Indian politics


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Indian politics

  1. 1. Politics of India Politics in India (Hindi: ) takes place within the framework of a constitution.  India is a federal parliamentary democratic republic in which the President of India is head of state and the Prime Minister of India is the head of government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of the Parliament of India, the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha. Federal and state elections generally take place within a multi-party system, although this is not enshrined in law. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature, the highest national court being the Supreme Court of India. India is the world's largest democracy in terms of citizenry. India is as a nation has been labelled as a "sovereign socialist secular democratic republic" which is "egalitarian secular". Like the United States, India has had a federal form of government since it adopted its constitution.      
  2. 2. Democracy in India India is the seventh largest (by area) and the second most populous country in the world, with roughly onesixth of its population, of about a billion and a quarter.  It is the world's largest democracy.  It is one of the world's oldest civilizations yet, a very young nation. Elections to its Parliament are held once every 5 years. Currently, Prime minister Dr. Manmohan Singh is the head of the government, enjoying a majority in the Parliament, while President Pranab Mukherjee, is the head of state. India is a constitutional republic governed under the world's longest written constitution, federally consisting of 28 states and seven centrally administered union territories, withNew Delhi as the nation's capital. The country has six main national parties: the Indian National Congress (INC), Bhartiya Janta Party (BJP), Communist Party of India (CPI) and the Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M)), Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) and the Nationalist Congress Party (NCP).    
  3. 3. Factors affecting democracy The success of democracy in India defies many prevailing theories that stipulate preconditions. Indian democracy is best understood by focusing on how power is distributed. Religion Religion as a major cultural influence plays an important role in politics. Political party support depends greatly on differentiating the electorate along religious lines. Caste The caste system crosses religious boundaries to affect both Hindun people. Hindus have four main castes and hundreds of sub-castes. Many political parties draw supporters form specific castes or sub-castes. Regions India is very densely populated. Some advocate splitting some twenty eight states and seven union territories. It is the 2nd most populated country of the world. Etc…
  6. 6. Features Of Indian Politics       Legislative Council of a State comprises not mote than 1/3 of total number of members in Legislative assembly of the state and in no case less than 40 members. Legislative Assembly of a Sate consists of not more than 500 and not less than 60 members. Bills relating to subjects like compulsory acquisition of property, measures affecting powers and position of High Courts and imposition of taxes on storage, distribution and sale of electricity and water in inter-state river projects should necessarily be reserved by the Governor to the President in a state. The National Capital Territory of Delhi and Union Territory of Pondicherry each has a legislative assembly and council of ministers. The legislative assembly of National Capital Territory of Delhi has also these powers with the exceptions that Entries 1, 2 and 18 of the List II are not within the legislative competence of the legislative assembly. The Parliament on 28 August 2003 enacted the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2003 whereby open ballot system was introduced at elections to the council of States. In this system an elector who belong to a political party is required to show the ballot paper after making his vote to an authorized agent of that political party.
  7. 7. Disadvantages of Indian Politics      In the last General elections held in India, in 2009, only 59% of the eligible population voted which given the demographics of the country is about 30% of the total population. According to a lot of estimated the educated middle class votes the least in terms of percentages and therefore the leaders are chosen by the parties based on caste, creed and other such factors that appeal to the poor population. People are asking votes on the name of caste, religion, and other such sentimental issues rather than development and other rational issues. With various parties having stronghold in various regions, and the lack of a strong single national party, Indian government has become a slave of coalition politics which has been a deterrent to a lot of progressive steps. While there are other such arguments, the fact remains that India is the largest democracy and will remain so for a long time to come. If the political system focuses on getting votes by delivering in development, the numbers are in India’s favor and can therefore pave the way for her to become the superpower that she yearns to become.
  8. 8. Corruption “Corruption is one of the most cursed enemies of the society and needs to be removed.” -by all ministers in India The problem is that we just say, say, say and just say but do nothing. We all know that corruption is our biggest enemy but can do nothing. Political corruption is the abuse of public power, office, or resources by elected government officials for personal gain, e.g. by extortion, soliciting or offering bribes It can also take the form of office holders maintaining themselves in office by purchasing votes by enacting laws which use taxpayers' money.
  9. 9. Corruption in India Corruption in India is a major issue that adversely affects its economy. A study conducted by Transparency International in year 2005 found that more than 62% of Indians had firsthand experience of paying bribes or influence peddling to get jobs done in public offices successfully. In its study conducted in year 2008, Transparency International reports about 40% of Indians had firsthand experience of paying bribes or using a contact to get a job done in public office. Most of the largest sources of corruption in India are entitlement programmes and social spending schemes enacted by the Indian government. Examples include Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act and National Rural Health Mission. Other daily sources of corruption include India's trucking industry which is forced to pay billions in bribes annually to numerous regulatory and police stops on its interstate highways.
  10. 10. Corruption When we think of some political tension, At first, the cause which comes in our mind is Corruption! Indeed, this epidemical curse is spreading in the political arena, Huh! They tried a lot to remove it, but lost their stamina. They take millions from the government to help the poor, But swallow it all themselves… And who’s going to take care of the posted letter, If the postman himself, is one of the corruption’s slaves!!! Many have tried to throw out Corruption, But, my god! It’s so powerful, That whoever volunteered, Was also dragged in this vicious circle. But who cares…the politician? Never friends, He only is the inventor… Of this game, which he plays, With the most ill-fated poor.
  11. 11. The ruling party of India is Indian National Congress led United Progressive Alliance [UPA].
  12. 12. I would like to thank, Mr. Prashant Vashishtha, without whom this presentation would not have been a success.
  13. 13. I would like to thank, Dr. Sharad Garg, for he gave his interview and helped Content source:
  14. 14. A Presentation by- Kushagra Garg VIII ‘C’ Delhi Public School,Gwalior For more presentations , contact,, Or,