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# 6th unit. construction with modular elements

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6th unit. construction with modular elements

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### 6th unit. construction with modular elements

1. 1. 6 construction with modular elements
2. 2. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS 1. DEFINITION 1. DEFINITION 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION MODULE 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND Is a dimension, usually taken as a measure unit, MODULATION SISTEMS rule or ratio. 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN aaaaaaBODY 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN AAAATHE NATURE The module is also used to determine the ratio 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO between different parts of a whole, just as a 3.4. MODULOR component or an assembly of parts, a recurring 3.5. FRACTALS method of any design. 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN MODULATION 4.2. JOIN TYPES Is the reference to the employment of repetitive 5. CAPSULE TOWER elements with similar characteristics in regard to shape, size and function, naming “module” each one of them. 6. KIM HOUSE 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE MODULE 8. EDEN PROJECT BIBLIOGRAPHY MODULATION Images: AG Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
3. 3. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS 1. DEFINITION 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION In order to establish a model, a parametric or dimensional definition is required. In the field of 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND construction, usually this is a metric parameter, which often responds to empirical criteria. MODULATION SISTEMS 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN aaaaaaBODY 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN AAAATHE NATURE As each situation has its own unique characteristics, hardly any constructive component with 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO predetermined dimensions will respond accordingly. In those cases, the parameters and 3.4. MODULOR dimensions of the components ought to be determined and, consequently, the need for the 3.5. FRACTALS module. 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN 4.2. JOIN TYPES The module can be either the component itself or a part of it. Moreover, it can be a pure division or the result of a complex decomposition. The module of a mass production is determined by 5. CAPSULE TOWER production systems and the degree of specificity of demand. 6. KIM HOUSE A module definite away from both factors is bound to fail, so modules established with empirical 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL origin are the successful ones. CENTRE 8. EDEN PROJECT In conclusion, the idealization and universalization of the module are a megalomaniac error. BIBLIOGRAPHY Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
4. 4. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND MODULATION SISTEMS 1. DEFINITION 3.1 PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN BODY 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION The anthropometry is the “science that express the human body in a mathematical form” (Cameron, 1979) or saying it in an other way; “the systematized art of measuring and observe the 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND man, his skeleton his brain and his other organs” (Hrdlinka, 1947). MODULATION SISTEMS 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN aaaaaaBODY Egypt Rome Greece 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN AAAATHE NATURE 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO 3.4. MODULOR 3.5. FRACTALS 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN 4.2. JOIN TYPES 5. CAPSULE TOWER 6. KIM HOUSE 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE 8. EDEN PROJECT BIBLIOGRAPHY Image: Image: Image: http://www.flickr.com/photos/rinzewind/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/gb_fotos/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/zaqarbal/ Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
5. 5. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS VITRUVIAN MAN (1492) 1. DEFINITION 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION The Vitruvian man is the famous drawings, including anatomic notes, of Leonardo da Vinci, drawn in one of his dairies by 1492. It represents a naked male figure in two different positions, 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND overprinted by arms and legs, and inscribed in a square and a circle. MODULATION SISTEMS 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN aaaaaaBODY 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN It’s about a study about proportions in human body. In other to this, Da Vinci based his drawing AAAATHE NATURE 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO in one of the text of De architectura (Book III Chapter I) by the roman architect from Octavio 3.4. MODULOR Augusto’s period, Marco Vitruvius Polion (c. I BC). 3.5. FRACTALS 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN In the text Vitruvius mentions divers proportions presents in the human body, probably based in 4.2. JOIN TYPES Greek canons. Leonardo da Vinci used the proportions of Vitruvius, but he made some corrections and made some additions to draw his Vitruvian Man. 5. CAPSULE TOWER 6. KIM HOUSE It’s also known as the canon of human proportions. 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE 8. EDEN PROJECT BIBLIOGRAPHY Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
6. 6. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS All these measurements are related by a module: H 1. DEFINITION 4 finger = 1 palm 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION 4 palm = 1 foot 6 palms = 1 elbow 4 elbows = the men’s height 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND MODULATION SISTEMS 4 elbows = 1 step 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN 24 palms = a men aaaaaaBODY 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN AAAATHE NATURE 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO 3.4. MODULOR 3.5. FRACTALS Image: http://www.ibiblio.org/wm 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN If you separate the legs enough to decrease your height 1 / 14 and stretch and rise your shoulders 4.2. JOIN TYPES until your fingers are leveled with the top of your head: extended arms = h from the hairline the tip of the chin = h/10 5. CAPSULE TOWER from the tip of the chin to the top of the head = h / 8 from the upper chest to the tip of his head = h / 6 from the upper chest to the hairline = h / 7 6. KIM HOUSE from the nipples to the top of the head = h / 4 the greatest width of shoulders = h / 4 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL from the elbow to the tip of the hand = h / 5 CENTRE angle from the elbow to the armpit = h / 8 Full hand = h/10 the beginning of the genitals = h / 2 8. EDEN PROJECT foot = h / 7 from the sole of the foot to below the knee = h / 4 from below the knee at the beginning of the genitals = h / 4 BIBLIOGRAPHY the distance from the bottom of the chin to the nose = from the hairline to the eyebrows = 1 / 3 of face Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
