Politics of India
Politics in India (Hindi:
) takes place
within the framework of a constitution.
India is a federal parliamentary democratic republic in
which the President of India is head of state and the Prime
Minister of India is the head of government.
Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of the
Parliament of India, the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha.
Federal and state elections generally take place within a multi-party system,
although this is not enshrined in law.
The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature, the highest national
court being the Supreme Court of India. India is the world's largest democracy in
terms of citizenry.
India is as a nation has been labelled as a "sovereign socialist secular democratic
republic" which is "egalitarian secular".
Like the United States, India has had a federal form of government since it adopted
Democracy in India
India is the seventh largest (by area) and the second
most populous country in the world, with roughly onesixth of its population, of about a billion and a quarter.
It is the world's largest democracy.
It is one of the world's oldest civilizations yet, a very
Elections to its Parliament are held once every 5 years. Currently, Prime minister
Dr. Manmohan Singh is the head of the government, enjoying a majority in the
Parliament, while President Pranab Mukherjee, is the head of state.
India is a constitutional republic governed under the world's longest
written constitution, federally consisting of 28 states and seven centrally
administered union territories, withNew Delhi as the nation's capital.
The country has six main national parties: the Indian National Congress
(INC), Bhartiya Janta Party (BJP), Communist Party of India (CPI) and the
Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M)), Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) and the
Nationalist Congress Party (NCP).
Factors affecting democracy
The success of democracy in India defies many prevailing theories that stipulate
preconditions. Indian democracy is best understood by focusing on how power is
Religion as a major cultural influence plays an important role in politics. Political party
support depends greatly on differentiating the electorate along religious lines.
The caste system crosses religious boundaries to affect both Hindun people. Hindus
have four main castes and hundreds of sub-castes. Many political parties draw
supporters form specific castes or sub-castes.
India is very densely populated. Some advocate splitting some twenty eight states and
seven union territories. It is the 2nd most populated country of the world.
Features Of Indian Politics
Legislative Council of a State comprises not mote than 1/3 of total number of
members in Legislative assembly of the state and in no case less than 40 members.
Legislative Assembly of a Sate consists of not more than 500 and not less than 60
Bills relating to subjects like compulsory acquisition of property, measures affecting
powers and position of High Courts and imposition of taxes on storage, distribution
and sale of electricity and water in inter-state river projects should necessarily be
reserved by the Governor to the President in a state.
The National Capital Territory of Delhi and Union Territory of Pondicherry each
has a legislative assembly and council of ministers.
The legislative assembly of National Capital Territory of Delhi has also these
powers with the exceptions that Entries 1, 2 and 18 of the List II are not within the
legislative competence of the legislative assembly.
The Parliament on 28 August 2003 enacted the Representation of the People
(Amendment) Act, 2003 whereby open ballot system was introduced at elections to
the council of States. In this system an elector who belong to a political party is
required to show the ballot paper after making his vote to an authorized agent of that
Disadvantages of Indian Politics
In the last General elections held in India, in 2009, only 59% of the eligible
population voted which given the demographics of the country is about 30% of the
According to a lot of estimated the educated middle class votes the least in terms of
percentages and therefore the leaders are chosen by the parties based on caste, creed
and other such factors that appeal to the poor population.
People are asking votes on the name of caste, religion, and other such sentimental
issues rather than development and other rational issues.
With various parties having stronghold in various regions, and the lack of a strong
single national party, Indian government has become a slave of coalition politics
which has been a deterrent to a lot of progressive steps.
While there are other such arguments, the fact remains that India is the largest
democracy and will remain so for a long time to come. If the political system
focuses on getting votes by delivering in development, the numbers are in India’s
favor and can therefore pave the way for her to become the superpower that she
yearns to become.
“Corruption is one of the most cursed enemies of the
society and needs to be removed.”
-by all ministers
The problem is that we just say, say, say and just say but do nothing. We all know that
corruption is our biggest enemy but can do nothing.
Political corruption is the abuse of public power, office, or resources by elected
government officials for personal gain, e.g. by extortion, soliciting or offering bribes
It can also take the form of office holders maintaining themselves in office by
purchasing votes by enacting laws which use taxpayers' money.
Corruption in India
Corruption in India is a major issue that adversely affects its
economy. A study conducted by Transparency International in year
2005 found that more than 62% of Indians had firsthand experience of
paying bribes or influence peddling to get jobs done in public offices
successfully. In its study conducted in year 2008, Transparency
International reports about 40% of Indians had firsthand experience of
paying bribes or using a contact to get a job done in public office.
Most of the largest sources of corruption in India are entitlement
programmes and social spending schemes enacted by the Indian
government. Examples include Mahatma Gandhi National Rural
Employment Guarantee Act and National Rural Health Mission. Other
daily sources of corruption include India's trucking industry which is
forced to pay billions in bribes annually to numerous regulatory and
police stops on its interstate highways.
When we think of some political tension,
At first, the cause which comes in our mind is Corruption!
Indeed, this epidemical curse is spreading in the political arena,
Huh! They tried a lot to remove it, but lost their stamina.
They take millions from the government to help the poor,
But swallow it all themselves…
And who’s going to take care of the posted letter,
If the postman himself, is one of the corruption’s slaves!!!
Many have tried to throw out Corruption,
But, my god! It’s so powerful,
That whoever volunteered,
Was also dragged in this vicious circle.
But who cares…the politician?
Never friends, He only is the inventor…
Of this game, which he plays,
With the most ill-fated poor.
The ruling party of India is Indian National Congress
led United Progressive Alliance [UPA].
I would like to thank,
Mr. Prashant Vashishtha,
without whom this
presentation would not have been a
I would like to thank,
Dr. Sharad Garg,
for he gave his interview
A Presentation by-
Delhi Public School,Gwalior
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