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Is A City Built By Immigrants Still Open to Them? : Recent Trends in Immigration in Saint John
Is A City Built By Immigrants Still Open to Them? : Recent Trends in Immigration in Saint John
Is A City Built By Immigrants Still Open to Them? : Recent Trends in Immigration in Saint John
Is A City Built By Immigrants Still Open to Them? : Recent Trends in Immigration in Saint John
Is A City Built By Immigrants Still Open to Them? : Recent Trends in Immigration in Saint John
Is A City Built By Immigrants Still Open to Them? : Recent Trends in Immigration in Saint John
Is A City Built By Immigrants Still Open to Them? : Recent Trends in Immigration in Saint John
Is A City Built By Immigrants Still Open to Them? : Recent Trends in Immigration in Saint John
Is A City Built By Immigrants Still Open to Them? : Recent Trends in Immigration in Saint John
Is A City Built By Immigrants Still Open to Them? : Recent Trends in Immigration in Saint John
Is A City Built By Immigrants Still Open to Them? : Recent Trends in Immigration in Saint John
Is A City Built By Immigrants Still Open to Them? : Recent Trends in Immigration in Saint John
Is A City Built By Immigrants Still Open to Them? : Recent Trends in Immigration in Saint John
Is A City Built By Immigrants Still Open to Them? : Recent Trends in Immigration in Saint John
Is A City Built By Immigrants Still Open to Them? : Recent Trends in Immigration in Saint John
Is A City Built By Immigrants Still Open to Them? : Recent Trends in Immigration in Saint John
Is A City Built By Immigrants Still Open to Them? : Recent Trends in Immigration in Saint John
Is A City Built By Immigrants Still Open to Them? : Recent Trends in Immigration in Saint John
Is A City Built By Immigrants Still Open to Them? : Recent Trends in Immigration in Saint John
Is A City Built By Immigrants Still Open to Them? : Recent Trends in Immigration in Saint John
Is A City Built By Immigrants Still Open to Them? : Recent Trends in Immigration in Saint John
Is A City Built By Immigrants Still Open to Them? : Recent Trends in Immigration in Saint John
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Is A City Built By Immigrants Still Open to Them? : Recent Trends in Immigration in Saint John

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This presentation was part of an immigration panel held at the 2011 Learneds Congress in Fredericton

This presentation was part of an immigration panel held at the 2011 Learneds Congress in Fredericton

