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Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
Preparatory examinations  1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2
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Preparatory examinations 1127 english paper 2 - term4 week4.2010 at shss-further worked out solutions v2

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Preparatory Examinations T4W4.2010 SHSS Post Mortem

Preparatory Examinations T4W4.2010 SHSS Post Mortem

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  • 1. St. Hilda’s Secondary School 4E/4NA/5E Preparatory Examinations 1127 Paper 2
  • 2. Which are the IYOW questions? 1m Explain why some officials accept bribes from the poachers. 6. 1m Write down the single words which tells us that something is in limited amount? 5. 2m Explain why people consume tiger parts. 4. 2m In your own words, explain why the international trade3 in wildlife products is a lucrative business. 3. 2m Why does the author use “phenomenal proportions” to describe the consumption of animal parts? 2. 1m Which word in the paragraph signals an impending problem? 1.
  • 3. Which are the IYOW questions? 2m Which two words in the paragraph have the same meaning as “disconcerted”? 12. 1m Suggest why the rat headed for the top of the author’s head and clamped down on his scalp? 11. 1m Explain why the tiger and the author were astonished to see the rat. Answer in your own words. 10. 1m What does the word “unflinching” suggest about the tiger’s nature? 9. 1m What does “it” refer to in the sentence, “The hyena shook, its eyes went dull and it was over”? 8. 2m What were the expectations of the author regarding the death of the hyena? 7.
  • 4. Which are the IYOW questions? 5m Vocabulary questions 15. 1m What did the author liken the tiger’s mouth to? 14. 2m Explain fully what the author meant by, “an entire army battalion in a mouth”? 13.
  • 5. Read Passage A and Passage B and then answer the questions which are printed on the Question Paper.
    • Passage A
    • The single greatest cause of extinction that looms over most Asian wildlife especially the endangered tiger, and pushes them to become endangered species, is the massive demand for traditional medicine. The annual consumption of traditional remedies made of tiger bone, bear gall bladder, rhinoceros horn, dried geckoes and a plethora of other animal parts is of phenomenal proportions. It is believed that today at least sixty percent of China’s billion-plus inhabitants use medicines of this type.
  • 6.
    • The single greatest cause of extinction that looms over most Asian wildlife especially the endangered tiger, and pushes them to become endangered species , is the massive demand for traditional medicine . The annual consumption of traditional remedies made of tiger bone, bear gall bladder, rhinoceros horn, dried geckoes and a plethora of other animal parts is of phenomenal proportions . It is believed that today at least sixty percent of China’s billion- plus i nhabitants use medicines of this type .
    only / sole / one state of being completely dying off determinant / agent / reason/ root largest / biggest threatens / negatively affects/ emerges Animals roaming about in forests or jungles particularly being put at risk / threatened variety / class / breed / kind / type very huge / enormous need / want / requirement customary / handed down / habitual yearly usage cures / medicinal formulae / panaceas / treatments a large number Unbelievable / miraculous / Extraordinary / unusual / exceptional / rare / out of this world over People nature / kind IN MY OWN WORDS thought
  • 7.
    • The single greatest cause of extinction that looms over most Asian wildlife especially the endangered tiger, and pushes them to become endangered species, is the massive demand for traditional medicine. The annual consumption of traditional remedies made of tiger bone, bear gall bladder, rhinoceros horn, dried geckoes and a plethora of other animal parts is of phenomenal proportions. It is believed that today at least sixty percent of China’s billion-plus inhabitants use medicines of this type .
    • The greatest reason for extinction that threatens most Asian wild animals, particularly the endangered tiger, and pushes them to become endangered breed, is the very huge demand for traditional cures. The yearly usage of traditional formulae consists of tiger bone, bear gall bladder, rhinoceros horn, dried geckoes and a very impressive range of other animal parts. Today at least sixty percent of China’s over a billion inhabitants use medicines of this type.
    Original Text - Paragraph 1 Reading with Understanding = Comprehension
  • 8. From Passage A Paragraph 1
    • Which word in the paragraph signals an impending problem? [1m]
    • Why does the author use “phenomenal proportions” to describe the consumption of animal parts? [2m]
  • 9. From Passage A Paragraph 1
    • Which word in the paragraph signals an impending problem? [1m]
    • The word is “looms”.
    • 2. Why does the author use “phenomenal proportions” to describe the consumption of animal parts? [2m]
  • 10. Selected 5B Students’ Responses to Question 1 The word is “endangered”. Ibrahim The word is “looms”. Dinnie Fahmie The word is “extinction”, Stamford The word is ‘looms’. Ain The word is “extinction”. Macric Koh The word is “looms”. Bryan Loh The word is “extinction”. Say Kiat The word is “extinction”. Jeshere Lim The word is “looms”. Abel Yeo The word is “extinction”. Aldrich Chew It is “looms”. Sze Yan The word is “extinction”. Shi Hui
  • 11. From Passage A Paragraph 1
    • 2. Why does the author use “phenomenal proportions” to describe the consumption of animal parts? [2m]
    Must confer the idea of the large size of the population involved in the consumption of animal parts. Extent/ magnitude / scale / scope / massiveness / large number of people Proportions (1m) Must confer the idea of it being beyond predicted and normal Extraordinary/ exceptional / unparalleled / alarmingly/ unbelievably/ extremely Phenomenal (1m)
  • 12. Selected 5B students’ Responses to Question 2 The consumption of animal parts for traditional remedies was in massive demand. Dinie Fahmie Humans consume a lot traditional animals parts. The amount that are being consumed is unbelievable. Terrence Chew Consumption of animal parts are beyond expected, the number of consumption is huge. Macric Koh The author used “phenomenal proportions” to describe the ridiculous rate of consumption of traditional remedies. Sze Yan “ Phenomenal proportions” is an estimation for the annual consumption of animal parts. Cheng Xiang The numbers of consumption of animal parts are very large. Shi Hui The author use “phenomenal proportions” to describe the consumption of animal parts as he is trying to say that many animals are killed because each animal has a limited amount of organs. Joleen It is to probably to say the consumption of animal parts is normally bigger. Mulhaimin
  • 13.
    • Passage A
    • The booming economies and personal incomes of Southeast Asia have caused demand and prices to soar, lifting the international trade in wildlife products to an estimated $6 billion-a-year business. The use of tiger parts in Chinese medicine is nothing new, but it has only been in recent years that the increase in the standard of living in Southeast Asia has made these remedies available to most people. It is no wonder then that this newly affluent population has had a great effect on wildlife numbers and the demand for tiger parts. In many places in China, tiger parts are a delicacy that is served at special private banquets.
  • 14.
    • The booming economies and personal incomes of Southeast Asia have caused demand and prices to soar , lifting the international trade in wildlife products to an estimated $6 billion-a-year business. The use of tiger parts in Chinese medicine is nothing new, but it has only been in recent years that the increase in the standard of living in Southeast Asia has made these remedies available to most people. It is no wonder then that this newly affluent population has had a great effect on wildlife numbers and the demand for tiger parts. In many places in China, tiger parts are a delicacy that is served at special private banquets .
    prospering / vastly improving countries Increase steeply/ Increase drastically Increasing World business / global exchange of goods and services educated guess current cures / treatments accessible by logical to suggest / reasonable to claim Prosperous / Rich huge, very big, tremendous, enormous Impact / influence need / requirement goody / treat / gourmet food personal, non-public, own, attendance by invitation only feasts
  • 15.