7. 7. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS DUERER’S MAN (1528) 1. DEFINITION 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION Albrecht Düerer, is one the most famous artist in the German Renaissance. 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND MODULATION SISTEMS 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN Through many of his journeys he acquire a renaissance vision. After one trip to Italy, he started to aaaaaaBODY develop an investigation about the human body’s proportions, which were edited after his dead in 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN the “The four books about human proportions” in 1528. AAAATHE NATURE 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO 3.4. MODULOR 3.5. FRACTALS The innovation of Düerer in the evolution of the proportional systems, is that he doesn’t limit himself 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS in the search of the proportions of beauty in an only model or proportional system, but in many, 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN that can be understand as the beauty can be found in different proportions combinations. Is the 4.2. JOIN TYPES definitive acceptance of the canons plurality. 5. CAPSULE TOWER This characteristic thought of Düerer, makes a difference in the all classic tradition and his 6. KIM HOUSE renaissance’s contemporaries, who where still determined to find an unique human beauty by a proportional system. At this point he starts to denied the unique model In a certain way, this is the beginning of the gradual separation between the beauty and the proportion. 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE 8. EDEN PROJECT It’s paradoxical his tentative to us that the scientific validity of the proportions theory is to multiply them. BIBLIOGRAPHY Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
8. 8. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS Anthropometric canons: 1. DEFINITION 1/2 h = height of the head and trunk (up to the crotch) 1/4 h = height of the leg from ankle to knee, and distance from chin to navel 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION 1/6 h = foot length 1/8 h = height of the head, from top to the bottom of the chin, and distance between 1/10 h = height and width of the face (including ears), and the length of the hand to wrist 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND 1/12 h = from face width to the lower edge of the nose and thick calf MODULATION SISTEMS ... 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN These subdivisions go up to 1/ 40 h aaaaaaBODY 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN AAAATHE NATURE 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO 3.4. MODULOR 3.5. FRACTALS 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN 4.2. JOIN TYPES 5. CAPSULE TOWER 6. KIM HOUSE 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE 8. EDEN PROJECT BIBLIOGRAPHY Images: http://www.aloj.us.es/abduran/estilo%20doctorado/ Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
9. 9. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS 1. DEFINITION 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN THE NATURE 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION THE GOLDEN RATIO 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND MODULATION SISTEMS The golden ratio refers to a number. This number, discovered in the antiquity, has some interesting 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN properties as proportion or rate. This ratio is found both in geometric figures and in the parts of the aaaaaaBODY body. It can also be found in nature: as the relation between bodies and in the morphology of 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN AAAATHE NATURE various elements such as shells, the ribs of the leaves of some trees, the thickness of branches, 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO human proportions, and so on. Comparing all the examples which can be seen in nature, which 3.4. MODULOR golden ratio is the most spectacular and surprising for you? 3.5. FRACTALS 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN 4.2. JOIN TYPES 5. CAPSULE TOWER 6. KIM HOUSE Images: http://www.sxc.hu/ 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE "The measure of the bee's abdomen divided by Φ is equal to the measure of his chest. Conversely, his chest measurement divided by Φ is equal to the measure of his head." 8. EDEN PROJECT If we take a leaf stalk and count the number of consecutive leaves until we find another sheet BIBLIOGRAPHY with the same orientation, this number will generally be part of the Fibonacci sequence. Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
10. 10. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS 1. DEFINITION 3.3 GOLDEN RATIO 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION Greek mathematics (Pythagoras, Euclid and Plato) discovered the predominance of the golden ratio in their theories about proportions. 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND MODULATION SISTEMS 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN “A segment is divided by means of the golden ratio when the proportion between of the aaaaaaBODY segment and the biggest section is the same as the proportion between the biggest and the 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN smallest sections. ” AAAATHE NATURE 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO 3.4. MODULOR 3.5. FRACTALS 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN 4.2. JOIN TYPES Image: AG 5. CAPSULE TOWER Take AB=1, BC=X, the golden ratio will be defined as: 6. KIM HOUSE (X+1)/X=X/1 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL Being the golden ratio, represented by Φ figure CENTRE Then, the solution to the equation: Φ ² - Φ - 1 = 0 8. EDEN PROJECT Which it’s square root is: BIBLIOGRAPHY Φ=(1+√5)/2 =1,61803399 > golden ratio Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
