My presentation is guided by the overall assumption that e-learning can play an innovative and powerful supporting and enhancing role in foreign language learning and teaching – provided, however, pedagogic exploitation proceeds from a sound understanding of the HUMAN nature of the needs and processes involved. With this orientation in mind, I first sketch out key principles and requirements of language learning and teaching, with a special focus on communicative and social constructivist models. I then briefly trace the evolution of computer technologies – from multimedia to internet to web 2 - and analyze their potential for language learning and teaching purposes. In this context, I touch on issues of learner and teacher autonomy, authenticity, and collaboration. In terms of pedagogic implementation, I emphasize the concept of blended language learning, including its more recent revival in the guise of the ‘flipped classroom’ approach. Case studies from European projects are used to demonstrate pedagogic solutions involving the e-learning platform Moodle, wiki collaboration and Skype.