    • Passage A
    • The booming economies and personal incomes of Southeast Asia have caused demand and prices to soar, lifting the international trade in wildlife products to an estimated $6 billion-a-year business. The use of tiger parts in Chinese medicine is nothing new, but it has only been in recent years that the increase in the standard of living in Southeast Asia has made these remedies available to most people. It is no wonder then that this newly affluent population has had a great effect on wildlife numbers and the demand for tiger parts. In many places in China, tiger parts are a delicacy that is served at special private banquets.
    • The prospering countries and growing individual salaries of Southeast Asia have increased the people’s needs which bring about sharp rise in prices, raising the worldwide trading in products deriving from wild animals to an estimated $6 billion-a-year business. The use of tiger parts in Chinese medicine is nothing new, but it has only been currently that the increase in the standard of living in Southeast Asia has made these medical products available to most people. It is natural this newly wealthy population has had a great effect on wildlife numbers and the demand for tiger parts. In China, tiger parts are a favourite item in the menu that is served at important feasts.
  • 16. From Passage A Paragraph 2
    • In your own words, explain why the international trade in wildlife products is a lucrative business. [2m]
    • Explain why people consume tiger parts. [2m]
  • 17. From Passage A Paragraph 2
    • In your own words, explain why the international trade in wildlife products is a lucrative business. [2m]
    • Resulted
    • Rise / skyrocket ( X = prices to rocket)
    • (2/2 for 1 mark)
    (1) Caused by demand and prices to (2) soar
    • Thriving / successful / flourishing / prospering / blossoming / fast developing / rapidly growing ( Cannot be accepted – developing / growing / rising / increase / improving)
    • Individual
    • Salaries / earnings ( X = wealth)
    • (2/3 for 1 mark)
    (1) Booming economies (2) personal (3) Incomes
  • 18. Selected 5B students’ responses to Question 3 International trade in wildlife products is a lucrative buiness as the Asian market accelerates, Asians become richer thus able to afford more expensive medicine, contributing to a boost in the business. Sze Yan The wildlife animal parts are selling at a very good price and the price is still increasing greatly. Kai JIe Obtaining wildlife products is a difficult task, thus the parts obtained from animals are sold at a very high price and the profits earned outweigh its original cost to abstract the parts, making it a lucrative business. Abel Yeo It is a lucrative business because it is an expensive trade and using animal parts. Ibrahim International trade in wildlife products is a lucrative business due to the rapid economic growth of Southeast Asia that have caused demand and prices to ascalate, lifting the wildlife products to an estimated $6 billion a year business. Dinnie Fahmie The demand for animals parts are gradually increasing. Therefore people who owned some animals parts, can sell it at a high price to those wanted the animal parts. Terrence Chew
  • 19. From Passage A Paragraph 2
    • 4. Explain why people consume tiger parts. [2m]
    Excess Denies Newly affluent population has had a great effect on wildlife numbers and the demand for tiger parts Excess Denies Increase in the standard of living in Southeast Asia has made these remedies available to most people (X = tiger parts have medicinal value) 1m Tiger parts are a delicacy 1m Use of tiger parts in Chinese medicine
  • 20. Selected 5B student’s responses to Question 4 People consume tiger parts because they are well-known and famous for helping illnesses. Joleen Tan Tiger parts are consumed because of its pharmacitic uses, tiger parts can be used in chinese medicine. Jia Jun It is a favourite dish in China and are served in a high class banquets. Aldrich Chew People cosume tiger parts because tiger parts are a delicacy that is served at special private banquets and also tiger parts are now well-known in Southeast Asia at it can be use in chinese medicines. Jeshere Lim The tiger parts found in medicine have improve living conditions in Southeast Asia and are also delicious local cusine in private banquetss. Macric Koh People consume tiger parts for it is used in chinese medicine for many generations and it is an exotic delicacy served in banquets. Sze Yan
  • 21. Selected 5B student’s responses to Question 4 Tiger parts are expensive and that it is always have been the main dish for private events. Shehan People consume tiger parts because it is a form of medicine and made remedies available to most people. Ain People consume tiger parts because tiger products and their medicines is seen as a symbol of high status and wealth. Terrence Chew They can be use for medicines and are delicious to eat in speacial meals. Daniel Tan Tiger parts are use in the production of Chinese medicine. Tiger parts are also served as delicacy at special private banquets. Cheng Xiang Tiger parts are used in chinese medicine and is also a delicacy that is served at private banquets. Shi Hui
  • 22. Selected 5B student’s responses to Question 4 People who consume tiger parts are being seen as people with high status and wealth. Furthermore, medicine made from tiger parts can also cure illness that western medicine cannot. Kenny Tan Consuming tiger parts shows the status of a person, as one of power and riches, therefore it is regularly consumed by wealthy people during private banquets. Abel Yeo People consume tiger parts fro Chinese medicine and it is also a delicacy. Ibrahim They consume tiger parts as medicines to make them healtier. Stamford Tiger parts is use primarily in Chinese medicine and a delicacy as a symbol of high status and wealth. Dinie Fahmie It is because to people, tiger parts are a delicacy that is served at special private banquets and also the use of tiger parts in Chinese medicine is now made available to almost everyone in the world. Siew Hui
  • 23.
    • Passage A
    3. The use of endangered tiger products and their medicines is seen as a symbol of high status and wealth. Some remedies list tiger parts as an ingredient, but the real animal parts are so expensive that often the medicines may have only trace elements; but even these are enough to promote the continued slaughter of the tiger. In addition, in recent years there has been resurgence in traditional practices fundamental to the history of Chinese society. This has been fuelled by cultural pride. There is also a growing sentiment that western medicine contains some shortcomings in treating illness. Furthermore, new communities around the globe including non-Asian communities are supplementing traditional Chinese medicine treatments into their western style of medicine, igniting the demand for tiger parts beyond what can be supplied.
  • 24. 3. The use of endangered tiger products and their medicines is seen as a symbol of high status and wealth. Some remedies list tiger parts as an ingredient , but the real animal parts are so expensive that often the medicines may have only trace elements; but even these are enough to promote the continued slaughter of the tiger. In addition , in recent years there has been resurgence in traditional practices f undamental to the history of Chinese society. This has been fuelled by cultural pride . There is also a growing sentiment that western medicine contains some shortcomings in treating illness . Furthermore , new communities around the globe including non-Asian communities are supplementing traditional Chinese medicine treatments into their western style of medicine, igniting the demand for tiger parts beyond what can be supplied. threatened to die off completely sign / mark / indication prestige / position / class / standing component, element, part, item pinch / speck / a tiny bit encourage / motivate killing besides / moreover / furthermore recently, nowadays conventional, customary renewal of interest, reemergence foundational, underlying, Integral, basic, essential driven, motivated dignity, ego, arrogance feelings flaws, weaknesses, drawbacks worldwide / internationally moreover, besides adding to, complementing, augmenting, reinforcing technique, way of administering arousing, sparking need, requirement
  • 25.
