DISASTER MANAGEMENT INDISASTER MANAGEMENT IN
EDUCATIONEDUCATION -NATIONAL PERSPECTIVE-NATIONAL PERSPECTIVE
Disasters both manmade and natural have affected mankind since time in memorialDisasters both manmade and natural have affected mankind since time in memorial
SOME RECENT DISASTERSSOME RECENT DISASTERS…..…..
Earthquake in Pakistan – 2005
Earthquake and tsunami in the Indian
coast - 2004
Gujarat Earthquake - 2001
Floods in Mumbai, West Bengal
Cyclone: Rita, Wilma etc…..
Fire: Kumbakonam, Dabwali
Terrorist attack: Chechnya
And the list goes on and on……………
DISASTERS OCCUR IN VARIED FORMS:DISASTERS OCCUR IN VARIED FORMS:
SOME ARE PREDICTABLE IN ADVANCE
SOME ARE ANNUAL OR SEASONAL
SOME ARE SUDDEN AND UNPREDICTABLE
FLOODS DAYS AND WEEKS
Why is Disaster ManagementWhy is Disaster Management
Important to Us?Important to Us?
57% of the land area is prone to Earthquakes
12% to Floods
8% to Cyclones
70% of the cultivable land is prone to drought
85% of the land area is vulnerable to number of
22 states are prone to multi hazards.
WHY? And WHAT about Man made Disasters?
Very High Risk
Magnitude 8 and
Source: IS 1893 (Part 1) : 2002 (BIS)
TENTH FIVE YEAR PLAN EMPHASIZES ON:TENTH FIVE YEAR PLAN EMPHASIZES ON:
Planning for safer national development
Disaster prevention, mitigation and preparedness measures
Training and education at all levels
WHAT IS A SAFE SCHOOL?WHAT IS A SAFE SCHOOL?
A safe school is either a
school which is located in a
hazard free area, or one that
has been constructed to
withstand the hazard to
which it is exposed.
A safe school will not
collapse or get affected if a
4 MAJOR AREAS OF CONCERN ARE:4 MAJOR AREAS OF CONCERN ARE:
Inclusion of disaster management in school curriculum
Disaster management, awareness and preparedness in schools.
Safety of school from natural hazards – structural and non structural.
Preparation of the Disaster Management Plans at school level
STEPS FOR PREPARATION OF DM PLANSSTEPS FOR PREPARATION OF DM PLANS
1. Sensitisation meeting for awareness Teachers, School Management
2. Formation of School Disaster Management Committee
STEPS FOR PREPARATION OF DMSTEPS FOR PREPARATION OF DM
PLANS (CONT.…)PLANS (CONT.…)
3. Hazard identification
• History of disasters
• Identification of potential hazard
• Preparation of seasonality calendar
4. Inventory of resources
• Social Mapping
• Resource Mapping
• Vulnerability / Risk Mapping
• Safe and Opportunity Mapping
SOCIAL MAPPING - SCHOOLSSOCIAL MAPPING - SCHOOLS
Class rooms in the school building
RESOURCE MAP -RESOURCE MAP - SCHOOLSSCHOOLS
Drinking water sources
Health Centre in the school
VULNERABILITY/ RISK MAP - SCHOOLVULNERABILITY/ RISK MAP - SCHOOL
Children in pre- school and primary section
Identification of potentially vulnerable areas in the school
SAFE AND ALTERNATE ROUTE MAPPINGSAFE AND ALTERNATE ROUTE MAPPING
Identification of safe places in the school
Alternative staircases/ routes to be identified
6. SCHOOL DM TEAM6. SCHOOL DM TEAM
Early Warning Team
Student (3 nos. most communicative)
Activity/ Event Organising Team
Disaster management teacher
Art and Craft teacher Music teacher
Prefects/ active students
SCHOOL DM TEAM:SCHOOL DM TEAM:
SEARCH AND RESCUESEARCH AND RESCUE
Prefect (students 2nos)
All class teachers
SCHOOL DM TEAM……..SCHOOL DM TEAM……..
First Aid team
Resident doctor of the school/medical consultant
Students 2 numbers (10th
DISASTER DM TEAM….DISASTER DM TEAM….
Teachers (2 numbers)
Students (4 numbers, 10th
Site security team
School security staff
Teacher (1 numbers)
Students (2 numbers)
7. TRAINING OF SCHOOL7. TRAINING OF SCHOOL
DISASTER MANAGEMENT TEAMSDISASTER MANAGEMENT TEAMS
SEARCH AND RESCUE
8. PLANNING TO BE DISSEMINATED8. PLANNING TO BE DISSEMINATED
TO EVERYONE IN THE SCHOOL.TO EVERYONE IN THE SCHOOL.
10. PLAN UPDATING10. PLAN UPDATING
PLANS TO BE UPDATED EVERY SIX MONTHS
PLAN TO BE APPROVED BY THE DISASTER MANAGEMENT
9. MOCK DRILL9. MOCK DRILL
Drills to be carried out twice a year
Drills should be hazard specific
SAFETY OF SCHOOL BUILDINGSSAFETY OF SCHOOL BUILDINGS
Focus on structural and non-structural safety.
NCERT INITIATIVESNCERT INITIATIVES
Development of training modules for the teachers and teacher educators.
Safety in Schools
Health, well being and safety of students
NON - STRUCTURAL SAFETYNON - STRUCTURAL SAFETY
BECAUSE BOOKS REPRESENT A CONSIDERABLE MASS, STRONG
ANCHORAGE AND BRACING OF THE SHELVES IN BOTH MAIN
DIRECTIONS IS NECESSARY