11. 11. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS Euclid, and the geometric construction of the golden ratio rectangle. 1. DEFINITION 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND Take the diagram in which AE=EB and EF=EC MODULATION SISTEMS 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN If we suppose AE=EB=1, BC=2 can be calculated, aaaaaaBODY 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN AAAATHE NATURE and by means of the Pythagorean theorem EC=√5 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO 3.4. MODULOR we can subtract that AF=1+=√5. 3.5. FRACTALS Consequently, the sides of AFGD rectangle are 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN bound by the golden ratio: AF/AD=Φ=(1+√5)/2 4.2. JOIN TYPES 5. CAPSULE TOWER Image: AG 6. KIM HOUSE 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE The golden rectangle, one of the most used canonical composition method of work. It has been used by all kinds of artists throughout art history. 8. EDEN PROJECT BIBLIOGRAPHY Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
12. 12. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS Starting with ABCD rectangle, if we subtract AEFD square of the rectangle’s AB side’s smaller 1. DEFINITION part, we will get EBCF golden rectangle. Then, if we subtract EBGH square from EBCF in the same way, we will get HCGF, another golden rectangle. This process can be repeated as we 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION want, each time bring those rectangles closer to the logarithmic spirals O centre. 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND MODULATION SISTEMS 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN aaaaaaBODY 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN AAAATHE NATURE 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO 3.4. MODULOR 3.5. FRACTALS 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN 4.2. JOIN TYPES 5. CAPSULE TOWER 6. KIM HOUSE 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE 8. EDEN PROJECT BIBLIOGRAPHY Image: AG Authors: Autores: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
13. 13. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS Relation between the golden number and Fibonacci sequence: 1. DEFINITION 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND MODULATION SISTEMS 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN aaaaaaBODY 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN AAAATHE NATURE 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO 3.4. MODULOR 3.5. FRACTALS 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN 4.2. JOIN TYPES Image: AM 5. CAPSULE TOWER 6. KIM HOUSE 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, 144, 233… 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE The ratios of consecutive numbers of the Fibonacci sequence are steadily approximating 8. EDEN PROJECT to Φ = 1,61803399… the golden ratio. BIBLIOGRAPHY Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
14. 14. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS DANTEUM. GIUSEPPE TERRAGNI. 1938-40 1. DEFINITION 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION The utilization of the use and the application of the golden ratio has been used frequently in design process but also in architecture, as we can see in the next example. 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND MODULATION SISTEMS 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN The Dantum was designed in 1938 by Giuseppe Terragni and Pietro Lingeri, with interventions aaaaaaBODY sculptural Sironi. Even if this project was no executed, its approach can be considered as one 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN of the finest and complex ideas in the tradition as the modern movement, becoming a subject AAAATHE NATURE 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO of major studies. 3.4. MODULOR 3.5. FRACTALS The aim of the project is to describe the materials and the architectural laws based in the 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS signification expressed in the verses of Dante Alighieri’s “Divine Comedy”. Al least a third of the 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN total project has been a “function” (exposition hall and library) and all the remaining space has 4.2. JOIN TYPES on a “right”. 5. CAPSULE TOWER The project consisted of a series of rooms placed in an ascending(rising) spiral marked by the use of substances of the light, also ascending(rising) (I change from the shades to the light), 6. KIM HOUSE that symbolizes a trip of the conscience to contemplating celestial infernal abyss. In Danteum the transition between(among) the rooms always treats itself about the interruption or the postponement of the walls. 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE The principal rooms were: the dark wood, the purgatory, the hell and the paradise. 8. EDEN PROJECT BIBLIOGRAPHY Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
15. 15. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS The Golden ratio in the plan of the Danteum is divided in four equal rectangles, (rectangles that 1. DEFINITION are also based in the golden ratio, the proportion is unchangeable in resemblance, in this case in1=2 reason), 3 of then are entitled to the different rooms that represent the 3 canticles: the hell, 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION the purgatory and the paradise, situated in 3 levels. 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND MODULATION SISTEMS In the next link (click here) we can read a very clear explanation of the application of Dante’s 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN novel. Also a very good graphic explanations in the different rooms and passages bases in the aaaaaaBODY golden ratio. 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN AAAATHE NATURE 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO 3.4. MODULOR In this video you can check a recreation of the interior views of possible construction of the 3.5. FRACTALS Danteum (click here) 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN 4.2. JOIN TYPES For more interest you can consult the following book: 5. CAPSULE TOWER Terragni: el danteum. Roma. 1938-1940 Aparicio Guisado, Jesus Mª 6. KIM HOUSE 2005 Isbn: 9788472071667 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE 8. EDEN PROJECT BIBLIOGRAPHY Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
16. 16. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS 3.4 LE MODULOR (1948) 1. DEFINITION Le modulor is the measuring system detailed by Le Corbusier. The measurements start form the 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION man’s height with the hand lifted (226 cm) and from his half, the height of the belly button (113 cm). From the first measurement and multiplying successively and dividing in the same way by the gold number we obtain the so called Blue series, and we also obtain in the same way the red series. 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND MODULATION SISTEMS Becoming each one a Fibonacci’s sequence, and allowing thousand harmonical combinations 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN aaaaaaBODY 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN AAAATHE NATURE 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO 3.4. MODULOR 3.5. FRACTALS 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS Blue series (m): 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN …9,57; 5,92; 3,66; 2,26; 1,40; 0,86; 0,53; 0,33; 4.2. JOIN TYPES 0,20… Red series (m): 5. CAPSULE TOWER …4,79; 2,96; 1,83; 1,13; 0,70; 0,43; 0,26; 0,16; 0,10… 6. KIM HOUSE 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE 8. EDEN PROJECT BIBLIOGRAPHY Image: http://www.flickr.com/photos/rucativava Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