    • Passage A
    3. The use of endangered tiger products and their medicines is seen as a symbol of high status and wealth. Some remedies list tiger parts as an ingredient, but the real animal parts are so expensive that often the medicines may have only trace elements; but even these are enough to promote the continued slaughter of the tiger. In addition, in recent years there has been resurgence in traditional practices fundamental to the history of Chinese society. This has been fuelled by cultural pride. There is also a growing sentiment that western medicine contains some shortcomings in treating illness. Furthermore, new communities around the globe including non-Asian communities are supplementing traditional Chinese medicine treatments into their western style of medicine, igniting the demand for tiger parts beyond what can be supplied. 3. The use of endangered tiger products and their medicines is seen as a sign of high social position and wealth. Some medicinal cures list tiger parts as an ingredient, but the real animal parts are so expensive that often the medicines may have only very little bit of tiger-related ingredients in them; but even these are enough to promote the continued killing of the tiger. Recently there has also been re-emergence in basic customary practices which defines the history of Chinese society. This has been driven by cultural pride. There is also a growing feeling that western medicine contains some weaknesses in treating illness. Furthermore, new global communities including non-Asian communities are supplementing traditional Chinese medicine treatments into their western style of medicine, causing the demand for tiger parts to become bigger than what the sellers can supply to the customers.
  • 26. From Passage A Paragraph 3
    • 5. Write down the single word which tells us that something is in limited amount? [1m]
  • 27. From Passage A Paragraph 3
    • Write down the single word which tells us that something is in limited amount? [1m]
    • The word is “trace”.
    • X = endangered, shortcomings
  • 28. Selected 5B students’ responses to Question 5 The word is “trace”. Siew Hui The word is “igniting”. Stamford The word is “trace”. Ibrahim The word is “beyond”. Abel Yeo The word is “shortcomings”. Say Kiat The word is “endangered”. Kenny Tan
  • 29.
    • Passage A
    4. The popularity of tiger bones as a remedy for a multitude of ailments has produced a thriving black market, which is very difficult to monitor. Unlike a tiger skin, tiger bones can be crushed and made odourless and can be disguised as other types of bones. Tiger derivatives that are confiscated in raids by government officials are therefore believed to be just the tip of the iceberg.
  • 30. 4. The popularity of tiger bones as a remedy for a multitude of ailments has produced a thriving black market , which is very difficult to monitor . Unlike a tiger skin, tiger bones can be crushed and made odourless and can be disguised as other types of bones. Tiger derivatives that are confiscated in raids by government officials are therefore believed to be just the tip of the iceberg . Wide acceptance, appeal treatment, cure many kinds sicknesses, illnesses, medical problems generated, spun off, growing, flourishing, prospering, booming illegal buying and selling of goods and services hard oversea, watch over, observe, police, check, keep an eye on mashed, squashed, crunched without any smell covered up, masked, veiled, passed off products springing from the original material seized, appropriated, taken away sweeps thus thought a small sign of a problem which is much larger
  • 31.
    • Passage A
    4. The popularity of tiger bones as a remedy for a multitude of ailments has produced a thriving black market, which is very difficult to monitor. Unlike a tiger skin, tiger bones can be crushed and made odourless and can be disguised as other types of bones. Tiger derivatives that are confiscated in raids by government officials are therefore believed to be just the tip of the iceberg. 4. The popularity of tiger bones as a medical cure for many illnesses has created a busy and profitable illegal market, which is very difficult for the government to keep a lookout for. Unlike a tiger skin, tiger bones can be crushed and made to produce no giveaway smell and can be disguised as other types of bones. These products made from tiger parts which are taken away forcefully from the illegal sellers in police sweeps are thus thought to have revealed only a tiny part of an illegal business activity which has a much bigger scale.
  • 32.
    • Passage A
    5. The trade in tiger parts is thought to have intensified as a result of a rapid increase in the demand for traditional Chinese medicine in China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Japan and South Korea. Despite the acceptance of new trade policies in China, it still remains a principle player in the demise of the tiger and other endangered species. Other countries such as Taiwan have stepped up enforcement efforts since coming under pressure from the United States in 1993-1994.
  • 33.
    • Passage A
    5. The trade in tiger parts is thought to have intensified as a result of a rapid increase in the demand for traditional Chinese medicine in China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Japan and South Korea. Despite the acceptance of new trade policies in China, it still remains a principal player in the demise of the tiger and other endangered species. Other countries such as Taiwan have stepped up enforcement efforts since coming under pressure from the United States in 1993-1994. 5. The business in tiger parts has become stronger because of a fast rise in people’s needs for customary Chinese medicine in East Asian countries. Despite the introduction of new trade policies in the country, China is still a key player in causing the death of the tiger and other endangered species. Other countries such as Taiwan have stepped up policing efforts since coming under criticism from the United States in 1993-1994.
  • 34. 5. The trade in tiger parts is thought to have intensified as a result of a rapid increase in the demand for traditional Chinese medicine in China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Japan and South Korea . Despite the acceptance of new trade policies in China, it still remains a principal player in the demise of the tiger and other endangered species. Other countries such as Taiwan have stepped up enforcement efforts since coming under pressure from the United States in 1993-1994. believed heightened / magnified / amplified East Asian countries outcome, consequence quick / fast rise customary In spite of adoption, recognition rules and regulations main, key termination, death, end increased execution / implementation / policing work criticism, warning, persuasion
  • 35.
    • Passage A
    6. However, such policing efforts in Asian countries touch only a small percentage of Chinese medicine stores, and often owners get word of a “raid” in time to hide or disperse any tiger parts they may have in stock. As the demand for tiger products continues to grow, and poaching is still prominent in India, Russia and Southeast Asia, additional measures need to be implemented to curb both the supply and the demand for endangered tiger parts.
  • 36.
    • Passage A
    6. However, such policing efforts in Asian countries touch only a small percentage of Chinese medicine stores, and often owners get word of a “raid” in time to hide or disperse any tiger parts they may have in stock. As the demand for tiger products continues to grow, and poaching is still prominent in India, Russia and Southeast Asia, additional measures need to be implemented to curb both the supply and the demand for endangered tiger parts. 6. But such policing efforts in Asian countries affect only a small percentage of Chinese medicine stores, and often owners get word of a “raid” in time to hide or disperse any tiger parts they may have in stock. As people’s need for tiger products continues to grow, and illegal hunting and killing is still very common in India, Russia and Southeast Asia, additional measures need to be taken up to control the trading of endangered tiger parts.
  • 37. 6. However, such policing efforts in Asian countries touch only a small percentage of Chinese medicine stores, and often owners get word of a “raid” in time to hide or disperse any tiger parts they may have in stock. As the demand for tiger products continues to grow, and poaching is still prominent in India, Russia and Southeast Asia, additional measures need to be implemented to curb both the supply and the demand for endangered tiger parts. enforcement, implementation, monitoring learn about, receive information supplementary, further, extra threatened, imperiled, put at risk striking, problematic, blatant, rampant affect, involve, concern, has to do with distribute away, scatter, disseminate Illegal hunting actions, procedures, policies, steps put in place, carried out, executed, enforced control, limit, manage, slow down
  • 38.
