PAVLO  1127-1120 NOVEMBER 2005 VERSION USED IN LESSONS with Sec 4B.4D.5B.2010 SHSS T1W1.08012010 – T1W2  Holiday Homework ...
PARAGRAPH 1  <ul><li>It is a curious thing, but when you keep animals as pets you imagine they will behave exactly as you ...
From paragraph 1: <ul><li>1(a)  According to the writer, what do most pet owners expect of their pets? [1 mark] </li></ul>...
From Paragraph 1 <ul><li>1(b)  Which four CONSECUTIVE words in the paragraph tell you that the writer had had more than on...
From Paragraph 1: <ul><li>1(c)  What single characteristic did Pavlo have which meant that the writer was unable “to turn ...
PARAGRAPH 2 <ul><li>Pavlo’s story really started one evening when I was on a trip to South America. I was sitting near a c...
From Paragraph 2: <ul><li>2(a)  What does the word “massive” tell you about the size of the trees?  [1 mark] </li></ul><ul...
From paragraph 2:  <ul><li>2(b)  The forest scene at sunset had an effect on the writer.  What was the effect? [1 mark] </...
From Paragraph 2 <ul><li>2(c)  What were the two reasons for the writer being “puzzled”?  [2 marks] </li></ul><ul><li>It s...
From Paragraph 2 <ul><li>2(d)  The marmoset caught the cockroach “ more by good fortune than by skill”.  Explain in your o...
From paragraph 2: <ul><li>2(e)  Explain the meaning of “entranced”.  [1 mark] </li></ul><ul><li>“ Entranced” means “captiv...
Marmoset Monkeys
Marmoset Monkeys
 
PARAGRAPH 3 <ul><li>Some time later, my attention was again drawn to marmosets.  When passing a pet shop in my home town, ...
From paragraph 3: <ul><li>3(a)  Which word in the paragraph tells us that the marmosets were held in “captivity”? [1 mark]...
From paragraph 3: <ul><li>3(b)  Explain fully how the lives of the marmosets in the pet shop differed from the life of the...
<ul><li>Marmoset monkey in captivity </li></ul>
Cage for Marmosets
From paragraph 3: <ul><li>3(c)  Give two reasons why Pavlo was the marmoset chosen by the writer.  [2 marks] </li></ul><ul...
From paragraph 3:  <ul><li>3(d)  The writer was “moved by pity”.  What other expression in the paragraph means the same as...
From Paragraph 3: <ul><li>3(e)  Identify the phrasal verb (two words) which tells us that the animal picked by the writer ...
PARAGRAPH 4 <ul><li>I called him Pavlo and introduced him to the rest of the family, who viewed him doubtfully.  “How can ...
From paragraph 4:  <ul><li>4(a)   Why did the rest of the writer’s family view Pavlo “doubtfully”?  [1 mark] </li></ul>The...
From paragraph 4: <ul><li>4(b)  Which two separate words in the paragraph tell you that the writer’s family members were h...
From paragraph 4: <ul><li>4(c)  Which two separate words in the paragraph tell you the same characteristic with regard to ...
Marmoset Monkeys
PARAGRAPH 5 <ul><li>Friends who saw him, and who had any knowledge of animals, assured me that I would not keep him for lo...
From Paragraph 5: <ul><li>5(a)  What “prohecies” did the writer’s friends make about Pavlo? [1 mark] </li></ul>His friends...
From paragraph 5: <ul><li>5(b)  Pavlo, when he was sick, could “move his feet slightly”.  Which word in the same paragraph...
Marmoset Monkeys
Marmoset Monkeys
PARAGRAPH 6 <ul><li>Pavlo was not more delicate after his illness;  indeed it seemed to make him almost indestructible.  H...
From paragraph 6: <ul><li>6(a) What was surprising about the outcome of Pavlo’s illness?  Answer in your own words.  [2 ma...
From paragraph 6: <ul><li>6(b)  How do you know that Pavlo was an intelligent and restless animal based on what you read i...
PARAGRAPH 7 <ul><li>Every morning Pavlo woke up early and found that his hot-water bottle had gone cold, so he went lookin...
