High Cost of eatables & daily needs
One of the main reason for poverty in
India is rising cost of each and every needs for low
caste people. Rich people are becoming more and
more rich by taking money from people through
frauds, corruption etc.. Main reason for this is that
people are aware of laws but they still continue to do
the same. They don't want to change their attitude.
Other reason for poverty is rising cost of education.
The work of educational institutions is to provide
education to each and every child but now a days
they just want to have their own profit.
So they increase the price of stationary and fees and
prescribe us to go to a particular shop for things for which
they have some kind of interest.
People don’t fight for their own rights.
Lower caste people are always afraid that if they
will fight for their own rights so they’ll be troubled others will
think bad about them and their reputation will go down. Now
days so many TV programs like “Crime Petrol”, “Savdhan
India” etc. make us aware of poverty. Many social servicing
committees like “LCWC(Local Child Welfare Committee)” etc.
wants to help them but when these committees explain
them to come forward they refuse. Instead they say that
every thing is all right and they don’t want their help so, these
members also cannot do any thing.
Backwardness of people
India is a developing country but still more
than91% Indians are superstitious. They still belief in miracles,
black magic, fraud Babas, souls, ghosts, rebirth according to
the “pap and punya (good and bad deeds, sin)” of this one
etc.. People go and “arpan” their money on God. Ex. People
go and put milk on “Shiva lings” instead if that milk will go in
stomach of someone who is hungry then God will be happy
not when people put that milk on “Shiva lings” and that milk
goes in drainage system! If someone say that go to that baba I
was also having the same problem that you have.
Immediately he’ll go there and spend money on baba. After
some time also he don’t get relief so he visit doctor and
doctor examine him from report of same it was clear that
baba was a fraud. So we should be alert and not come under
Rapidly Rising Population:
The population during the last 45 years has
increased at the rate of 2.2% per annum. On average 17
million people are added every year to its population
which raises the demand for consumption goods
Low Productivity in Agriculture:
The level of productivity in agriculture is low due to
subdivided and fragmented holdings, lack of capital, use
of traditional methods of cultivation, illiteracy etc. This is
the main cause of poverty in the country.
The continuously expanding army of unemployed
is another cause of poverty. The job seeker is increasing
in number at a higher rate than the expansion in
The social set up is still backward and is not
conducive to faster development. Laws of inheritance,
caste system, traditions and customs are putting
hindrances in the way of faster development and have
aggravate" the problem of poverty.
The Britishers started lopsided development in India and
reduced Indian economy to a colonial state. They
exploited the natural resources to suit their interests and
weaken the industrial base of Indian economy.
In independent India, the development plans have been
guided by political interests. Hence, the planning a
failure to tackle the problems of poverty and
These were some main
reasons for Poverty
SHOULD BE TAKEN
BY GOVERNMENT(TO CONTROL
Poverty and unemployment are interred related.
Therefore, adequate employment opportunities should
be created in rural areas particularly in agricultural
sector. In order to eliminate agricultural unemployment it
is necessary to improve agriculture in the country. Good
seeds, good tools, good manure must be arranged for it
if the production is to be increased. The major cause of
agricultural unemployment in India is the dependence of
cultivation upon the rains. Thus, there should be a
proper and good arrangement of irrigation through minor
and major projects.
If conditions for marketing agricultural produce do not
favor the cultivator, the increase in production will not
alleviate the problem of agricultural unemployment. The
organisation of the agricultural market will increase the
income of the cultivator as well as improve the situation
with regard to unemployment.
The total impact of land reform on rural formation has
been for less then had been hoped for. Effort should be
made to remove the loop holes in land legislations in
order to make land reform more meaningful and
effective additional lands should be redistributed among
landless laborers, the marginal sub marginal farmers, so
that they will be able to earn more.
Effort should be made to provide the landless laborers
with maximum of land by making barren land fertile.
Animal husbandry and cattle breeding have great
potential, not only in unemployment but also in
overcoming malnutrition. The government should extent
special encouragement for animal husbandry, poultry
and fish farming. Necessary training for poultry and diary
farming should be imparted.
An improvement in agriculture, not supplemented by
any other corrective measure cannot provide
employment to the increasing population. Besides the
farmer should also get some work during that period of
the year when he is not engaged in cultivation.
Some of subsidiary industry, such cottage industry like
furniture making, weaving, spinning, match, barked and
ropes etc, can help to a considerable extent in removing
In spite of the promise of industrial decentralisation
which never seems to arrive. There are some areas of
small industries which could, in fact, he located in rural
areas. A major element in creating employment in rural
areas must mean a removal of some small industrial
estates into purely rural areas. They will carry their
power allocations with them and could then be an
element in small scale industrialisation in rural areas.
However, this by itself will not be adequate to foster rural
industrialisation in a dynamic sense.
What is required is a new concept of modernization
combining Indian Traditional rural artisan skills with
power availability and with an appropriate technology. A
substantial portion of value added can appear from units
set up efficiently in areas where artisans can greatly
increase their output by modernization of their
There is the need to strengthen all the poverty
alleviation programmes, particularly IRDP. All the
organization deficiencies in an execution of the
programme such as the shortage of technical and expert
staff, delays in release of funds and inadequacies in
funds, lack of proper co ordination should be removed. It
is essential to see that the target groups are not wrongly
selected to ensure leakage of benefits to the non poor.
Other drawbacks in the programme implementation such
as right and non-co-operative attitudes of the officials,
corrupt practices in sanctioning of loans should also be
taken into consideration.
Efforts are to be made to remove the deficiencies in the
implementation of TRYSEM programme such as poor
infrastructural support to enable the trainees to follow
the pursuits, lack of co-ordination among DIC, banks
and Training Institute and lack of follow up to the trained.
Govt instead of sticking to only few traditional crafts, new
vocations conducive for income generating activities
should be selected in order to make TRYSEM and
DWCRA programmes more effective.
Adequate care is to be taken that while implementing
JRY. The ingredient are not missed in it on the whole, for
smooth implementation of various programs the entire
administrative set up should be properly co ordinate.
The personal disabilities of a person include
illness, physical handicap, old age etc and for this the
methods suggested are specialized health
services, adequate wage provision to maintain
health, other social security schemes and new
These are some main steps
to control Poverty