    • Passage A
    7. Many of the tiger-range countries’ governments have established legal provisions to protect the endangered tiger. In addition, most tiger countries are members of CITES (Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species) which bans the trade of tiger parts (the exceptions are Burma, Lao PDR, and Cambodia). However, inadequate legal structures, political commitment, and financial resources severely limit domestic enforcement efforts.
  • 39.
    • Passage A
    7. Many of the tiger-range countries’ governments have established legal provisions to protect the endangered tiger. In addition, most tiger countries are members of CITES (Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species) which bans the trade of tiger parts (the exceptions are Burma, Lao PDR, and Cambodia). However, inadequate legal structures, political commitment, and financial resources severely limit domestic enforcement efforts. 7. Many governments who run countires with sizeable tiger populations have set up laws to protect the endangered tiger. Many tiger countries are also members of CITES (Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species) which forbids the buying and selling of tiger parts (the exceptions are Burma, Lao PDR, and Cambodia). However, inadequate legal coverage, government involvement, and funds seriously limit domestic policing efforts.
  • 40. 7. Many of the tiger-range countries’ governments have established legal provisions to protect the endangered tiger. In addition , most tiger countries are members of CITES ( Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species) which bans the trade of tiger parts (the exceptions are Burma, Lao PDR, and Cambodia). However, inadequate legal structures , political commitment , and financial resources severely limit domestic enforcement efforts. set up, put together lawful measures, Policies, rules and regulations besides, moreover, furthermore meeting, assembly, Conference, caucus insufficient framework, system governmental monetary support support, promise, pledge, responsibility, obligation greatly, seriously restrict, hold back, curb Internal, local implementation policing, monitoring
  • 41.
    • Passage A
    8. Despite legislation banning hunting, the staff employed to protect tigers in “protected areas” often are not legally empowered to enforce anti-hunting laws. For example, they may be restricted from searching for or confiscating hunting weapons, arresting or prosecuting poachers, or even carrying guns to protect the tigers, as well as themselves, from poachers.
  • 42.
    • Passage A
    8 . Despite legislation banning hunting, the staff employed to protect tigers in “protected areas” often are not legally empowered to enforce anti-hunting laws. For example, they may be restricted from searching for or confiscating hunting weapons, arresting or prosecuting poachers, or even carrying guns to protect the tigers, as well as themselves, from poachers. 8 . Although there are laws which stops people from hunting, the staff employed to protect tigers in “protected areas” often are not given any power to see that people actually obey anti-hunting laws. For example, they may be restricted from searching for or confiscating hunting weapons, arresting or throwing illegal hunters into the courts , or even carrying guns to protect the tigers and themselves.
  • 43. 8. Despite legislation banning hunting, the staff employed to protect tigers in “protected areas” often are not legally empowered to enforce anti-hunting laws. For example, they may be restricted from searching for or confiscating hunting weapons, arresting or prosecuting poachers , or even carrying guns to protect the tigers, as well as themselves, from poachers. In spite of rules and regulations, laws, policies putting an end to, outlawing, forbidding, Stopping, prohibiting, disallowing, barring authorised impose, implement curbed, limited Removing from one’s possession charging someone in a court of law People who hunt animals illegally
  • 44.
    • Passage A
    9. Furthermore, anti-hunting laws that protect tigers do not protect tiger prey, leaving tigers in vital tiger habitat wtihout food nor do they protect endangered tiger populations that exist or stray outside protected areas, or roam across country borders.
  • 45. 9. Furthermore , anti-hunting laws that protect tigers do not protect tiger prey , leaving tigers in vital tiger habitat wtihout food nor do they protect endangered tiger populations that exist or stray outside protected areas, or roam across country borders. Besides, moreover the hunted, quarry important, crucial, essential home, living area look after, Take care of wander away, rove, straggle move about aimlessly
  • 46.
    • Passage A
    9. Furthermore, anti-hunting laws that protect tigers do not protect tiger prey, leaving tigers in vital tiger habitat wtihout food nor do they protect endangered tiger populations that exist or stray outside protected areas, or roam across country borders. 9. Anti-hunting laws that protect tigers also do not protect the animals which the tigers feed on, leaving tigers in important tiger living areas wtihout food nor do they protect endangered tiger populations that exist or move about outside protected areas, or roam across country borders.
  • 47.
    • Passage A
    10. Forestry and wildlife departments are too understaffed and under-budgeted to save the endangered tiger from poachers. Lacking funds, organisation, compensation for high-risk work, recognition, training, motivation, camps inside the protected areas, night patrols, and resources such as firearms, vehicles and communication equipment, the guards’ efforts to enforce of anti-hunting laws are ineffective. Poor standards of living also leave some officials vulnerable to corruption. The tigers’ increasing scarcity and Asia’s booming economies drive the price of tiger parts up, offering great incentive to poachers who bribe some governmental officials to turn the other cheek.
  • 48. 10. Forestry and wildlife departments are too understaffed and under-budgeted to save the endangered tiger from poachers. Lacking funds, organisation, compensation for high-risk work, recognition, training, motivation, camps inside the protected areas, night patrols, and resources such as firearms, vehicles and communication equipment, the guards’ efforts to enforce of anti-hunting laws are ineffective . Poor standards of living also leave some officials vulnerable to corruption . The tigers’ increasing scarcity and Asia’s booming economies drive the price of tiger parts up, offering great incentive to poachers who bribe some governmental officials to turn the other cheek . insufficient manpower employed for a particular purpose Insufficient money or funds allocated to do something impotent, futile, Inadequate, not working to its full extent bribery exposed, susceptible, unprotected against thriving, prospering, flourishing countries shortage force generous, huge, big, handsome reward bureaucrats, people who work for the government / people who work in the public sector using money to entice, buy off To feign ignorance, to pretend not to know or notice
  • 49.
    • Passage A
    10. Forestry and wildlife departments are too understaffed and under-budgeted to save the endangered tiger from poachers. Lacking funds, organisation, compensation for high-risk work, recognition, training, motivation, camps inside the protected areas, night patrols, and resources such as firearms, vehicles and communication equipment, the guards’ efforts to enforce anti-hunting laws are ineffective. Poor standards of living also leave some officials vulnerable to corruption. The tigers’ increasing scarcity and Asia’s booming economies drive the price of tiger parts up, offering great incentive to poachers who bribe some governmental officials to turn the other cheek. 10. Forestry and wildlife departments do not have enough manpower or money to save the endangered tiger from illegal hunters. Having not enough funds, organisation, good enough pay for high-risk work, recognition, training, motivation, camps inside the protected areas, night patrols, and resources such as firearms, vehicles and communication equipment, the guards’ efforts to enforce anti-hunting laws are ineffective. Poor standards of living also tempt some officials to accept money from illegal hunters . The decreasing tiger population and Asia’s prosperous countries push up the price of tiger parts, encouraging illegal hunters to bribe some governmental officials to pretend not to know that illegal hunting is taking place.