PARAGRAPH 8 <ul><li>Downstairs he had plenty of heating.  There was an electric lamp in the sitting room and he liked to c...
From paragraph 8: <ul><li>7(a)  Give two reasons why the cat next door was never able “to catch Pavlo unawares”.  [2 marks...
From Paragraph 8 <ul><li>7(b)  Using your own words as far as possible, list down in complete sentences, how the writer an...
From Paragraph 8 <ul><li>7(c)  How do you know that the cat from next door was preoccupied with Pavlo? [1 mark] </li></ul>...
PARAGRAPH 9 <ul><li>Pavlo lived with us for eight years.  When he died, the house and garden seemed empty without his tiny...
From Paragraph 9:  <ul><li>Using your own words, explain what the family found so attractive about Pavlo.  [2 marks] </li>...
From the whole passage: <ul><li>Choose five of the following words or phrases.  For each of them give one words or short p...
VOCABULARY   <ul><li>Curious </li></ul><ul><li>Intensity  </li></ul><ul><li>In profusion  </li></ul><ul><li>Bundled </li><...
A Phrase <ul><li>A phrase is a group of words with a unified meaning.  It does not contain any commas or finite verb.  </l...
CURIOUS   <ul><li>Paragraph 1: </li></ul><ul><li>It is a  curious  thing, but when you keep animals as pets you imagine th...
INTENSITY   <ul><li>Paragraph 2:  </li></ul><ul><li>I felt such  intensity  that it felt as though someone had driven a ne...
In profusion   <ul><li>Paragraph 2:  </li></ul><ul><li>A tiny marmoset was trotting along a wide branch as though it were ...
Adjective and Noun  <ul><li>There is  abundant  sunshine in tropical Singapore.  [adjective] </li></ul><ul><li>There is su...
Bundled   <ul><li>Paragraph 3:  </li></ul><ul><li>So I handed over some money, and my new pet was dragged out and  bundled...
Imitate   <ul><li>Paragraph 5:  </li></ul><ul><li>We turned up the central heating in the house to its highest temperature...
Imitate   <ul><li>Paragraph 5:  </li></ul><ul><li>We  imitated  the jungles of South America by turning up the central hea...
Imitate   <ul><li>Paragraph 5:  </li></ul><ul><li>We turned up the central heating in the house to its highest temperature...
Blissfully   <ul><li>Paragraph 6:  </li></ul><ul><li>Then came Pavlo’s blanket – a piece of fur on which he would curl up ...
Crack   <ul><li>Paragraph 6: </li></ul><ul><li>But Pavlo soon learned that by pushing his head into the  crack  he could w...
Ferocious   <ul><li>Paragraph 7: </li></ul><ul><li>Then Pavlo screwed his face into a  ferocious  and most human scowl.  <...
SUMMARY QUESTION  <ul><li>It was very important for Pavlo to be kept warm.  </li></ul><ul><li>Using your own words as far ...
SUMMARY WRITING  <ul><li>[A] What did the family do to keep Pavlo warm?   </li></ul><ul><li>[B] What did Pavlo do to keep ...
[A] What did the family do to keep Pavlo warm?  <ul><li>From Paragraph 5 </li></ul><ul><li>1.   Turned up the central heat...
[A] What did the family do to keep Pavlo warm?  <ul><li>From Paragraph 6 </li></ul><ul><li>6.  Gave him a drawer in a cabi...
[A] What did the family do to keep Pavlo warm?  <ul><li>From Paragraph 7 </li></ul><ul><li>9.   wrapped in a baby blanket ...
[A] What did the family do to keep Pavlo warm?  <ul><li>From Paragraph 8 </li></ul><ul><li>provided plenty of heating down...
[B] What did Pavlo do to keep himself warm? <ul><li>Paragraph 6 </li></ul><ul><li>1.   he would only go to bed with a hot ...
[B] What did Pavlo do to keep himself warm? <ul><li>Paragraph 7 </li></ul><ul><li>3.  he scampered across the floor and cl...
[B] What did Pavlo do to keep himself warm? <ul><li>Paragraph 8 </li></ul><ul><li>6.  he crawled inside the shade of the e...
