Stuart French KMLF Complexity And The Game Of Go

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An introduction to the game of Go and a discussion of the difference between Chess (complicated) and Go (complex).

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Stuart French KMLF Complexity And The Game Of Go

  1. 1. Complexity & the game of Go Stuart & Faith French www.DeltaKnowledge.net
  2. 2. The Complexity Journey Chaos Theory Cog‐Neuro Science David Business Snowden Mgt Me!
  3. 3. “Your Ontology should guide your Epistemology” ‐ Snowden
  4. 4. Getting a grip on Complexity Quick demonstration activity
  5. 5. Getting a grip on Complexity Quick demonstration activity
  6. 6. How the idea got started Resilience Robustness
  7. 7. Complexity & the game of Go "Chess lies on the boundary between  the tasks best accomplished by careful  co‐ordination and design – the  strengths of planning – and those best  accomplished by experiment and  adaptation – the strengths of  markets." ‐ John Kay, Economist
  8. 8. Complexity & the game of Go Chess Go • 8 x 8 board • 19 x 19 board • Play in squares • Play on lines • Kings, Queens, Bishops,  • Black stones and White  Rooks… stones • Aim: to kill the other  • Aim: to surround more  players King territory • 1st 3 moves = 4,352 • 1st 3 moves = 46,655,640
  9. 9. What is Go? • Go is a board game • It is played all over  • It originally came from  the world, but  Tibet / China mainly in • Created ≈ 2300 B.C. • Japan (iGo), • China (Weiqi) & • Korea (Baduk) • Have you seen it  before? Picture from www.igs.com
  10. 10. History of Go • Played by the nobles • Generals practiced it for war • Simple = Pure Strategy • Cultured = Calligraphy + Archery + Haiku + Go • Taught in 5 Schools
  11. 11. Basic Rules • Start with a small, empty  board  • Each player takes a turn  placing one stone  4 3 anywhere on the board • Each stone has liberties 2 1 • When a stone has no  more liberties it is  captured and taken from  the board
  12. 12. Basic Rules • When two stones are  placed next to each other  they form an army • An army has to lose ALL its  liberties to be captured • The bigger an army is, the  stronger it is • Whoever surrounds the  most intersections wins the  game
  13. 13. Practice Games
  14. 14. Some hints to get started 1. Don’t start near  the edge 2. Place fence posts  7 1 then the palings 8 2 3 3. Surround as  1 3 4 5 much area as  2 6 possible 1 2 4. Try not to play up  against the other  player White Black will win will win
  15. 15. Lets Play Go!
  16. 16. Scoring a Go game Black: 18 + 1 = 19 The winner is  determined by  their score Score = Points  Surrounded +  Prisoners taken Rankings &  Handicaps White: 15 + 5 = 20
  17. 17. Complexity & the 2 rules of Go From a basic  framework and two  simple rules comes  amazing complexity 1. Suicide Rule  2. Ko Rule
  18. 18. Influence & Future Constraint The famous ear‐reddening game – 1846 Inseki v Shusaku
  19. 19. Influence & Future Constraint Why is move 127 so powerful?  It strongly influences many possible future moves
  20. 20. Complicated v Complex Complicated Complex More constrained Less constrained Stable Unstable Similar input = similar output Small changes => unpredictable results Manage results Manage boundaries & attractors Set Objectives Set Outcomes Break down to details Chunk up & experiment Apply Best Practice Use Safe‐Fail to discover what works Dave Gray, Founder XPLANE > “When you make the complicated simple, you make it better. But when you make the complex simple, you make it wrong.”
  21. 21. More resources Interactive Go Tutorial Complexity Tutorial http://playgo.to/iwtg/en/ http://bit.ly/4sfHYG Video Introduction to playing Go David Snowden’s Blog http://blip.tv/file/262606/ http://bit.ly/1BOdoN Free Go Software: Cognitive Edge Podcasts • iGoWIN (simple 9x9 game) http://bit.ly/28a7Zu – http://bit.ly/Qt9Tb • American Go Association  Software List – http://bit.ly/5BORFw Kids • Hikaru no Go – Anime video

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