©Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
© Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
© Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
by  Rachel  Bar Yosef
A Note to Students and Teachers: These lessons are not intended to  Introduce you to the English verb system. Use them as ...
Are English Verbs “Ichsa”? <ul><li>Are you miserable because you make mistakes with English verbs? </li></ul><ul><li>Do yo...
It’s not really so hard!!! <ul><li>You CAN speak and write good English </li></ul><ul><li>You CAN get good grades on Engli...
LESSON 1 An Overview
We talk a lot in these lessons about V 1,  V 2,  and V 3.   What in the world are V 1,  V 2,  and V 3 ?
Does this look familiar? <ul><ul><li>eat ate   eaten </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>fall fell   fallen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
<ul><li>Lots of people forget that a verb that ends in “d” or “ed” doesn’t have to be a verb in the simple past. </li></ul...
5 Verb Formulas <ul><li>be  +  ing  ( progressive )-- He  was  cry ing . </li></ul><ul><li>be  +  V 3   ( passive )-- He  ...
© Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
be <ul><li>is, am, are  was, were </li></ul><ul><li>1.  be + Ving  ( progressive ) </li></ul><ul><li>The bus  is  com ing ...
be <ul><li>is, am, are  was, were </li></ul><ul><li>2.  be + V 3   ( passive ) </li></ul><ul><li>  Our mother  was  invit ...
have <ul><li>has, have  had </li></ul><ul><li>have + V 3   ( perfect ) </li></ul><ul><li>You   have broken  your promise. ...
do <ul><li>do,  does  did </li></ul><ul><li>do + V1   ( simple ) </li></ul><ul><li>I   do n’t   enjoy  homework. </li></ul...
modals <ul><li>shall, will, should, would, may,  </li></ul><ul><li>might, must, can, could, ought </li></ul><ul><li>modal ...
This is the end of  Lesson 1
© Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
by  Rachel  Bar Yosef
 
do <ul><li>do, does  did </li></ul><ul><li>do  +  V1   ( simple ) </li></ul><ul><li>I   do n’t   enjoy  homework. </li></u...
A special note about  DO : <ul><li>We say that  do   is the helping verb for </li></ul><ul><li>the “ simple ” tenses, but ...
With  PRESENT SIMPLE   and  PAST SIMPLE   ONLY : <ul><li>In  present simple  and  past simple , there are 3 kinds of sente...
<ul><li>In (  +  ), the verb really has 2 jobs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1)  MEANING   ( UNDERSTAND S ( להבין  --  </li></ul>...
ב  ( + )  הפועל  מקבל  על  עצמו  את  שני  התפקידים  --  הן  משמעות HARRY  DREAMS ) )  והן  דקדוק  . . ב  ( - )  ו  ( ? )  ...
Now  do  you  understand  why  the  main  verb  must  always  be  בצורת  המקור ?
Let’s Practice.... <ul><li>Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): </li></ul><ul><li>“ Shlomi loves comput...
Let’s Practice.... <ul><li>Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): </li></ul><ul><li>“ Shlomi loves comput...
Let’s Practice.... <ul><li>Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): </li></ul><ul><li>“ Hello, Mom?  I have...
Let’s Practice.... <ul><li>Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): </li></ul><ul><li>“ Hello, Mom?  I have...
BUT <ul><li>Don’t think  BE /HAVE /DO   can only </li></ul><ul><li>be helping verbs .( פועלי עזר )  </li></ul><ul><li>Ofte...
be / have /do   as main verbs: <ul><li>You  are  being   stupid! </li></ul><ul><li>Dan  has  had  too many absences. </li>...
In the following passage, write “HV” in the parentheses after a  H elping  V erb.  If the word isn’t a helping verb, DON’T...
<ul><li>My parents never listen to me.  Sometimes they want me to do (  ) something that I don’t (  HV  ) want to </li></u...
This is the end of  Lesson 2
 
by  Rachel  Bar Yosef
LESSON 3 A Few Words About Modals and  Semi-Modals
modals <ul><li>shall, will, should, would, may,  </li></ul><ul><li>might, must, can, could, ought </li></ul><ul><li>modal ...
A NOTE ABOUT SEMI-MODALS <ul><li>You shouldn’t--indeed, you can’t--use “can” in the past or in the future tense. </li></ul...
A NOTE ABOUT SEMI-MODALS <ul><li>Another way to say “must” is “have to” (they both mean the same thing).  In fact, in nega...