  • 50. From Passage A Paragraph 10
    • 6. Explain why some officials accept bribes from the poachers. [1m]
  • 51. From Passage A Paragraph 10
    • 6. Explain why some officials accept bribes from the poachers. [1m]
    Excess Denies Lacking funds, organisation, competition for high-risk work, recognition, training, motivation, camps inside the protected areas, night patrols and resources such as firearms, vehicles and communication equipment, the guards’ efforts to enforce anti-hunting laws are ineffective Excess Denies Forestry and wildlife departments are too understaffed and under budgeted to save the endangered tiger from poachers. Excess Denies Tigers increasing scarcity and Asia’s booming economies drive the price of tiger parts up. (1m) The standard of living is low.
  • 52. Selected 5B students’ responses to Question 6 Some governmental officials accept bribes to have a better standard of living. Shi Hui The poor standards of living explains why the officials accepts bribes from the poachers rather than protecting tigers as their job, they feel that accepting the bribe is a much easier way to earn money . Cheng Xiang The officials that accept the bribes from the poachers are nearing to corruption. Daniel Tan Poor standards at living leave some officials vulnerable to corruption. Terrence Chew Some officials accept bribes from poachers because of the poor standard of living also leave some officials vulnerable to corruption. Ain Some officials accept bribes from the poachers because they started the extra income so that they are able to live a better life with more money. Joleen Tan Some officials accept bribes from poachers because of the poor standards of living that will lead to corruption. Muhaimin These bribers gives a much more higher payout than what the government gives them. Jia Jun
  • 53.
    • Passage A
    11. Improved national legislation and international support, when combined with the promotion of alternatives to traditional Chinese remedies and habitat protection, are vital to save the tiger from being an endangered species, or from becoming extinct.
  • 54. 11. Improved national legislation and international support, when combined with the promotion of alternatives to traditional Chinese remedies and habitat protection, are vital to save the tiger from being an endangered species , or from becoming extinct . reinforced, strengthened, revised laws, rules and regulations, policies global, worldwide Other ways / Other means cures, treatments customary, conventional natural living environment essential, key, crucial threatened dying off completely breed
  • 55.
    • Passage A
    11. Improved national legislation and international support, when combined with the promotion of alternatives to traditional Chinese remedies and habitat protection, are vital to save the tiger from being an endangered species, or from becoming extinct. 11. Improved national laws and international support, when combined with the promotion of other methods of traditional Chinese remedies and natural living environmental protection, are important to save the tiger from being an endangered species, or from dying out all together.
  • 56. Passage B
    • 1. The hyena’s end had come, and mine as I stood rooted to the spot, paralysed, in thrall to the action before my eyes. Against my expectations, it happened practically in silence. The hyena died neither whining nor whimpering, and the tiger killed without a sound. The flame-coloured carnivore emerged from beneath the tarpaulin and made for the hyena. The hyena was leaning against the stern bench, transfixed. It did not put up a fight. Instead it shrank to the floor, lifting a forepaw in a futile gesture of defence. The look on its face was of wild terror. The tiger’s jaws closed on the side of the hyena’s neck. Its glazed eyes widened and there was a noise of organic crunching as windpipe and spinal cord were crushed. The hyena shook, its eyes went dull and it was over.
  • 57.
    • 1.1 The hyena’s end had come, and mine as I stood rooted to the spot, paralysed, in thrall to the action before my eyes.
    • 1.2 Against my expectations, it happened practically in silence.
    • 1.3 The hyena died neither whining nor whimpering, and the tiger killed without a sound.
    • 1.4 The flame-coloured carnivore emerged from beneath the tarpaulin and made for the hyena.
    • 1.5 The hyena was leaning against the stern bench, transfixed.
    • 1.6 It did not put up a fight.
    • 1.7 Instead it shrank to the floor, lifting a forepaw in a futile
    • gesture of defence.
    • 1.8 The look on its face was of wild terror.
    • 1.9 The tiger’s jaws closed on the side of the hyena’s neck.
    • 1.10 Its glazed eyes widened and there was a noise of organic
    • crunching as windpipe and spinal cord were crushed.
    • 1.11 The hyena shook, its eyes went dull and it was over.
    THE FLASHBACK METHOD IS BEING USED BY THE WRITER OF THIS NARRATION TO INFORM HIS READERS HOW THE HYENA WAS KILLED BY THE TIGER. IN A FLASHBACK, USUALLY THE FINAL OUTCOME IS BEING MADE KNOWN TO THE READERS FIRST, FOLLOWED BY THE PROCESS LEADING TO IT. TO ACHIEVE UNDERSTANDING, CAREFULLY READ and FIND OUT WHO IS THE ONE TELLING YOU THE STORY. IS THIS NARRATOR IN THE PASSAGE OR NOT? IF HE OR SHE IS IN THE PASSAGE, WHAT IS THE ROLE HE OR SHE IS PLAYING?
  • 58.
    • 1.1 The hyena’s end had come , and mine as I stood rooted to the spot, paralysed, in thrall to the action before my eyes.
    • 1.2 Against my expectations, it happened practically in silence .
    • 1.3 The hyena died neither whining nor whimpering, and the tiger killed without a sound.
    • 1.4 The flame-coloured carnivore emerged from beneath the tarpaulin and made for the hyena.
    • 1.5 The hyena was leaning against the stern bench, transfixed.
    • 1.6 It did not put up a fight .
    • 1.7 Instead it shrank to the floor, lifting a forepaw in a futile
    • gesture of defence .
    • 1.8 The look on its face was of wild terror .
    • 1.9 The tiger’s jaws closed on the side of the hyena’s neck.
    • 1.10 Its glazed eyes widened and there was a noise of organic
    • crunching as windpipe and spinal cord were crushed .
    • 1.11 The hyena shook, its eyes went dull and it was over .
    THE FLASHBACK METHOD IS BEING USED BY THE WRITER OF THIS NARRATION TO INFORM HIS READERS HOW THE HYENA WAS KILLED BY THE TIGER. IN A FLASHBACK, USUALLY THE FINAL OUTCOME IS BEING MADE KNOWN TO THE READERS FIRST, FOLLOWED BY THE PROCESS LEADING TO IT. TO ACHIEVE UNDERSTANDING, CAREFULLY READ WHAT HAD HAPPENED TO THE HYENA NEXT.
  • 59.
    • 1.1 The hyena’s end had come, and mine as I stood rooted to the spot, paralysed, in thrall to the action before my eyes.
    • 1.2 Against my expectations, it happened practically in silence.
    • 1.3 The hyena died neither whining nor whimpering, and the tiger killed without a sound .
    • 1.4 The flame-coloured carnivore emerged from beneath the tarpaulin and made for the hyena .
    • 1.5 The hyena was leaning against the stern bench, transfixed.
    • 1.6 It did not put up a fight.
    • 1.7 Instead it shrank to the floor, lifting a forepaw in a futile
    • gesture of defence.
    • 1.8 The look on its face was of wild terror.
    • 1.9 The tiger’s jaws closed on the side of the hyena’s neck .