17. 17. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS 1. DEFINITION 3.4 FRACTAL GEOMETRY 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION It seeks analyze, develop and to model 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND nature objects and situations. MODULATION SISTEMS 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN aaaaaaBODY 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN AAAATHE NATURE Fractal geometry isn’t based in a 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO modulation, it looks for a nature based 3.4. MODULOR modulation. 3.5. FRACTALS 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN It’s too irregular to be explained in 4.2. JOIN TYPES traditional geometric terms. 5. CAPSULE TOWER Image: 6. KIM HOUSE Jon Sullivan 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL Applications of the fractal geometry: CENTRE 8. EDEN PROJECT Medicine Strategy Military Science Industry Architecture Music Painting BIBLIOGRAPHY Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
18. 18. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS Fractal forms, those which its parts are similar to the whole, can be found in the biological matter, 1. DEFINITION along with symmetry (basic forms that only need half of that genetics' information), and spirals (basic forms ways of development and growth for expansion), as the most sophisticated ones in 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION the evolutionary development of biological material, presented in processes in which mayor developments occur in biological terms, and as a result possible catastrophes (extraordinary scenarios) that give rise to even more complex new realities. For example, leaves ( the ones that 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND MODULATION SISTEMS have similar morphology to the small branch of which they are part) have, in turn, a shape similar 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN to the branch, which in turn is similar to the shape of the tree. Nevertheless, neither of them are aaaaaaBODY the same in biological terms: a leaf is, simple biological form, whereas a branch or a tree are 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN biological complex forms. AAAATHE NATURE 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO 3.4. MODULOR 3.5. FRACTALS 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN 4.2. JOIN TYPES 5. CAPSULE TOWER 6. KIM HOUSE 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE Images: www.freedigitalphotos.net 8. EDEN PROJECT “Clouds aren’t spherical, mountains aren’t cones, seashores aren’t circular, a dog’s bark isn’t BIBLIOGRAPHY smooth, as lightning doesn’t make a straight line. ” - Benoît Mandelbrot Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
19. 19. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS As we mentioned before, we can apply the fractal geometry to architecture. 1. DEFINITION 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION The fractal method allows new expression of architectural theories, by means of its possibilities of complexity and superposition. The use of fractal geometry as source grants the power to 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND MODULATION SISTEMS express two opposing states such as organized forms and organic complexity, at the same 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN time to architecture. aaaaaaBODY 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN AAAATHE NATURE 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO 3.4. MODULOR In the image on the left we can in the see the representation of the Logone-Birni city’s palace 3.5. FRACTALS (Cameroon). On the right we have the fractal model of the Ba-lla’s city settlement. Tow clear fractal example of African architecture. 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN 4.2. JOIN TYPES 5. CAPSULE TOWER 6. KIM HOUSE 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE 8. EDEN PROJECT Images: AG BIBLIOGRAPHY Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
20. 20. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS Another, more contemporary, example of fractal architecture we can find in the Eugene 1. DEFINITION Bavinger house (Oklahoma, 1950), as we can see down here. But also represented in the floor plan of the Jewish Elementary school by the architect Zvi Hecker that can be consulted in the 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION following link: http://www.zvihecker.com 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND MODULATION SISTEMS 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN aaaaaaBODY 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN AAAATHE NATURE 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO 3.4. MODULOR 3.5. FRACTALS 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN 4.2. JOIN TYPES 5. CAPSULE TOWER 6. KIM HOUSE 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE 8. EDEN PROJECT BIBLIOGRAPHY Image: http://www.wikipedia.org/ Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
21. 21. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS 1. DEFINITION 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION The ancient construction was characterized by a material continuity in which the unions were vanishing in a hydraulic counterfoil. 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND MODULATION SISTEMS 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN Nevertheless, the meeting always has had an identifying presence of limits, in some non-existent aaaaaaBODY cases. 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN AAAATHE NATURE 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO 3.4. MODULOR The board is consubstantial with industrialized construction, in which the parties are fully identified 3.5. FRACTALS and are performed by different agents in different places, and are limited by transportation, media production and assembly. 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN 4.2. JOIN TYPES The joins must satisfy all the requirements imposed on the components that you link and the specific ones derived from his own character of meeting. 5. CAPSULE TOWER Very diverse types exist of united, consistent to the systems which they join and the characteristics 6. KIM HOUSE of the components. 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE In case of the buildings for example, the meetings are very clear; it is to say, it is possible to observe the meeting between two materials. The proportions in the architecture are estimated in the composition of the building, the front… modules exist in the elements of construction. 8. EDEN PROJECT BIBLIOGRAPHY Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