Let’s Practice.... <ul><li>Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): </li></ul><ul><li>“ Shirli, must you pl...
Let’s Practice.... <ul><li>Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): </li></ul><ul><li>“ Shirli, must you pl...
Let’s Practice.... <ul><li>Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): </li></ul><ul><li>“ _________ you help ...
Let’s Practice.... <ul><li>Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): </li></ul><ul><li>“ ___ Can ___ you hel...
Refresh Your Memory-- Take another look at the table of helping verbs. Pay attention to the colors.
© Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
Let’s Review.... <ul><li>Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): </li></ul><ul><li>1.  Moshe _________  dr...
Let’s Review.... <ul><li>Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): </li></ul><ul><li>1.  Moshe _ should __  ...
Let’s Review Some More.... <ul><li>Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): </li></ul><ul><li>1.  Don’t  yo...
Let’s Review Some More.... <ul><li>Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): </li></ul><ul><li>1.  Don’t  yo...
Let’s Try a Test.... <ul><li>Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): </li></ul><ul><li>1.  I don’t _______...
Let’s Try a Test.... <ul><li>Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): </li></ul><ul><li>1.  I don’t _ want ...
A Test....Part 2: <ul><li>Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): </li></ul><ul><li>9.  You could ________...
A Test....Part 2: <ul><li>Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): </li></ul><ul><li>9.  You could __ wait ...
This is the end of Lesson 3
 
by  Rachel  Bar Yosef
? LESSON 4 V
English verb phrases can be l  o  n  g  ! <ul><li>I  couldn’t have been expected to have </li></ul><ul><li>known  that. </...
Forming Yes/No Questions <ul><li>Take the  first  element ( מרכיב )  of the  </li></ul><ul><li>verb and put it  before   t...
Forming questions...still! <ul><li>Follow the same rule even for a  </li></ul><ul><li>monster verb! </li></ul><ul><li>He  ...
How do I translate  &quot; האם &quot; when I’m forming a yes-no question? © Rachel Bar Yosef,1997
To translate  “ האם”   when forming a yes-no question,  simply begin the question with the suitable helping verb. © Rachel...
For example : Are  you serious?   ? האם  אתה רציני Are  you listening?  האם  אתה מקשיב ?  Do  you collect stamps?  האם  את...
Let’s Practice.... <ul><li>Complete the conversation: </li></ul><ul><li>BENNY:  Arik!  I haven’t seen you for a long time!...
Let’s Practice.... <ul><li>Complete the conversation: </li></ul><ul><li>BENNY:  Arik!  I haven’t seen you for a long time!...
Let’s Practice <ul><li>Ask these questions in English: </li></ul><ul><li>האם אתם חייבים לעשות כל כך הרבה רעש  ? __________...
Let’s Practice <ul><li>Ask these questions in English: </li></ul><ul><li>האם אתם חייבים לעשות כל כך הרבה רעש  ? </li></ul>...
Let’s Practice <ul><li>Ask these questions in English: </li></ul><ul><li>האם אי פעם בקרת בפטרה  ? </li></ul><ul><li>______...
Let’s Practice <ul><li>Ask these questions in English: </li></ul><ul><li>האם אי פעם בקרת בפטרה  ? </li></ul><ul><li>_ Have...
WH-words <ul><li>Learn these question words : </li></ul><ul><li>who  whom  whose  which </li></ul><ul><li>what  where  whe...
<ul><li>And these, too : </li></ul><ul><li>how  how much  how many </li></ul><ul><li>how often  [ באיזו תדירות ] </li></ul...
How easy is it? <ul><li>It’s  really  easy! </li></ul><ul><li>(The answer:)  I  want  my money.  (The next </li></ul><ul><...
“ Who” and “What” as subjects <ul><li>Where  who  or  what  refers to the subject  ,( הנושא )  </li></ul><ul><li>the Hebre...
“ Stumpers”  ( מכשולים ) <ul><li>How old are you?  ?  בן כמה אתה </li></ul><ul><li>What happened   ?  מה קרה ?   </li></ul...
How good are you at this? <ul><li>Ask the right questions.  See how much you’ve learned. </li></ul><ul><li>X:  Hello, I’m ...
How good are you at this? <ul><li>Ask the right questions.  See how much you’ve learned. </li></ul><ul><li>X:  Hello, I’m ...
Keep going... <ul><li>X:  ____________________________________________? </li></ul><ul><li>MOTI:  You can take them wheneve...
Keep going... <ul><li>X:  _ When can I take them?_ _______________________? </li></ul><ul><li>MOTI:  You can take them whe...