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1127 1120.02.november 2005 pavlo-the 2009 holiday homework answer key version-with add questions

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Reading Comprehension Practice

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1127 1120.02.november 2005 pavlo-the 2009 holiday homework answer key version-with add questions

  1. 1. PAVLO 1127-1120 NOVEMBER 2005 VERSION USED IN LESSONS with Sec 4B.4D.5B.2010 SHSS T1W1.08012010 – T1W2 Holiday Homework 2009 Assigned during ONE programme in Nov.2009
  2. 2. PARAGRAPH 1 <ul><li>It is a curious thing, but when you keep animals as pets you imagine they will behave exactly as you would like them to. However, some animals have such strong personalities that you cannot force them to behave as you would wish. Of all the animals I have kept as pets, the creature who was best able to resist all my attempts to turn him into something he was not was a marmoset monkey called Pavlo. </li></ul>
  3. 3. From paragraph 1: <ul><li>1(a) According to the writer, what do most pet owners expect of their pets? [1 mark] </li></ul><ul><li>Most pet owners expect their pets to behave according to how they want them to behave. </li></ul>
  4. 4. From Paragraph 1 <ul><li>1(b) Which four CONSECUTIVE words in the paragraph tell you that the writer had had more than one pet before he owned Pavlo? [1 mark] </li></ul><ul><li>The words are “of all the animals”. </li></ul>
  5. 5. From Paragraph 1: <ul><li>1(c) What single characteristic did Pavlo have which meant that the writer was unable “to turn him into something he was not”? [1 mark] </li></ul><ul><li>Pavlo had a strong personality . </li></ul>
  6. 6. PARAGRAPH 2 <ul><li>Pavlo’s story really started one evening when I was on a trip to South America. I was sitting near a clearing in the forest just as the sun was setting. The sky was a glorious pink, and outlined against it were massive trees, their branches so entwined with creepers that each tree looked as though it had been caught in a giant spider’s web. I felt totally relaxed and at ease. Suddenly the silence was shattered by a shrill squeak of such intensity that it felt as though someone had driven a needle into my ear. Puzzled, I peered into the trees above, trying to see where the sound had come from. It seemed the wrong sort of note for an insect, and far too sharp to come from a bird. There, on a branch above me, I saw the source of the noise. A tiny marmoset was trotting along a wide branch as though it were an open highway, picking his way through the orchids that grew in profusion there. He put his small hands among the leaves and, it seemed, more by good fortune than by skill, emerged with a precious cockroach clutched firmly between his fingers. I was entranced. </li></ul>
  7. 7. From Paragraph 2: <ul><li>2(a) What does the word “massive” tell you about the size of the trees? [1 mark] </li></ul><ul><li>It tells me that the trees were very large . </li></ul><ul><li>It tells me that the trees were very huge . </li></ul><ul><li>It tells me that the trees were enormous . </li></ul><ul><li>It tells me that the trees were gigantic . </li></ul><ul><li>It tells me that the trees were gargantuan . </li></ul>
  8. 8. From paragraph 2: <ul><li>2(b) The forest scene at sunset had an effect on the writer. What was the effect? [1 mark] </li></ul><ul><li>The writer felt totally relaxed and at ease. </li></ul>
  9. 9. From Paragraph 2 <ul><li>2(c) What were the two reasons for the writer being “puzzled”? [2 marks] </li></ul><ul><li>It seemed the wrong sort of note for an insect, and far too sharp to come from a bird. </li></ul>
  10. 10. From Paragraph 2 <ul><li>2(d) The marmoset caught the cockroach “ more by good fortune than by skill”. Explain in your own words what this phrase means. [2 marks] </li></ul>It means that luck played a bigger part than the animal’s ability to catch its prey.