22. 22. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS In case of the buildings we can see clearly the line of meeting or the join. 1. DEFINITION 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION To achieve it different systems of construction are in use, this way like: mortar (to join two bricks), neoprene (for meetings expansions), anchorages (to place the panels in the walls), screws without end, spikes … 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND MODULATION SISTEMS 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN aaaaaaBODY 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN AAAATHE NATURE 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO 3.4. MODULOR 3.5. FRACTALS 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN 4.2. JOIN TYPES 5. CAPSULE TOWER 6. KIM HOUSE 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE 8. EDEN PROJECT BIBLIOGRAPHY Image: Image: http://www.sxc.hu/ taken in situ- author: Ramón Muñoz Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
23. 23. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS 1. DEFINITION 4.1 THE VALUE OF THE JOIN 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION All the technological systems have joins (garment, footwear, domestic appliances, furniture, cars, computers, etc.). Providing that if different parts exist, there will be joints. 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND MODULATION SISTEMS 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN aaaaaaBODY 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN AAAATHE NATURE 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO 3.4. MODULOR 3.5. FRACTALS 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN 4.2. JOIN TYPES 5. CAPSULE TOWER 6. KIM HOUSE 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE 8. EDEN PROJECT BIBLIOGRAPHY Images: http://www.sxc.hu/ Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
24. 24. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS 1. DEFINITION A good part of the inventions now-a-days, have incorporated major value added thanks to the evolution of the joins (Velcro, zippers, screws, nails, …) 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND MODULATION SISTEMS 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN aaaaaaBODY 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN AAAATHE NATURE 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO 3.4. MODULOR 3.5. FRACTALS Imagen: 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS http://www.sxc.hu/ 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN 4.2. JOIN TYPES 5. CAPSULE TOWER 6. KIM HOUSE 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE 8. EDEN PROJECT BIBLIOGRAPHY Images: http://www.sxc.hu/ Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
25. 25. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS Contradictory opinions exist around to the aesthetic or composition value of the joins since, these 1. DEFINITION can form a part of the global image of the building or, be mere constructive requirements. 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION For example, in the building Sainsbury de Foster, we can see an hiper-valuation of the meeting since its forms a part of the aesthetic concept of the building. 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND MODULATION SISTEMS 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN aaaaaaBODY 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN AAAATHE NATURE 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO 3.4. MODULOR 3.5. FRACTALS 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN 4.2. JOIN TYPES 5. CAPSULE TOWER 6. KIM HOUSE 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE 8. EDEN PROJECT BIBLIOGRAPHY Images: http://www.flickr.com/photos/25831000@N08/ Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
26. 26. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS 1. DEFINITION 4.2 TYPES OF JOINS System joins 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND MODULATION SISTEMS 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN aaaaaaBODY 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN AAAATHE NATURE 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO 3.4. MODULOR 3.5. FRACTALS 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN 4.2. JOIN TYPES 5. CAPSULE TOWER 6. KIM HOUSE 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE 8. EDEN PROJECT BIBLIOGRAPHY Image: Image: taken in situ- author: Ramón Muñoz taken in situ- author: Ramón Muñoz Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
27. 27. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS 1. DEFINITION 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND MODULATION SISTEMS 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN aaaaaaBODY 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN AAAATHE NATURE 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO 3.4. MODULOR 3.5. FRACTALS 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN 4.2. JOIN TYPES 5. CAPSULE TOWER 6. KIM HOUSE 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE 8. EDEN PROJECT BIBLIOGRAPHY Images: taken in situ- author: Ramón Muñoz Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
28. 28. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS 1. DEFINITION 5. KISHO KUROKAWA. NAKAGIN CAPSULE TOWER (1972) 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION The Nakagin Capsule Tower was the first capsule architecture design, the capsule as a room inserted into a mega-structure, built for actual use. The Capsule Tower realizes the ideas of 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND metabolism, exchangeability, recyclability as the prototype of sustainable architecture. MODULATION SISTEMS 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN aaaaaaBODY 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN AAAATHE NATURE 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO 3.4. MODULOR 3.5. FRACTALS 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN 4.2. JOIN TYPES 5. CAPSULE TOWER 6. KIM HOUSE 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE 8. EDEN PROJECT BIBLIOGRAPHY Image: Image: © arcspace.com - www.arcspace.com © arcspace.com - www.arcspace.com Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
