Inferential qns type 1 worked out solutions

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Inferential questions in 1127

Inferential questions in 1127

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  • 1. Lesson first conducted by Mdm Norhani in the Big Room. SHSS in T4W3.2010. INFERENTIAL QN Handout modified for lessons conducted by Yeo Yam Hwee to 4B.5B.2010. TYPE 1 Name: …………………………………….……………….. ( ) Class: …………. Date: ……………………. The Inferential Question - Type 1 Excerpts from the O-level passages and the corresponding questions Clues Your Answer The fight for survival is a drama played out every day on the wide plains of The big cats The big cats Africa. Here the herds of animals eat grass from dawn to dusk, frequently work as work as a constantly observed by the lions and cheetahs, for these grazing animals a group. group by are their prey. These big cats move silently, hugging the ground, then burst into a brief but dazzling turn of speed. Frequently they work as a chasing the group, some chasing the herd, others isolating its slower members. They chase the animals and animals. Once the big cats pounce, their sharp claws and dagger-like teeth will then spotting, swiftly bring the killing process to its inevitable conclusion. (GCE O-level separating the 2005) They isolate its … slower 1. slower…members escaping What does ‘isolating its members’ tell us about the way the big cats go about their hunting? [2] [HOW?]  “to isolate” is “to animals from single out by the rest before separating” the attacking them. slower members from the escaping The big cats work silently and swiftly in a animals. group. They prowl the land and select and target the weaker members of the herd they are chasing because those are the ones likely to get caught by them in the end. Questions taken from the GCE O-Level examination past year papers (2005-9), worksheet prepared by Norhani S. 1
  • 2. Lesson first conducted by Mdm Norhani in the Big Room. SHSS in T4W3.2010. Handout modified for lessons conducted by Yeo Yam Hwee to 4B.5B.2010. We were heading towards the Gobi desert, on our route to liberty. Soon flat land delineated the beginnings of that sun-baked desert. We stopped for the night by a tiny river where we enjoyed our last drink of fresh water for a long, long time. We started out next morning, and the monotony of the parched landscape quickly took hold. Every so often Zaro hurried impatiently to the summit of a sand hill, only to see some of the bleak Fatigue = exhaustion = panorama beyond. Two days elapsed. By now the heat was enveloping tiredness = ennui us, and mounting fatigue made our legs feel as if encased in iron. Next day came a further sign of our growing debility; Kolemenos stumbled and looked up apologetically. ‘That was silly of me Racwicz. I must have tripped.’ A few moments later I, too, was on my knees, though I was not conscious of having fallen. This pattern was reiterated for all three of us, but we simply could not capitulate. We had to repudiate those clutching fingers of death. (GCE O-level 2005) 2. clutching = gripping / grasping Questions taken from the GCE O-Level examination past year papers (2005-9), worksheet prepared by Norhani S. 2
  • 3. Lesson first conducted by Mdm Norhani in the Big Room. SHSS in T4W3.2010. Handout modified for lessons conducted by Yeo Yam Hwee to 4B.5B.2010. “Liberty” means “freedom”. “Delineated” means “defined”. “Delineated” means “outlined”. “Delineated” means “traced the outline of”. “Delineated” means “indicated the outline of”. “Delineated” means “showed the outline of”. “Debility” means “reduction of strength”. “Debility” means “loss of strength”. “Debility” means “weakness”. “Debility” means “physical weakness”. “Capitulate” means “give up”. “Capitulate” means “surrender”. “Repudiate” means “refuse to give in”. [a] They had become a) The ‘growing debility’ of the travelers made them keep on stumbling increasingly weak and falling. What was particularly alarming about their falling? [1] (exhausted) and their tiredness had caused them to continually / persistently (against their own intention) stumble and fall without them being conscious of it. Questions taken from the GCE O-Level examination past year papers (2005-9), worksheet prepared by Norhani S. 3