    • 1.10 Its glazed eyes widened and there was a noise of organic
    • crunching as windpipe and spinal cord were crushed.
    • 1.11 The hyena shook, its eyes went dull and it was over.
    THE FLASHBACK METHOD IS BEING USED BY THE WRITER OF THIS NARRATION TO INFORM HIS READERS HOW THE HYENA WAS KILLED BY THE TIGER. IN A FLASHBACK, USUALLY THE FINAL OUTCOME IS BEING MADE KNOWN TO THE READERS FIRST, FOLLOWED BY THE PROCESS LEADING TO IT. TO ACHIEVE UNDERSTANDING, CAREFULLY READ WHAT HAD TIGER DONE NEXT.
  • 60. USING THE S.T.A.R. GRID TO HELP YOU UNDERSTAND A NARRATIVE TEXT (PASSAGE) RESOLUTION TROUBLE ACTION SETTING
  • 61. USING THE S.T.A.R. GRID TO HELP YOU UNDERSTAND A NARRATIVE TEXT (PASSAGE) PREY PREDATOR NARRATOR AS EYEWITNESS NARRATOR witnessed how a hyena was attacked and killed by a tiger and was surprised by the whole experience. How the tiger had attacked the hyena. RESOLUTION TROUBLE: What is the issue? ACTION: SETTING
  • 62. From Passage B Paragraph 1
    • What were the expectations of the author regarding the death of the hyena? [2m]
    • What does “it” refer to in the sentence, “The hyena shook, its eyes went dull and it was over”? [1m]
  • 63. From Passage B Paragraph 1
    • What were the expectations of the author regarding the death of the hyena? [2m]
    • The hyena would make a lot of noise / whine / whimper (idea of sound made) [1m] and put up a fight (idea of struggle). [1m]
    • It was normal for the author to have expected the hyena, being the prey, to put up a good struggle against the predator, the tiger and in so doing, he would also have expected to hear a lot of noises arising from this fight for survival. [2m]
  • 64. Selected 5B students’ responses to Question 7 The author was shock. He was caught off-guard when the incident happen, leaving author a surprise and stunning feeling. Aldrich Chew The expectations regarding the death of the hyena were suppose to whine or whimper when it died and the hyena was suppose to put up a fight. Jeshere Lim The author expected a struggle and a noise from the hyena. Macric Koh The author expected the hyena to put up a fight or struggle, if not at least run away from the tiger instead of being rooted to the spot. Sze Yan The author expected noises when the tiger killed the hyena. Shi Hui
  • 65. From Passage B Paragraph 1
    • What does “it” refer to in the sentence, “The hyena shook, its eyes went dull and it was over”? [1m]
    • “ It” refers to “the killing of the hyena”.
    • “ It” refers to “the process of killing the hyena”.
  • 66. Selected 5B students’ responses to Question 8 It referes to the hyena’s eyes. Ibrahim “ It” refer to the life of the hyena. Stamford It refers to the hyena’s life. Dinie Fahmie It refers to the death of the hyena. Shehan “ It” refers to the hyena. Siew Hui
  • 67. Passage B
    • 2. The tiger let go and growled but it seemed like a quiet growl, private and half-hearted. He was panting, his tongue hanging from his mouth. He licked his chops, shook his head and sniffed the dead hyena. He raised his head high and smelled the air. He placed his forepaws on the stern bench and lifted himself. The rolling of the boat, though gentle, was visibly not to his liking. He put out a low, mean snarl. He smelled the air again before slowly turning his head till he was looking straight at me.
  • 68.
    • 2.1 The tiger let go and growled but it seemed like a quiet growl, private and half-hearted.
    • 2.2 He was panting, his tongue hanging from his mouth.
    • 2.3 He licked his chops, shook his head and sniffed the dead hyena.
    • 2.4 He raised his head high and smelled the air.
    • 2.5 He placed his forepaws on the stern bench and lifted himself.
    • 2.6 The rolling of the boat , though gentle, was visibly not to his liking.
    • 2.7 He put out a low, mean snarl.
    • 2.8 He smelled the air again before slowly turning his head till he was looking straight at me.
    You should be able to see that the tiger – which was the predator – takes up the whole of Paragraph 2 because he was the “ACTOR” who had generated a lot of “ACTION”. BE SENSITIVE TO ADDITIONAL TEXTUAL CLUE HERE.
  • 69. USING THE S.T.A.R. GRID TO HELP YOU UNDERSTAND A NARRATIVE TEXT (PASSAGE) NARRATOR witnessed how a hyena was attacked and killed by a tiger and was surprised by the whole experience. How the tiger had attacked the hyena on a boat which was rolling gently. RESOLUTION TROUBLE: What is the issue? ACTION: SETTING
  • 70. Passage B
    • 3. I wish I could describe what happened next, not as I saw it, which I might manage, but as I felt it. I beheld the tiger from the angle that showed him off to the greatest effect: from the back, half-raised, with his head turned. The stance had something of a pose to it. When the tiger’s eyes met mine, the stare was intense, cold and unflinching, not flighty or friendly, and spoke of self-possession on the point of exploding with rage. His ears twitched and then swivelled right around. One of his lips began to rise and fall coyly revealing the yellow canine which was as long as my longest finger.
  • 71.
    • 3.1 I wish I could describe what happened next, not as I saw it, which I might manage, but as I felt it.
    • 3.2 I beheld the tiger from the angle that showed him off to the greatest effect: from the back, half-raised, with his head turned.
    • 3.3 The stance had something of a pose to it.
    • 3.4 When the tiger’s eyes met mine, the stare was intense, cold and unflinching, not flighty or friendly, and spoke of self-possession on the point of exploding with rage.
    • 3.5 His ears twitched and then swivelled right around.
    • 3.6 One of his lips began to rise and fall coyly revealing the yellow canine which was as long as my longest finger.
    In Paragraph 3, the narrator talks about his eye-to-eye staring encounter with the tiger.
  • 72. From Passage B Paragraph 3
    • 9. What does the word “unflinching” suggest about the tiger’s nature? [1m]
  • 73. From Passage B Paragraph 3
    • 9. What does the word “unflinching” suggest about the tiger’s nature? [1m]
    • Acceptable answers: bold / fearless / focused / undeterred / unperturbed / not bothered / not scared easily / unwavering / determined / not afraid / fearless / confident / steady
    • Unacceptable answers: cold / unfeeling / merciless / ruthless / fierce / aggressive / menacing personality / calm / serious
  • 74. Selected 5B students’ responses to Question 9 It means it never flinch. Daniel Tan No feelings towards the prey. Terrence Chew The word ‘unflinching’ suggest to me that the tiger is serious in nature. Jia Jun It means that the tiger is serious and calm. Muhaimin The word ‘unflinching’ suggests that the tiger is heartless, and cold blooded. Joleen Tan
  • 75. Passage B
    • 4. Every hair on me was standing up, shrieking with fear. That was when the rat appeared. Out of nowhere, a scrawny brown rat materialised on the side bench nearest to the tiger. The tiger looked as astonished as I was. Nervous and breathless, the rat leapt onto the tarpaulin and raced my way. At the sight, in shock and surprise, my legs gave way beneath me and I practically fell onto the deck. Before my incredulous eyes the rodent hopped over the various parts of the raft, jumped onto me and climbed to the top of my head, where I felt its little claws clamping down on my scalp, holding on for dear life.