29. 29. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS The one-man-room capsule, a modified (4 x 2.5 meter) shipping container, has a circular 1. DEFINITION window, a built-in bed and bathroom unit, and is complete with TV, radio and alarm clock. The capsule interior was pre-assembled in a factory then hoisted by crane and fastened to the 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION concrete core shaft. 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND MODULATION SISTEMS 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN aaaaaaBODY 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN AAAATHE NATURE 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO 3.4. MODULOR 3.5. FRACTALS 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN 4.2. JOIN TYPES 5. CAPSULE TOWER 6. KIM HOUSE 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE 8. EDEN PROJECT BIBLIOGRAPHY Image: Image: © arcspace.com - www.arcspace.com © arcspace.com - www.arcspace.com Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
30. 30. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS Located in the Ginza area of Tokyo, the Nagakin Capsule Tower, was originally designed as a 1. DEFINITION Capsule Hotel to provide economical housing for businessmen working late in central Tokyo during the week. 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION The 14-story high Tower has 140 capsules stacked at angles around a central core. Kurokawa developed the technology to install the capsule units into the concrete core with only 4 high 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND MODULATION SISTEMS tension bolts, as well as making the units detachable and replaceable. 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN aaaaaaBODY 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN AAAATHE NATURE 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO 3.4. MODULOR 3.5. FRACTALS 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN 4.2. JOIN TYPES 5. CAPSULE TOWER 6. KIM HOUSE 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE 8. EDEN PROJECT BIBLIOGRAPHY Image: © arcspace.com - www.arcspace.com Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
31. 31. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS Residents in Japan’s most famous experiment in living and working in tiny pods are now plotting 1. DEFINITION its demolition. Kurokawa's design theory was to replace the capsules when needed but the building has not been maintained in 33 years which has caused drainage and water pipes to 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION be damaged. The international heritage protection group Docomomo, have unsuccessfully pleaded for the 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND MODULATION SISTEMS United Nations' heritage arm to protect this landmark building 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN aaaaaaBODY 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN AAAATHE NATURE 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO 3.4. MODULOR 3.5. FRACTALS 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN 4.2. JOIN TYPES 5. CAPSULE TOWER 6. KIM HOUSE 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE 8. EDEN PROJECT BIBLIOGRAPHY Image: © arcspace.com - www.arcspace.com Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
32. 32. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS 1. DEFINITION 6. KIM HOUSE. WARO KISHI (1987) 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION The Kim house is situated in the humble neighbour of Ikuno-ku (Japan). This small lot (large and narrow) was constructed before the was. The neighbor is formed by different large and narrow 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND streets. MODULATION SISTEMS 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN aaaaaaBODY 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN Most the one family house live together with the Korean food restaurants, fabrics and store AAAATHE NATURE 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO houses. 3.4. MODULOR 3.5. FRACTALS 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS The Japanese culture is full of traditions. The Kim House tries modernize to these traditions (in 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN example, having crystal walls instead of paper walls) but at the same time it preserves the typical 4.2. JOIN TYPES characteristics of a traditional Japanese room. 5. CAPSULE TOWER Osaka is a city with mild weather, due to its proximity to the sea. Strong rains hit the city during the 6. KIM HOUSE months of June to August. While in September, the typhoons arrive. 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE The construction of the dwelling is very influenced by the weather. Usually, the back and front facades are close. This helps a lot in winter, as the house is protected by the cold, and in summer 8. EDEN PROJECT the house gets refrigerated as is provided an interior courtyard, that at the same time it provides light. BIBLIOGRAPHY Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
33. 33. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS The budget for the house was limited. It lead the architect to create a house based on modules 1. DEFINITION and prefabricate elements. 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION In other to do this, he used the measurement that is between walls, 2.58m. With this measure he 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND plans all the project. The high, the length, the depth… are directly proportional to this number. MODULATION SISTEMS From the prefabricated panel of the facade to the floor ceramics. 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN aaaaaaBODY 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN AAAATHE NATURE As we can see in the images from the following link (click here) we can see the clear modulation 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO starting from the façade 3.4. MODULOR 3.5. FRACTALS In a nutshell we can say that: 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN 4.2. JOIN TYPES 16 ceramics the smallest unit of the facades 5. CAPSULE TOWER 9 of these the width of the house 2 units of the width 6. KIM HOUSE the house height the division of the depth 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL 3 of these CENTRE the total depth 8. EDEN PROJECT BIBLIOGRAPHY Images: AM Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