Published in: Business, Sports
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  • 1. Is a City Built By Immigrants Still Open to Them? The Immigrant Experience In Saint John Historic images of Saint John immigration courtesy of the National Archives of Canada
  • 2. “ The Immigrant Experience in Saint John: A look at how different cultures have adapted to a mid-sized Maritime city”
    • This study was led by Dr. Greg Marquis of UNBSJ and Kurt Peacock of UNBSJ/Enterprise Saint John
    • The study consists of 2 parts: a historical examination of the 20th century immigrant experience in Saint John, and a survey of how recent immigrants are being welcomed by the Saint John community
    • The study is funded by the Atlantic Metropolis Centre, and is the first major academic study on the immigrant experience in Saint John
    • The study wanted to examine why some immigrants stay in the community, while others leave for larger centres
  • 3. A key question: Why Saint John?
    • Saint John is one of close to 30 large urban centres in Canada, and while its immigrant community is much smaller than that found in Toronto, Montreal or Vancouver, it is the largest immigrant community in New Brunswick
    • Roughly 1 in 20 Saint John residents were born outside of Canada
    • This study sought to better understand what has attracted immigrants to Saint John, and what challenges they have faced as they seek to succeed in their new community
    • As part of the study, UNBSJ partnered with Enterprise Saint John to explore the immigrant experience under NB’s provincial nominee program
    • In future years, we hope to examine other aspects of the immigrant experience
  • 4. Some historical perspective on immigration to Saint John
  • 5. Pre-Confederation: the first immigrant waves
    • 1783: arrival of over 10,000 Loyalist refugees lead to the establishment of city
    • 1815: beginning of post-Napoleonic immigration from British Isles
    • 1820s, 1830s, early 40s: skilled and semi-skilled British immigrants
    • late 1840s: Irish Famine immigrants
    • 1850s: Saint John is an Irish city, by Confederation over 1/3 of population born outside Canada
  • 6. Immigration after Confederation
    • 1873-96: the ‘great depression’causes outmigration from Saint John and NB
    • 1890s: winter port begins, and SJ harbour becomes seasonal adjunct of Montreal
    • ICR/CPR rail links to central Canada/USA
    • 1897-1913: SJ as disembarkation point for American and Western Canadian settlers
      • ex, the Doukhobors
  • 7. The Second Mass Migration: 1901-1931
    • greater ethnic diversity
    • the city’s Jewish community peaks at 100 families
    • growing Lebanese community
    • small Chinese, Italian and Greek communities develop
    • churches, synagogues, small businesses, voluntary organizations are all formed
  • 8. A number of Saint John immigrant families opened small businesses along Union Street and Main Street
  • 9. The early Chinese community in Saint John was quite active, opening businesses and organizing parades. Restrictive immigration laws led to its demise in the 1920s
  • 10. The Immigrant Experience Post-1945
    • fewer British immigrants, European immigrants arrive by steamship
    • transatlantic air travel makes passenger liners outmoded
    • only recently have the number of immigrants in Saint John community increased
  • 11.
    • The last mass migration into Saint John occurred in 1957, as a boat filled with Hungarian refugees arrived in the harbour. Few stayed in the community - although a reunion of sorts was held in 2007
  • 12. The Present-Day Immigrant Experience in Saint John: What s does the study seek to answer?
    • The survey is broken down into specific themes: Life at Home and School, Your Saint John Experience, Jobs and Labour Market, Demographic Information, and Your Ideas
    • The Demographic information has been asked to see if certain immigrant communities have found some aspect of the immigrant experience easier than other immigrant communities
    • The survey ends by asking new immigrants a straightforward question: if you were in charge of New Brunswick, what 3 ideas would you develop to ensure that new immigrants can stay in the province and prosper?
  • 13. Currently, roughly 30% of NB immigrants settle in Saint John. Unfortunately, NB forms less than 1% of Canada’s immigration totals   2009 2010   Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Total Q1     Moncton 93 106 166 114 479 117 Saint John 109 193 206 77 585 115 Fredericton 116 176 136 65 493 105 Other New Brunswick 59 113 94 90 356 85 New Brunswick 377 588 602 346 1,913 422
  • 14. What are the survey’s key findings?
    • N.B. needs more support for immigrants: group
    • Tuesday, August 11, 2009 | 11:38 AM AT
    • CBC News
    • New Brunswick’s goal of attracting 5,000 new immigrants a year by 2016 is unrealistic because the province doesn’t have enough support services to offer them
    • Although the survey is only a partial snapshot (100+ responses tabulated), trends have already emerged
    • Close to ½ of survey respondents have lived in city for less than two years
    • A note of caution: The statistical variance in the analysis is still roughly +/- 10 %
    • The early conclusion? If NB truly wants to grow through immigration, much more work needs to be done
  • 15. How welcoming is Saint John?
    • Roughly 30% of new immigrants to the city have been exposed to some form of racism
    • When asked, “there are lots of employment opportunities for residents new to Saint John”, most respondents disagreed (3.9 out of a 1-5 scale)
    • When asked, “Saint John is a welcoming place for New Canadians”, most residents agreed (2.63 out of a1-5 scale)
    • When asked, “would you recommend Saint John to other immigrants as a good place to live?”, 57% said yes, while 9 % would recommend another NB city (Moncton, Fredericton), and 22% would recommend a large Canadian city (Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver)
  • 16. Do you ever get a second chance to make a first impression?
    • When asked, “what was your first impression,” 55% liked Saint John, while 45% of survey respondents did not like Saint John
    • Among the city’s strengths were: friendly people, lots of nature and fresh air
    • Among its weaknesses: small population, fog, and air pollution
    • The vast majority (85%) of respondents grew more positive about the city as they stayed in the community
    • 53% of respondents unsure if they will be in Saint John in a couple of years, while 28% plan on staying in the community
  • 17. The Good and Bad about Saint John (actual responses)
    • Fresh air
    • People welcoming
    • Bay of Fundy
    • Inexpensive
    • Low crime rate
    • Peaceful community
    • Tranquility
    • Natural environment
    • Weather
    • Slow development
    • Lack of job opportunities
    • Air quality
    • Limited shopping
    • Limited transportation
    • Boring
  • 18. The #1 Issue? Jobs and Economic Opportunity
    • When asked what were the key hurdles facing newcomers, “employment’ and “economic/financial issues” have emerged as the most significant responses to date
    • 73% of respondents suggested that job placement services would be useful for new immigrants, while 59% called for more/better language training
    • The vast majority of respondents disagreed with the statements ‘there are meaningful employment opportunities for newcomers’ (3.9 out of a 1-5 scale), ‘there are opportunities for starting a new business in the community’ (3.5 out of a 1-5 scale), and ‘local employers are interested in hiring immigrants’ (3.6 out of a 1-5 scale)
    • The economic barriers facing SJ immigrants are arguably the biggest reason why community is unsure of its future
  • 19. The role of the PNP: Is it a positive experience?
    • Close to ½ of survey respondents have participated in the provincial nominee program, in which the province facilitates immigration for new Canadians who have found employment or are ready to go into business
    • Most respondents felt it took too long to process, and wasn’t like it was described
    • Those who attempted to enter into business almost universally felt it was less successful than they hoped, because of limited language skills and lack of knowledge of Canadian business customs
    • Even with these challenges, roughly 80% of PNP participants would recommend the program as a good way to migrate to Canada
  • 20. If Saint John immigrants were in charge of the NB government, what would they do to bring more immigrants into the Province?
    • The vast majority of respondents called for the creation of more/better job opportunities, as well as job placements and credential recognition
    • Stronger language programs were desired
    • More opportunities to socialize between cultures were called for
  • 21. What the community has done since the survey was taken
    • A newcomers’ resource centre has been established and is well-staffed, offering a myriad of services
    • Enterprise Saint John has placed as much focus on retaining immigrants as it does attracting them
    • Neighbourhoods near the Uptown, Millidgeville and Quispamsis have been pro-active in welcoming diversity
    • The Labour Market is more responsive, but much more needs to be done
  • 22. Thank you!
    • For more information on the Saint John Metropolis project, please contact
    • Kurt Peacock [email_address]
    • Dr. Greg Marquis [email_address]

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