  11. 11. From paragraph 2: <ul><li>2(e) Explain the meaning of “entranced”. [1 mark] </li></ul><ul><li>“ Entranced” means “captivated”. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Entranced” means “charmed”. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Entranced” means “fascinated”. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Entranced” means “enthralled”. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Marmoset Monkeys
  13. 13. Marmoset Monkeys
  14. 15. PARAGRAPH 3 <ul><li>Some time later, my attention was again drawn to marmosets. When passing a pet shop in my home town, I saw it contained a cage full of marmosets, which had to fight for a place to sit. As I watched this pathetic little group I was moved by pity for all animals in captivity, and couldn’t help but remember the little marmoset in South America. The contrast was too much for me. I felt I had to rescue at least one of these little animals, and my heart went out to the smallest one, who was always getting knocked out of the way. So I handed over some money, and my new pet was dragged out and bundled into a cardboard box. </li></ul>
  15. 16. From paragraph 3: <ul><li>3(a) Which word in the paragraph tells us that the marmosets were held in “captivity”? [1 mark] </li></ul><ul><li>The word is “cage”. </li></ul>
  16. 17. From paragraph 3: <ul><li>3(b) Explain fully how the lives of the marmosets in the pet shop differed from the life of the little marmoset in South America. [2 marks] </li></ul>The marosets in the pet shop did not have the freedom to move about in the wild because they were being locked up in a man-made holding area whereas the little South America marmoset was freely roaming about in its natural habitat.
  17. 18. <ul><li>Marmoset monkey in captivity </li></ul>
  18. 19. Cage for Marmosets
  19. 20. From paragraph 3: <ul><li>3(c) Give two reasons why Pavlo was the marmoset chosen by the writer. [2 marks] </li></ul><ul><li>Pavlo was the smallest in size and it was the one which was always getting knocked out by the others in the cage. </li></ul>
  20. 21. From paragraph 3: <ul><li>3(d) The writer was “moved by pity”. What other expression in the paragraph means the same as “moved by pity”? [1 mark] </li></ul>The other expression is “my heart went out”.
  21. 22. From Paragraph 3: <ul><li>3(e) Identify the phrasal verb (two words) which tells us that the animal picked by the writer was unwilling to leave the cage? [1 mark] </li></ul><ul><li>The phrasal verb is “dragged out”. </li></ul>
  22. 23. PARAGRAPH 4 <ul><li>I called him Pavlo and introduced him to the rest of the family, who viewed him doubtfully. “How can a monkey live in a house?” they asked. However, Pavlo soon won everyone’s approval and quickly became accepted as a diminutive member of the family. He had a terrific personality and soon had us all under his tiny thumb. </li></ul>
  23. 24. From paragraph 4: <ul><li>4(a) Why did the rest of the writer’s family view Pavlo “doubtfully”? [1 mark] </li></ul>They did so because they wondered how a monkey could live amongst them and how their living arrangement would be affected by its presence.
  24. 25. From paragraph 4: <ul><li>4(b) Which two separate words in the paragraph tell you that the writer’s family members were happy to have Pavlo living under the same roof as them? [1 mark] </li></ul><ul><li>The words are “approval” and “accepted”. </li></ul>
  25. 26. From paragraph 4: <ul><li>4(c) Which two separate words in the paragraph tell you the same characteristic with regard to Pavlo’s size? [1 mark] </li></ul><ul><li>The words are “diminutive” and “tiny”. </li></ul>
  26. 27. Marmoset Monkeys
  27. 28. PARAGRAPH 5 <ul><li>Friends who saw him, and who had any knowledge of animals, assured me that I would not keep him for long. Marmosets, they said, coming from tropical forests, never live more than a year in a cold climate. It seemed that their depressing prophecies were about to come true when, after six months, Pavlo became ill. We did all we could, therefore, to keep Pavlo warm. We turned up the central heating in the house to its highest temperature, trying to imitate the jungles of South America. We massaged his small body with warm olive oil in his special diet, which included such delicacies as grapes and pears. He lay pathetically on a cushion, wrapped in cotton wool for warmth, while the family took it in turns to look after him. Sunshine was what he needed plenty of, but our climate provided very little. So the neighbours could see us carrying our invalid round the garden every time the sun shone, carefully placing his cushion in every patch of sunlight that appeared. At the end of a month, Pavlo could move his feet slightly and twitch his tail. Soon he was his old self again, and we were delighted. </li></ul>
  28. 29. From Paragraph 5: <ul><li>5(a) What “prohecies” did the writer’s friends make about Pavlo? [1 mark] </li></ul>His friends predicted that the writer would not be able to keep Pavlo for long because marmoset monkeys living in the tropical forests were not expected to survive for long in a cold climate where the writer lived.