  • 76.
    • 4.1 Every hair on me was standing up, shrieking with fear.
    • 4.2 That was when the rat appeared.
    • 4.3 Out of nowhere, a scrawny brown rat materialised on the side bench nearest to the tiger.
    • 4.4 The tiger looked as astonished as I was.
    • 4.5 Nervous and breathless, the rat leapt onto the tarpaulin and raced my way.
    • 4.6 At the sight, in shock and surprise, my legs gave way beneath me and I practically fell onto the deck.
    • 4.7 Before my incredulous eyes the rodent hopped over the various parts of the raft, jumped onto me and climbed to the top of my head, where I felt its little claws clamping down on my scalp, holding on for dear life.
    In Paragraph 4 - 6, the narrator continues to talk about his eye-to-eye staring encounter with the tiger.
  • 77. From Passage B Paragraph 4
    • Explain why the tiger and author were astonished to see the rat. Answer in your own words. [1m]
    • Suggest why the rat headed for the top of the author’s head and clamped down on its scalp? [1m]
  • 78. From Passage B Paragraph 4
    • Explain why the tiger and author were astonished to see the rat. Answer in your own words. [1m]
    • Lifted from passage:
    • It materialised out of nowhere.
    • Materialised – appeared / came into view / sight
    • Nowhere – unexpectedly / all of a sudden / out of the blue / suddenly
  • 79. Selected 5B students’ responses to Question 10 The tiger thought of killing the author to have his meal but the rat came out of nowhere and hence the tiger wanted both of them so it was astonished. The author was astonished because luck was with him he could use the rat to save his dear life. Ain The rat came out so suddenly and it was when the tiger wanted to kill the author. Terrence Chew They were surpise to see a rat appeared – out of nowhere. Daniel Tan The rat disrupts the intense atmosphere between the author and the tiger. Cheng Xiang The author did not expect to see a rat and thought that the tiger would attack the rat instead. Shi Hui
  • 80. From Passage B Paragraph 4
    • 11. Suggest why the rat headed for the top of the author’s head and clamped down on its scalp? [1m]
    • The rat wanted to get as far away as possible from the tiger. [1m]
    • The author’s head was the furthest point from the tiger. [1m]
    • To hide far away / get far away from the tiger [1m]
    • WRONG RESPONSES: [X]
    • The rat thought the author could offer it protection.
    • It was the furthest point from the water.
    • The author would protect the rat.
    • So that the tiger would eat the author instead of the rat.
    • The rat depended on the author to save its life.
    • The author’s head was flat and stable.
    • The rat could hide from the author’s head.
  • 81. Selected 5B students’ responses to Question 11 The author’s head was the body part furthest from the tiger and should it approach anywhere near the head, the rat just had to jump down to scurry away. Sze Yan The rate was scared being close to the tiger which just killed a hyena. Macric Koh The rat is trying to distract the tiger. Say Kiat The rat is trying to protect its own life. Kai Jie It was afraid of the tiger and did not want to be killed by it. Kenny Tan
  • 82. Passage B
    • 5. The tiger’s eyes had followed the rat. They were now fixed on my head. He completed the turn of his head with a slow turn of his body, moving his forepaws sideways along the side bench. He dropped to the floor of the boat with ponderous ease. I could see the top of his head, his back and his long, curled tail. In three paces, he was now at the middle of the boat. He was less than ten feet away. His head, his chest, his paws – so big! His teeth – an entire army battalion in a mouth. He was making to jump onto the tarpaulin and I thought about that this time. I was really going to die. However, the tarpaulin’s strange softness bothered him. He pressed at it tentatively. The rolling motion of the boat continued to unsettle him. For a brief moment, the tiger was hesitating.
  • 83.
    • 5.1 The tiger’s eyes had followed the rat.
    • 5.2 They were now fixed on my head.
    • 5.3 He completed the turn of his head with a slow turn of his body, moving his forepaws sideways along the side bench.
    • 5.4 He dropped to the floor of the boat with ponderous ease.
    • 5.5 I could see the top of his head, his back and his long, curled tail.
    • 5.6 In three paces, he was now at the middle of the boat.
    • 5.7 He was less than ten feet away.
    • 5.8 His head, his chest, his paws – so big! His teeth – an entire army battalion in a mouth.
    • 5.9 He was making to jump onto the tarpaulin and I thought about that this time.
    • 5.10 I was really going to die.
    • 5.11 However, the tarpaulin’s strange softness bothered him.
    • 5.12 He pressed at it tentatively.
    • 5.13 The rolling motion of the boat continued to unsettle him.
    • 5.14 For a brief moment, the tiger was hesitating.
  • 84. From Passage B Paragraph 5
    • Which two words in the paragraph have the same meaning as “disconcerted”? [2m]
    • Explain fully what the author meant by, “an entire army battalion in a mouth”? [2m]
    • What did the author liken the tiger’s mouth to? [1m]
  • 85. From Passage B Paragraph 5
    • Which two words in the paragraph have the same meaning as “disconcerted”? [2m]
    • Bothered [1m] and unsettle. [1m]
    • Unacceptable:
    • Hesitating / ponderous / tentatively
  • 86. Selected 5B students’ responses to Question 12 The two words are “tentatively” and “hesitating”. Kenny Tan The two words is “ponderous” and “unsettle”. Stamford The two words are “unsettle” and “bothered”. Shehan The two words are “unsettle” and “hesitating”. Siew Hui The two words is “dropped” and “ponderous”. “ Ponderous” means “boring” / “very serious” / “slowly progressing”. Aldrich Chew
  • 87. From Passage B Paragraph 5
    • 13.Explain fully what the author meant by, “an entire army battalion in a mouth”? [2m]
    • There are many teeth / teeth are like sharp weapons [1m] and they seem ready to pounce and do battle / able to inflict serious damage/deadly. [1m]
    • UNACCEPTABLE: Powerful
  • 88. Selected 5B students’ responses to Question 13 He meant that the tiger’s teeth were menacing and threatening as though he were facing an entire army battalion but in a mouth. Sze Yan The author was shocked by how many teeth the tiger had. ‘An entire army battalion in a mouth’ suggested that there is a lot of teeth in its mouth. Macric Koh “ An entire army battalion in a mouth” meant that the tiger was ready to attack both the rat and author with a huge appetite as it was ready to leap onto the boat with determination. Jeshere Lim The tiger’s mouth was filled with large and razor sharp teeth that looked as if it has the ability to tear apart anything it lays paws on, just like how an army has many sharp and strong weapons to pierce anything it strikes. Abel Yeo The teeth looks as if it was the entire army and there was also noise being produced that sounds like a huge group of army battalion that was ready to attack. Kenny Tan
  • 89. From Passage B Paragraph 5
    • 14.What did the author liken the tiger’s mouth to? [1m]
    • It was likened to a catcher’s mitt. [1m]
    • Unacceptable:
    • A baseball going into a catcher’s mitt.