CONGRATULATIONS! YOUR NAME has been awarded the  M.V. (Master of Verbs)
 
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Verb

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Verb

  1. 1. ©Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
  2. 2. © Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
  3. 3. © Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
  4. 4. by Rachel Bar Yosef
  5. 5. A Note to Students and Teachers: These lessons are not intended to Introduce you to the English verb system. Use them as a review of what you’ve already learned.
  6. 6. Are English Verbs “Ichsa”? <ul><li>Are you miserable because you make mistakes with English verbs? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you think you will never be able to learn? </li></ul><ul><li>Are you sorry you didn’t listen to your teacher? </li></ul>
  7. 7. It’s not really so hard!!! <ul><li>You CAN speak and write good English </li></ul><ul><li>You CAN get good grades on English exams. </li></ul><ul><li>You only have to learn a few simple rules. </li></ul><ul><li>Are you ready to LEARN and PRACTICE? </li></ul>
  8. 8. LESSON 1 An Overview
  9. 9. We talk a lot in these lessons about V 1, V 2, and V 3. What in the world are V 1, V 2, and V 3 ?
  10. 10. Does this look familiar? <ul><ul><li>eat ate eaten </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>fall fell fallen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>fly flew flown </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This is the table of irregular verbs that we know and love! </li></ul><ul><li>V 1 is the first column (“eat”, ,( צורת המקור </li></ul><ul><li>V 2 is the second column (“ate”, past simple form), </li></ul><ul><li>V 3 is the third column (“eaten”, called—oh well, V 3 ) </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Lots of people forget that a verb that ends in “d” or “ed” doesn’t have to be a verb in the simple past. </li></ul><ul><li>Maybe it’s a regular verb in V 3 DISGUISED as a simple past verb. </li></ul><ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><li>love loved loved </li></ul><ul><li>hate hated hated </li></ul><ul><li>worry worried worried </li></ul>
  12. 12. 5 Verb Formulas <ul><li>be + ing ( progressive )-- He was cry ing . </li></ul><ul><li>be + V 3 ( passive )-- He was beaten . </li></ul><ul><li> Four men were killed . </li></ul><ul><li>have + V 3 ( perfect )-- I have already eaten . </li></ul><ul><li>do + V1 ( simple )-- Do you love me? </li></ul><ul><li> I don’t hate you. </li></ul><ul><li>modal + V 1 ( modal )-- I can wait . </li></ul>© Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
  13. 13. © Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
  14. 14. be <ul><li>is, am, are was, were </li></ul><ul><li>1. be + Ving ( progressive ) </li></ul><ul><li>The bus is com ing . </li></ul><ul><li>We were wait ing . </li></ul><ul><li>©Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997 </li></ul>
  15. 15. be <ul><li>is, am, are was, were </li></ul><ul><li>2. be + V 3 ( passive ) </li></ul><ul><li> Our mother was invit ed . </li></ul><ul><li> Many promises were broken . </li></ul><ul><li>©Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997 </li></ul>
  16. 16. have <ul><li>has, have had </li></ul><ul><li>have + V 3 ( perfect ) </li></ul><ul><li>You have broken your promise. </li></ul><ul><li>Our friendship has survive d . </li></ul><ul><li>©Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997 </li></ul>
  17. 17. do <ul><li>do, does did </li></ul><ul><li>do + V1 ( simple ) </li></ul><ul><li>I do n’t enjoy homework. </li></ul><ul><li>Do you like school? </li></ul><ul><li>©Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997 </li></ul>
  18. 18. modals <ul><li>shall, will, should, would, may, </li></ul><ul><li>might, must, can, could, ought </li></ul><ul><li>modal + V 1 ( modal ) </li></ul><ul><li>Miri can speak four languages. </li></ul><ul><li>We must finish . </li></ul><ul><li>Would you like some coffee? </li></ul><ul><li>©Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997 </li></ul>
  19. 19. This is the end of Lesson 1
  20. 20. © Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
  21. 21. by Rachel Bar Yosef
  22. 23. do <ul><li>do, does did </li></ul><ul><li>do + V1 ( simple ) </li></ul><ul><li>I do n’t enjoy homework. </li></ul><ul><li>Do you like school? </li></ul>
  23. 24. A special note about DO : <ul><li>We say that do is the helping verb for </li></ul><ul><li>the “ simple ” tenses, but if they’re </li></ul><ul><li>“ simple”, then so is making peace with </li></ul><ul><li>our neighbors! </li></ul><ul><li>Pay attention: </li></ul>
  24. 25. With PRESENT SIMPLE and PAST SIMPLE ONLY : <ul><li>In present simple and past simple , there are 3 kinds of sentences: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>POSITIVE (+) Harry understand s Amharic. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NEGATIVE (-) Jill doesn’t understand Amharic. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>QUESTION (?) Does Jill understand French? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What’s going on here???? </li></ul>
  25. 26. <ul><li>In ( + ), the verb really has 2 jobs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1) MEANING ( UNDERSTAND S ( להבין -- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2) GRAMMAR ( UNDERSTAND S ), which includes: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Time (understand s , not under stood ; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ מבין” ולא “הבין” ) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Number -- “understand s ” can’t be רבים </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(think of he/she/it, which are all ( יחיד </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Person -- “understand s ” can’t be first person (I understands???) or second person (you understands????) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  26. 27. ב ( + ) הפועל מקבל על עצמו את שני התפקידים -- הן משמעות HARRY DREAMS ) ) והן דקדוק . . ב ( - ) ו ( ? ) יש פיצול © Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
  27. 28. Now do you understand why the main verb must always be בצורת המקור ?