34. 34. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS The function of the material in the structure. 1. DEFINITION 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION The principal material used in Kim House are from these days. The ones that are being created thanks to the industrializations. In this way the dwelling is formed by the reinforced concrete and 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND MODULATION SISTEMS the H steel profiles. 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN aaaaaaBODY 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN About the space distribution, it is made by crystal panels, that creates a continuity between AAAATHE NATURE 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO spaces. The same effect is made by the floor tiles. Or the same effect that we find between the 3.4. MODULOR kitchen and the interior courtyard. 3.5. FRACTALS The only construction systems used where the foundations, made in-situ, and all the rest elements 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS were made by mounting pieces. In this way, comes the need of a physical interaction of both oh 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN the objects, one carries the other. 4.2. JOIN TYPES Even if it is economically cheap, also in maintenance, the construction is totally efficient. 5. CAPSULE TOWER 6. KIM HOUSE For more information and images about the Kim House you can check the following book: 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE “Waro Kishi-Buildings and projects” Hiroshi Watanabe Ed. Axel Menges. 8. EDEN PROJECT BIBLIOGRAPHY Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
35. 35. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS 1. DEFINITION 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE. RENZO PIANO (1991-98) Situated in Noumea (New Caledonia), the Marie Tjibaou cultural center is locate in very 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION sensible natural environment. 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND The hill where the cultural center is situates, has a difficult access and the tropical climate MODULATION SISTEMS creates strong wind drafts. 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN aaaaaaBODY 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN AAAATHE NATURE 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO 3.4. MODULOR 3.5. FRACTALS 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN 4.2. JOIN TYPES 5. CAPSULE TOWER 6. KIM HOUSE 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE 8. EDEN PROJECT BIBLIOGRAPHY Image: http://www.flickr.com/photos/virginieetfabien/ Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
36. 36. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS The main program was the creation of a settler for the Kanaki tribe. For this, the architect made 1. DEFINITION an re-interpretation of the traditional huts of the place, but without leaving apart the new technologies. 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION The Iroko wood (local) was used for the constructions, with galvanized steel for the subjection. 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND The floor is granite, the enclose is made of glass and the interiors are covered with cork. MODULATION SISTEMS 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN aaaaaaBODY 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN AAAATHE NATURE 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO 3.4. MODULOR 3.5. FRACTALS 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN 4.2. JOIN TYPES 5. CAPSULE TOWER 6. KIM HOUSE 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE 8. EDEN PROJECT BIBLIOGRAPHY Image: http://www.flickr.com/photos/virginieetfabien/ Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
37. 37. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS Noumea is situated in the Tropic of Capricorn, from this the tropical climate, the strong winds 1. DEFINITION and the heavy rains that hit the peninsula. 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION When they were planning the center they took in account the climate and planed a refrigeration system, taking advantage of the wind drafts. In addition, due the high levels of 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND humidity the materials suffer a very special treatment. MODULATION SISTEMS 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN aaaaaaBODY 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN AAAATHE NATURE 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO 3.4. MODULOR 3.5. FRACTALS 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN 4.2. JOIN TYPES 5. CAPSULE TOWER 6. KIM HOUSE 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE 8. EDEN PROJECT BIBLIOGRAPHY Image: A. M. Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
38. 38. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS The module is used in the plan as well as in the sections. In the plan it represent a structure 1. DEFINITION gradually modulated by the used of 2 by 2 columns groups. 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION It modules the vertical panel, but also the horizontal ones, situated in two layers, to compose the façade. All of this is well documents in developing plans, so all the panels can be 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND prefabricated. MODULATION SISTEMS 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN aaaaaaBODY In those building with a roof, the roof will also be modulated, the structure as well as the panels. 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN The join elements are also prefabricated. AAAATHE NATURE 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO 3.4. MODULOR 3.5. FRACTALS 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN 4.2. JOIN TYPES 5. CAPSULE TOWER 6. KIM HOUSE 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE 8. EDEN PROJECT BIBLIOGRAPHY Image: Image: http://www.flickr.com/photos/mishmoshimoshi www.flickr.com/photos/robyn-gallagher Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
39. 39. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS 1. DEFINITION 8. PROYECTO EDEN. NICHOLAS GRIMSAW (2000) 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION This project designed by N. Grimzhaw, is based on the nature and into the sustantaible design. The interior held different biological species. The aim: create a tropical climate and to make 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND possible the visitors can walk inside. MODULATION SISTEMS 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN aaaaaaBODY The projects states that the interior and exterior climates are not the same. The exterior climate is 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN strongly oceanic, with a relative high humidity, rain and clouds. While the interior climates tries to AAAATHE NATURE simulate the oceanic and Mediterranean climate conditions. The project is giant greenhouse. 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO 3.4. MODULOR 3.5. FRACTALS 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN 4.2. JOIN TYPES 5. CAPSULE TOWER 6. KIM HOUSE 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE 8. EDEN PROJECT BIBLIOGRAPHY Image: http://www.flickr.com/photos/virginieetfabien/ Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