  29. 30. From paragraph 5: <ul><li>5(b) Pavlo, when he was sick, could “move his feet slightly”. Which word in the same paragraph tells you about his inability to move about freely on his own? [1 mark] </li></ul><ul><li>The word is “invalid”. </li></ul>
  30. 31. Marmoset Monkeys
  31. 32. Marmoset Monkeys
  32. 33. PARAGRAPH 6 <ul><li>Pavlo was not more delicate after his illness; indeed it seemed to make him almost indestructible. However, after his recovery we continued to be anxious about his well-being, and gave him a bottle filled with hot water in his bed at night during the cold winter. He liked this so much that he would refuse to go to bed without it, even in summer. We gave him a drawer in a cabinet in my room to be his warm bed. Putting Pavlo to bed was quite a ritual. First, an old towel had to be spread in the drawer and the hot-water bottle wrapped in it so that he did not burn himself. Then came Pavlo’s blanket – a piece of fur on which he would curl up and close his eyes blissfully. We had to push the drawer closed for extra warmth, except for a crack to allow for air. But Pavlo soon learned that by pushing his head into the crack he could widen it and escape. </li></ul>
  33. 34. From paragraph 6: <ul><li>6(a) What was surprising about the outcome of Pavlo’s illness? Answer in your own words. [2 marks] </li></ul><ul><li>After he recovered from his illness, Pavlo became stronger, almost seemed that nothing else could weaken him or make him sick again. </li></ul>
  34. 35. From paragraph 6: <ul><li>6(b) How do you know that Pavlo was an intelligent and restless animal based on what you read in this paragraph? [1 mark] </li></ul><ul><li>Pavlo could not keep still and learned very quickly that by pushing his head into the crack of the closed drawer, he could widen it and escape. </li></ul>
  35. 36. PARAGRAPH 7 <ul><li>Every morning Pavlo woke up early and found that his hot-water bottle had gone cold, so he went looking for alternative warmth. He scampered across the floor and climbed into my bed, burrowing under the pillow for extra heat. He stayed there, cosy and warm, until it was time for me to get up. Then Pavlo stood on the pillow chattering and screaming with rage. When he saw that I had no intention of getting back into bed to keep him warm, he dashed to my brother’s room and crawled into his bed. Here he remained, stretched luxuriously until my brother got up. Then Pavlo screwed his face into a ferocious and most human scowl. Sometimes in his efforts to keep warm he joined my sister for a quick snooze before breakfast. This movement from bed to bed was a regular morning performance. My sister even bought a baby blanket, and Pavlo liked to be wrapped in this when he went to her room in the morning. </li></ul>
  36. 37. PARAGRAPH 8 <ul><li>Downstairs he had plenty of heating. There was an electric lamp in the sitting room and he liked to crawl inside the shade and sit next to the bulb, basking in the heat. He also had a cushion by the fire, but he preferred the lamp and it was kept on all day for his benefit, so our fuel bills went up considerably. He insisted on having his meals with us, and particularly enjoyed fruit, jam and vegetables, always washed down with warm milk. In winter we had to be careful to ensure that the windows were closed to prevent Pavlo from being caught in a cold draught. In the first warm days of spring, Pavlo ventured out into the garden, where his favourite haunt was the fence; he would potter up and down it, catching spiders for himself. Half-way along this fence was a cluster of glossy green plants, and Pavlo liked to lie under them to keep warm, hiding from the big white cat next door, for this beast was obviously under the impression that Pavlo was a strange type of rat which she had to kill. She would spend hours stalking him, but, since she was as conspicuous as a ball of snow among the plants, she never managed to catch Pavlo unawares. </li></ul>