  • 90. Selected 5B students’ responses to Question 14 The authour liken the tiger’s mouth to rat. Say Kiat The author liken the tiger’s mouth to an army. Kai Jie It was like “a catcher’s mitt”. Kenny Tan The author compared the tiger’s mouth to “an entire army battalion”. Abel Yeo The author liken the tiger’s mouth to a rat. Ibrahim
  • 91. Passage B
    • 6. I grabbed the rat and threw it his way. I can still see it in my mind as it sailed through the air – its outstretched claws and erect tail. The tiger opened his maw and the squealing rat disappeared into it like a baseball into a catcher’s mitt. Its hairless tail vanished like a spaghetti noodle sucked into a mouth. Seemingly satisfied with the offering, he backed down and returned beneath the tarpaulin. My legs instantly became functional again. I leapt up and raised the locker lid again to block the open space between the bow where he was and the tarpaulin which was to be my refuge for the rest of the journey.
  • 92.
    • 6.1 I grabbed the rat and threw it his way.
    • 6.2 I can still see it in my mind as it sailed through the air – its outstretched claws and erect tail.
    • 6.3 The tiger opened his maw and the squealing rat disappeared into it like a baseball into a catcher’s mitt.
    • 6.4 Its hairless tail vanished like a spaghetti noodle sucked into a mouth.
    • 6.5 Seemingly satisfied with the offering, he backed down and returned beneath the tarpaulin.
    • 6.6 My legs instantly became functional again.
    • 6.7 I leapt up and raised the locker lid again to block the open space between the bow (the front part of the boat) where he was and the tarpaulin which was to be my refuge for the rest of the journey.
  • 93. COMPARISON
    • The tiger’s maw
    • refers to its mouth
    • or throat.
    The baseball players’ mitt The tiger’s maw catches its prey The catcher’s mitt catches the baseball.
  • 94. From Passages A and B
    • For each of the following words or phrases, give one word or short phrase (of not more than seven words) which has the same meaning as the word or phrase in the passage. [5m]
    • Passage A:
    • plethora
    • affluent
    • fuelled
    • Passage B:
    • tentatively
    • offering
  • 95. Unacceptable: Amount / mixture / variety Excess Large number Multitude Myriad [idea of large quantity and not variety]
    • Plethora
    • [Passage A]
  • 96. Unacceptable: Established Well off Well to do Rich Wealthy [idea of being rich]
    • Affluent
    • [Passage A]
  • 97. Unacceptable: Run / brought about / caused / driven / powered / motivated / promoted / propelled / sped up / enhanced Make worse / stimulated / encouraged / contributed / boosted / supported / intensified / made stronger [idea of making something stronger and not causing something else to happen]
    • Fuelled
    • [Passage A]
  • 98. Unacceptable: For a moment / slowly / momentarily / carefully / cautiously Unsure Hesitantly Unsurely Gingerly Uncertain [idea of uncertainty and not caution]
    • Tentatively
    • [Passage B]
  • 99. Unacceptable: Meal Food Appeasement Gift Sacrifice Tribute
    • Offering
    • [Passage B]
  • 100. From Passage A
    • Using your own words as far as possible, summarise the reasons for the demise of the tiger and the measures taken to save the tiger. [25m]
    • USE ONLY THE MATERIAL IN PASSAGE A FROM PARAGRAPHS 3 TO 8.
    • Your summary, which must be in continuous writing (not note form), must not be longer than 150 words (not counting the words given to help you begin).
    • Begin your summary as follows: The factors contributing to the demise of the tiger are…
    • END OF PAPER
  • 101. SUMMARY TRY YOUR BEST WHEN YOU ARE SURE THAT YOUR OWN WORDS ARE RELEVANT AND ACCURATE MADE SURE YOU KNOW: EXPOSITORY PASSAGE – PRESENT TENSE NARRATIVE – PAST TENSE GET THE RELEVANT POINTS FIRST . SECURE 13 – 18 POINTS AT LEAST. USE OF OWN WORDS = 10/10 GRAMMAR And STYLE = 10/10 CONTENT POINTS = 15/15
  • 102. From Passage A
    • Using your own words as far as possible, summarise the reasons for the demise of the tiger and the measures taken to save the tiger. [25m]
    • USE ONLY THE MATERIAL IN PASSAGE A FROM PARAGRAPHS 3 TO 8.
    • Your summary, which must be in continuous writing (not note form), must not be longer than 150 words (not counting the words given to help you begin).
    • Begin your summary as follows: The factors contributing to the demise of the tiger are…
    • END OF PAPER
  • 103.
    • Passage A
    3. The use of endangered tiger products and their medicines is seen as a symbol of high status and wealth. Some remedies list tiger parts as an ingredient, but the real animal parts are so expensive that often the medicines may have only trace elements; but even these are enough to promote the continued slaughter of the tiger. In addition, in recent years there has been resurgence in traditional practices fundamental to the history of Chinese society. This has been fuelled by cultural pride. There is also a growing sentiment that western medicine contains some shortcomings in treating illness. Furthermore, new communities around the globe including non-Asian communities are supplementing traditional Chinese medicine treatments into their western style of medicine, igniting the demand for tiger parts beyond what can be supplied.
  • 104.
    • Passage A
    4. The popularity of tiger bones as a remedy for a multitude of ailments has produced a thriving black market, which is very difficult to monitor. Unlike a tiger skin, tiger bones can be crushed and made odourless and can be disguised as other types of bones. Tiger derivatives that are confiscated in raids by government officials are therefore believed to be just the tip of the iceberg.
  • 105.
    • Passage A
    5. The trade in tiger parts is thought to have intensified as a result of a rapid increase in the demand for traditional Chinese medicine in China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Japan and South Korea. Despite the acceptance of new trade policies in China, it still remains a principle player in the demise of the tiger and other endangered species. Other countries such as Taiwan have stepped up enforcement efforts since coming under pressure from the United States in 1993-1994.
  • 106.
    • Passage A
    6. However, such policing efforts in Asian countries touch only a small percentage of Chinese medicine stores, and often owners get word of a “raid” in time to hide or disperse any tiger parts they may have in stock. As the demand for tiger products continues to grow, and poaching is still prominent in India, Russia and Southeast Asia, additional measures need to be implemented to curb both the supply and the demand for endangered tiger parts.
  • 107.
    • Passage A
    7. Many of the tiger-range countries’ governments have established legal provisions to protect the endangered tiger. In addition, most tiger countries are members of CITES (Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species) which bans the trade of tiger parts (the exceptions are Burma, Lao PDR, and Cambodia). However, inadequate legal structures, political commitment, and financial resources severely limit domestic enforcement efforts.
  • 108.
    • Passage A
    8. Despite legislation banning hunting, the staff employed to protect tigers in “protected areas” often are not legally empowered to enforce anti-hunting laws. For example, they may be restricted from searching for or confiscating hunting weapons, arresting or prosecuting poachers, or even carrying guns to protect the tigers, as well as themselves, from poachers.

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