40. 40. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS The influence of the High Tech is very notorious in the structure, as well in the closure systems. 1. DEFINITION 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION The roof is composed by different vaults, that at the same time they are modulated. These metallic vaults are construct by pentagon and hexagons, that get cut between obtaining different uses in their interiors. The line of the intersection between the spheres are made by 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND MODULATION SISTEMS metallic arcs. 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN aaaaaaBODY 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN AAAATHE NATURE 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO 3.4. MODULOR 3.5. FRACTALS 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN 4.2. JOIN TYPES 5. CAPSULE TOWER 6. KIM HOUSE 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE 8. EDEN PROJECT BIBLIOGRAPHY Image: http://www.flickr.com/photos/apenguincalledelvis Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
41. 41. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS Because the light in the hexagons was 11m it was difficult to build it with glass. EFTE panels were 1. DEFINITION used. This material was able to adapt to the structure’s irregularities. It simplified, cheapened and accelerated the constructive process. 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND MODULATION SISTEMS 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN aaaaaaBODY 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN AAAATHE NATURE 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO 3.4. MODULOR 3.5. FRACTALS 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN 4.2. JOIN TYPES 5. CAPSULE TOWER 6. KIM HOUSE 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE 8. EDEN PROJECT BIBLIOGRAPHY Image: http://www.flickr.com/photos/apenguincalledelvis Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
42. 42. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS Pentagons are used in singular places such as on the top of the domes. The outdoor skin 1. DEFINITION structure and the indoor arc structure are joined by tetrahedrons. 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION Besides cheapening the project thanks to the modulation, it facilitated the construction. The compromise between the module and the material was important, because it was possible to 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND MODULATION SISTEMS use the advantages of the module trough EFTE. 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN aaaaaaBODY 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN AAAATHE NATURE 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO 3.4. MODULOR 3.5. FRACTALS 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN 4.2. JOIN TYPES 5. CAPSULE TOWER 6. KIM HOUSE 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE 8. EDEN PROJECT BIBLIOGRAPHY Image: http://www.flickr.com/photos/europafoto Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
43. 43. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS Ventilation pipes are directly joined to the interior structure, showing them. 1. DEFINITION 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION Despite the big volumes, the ventilation system is efficient. 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND MODULATION SISTEMS 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN aaaaaaBODY 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN AAAATHE NATURE 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO 3.4. MODULOR 3.5. FRACTALS 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN 4.2. JOIN TYPES 5. CAPSULE TOWER 6. KIM HOUSE 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE 8. EDEN PROJECT BIBLIOGRAPHY Image: http://www.flickr.com/photos/europafoto Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
44. 44. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS Besides cheapening the project thanks to the modulation, it facilitated the construction. The 1. DEFINITION compromise between the module and the material was important, because it was possible to use the advantages of the module trough EFTE. 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND MODULATION SISTEMS 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN aaaaaaBODY 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN AAAATHE NATURE 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO 3.4. MODULOR 3.5. FRACTALS 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN 4.2. JOIN TYPES 5. CAPSULE TOWER Image: 6. KIM HOUSE http://www.flickr.com/photos/11475646@N03 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE You can also find more information and images about this project in the following magazine. AV Monografías 96. 8. EDEN PROJECT Año 2002. BIBLIOGRAPHY Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
45. 45. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS 1. DEFINITION BIBLIOGRAPHY 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION www.wikipedia.com www.wikipedia.es 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND www.youtube.com MODULATION SISTEMS www.arcspace.com 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN www.aloj.us.es/abduran/estilo%20doctorado/ aaaaaaBODY www.infomadera.net/images/15869.pdf 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN www.flickr.com AAAATHE NATURE 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO http://www.sxc.hu/ 3.4. MODULOR http://centros.edu.xunta.es/iesramoncabanillas/cuadmat/indhv.htm 3.5. FRACTALS http://bp2.blogger.com 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN Waro Kishi; Introd. Terence Riley, Ed. G:G. 4.2. JOIN TYPES “Waro Kishi-Buildings and proyects”, Hiroshi Watanabe, Ed. Axel Menges. AV monografias 119. Renzo Piano, architettura e tecnica. 5. CAPSULE TOWER Renzo Piano Buildig Workshop. AV Monografías 96. 7- 8- 2002. 6. KIM HOUSE 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL CENTRE 8. EDEN PROJECT BIBLIOGRAPHY Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro
46. 46. UNIT 6 CONSTRUCTION WITH MODULAR ELEMENTS 1. DEFINITION AUTHORS [2008-2009] Unai Apraiz Ibone Arreche 2. FROM MODEL TO MODULATION Olalla Arrien Nekane Arrieta Amaia Díaz Nikolas Legarda 3. EXAMPLES OF PROPORTIONS AND Daniel Eguren Daniel Luengas MODULATION SISTEMS Mercedes Ibáñez Mikel Mujika 3.1. PROPORTIONS IN THE HUMAN Alexander de Luis Julen Rodriguez aaaaaaBODY Berta Martín 3.2. AESTHETICS OF PROPORTIONS IN Héctor Pérez AAAATHE NATURE 3.3. GOLDEN RATIO Zuriñe Piñán 3.4. MODULOR 3.5. FRACTALS AUTHORS [2009-2010] 4. COMPONENTS AND JOINS Maialen Andiarena 4.1. THE VALUE OF THE JOIN Ibon Apodaca 4.2. JOIN TYPES Edurne Aracama Kristina Aranburu 5. CAPSULE TOWER Ohiane Eguren Iratxe Etxano Ana Gracenea 6. KIM HOUSE Ane Mateos Irati Mendizabal 7. JEAN-MARIE TJIBAOU CULTURAL Mikel Soro CENTRE 8. EDEN PROJECT Copyrights of these images belong to their authors. Any other content on this work is licensed under Creative BIBLIOGRAPHY Commons by-sa 3.0. Authors: Maialen Andiarena, Ibon Apodaca, Edurne Aracama, Kristina Aranburu, Ohiane Eguren, Iratxe Etxano, Ana Gracenea, Ane Mateos, Irati Mendizabal, Mikel Soro