  37. 38. From paragraph 8: <ul><li>7(a) Give two reasons why the cat next door was never able “to catch Pavlo unawares”. [2 marks] </li></ul><ul><li>Pavlo could spot the cat very easily because it was big and white. Pavlo also knew how to hide from it effectively so the cat did not stand any chance of catching him . </li></ul>
  38. 39. From Paragraph 8 <ul><li>7(b) Using your own words as far as possible, list down in complete sentences, how the writer and his family attempted to help keep Pavlo warm and healthy. [2 marks] </li></ul><ul><li>1. He was provided with plenty of heating. </li></ul><ul><li>2. He was provided with a cushion by the fire. </li></ul><ul><li>3. During winter, the windows were kept shut. </li></ul>
  39. 40. From Paragraph 8 <ul><li>7(c) How do you know that the cat from next door was preoccupied with Pavlo? [1 mark] </li></ul><ul><li>She “would spend hours stalking” Pavlo. </li></ul>
  40. 41. PARAGRAPH 9 <ul><li>Pavlo lived with us for eight years. When he died, the house and garden seemed empty without his tiny presence. Even the white cat next door seemed depressed, for without Pavlo in it our garden had lost its appeal for her. Pavlo was a particularly attractive pet, and we mourned the loss not only of his quirky personality but also of his affectionate nature. </li></ul>
  41. 42. From Paragraph 9: <ul><li>Using your own words, explain what the family found so attractive about Pavlo. [2 marks] </li></ul><ul><li>The family had become familiar with Pavlo’s unusual behaviour and his loving disposition. </li></ul>
  42. 43. From the whole passage: <ul><li>Choose five of the following words or phrases. For each of them give one words or short phrase (of not more than seven words) which has the same meaning as the word or phrase in the passage. </li></ul>
  43. 44. VOCABULARY <ul><li>Curious </li></ul><ul><li>Intensity </li></ul><ul><li>In profusion </li></ul><ul><li>Bundled </li></ul><ul><li>Imitate </li></ul><ul><li>Blissfully </li></ul><ul><li>Crack </li></ul><ul><li>Ferocious </li></ul>
  44. 45. A Phrase <ul><li>A phrase is a group of words with a unified meaning. It does not contain any commas or finite verb. </li></ul>
  45. 46. CURIOUS <ul><li>Paragraph 1: </li></ul><ul><li>It is a curious thing, but when you keep animals as pets you imagine they will behave exactly as you would like them to. </li></ul>“ Curious” means “interesting”. “ Curious” means “causing a lot of interest”. “ Curious” means “quirky”. “ Curious” means “strange but interesting”.
  46. 47. INTENSITY <ul><li>Paragraph 2: </li></ul><ul><li>I felt such intensity that it felt as though someone had driven a needle into my ear. </li></ul>“ Intensity” means “loudness”. “ Intensity” means “great strength”.
  47. 48. In profusion <ul><li>Paragraph 2: </li></ul><ul><li>A tiny marmoset was trotting along a wide branch as though it were an open highway, picking his way through the orchids that grew in profusion there. </li></ul>“ In profusion” means “in abundance”. “ In profusion” means “in a large amount”. “ In profusion” means “in a large quantity”.
  48. 49. Adjective and Noun <ul><li>There is abundant sunshine in tropical Singapore. [adjective] </li></ul><ul><li>There is sunshine in abundance in tropical Singapore. [noun] </li></ul>
  49. 50. Bundled <ul><li>Paragraph 3: </li></ul><ul><li>So I handed over some money, and my new pet was dragged out and bundled into a cardboard box. </li></ul>“ Bundled” means “packed unceremoniously”. “ Bundled” means “shoved and tucked forcefully”.
  50. 51. Imitate <ul><li>Paragraph 5: </li></ul><ul><li>We turned up the central heating in the house to its highest temperature, trying to imitate the jungles of South America. </li></ul>“ Imitate” means “replicate”.
  51. 52. Imitate <ul><li>Paragraph 5: </li></ul><ul><li>We imitated the jungles of South America by turning up the central heating in the house to its highest temperature. </li></ul>“ Imitated” means “replicated”.
  52. 53. Imitate <ul><li>Paragraph 5: </li></ul><ul><li>We turned up the central heating in the house to its highest temperature, </li></ul><ul><li>imitating the jungles of South America. </li></ul>“ Imitating” means “replicating”.