  28. 29. Let’s Practice.... <ul><li>Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): </li></ul><ul><li>“ Shlomi loves computers. Before his father bought him a computer, he thought he would never be able to learn. He didn’t ________ he was clever enough. But now he’s a real professional!” </li></ul><ul><li>“ If Shlomi didn’t _________ computers to begin with, why did his father ________ him a computer?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ He __________ to encourage him. He knew that computers can be a wonderful help with schoolwork.” </li></ul>
  29. 30. Let’s Practice.... <ul><li>Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): </li></ul><ul><li>“ Shlomi loves computers. Before his father bought him a computer, he thought he would never be able to learn. He didn’t _ think __ he was clever enough. But now he’s a real professional!” </li></ul><ul><li>“ If Shlomi didn’t __ like ___ computers to begin with, why did his father ___ buy __ him a computer?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ He _ wanted ___ to encourage him. He knew that computers can be a wonderful help with schoolwork.” </li></ul>
  30. 31. Let’s Practice.... <ul><li>Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): </li></ul><ul><li>“ Hello, Mom? I have a problem. I left my keys at home this morning.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Where did you ____________ them?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ I ___________ them on the table. __________ you see them?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Yes, but you _________ have to worry. I won’t lock the door.” </li></ul>
  31. 32. Let’s Practice.... <ul><li>Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): </li></ul><ul><li>“ Hello, Mom? I have a problem. I left my keys at home this morning.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Where did you ___ leave ____ them?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ I ___ left ____ them on the table. _ Can or Do _ you see them?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Yes, but you __ don’t __ have to worry. I won’t lock the door.” </li></ul>
  32. 33. BUT <ul><li>Don’t think BE /HAVE /DO can only </li></ul><ul><li>be helping verbs .( פועלי עזר ) </li></ul><ul><li>Often they are main verbs .( הפועל העיקרי ) </li></ul>
  33. 34. be / have /do as main verbs: <ul><li>You are being stupid! </li></ul><ul><li>Dan has had too many absences. </li></ul><ul><li>What did you do last night? </li></ul>
  34. 35. In the following passage, write “HV” in the parentheses after a H elping V erb. If the word isn’t a helping verb, DON’T WRITE ANYTHING. <ul><li>My parents never listen to me. Sometimes they want me to do ( ) something that I don’t ( ) want to </li></ul><ul><li>do ( ), or else they want me to not do ( ) what I do ( ) want. I have ( ) always been ( ) jealous of Moshe. His parents are ( ) so understanding! He doesn’t ( ) have ( ) any problems with them. They’re ( ) young, and patient, and they remember what it was ( ) like to be ( ) young. Moshe </li></ul><ul><li>has ( ) never had ( ) any problems with his parents. Not like me. Moshe has ( ) all the luck, and I don’t ( ) have ( ) any. And I never do ( ) anything right! </li></ul>
  35. 36. <ul><li>My parents never listen to me. Sometimes they want me to do ( ) something that I don’t ( HV ) want to </li></ul><ul><li>do ( ), or else they want me to not do ( ) what I do ( HV ) want. I have ( HV ) always been ( ) jealous of Moshe. His parents are ( ) so understanding! He doesn’t ( HV ) have ( ) any problems with them. They’re ( ) young, and patient, and they remember what it was ( ) like to be ( ) young. Moshe has ( HV ) never had ( ) any problems with his parents. Not like me. Moshe has ( ) all the luck, and I don’t ( HV ) have ( ) any. And I never do ( ) anything right! </li></ul>
  36. 37. This is the end of Lesson 2
  37. 39. by Rachel Bar Yosef
  38. 40. LESSON 3 A Few Words About Modals and Semi-Modals