  • 4. Lesson first conducted by Mdm Norhani in the Big Room. SHSS in T4W3.2010. Handout modified for lessons conducted by Yeo Yam Hwee to 4B.5B.2010. b) What do you think the author wants you to understand by referring to [b] Each fall seemed to be like a step closer to these falls as the ‘clutching fingers of death’? [1] death because the “clutching fingers” seemed to be gripping the travellers tightly when they fell because they were unaware that they had fallen and fatigue was holding them back from standing straight up. The major impact made by human beings on living marine resources “Exploitation” means These “shattered communities” are has occurred only in the last one hundred years or so, when over- “development and use of created when they lose exploitation of marine creatures for food and other uses has caused a resources for business and their livelihood which is considerable reduction in their numbers. The history of whaling in the industry”. hinged upon the fishing industry. twentieth century, which seriously reduced most of the large breeds of whale, is well known, but over-fishing is also seriously affecting more mundane marine life like herring and haddock. As soon as stocks When the fishing fleets leave, a whole business become too low in one sector, the fishing fleets move on to other more or industry disappears, profitable areas, leaving behind shattered communities of people on thus creating “shattered shore. (GCE O-level 2006) communities”. They lose their means of 3. making a proper living. Why do you think fishing fleets leave behind ‘shattered communities’ when they move on? [1] When there is no more fishing to do, these communities lose their relevance and so they become “shattered communities”. Questions taken from the GCE O-Level examination past year papers (2005-9), worksheet prepared by Norhani S. 4
  • 5. Lesson first conducted by Mdm Norhani in the Big Room. SHSS in T4W3.2010. Handout modified for lessons conducted by Yeo Yam Hwee to 4B.5B.2010. 4. Some time later, the marine centre in Queensland received a call that A lone entangled whale  It was so because an entangled humpback whale had been spotted and a rescue extent of help to be team was hastily assembled, consisting of two helicopters and a small applied unknown boat with three divers. After several hours of fruitless searching, the the rescue team captain of the boat received a message on his marine radio. One of the A rescue team – hastily which was hastily helicopter pilots had located the whale a little further out than put together  not put together was expected. The pilot had something else to report: the whale was not carefully planned? originally meant alone. Humpbacks sing to each other across the vast stretches of Because they were to rescue only one ocean and support injured companions, so the whale had been probably in a hurry to whale. They did joined by three others. Because there were now four whales perform the rescue not realize that present, the rescue mission had suddenly become potentially far the whale was more dangerous. (GCE O-level 2006) The whale was found a located further in little further out than the sea than was expected  the Why do you think the rescue mission ‘had suddenly become underestimation of reported and there were also potentially far more dangerous’? [2] distance might pose a three other challenge in itself whales which had shown up Three other whales were unexpectedly at also there to help their the scene. The injured companions  rescuers were uncertainty as to how probably these whales might uncertain as to respond to the humans how these whales and their rescue might respond to efforts. human assistance. SO: suddenly the mission became potentially far more dangerous. Questions taken from the GCE O-Level examination past year papers (2005-9), worksheet prepared by Norhani S. 5
  • 6. Lesson first conducted by Mdm Norhani in the Big Room. SHSS in T4W3.2010. Handout modified for lessons conducted by Yeo Yam Hwee to 4B.5B.2010. 5. The divers swam to the humpback’s barnacle-encrusted head and began What are the two or The whale was slicing the net in which it was caught. It was exhausting work. The weight more pieces of textual probably as huge of its shackles kept the head of the whale largely under water so the men evidence here that tell as a lorry. Its had to dive, cut, then surface for air. Since the whale was moving forward, us that the rescuers head was weighed they then had to swim back to its head to start again. The men felt like felt that they were just down by its car mechanics doing repairs to a lorry while it was motoring like “car mechanics shackles causing down the road. The humpback was struggling to obtain enough air but it doing repairs to a lorry the whale to lower watched the divers intently, one black and one white eye the size of a while it was motoring its head into the human fist following their every move. As the men worked, the mammal down the road? water. The seemed to sense that they wanted to help and it grew calmer. Then one of rescuers had to go its companions swam underneath and nudged its head to the surface, Is the lorry a huge back and forth assisting the creature to breathe. As the whale broke the surface and vehicle or a small one? between the water exhaled through its blowhole, it threw up a fine, cool mist. (GCE O-level surface and under 2006) Can we hold back a it. Their effort lorry easily as it is was made more Give two reasons why the rescuers felt like ‘car mechanics doing repairs to slipping down the difficult by the a lorry while it was motoring down the road.’ [2] gradient of a slope as whale’s in the expression persistence in “motoring down the keeping its head road”? under water. Questions taken from the GCE O-Level examination past year papers (2005-9), worksheet prepared by Norhani S. 6