  53. 54. Blissfully <ul><li>Paragraph 6: </li></ul><ul><li>Then came Pavlo’s blanket – a piece of fur on which he would curl up and close his eyes blissfully . </li></ul>“ Blissfully” means “happily”.
  54. 55. Crack <ul><li>Paragraph 6: </li></ul><ul><li>But Pavlo soon learned that by pushing his head into the crack he could widen it and escape. </li></ul>“ Crack” means “small opening”. “ Crack” means “slight opening”.
  55. 56. Ferocious <ul><li>Paragraph 7: </li></ul><ul><li>Then Pavlo screwed his face into a ferocious and most human scowl. </li></ul>“ Ferocious” means “threateningly aggressive”. “ Ferocious” means “savagely fierce”.
  56. 57. SUMMARY QUESTION <ul><li>It was very important for Pavlo to be kept warm. </li></ul><ul><li>Using your own words as far as possible, summarise the means by which both the family and Pavlo himself made sure that he was always as warm as possible. </li></ul><ul><li>USE ONLY MATERIAL FROM LINE XX TO LINE XX </li></ul><ul><li>Your summary, which must be in continuous writing, not note form, must not be longer than 160 words, including the 10 words given below. </li></ul><ul><li>Begin your summary as follows: </li></ul><ul><li>It was important for Pavlo to be warm and so…[25 marks] </li></ul>
  57. 58. SUMMARY WRITING <ul><li>[A] What did the family do to keep Pavlo warm? </li></ul><ul><li>[B] What did Pavlo do to keep himself warm? </li></ul>
  58. 59. [A] What did the family do to keep Pavlo warm? <ul><li>From Paragraph 5 </li></ul><ul><li>1. Turned up the central heating in the house to its highest temperature </li></ul><ul><li>2. Massaged his small body with warm olive oil in his special diet </li></ul><ul><li>3. Placed him on a cushion, wrapped in cotton wool. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Took turns to look after him. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Carried it round the garden every time the sun shone, carefully placing his cushion in every patch of sunlight that appeared. </li></ul>
  59. 60. [A] What did the family do to keep Pavlo warm? <ul><li>From Paragraph 6 </li></ul><ul><li>6. Gave him a drawer in a cabinet in the narrator’s room to be his warm bed. </li></ul><ul><li>7. Spread a towel in the drawer and the hot-water bottle wrapped in it </li></ul><ul><li>8. Pushed the drawer closed for extra warmth, except for a crack to allow for air. </li></ul>
  60. 61. [A] What did the family do to keep Pavlo warm? <ul><li>From Paragraph 7 </li></ul><ul><li>9. wrapped in a baby blanket by the narrator’s sister. </li></ul>
  61. 62. [A] What did the family do to keep Pavlo warm? <ul><li>From Paragraph 8 </li></ul><ul><li>provided plenty of heating downstairs. </li></ul><ul><li>provided an electric lamp in the sitting room. </li></ul><ul><li>12. provided a cushion by the fire. </li></ul><ul><li>13. had his meals with the family. </li></ul><ul><li>14. provided with warm milk. </li></ul><ul><li>15. made sure windows were closed in winter. </li></ul>
  62. 63. [B] What did Pavlo do to keep himself warm? <ul><li>Paragraph 6 </li></ul><ul><li>1. he would only go to bed with a hot water bottle, even in summer. </li></ul><ul><li>2. he curled up in a fur blanket </li></ul>
  63. 64. [B] What did Pavlo do to keep himself warm? <ul><li>Paragraph 7 </li></ul><ul><li>3. he scampered across the floor and climbed into the narrator’s bed. </li></ul><ul><li>4. he burrowed under the pillow for extra heat. </li></ul><ul><li>5. he moved from one family member’s bed to the next until the last person got up. </li></ul>
  64. 65. [B] What did Pavlo do to keep himself warm? <ul><li>Paragraph 8 </li></ul><ul><li>6. he crawled inside the shade of the electric lamp and sit next to the bulb. </li></ul><ul><li>7. in spring he ventured out into the garden. </li></ul><ul><li>8. he lay under green plants in the garden. </li></ul>

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