  39. 41. modals <ul><li>shall, will, should, would, may, </li></ul><ul><li>might, must, can, could, ought </li></ul><ul><li>modal + V 1 ( modal ) </li></ul><ul><li>Miri can speak four languages. </li></ul><ul><li>We must finish . </li></ul><ul><li>Would you like some coffee? </li></ul><ul><li>©Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997 </li></ul>
  40. 42. A NOTE ABOUT SEMI-MODALS <ul><li>You shouldn’t--indeed, you can’t--use “can” in the past or in the future tense. </li></ul><ul><li>Use a form of “be able to” instead, or (in past tense), use “could”. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: I can’t speak Russian. </li></ul><ul><li>I was able to or could speak it when I was young. </li></ul><ul><li>I will be able to speak it again after my trip to Moscow. </li></ul>
  41. 43. A NOTE ABOUT SEMI-MODALS <ul><li>Another way to say “must” is “have to” (they both mean the same thing). In fact, in negative sentences (-), questions (?), and in the past or future tenses, you can’t use “ must ”; you have to use “ have to ”. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: I must hurry. I have to hurry. </li></ul><ul><li>You don’t have to hurry. </li></ul><ul><li>She had to hurry so that she wouldn’t be late. </li></ul>
  42. 44. Let’s Practice.... <ul><li>Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): </li></ul><ul><li>“ Shirli, must you play the radio so loud?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ What __________ you say?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Do you _____ ____ play the radio so loud?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ No, I don’t ______ _____. Do you _________ me to turn it down?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Yes, I do, please, if you don’t _________ me to lose my hearing.” </li></ul>
  43. 45. Let’s Practice.... <ul><li>Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): </li></ul><ul><li>“ Shirli, must you play the radio so loud?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ What ___ did ____ you say?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Do you __ have to ___ play the radio so loud?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ No, I don’t __ have to ___. Do you __ want ___ me to turn it down?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Yes, I do, please, if you don’t _ want ____ me to lose my hearing.” </li></ul>
  44. 46. Let’s Practice.... <ul><li>Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): </li></ul><ul><li>“ _________ you help me, please? I want a book about the Internet, but I ___________ find one.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ _________ you look among the computer books?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Yes, I __________, but I ______________ find anything.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Well, I’m ____________ somebody else right now, but I _______ ____ ______ ___ help you in about ten minutes. ________ you come back in ten minutes?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ OK. And in the meantime, I __________ try again. Maybe I _____ ___ _____ ___ find it by then.” </li></ul>
  45. 47. Let’s Practice.... <ul><li>Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): </li></ul><ul><li>“ ___ Can ___ you help me, please? I want a book about the Internet, but I ___ can’t ___ find one.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ ___ Did ___ you look among the computer books?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Yes, I ___ did ____, but I __ couldn’t ____ find anything.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Well, I’m __ helping ___ somebody else right now, but I ___ will be able to __ help you in about ten minutes. ___ Can __ you come back in ten minutes?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ OK. And in the meantime, I ___ will ___ try again. Maybe I __ will be able to __ find it by then.” </li></ul>
  46. 48. Refresh Your Memory-- Take another look at the table of helping verbs. Pay attention to the colors.