  • 7. Lesson first conducted by Mdm Norhani in the Big Room. SHSS in T4W3.2010. Handout modified for lessons conducted by Yeo Yam Hwee to 4B.5B.2010. 6. Under a yellow sky, Ali guided the rover painstakingly along a track strewn A portion of the with rocks and boulders and down a steep path into a vast crater. The cliff side had space station had been built into one of the sides of this crater for come crashing protection against the adverse conditions and, as they neared the site, it down due, most became clear what kind of catastrophe it was that had befallen it. Part of A portion of the cliff probably, to a the cliff side had come crashing down on the long grey side had come landslide, on a crashing down due  building which building which had been both residence and laboratory most probably, to a many scientists to countless geologists and physicists over the years. Ali landslide, on a lived and worked swallowed hard as the enormity of the situation hit him; he building for quite some avoided catching Gordon’s eye as they manoeuvred themselves time. It was out of the vehicle, moving with caution to accommodate the possible that weightlessness engendered by the planet’s relative lack of which many scientists many of them gravity. (GCE O-level 2007) lived and worked for might be injured quite some time. or killed which Ali swallowed hard when he realised ‘the enormity of the situation’. What made Ali realized did he fear had happened? [1] It was possible that “the enormity of many of them might the situation”. be injured or killed which made Ali realized “the enormity Ali feared that of the situation”. many scientists working and living in the building which was hit by a landslide when part of the cliff came crashing down. Questions taken from the GCE O-Level examination past year papers (2005-9), worksheet prepared by Norhani S. 7
  • 8. Lesson first conducted by Mdm Norhani in the Big Room. SHSS in T4W3.2010. Handout modified for lessons conducted by Yeo Yam Hwee to 4B.5B.2010. The shadows were gaining ground. As she sat on the bare earth, with “dreamlike quality” – the 7.The shadows her back against a tree, the whole scene took on a dreamlike quality. quality of being surreal – were “gaining She wanted always to be still, with the sky cooling, wanted the sun to wait unreal. ground” and the whole world to hold its pose. And just then, as she exhaled, a single male antelope stepped into a space between the trees. He had “To hold its pose” – “to be suggests that neither seen her, nor smelled her in the breathless air. He moved on still and quiet”. the shadows mute hooves, his tail and ears flicking, his dark liquid eyes glancing back were getting towards the open grassland, not expecting her alien presence. And, for “exhaled” – “breathed longer. This that moment, May Lin felt she was not there, not bodily in the clumsy out”. can only mean human form that trips and stamps and crushes; it was her dream self that it was which was watching and waiting. In another instant, the antelope saw “inhaled” – “breathed in”. her, or sensed her, and shied away with a sharp bark and skittered from getting late and the trees. He looked back at her, as if annoyed that he’d fallen for her ruse He had neither seen her, the day was of silence, then twitched his tail and watched as she left the wood, nor smelled her  He drawing closer following the zebra down towards the lake. (GCE O-level 2009) did not see her or smell to an end. It her. was getting 7. Say what you understand by shadows ‘gaining ground’ and explain why late. this was happening. [2] “mute” – “quiet / silent” 8. Why were the antelope’s hooves described as ‘mute’? [1] 8. The antelope’s “For that moment” – hooves contacted “then” the ground lightly and did not “instant” – “moment” produce any sound loud “skittered” – “ran away enough for May rapidly” Lin to hear. “ruse” – ‘trick” Questions taken from the GCE O-Level examination past year papers (2005-9), worksheet prepared by Norhani S. 8
  • 9. Lesson first conducted by Mdm Norhani in the Big Room. SHSS in T4W3.2010. Handout modified for lessons conducted by Yeo Yam Hwee to 4B.5B.2010. Questions taken from the GCE O-Level examination past year papers (2005-9), worksheet prepared by Norhani S. 9