Disaster management-in schools- Kush suman

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Disaster management-in schools- Kush suman

  1. 1. DISASTER MANAGEMENT INDISASTER MANAGEMENT IN EDUCATIONEDUCATION -NATIONAL PERSPECTIVE-NATIONAL PERSPECTIVE
  2. 2. Disasters both manmade and natural have affected mankind since time in memorialDisasters both manmade and natural have affected mankind since time in memorial
  3. 3. SOME RECENT DISASTERSSOME RECENT DISASTERS…..….. Earthquake in Pakistan – 2005 Earthquake and tsunami in the Indian coast - 2004 Gujarat Earthquake - 2001 Floods in Mumbai, West Bengal Cyclone: Rita, Wilma etc….. Fire: Kumbakonam, Dabwali Terrorist attack: Chechnya And the list goes on and on……………
  4. 4. DISASTERS OCCUR IN VARIED FORMS:DISASTERS OCCUR IN VARIED FORMS: SOME ARE PREDICTABLE IN ADVANCE SOME ARE ANNUAL OR SEASONAL SOME ARE SUDDEN AND UNPREDICTABLE FLOODS DAYS AND WEEKS EARTHQUAKES SECONDS/MINUTES CYCLONES DAYS DROUGHTS MONTHS
  5. 5. Why is Disaster ManagementWhy is Disaster Management Important to Us?Important to Us?
  6. 6.  57% of the land area is prone to Earthquakes  12% to Floods  8% to Cyclones  70% of the cultivable land is prone to drought  85% of the land area is vulnerable to number of natural hazards  22 states are prone to multi hazards. WHY? And WHAT about Man made Disasters?
  7. 7. Seismic Disturbances upto Magnitude 4.9 Zone II Moderate Risk Quakes upto Magnitude 6.9 Zone III High Risk Quakes upto Magnitude 7.9 Zone IV Very High Risk Quakes of Magnitude 8 and greater Zone V MagnitudeZone Source: IS 1893 (Part 1) : 2002 (BIS) Fig: 2.1.6
  8. 8. Am I safe inmy school?
  9. 9. TENTH FIVE YEAR PLAN EMPHASIZES ON:TENTH FIVE YEAR PLAN EMPHASIZES ON: Planning for safer national development Disaster prevention, mitigation and preparedness measures Capacity building Training and education at all levels
  10. 10. WHAT IS A SAFE SCHOOL?WHAT IS A SAFE SCHOOL? A safe school is either a school which is located in a hazard free area, or one that has been constructed to withstand the hazard to which it is exposed. A safe school will not collapse or get affected if a disaster happens.
  11. 11. 4 MAJOR AREAS OF CONCERN ARE:4 MAJOR AREAS OF CONCERN ARE: Inclusion of disaster management in school curriculum Disaster management, awareness and preparedness in schools. Safety of school from natural hazards – structural and non structural. Preparation of the Disaster Management Plans at school level
  12. 12. STEPS FOR PREPARATION OF DM PLANSSTEPS FOR PREPARATION OF DM PLANS 1. Sensitisation meeting for awareness Teachers, School Management and students. 2. Formation of School Disaster Management Committee
  13. 13. STEPS FOR PREPARATION OF DMSTEPS FOR PREPARATION OF DM PLANS (CONT.…)PLANS (CONT.…) 3. Hazard identification • History of disasters • Identification of potential hazard • Preparation of seasonality calendar 4. Inventory of resources 5. Mapping • Social Mapping • Resource Mapping • Vulnerability / Risk Mapping • Safe and Opportunity Mapping
  14. 14. SOCIAL MAPPING - SCHOOLSSOCIAL MAPPING - SCHOOLS Class rooms in the school building Laboratories Play Ground School Canteen Library
  15. 15. RESOURCE MAP -RESOURCE MAP - SCHOOLSSCHOOLS Human resources School Buses Generators Fire extinguishers Stretchers Drinking water sources Health Centre in the school
  16. 16. VULNERABILITY/ RISK MAP - SCHOOLVULNERABILITY/ RISK MAP - SCHOOL Children in pre- school and primary section Physically challenged Identification of potentially vulnerable areas in the school
  17. 17. SAFE AND ALTERNATE ROUTE MAPPINGSAFE AND ALTERNATE ROUTE MAPPING Identification of safe places in the school Alternative staircases/ routes to be identified
  18. 18. 6. SCHOOL DM TEAM6. SCHOOL DM TEAM Early Warning Team School teacher Student (3 nos. most communicative) Activity/ Event Organising Team Disaster management teacher Art and Craft teacher Music teacher Prefects/ active students
  19. 19. SCHOOL DM TEAM:SCHOOL DM TEAM: SEARCH AND RESCUESEARCH AND RESCUE Sports teachers Male teacher Prefect (students 2nos) Evacuation All class teachers
  20. 20. SCHOOL DM TEAM……..SCHOOL DM TEAM……..  First Aid team  Resident doctor of the school/medical consultant  Teachers 2nos.  Students 2 numbers (10th / 12th class)
  21. 21. DISASTER DM TEAM….DISASTER DM TEAM…. Fire safety Teachers (2 numbers) Students (4 numbers, 10th class) Site security team School security staff Teacher (1 numbers) Students (2 numbers)
  22. 22. 7. TRAINING OF SCHOOL7. TRAINING OF SCHOOL DISASTER MANAGEMENT TEAMSDISASTER MANAGEMENT TEAMS  SEARCH AND RESCUE FIRST AID TRAUMA COUNSELING FIRE FIGHTING
  23. 23. 8. PLANNING TO BE DISSEMINATED8. PLANNING TO BE DISSEMINATED TO EVERYONE IN THE SCHOOL.TO EVERYONE IN THE SCHOOL.
  24. 24. 10. PLAN UPDATING10. PLAN UPDATING  PLANS TO BE UPDATED EVERY SIX MONTHS  PLAN TO BE APPROVED BY THE DISASTER MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE
  25. 25. 9. MOCK DRILL9. MOCK DRILL  Drills to be carried out twice a year  Drills should be hazard specific
  26. 26. SAFETY OF SCHOOL BUILDINGSSAFETY OF SCHOOL BUILDINGS Focus on structural and non-structural safety.
  27. 27. NCERT INITIATIVESNCERT INITIATIVES Development of training modules for the teachers and teacher educators.  Safety in Schools  Midday meals  Health, well being and safety of students
  28. 28. NON - STRUCTURAL SAFETYNON - STRUCTURAL SAFETY
  29. 29. BECAUSE BOOKS REPRESENT A CONSIDERABLE MASS, STRONG ANCHORAGE AND BRACING OF THE SHELVES IN BOTH MAIN DIRECTIONS IS NECESSARY
  30. 30. Thank YouThank You Kush Suman

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