green shelter to reduce noise as well as air pollution
slaughterhouses neighboring the residential areas resulted in a lot of environmental and health impacts
A) Site location :Slaughterhouses should be located outside populated areas downwind from the city far from river banks or any other water body.B) Land contamination:Proper storage of wastes inside the premises in an aerated area to minimize biodegradation and foul smell .
Presence of a liquid waste collection system to avoid any water discharges outside the premises .D) Air emissions : Development of Proper aerated storage areas to minimize Unpleasant smell . Planting Trees around the slaughterhouses.
Improving Waste handling to minimize losses. Open Storing waste in sheds to avoid smell inside the facility . Recycling waste . Sprinkling waste storage areas with crushed lime .
Planting trees around the slaughterhouses . Slaughterhouses walls should be at least seven feet high ..
Regular medical checkup of meat handlers . PPE for meat handlers e.g. head cover , gloves …. etc. Storing meat in hygiene conditions , preferably on hangers . Provision of all necessary facilities and infrastructure.