  47. 49. © Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
  48. 50. Let’s Review.... <ul><li>Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): </li></ul><ul><li>1. Moshe _________ drive (V 1 ) more carefully. He _____________ drive (V1) so carelessly. </li></ul><ul><li>2. _________ you want (V 1 ) anything to eat? </li></ul><ul><li>Yes, thanks. I ___________ like (V1) a sandwich. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Bob ______ act ing in movies and mak ing lots of money. </li></ul><ul><li>4. __________ you seen (V 3 - irregular verb) my hat? </li></ul><ul><li>No, I ________ remember (V1) seeing it. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Dan ______ wasted (V 3 - regular verb) all of his money. </li></ul><ul><li>6. Some Americans _______ surprised (V3 - regular verb) when Bush ____ elected (V3 - regular verb) President. </li></ul><ul><li>These photographs ________ taken (V3 - irregular verb) at Niagara Falls. </li></ul><ul><li>©Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997 </li></ul>
  49. 51. Let’s Review.... <ul><li>Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): </li></ul><ul><li>1. Moshe _ should __ drive (V1) more carefully. He ___ shouldn’t _ drive (V1) so carelessly. </li></ul><ul><li>2. ___ Do _ ___ you want (V1) anything to eat? </li></ul><ul><li>Yes, thanks. I __ would ____ like (V1) a sandwich. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Bob __ is __ act ing in movies and mak ing lots of money. </li></ul><ul><li>4. ___ Have ___ you seen (V 3 - irregular verb) my hat? </li></ul><ul><li>No, I __ don’t _ remember (V1) seeing it. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Dan _ has __ wasted (V 3 - regular verb) all of his money. </li></ul><ul><li>6. Some Americans _ were __ surprised (V3 - regular verb) when Clinton _ was _ elected (V3 - regular verb) President. </li></ul><ul><li>These photographs __ were __ taken (V3 - irregular verb) at Niagara Falls. </li></ul><ul><li>©Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997 </li></ul>
  50. 52. Let’s Review Some More.... <ul><li>Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): </li></ul><ul><li>1. Don’t you ________ you _________ drunk enough beer? </li></ul><ul><li>2. People should __________ a dentist once a year. </li></ul><ul><li>3. I will ________ an umbrella, because it may __________. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Gabi has always ___________ to visit India. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Most of our friends had already _________ the party when we arrived. Why did they _________ so soon? </li></ul><ul><li>6. Please forgive me for phoning you so early this morning. </li></ul><ul><li>__________ you sleep ing ? </li></ul><ul><li>7. I was ___________ TV, when suddenly I heard a shot. </li></ul><ul><li>Poor Miri! She ’s __________ her arm! Call a doctor! </li></ul><ul><li>©Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997 </li></ul>
  51. 53. Let’s Review Some More.... <ul><li>Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): </li></ul><ul><li>1. Don’t you _ think __ you __ have ___ drunk enough beer? </li></ul><ul><li>2. People should ___ see ____ a dentist once a year. </li></ul><ul><li>3. I will __ take __ an umbrella, because it may __ rain ____. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Gabi has always __ wanted ___ to visit India. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Most of our friends had already __ left ___ the party when we arrived. Why did they __ leave __ so soon? </li></ul><ul><li>6. Please forgive me for phoning you so early this morning. </li></ul><ul><li>__ Were ____ you sleep ing ? </li></ul><ul><li>7. I was __ watching _ TV, when suddenly I heard a shot. </li></ul><ul><li>8. Poor Miri! She ’s __ broken __ her arm! Call a doctor! </li></ul><ul><li>©Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997 </li></ul>
  52. 54. Let’s Try a Test.... <ul><li>Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): </li></ul><ul><li>1. I don’t _________ to think about it. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Anat _______ lost ten kilo. You ___________ see her! </li></ul><ul><li>3. Did you _____________ to take your keys? </li></ul><ul><li>4. I haven’t ________, and I _____ not planning to eat anything before dinner. </li></ul><ul><li>5. ________ you considered going into politics? </li></ul><ul><li>6. He is ______________ a great expert. </li></ul><ul><li>7. A lot of wine was __________ at the party last night. </li></ul><ul><li>We ___________ talking on the telephone when the lights went out. </li></ul>
  53. 55. Let’s Try a Test.... <ul><li>Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): </li></ul><ul><li>1. I don’t _ want ____ to think about it. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Anat __ has __ lost ten kilo. You _ should ____ see her! </li></ul><ul><li>3. Did you __ remember ___ to take your keys? </li></ul><ul><li>4. I haven’t __ eaten _, and I _ am __ not planning to eat anything before dinner. </li></ul><ul><li>5. __ Have __ you considered going into politics? </li></ul><ul><li>6. He is __ considered __ a great expert. </li></ul><ul><li>7. A lot of wine was __ drunk ___ at the party last night. </li></ul><ul><li>8. We ___ were ____ talking on the telephone when the lights went out. </li></ul>
  54. 56. A Test....Part 2: <ul><li>Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): </li></ul><ul><li>9. You could _________ until the last minute, or you could ________ the work now and _________ it over with. </li></ul><ul><li>10. _________ you name ten countries in Africa? </li></ul><ul><li>11. I __________ sleep very well last night. </li></ul><ul><li>I have _________ my promise, and I _________ keep my word. </li></ul>
  55. 57. A Test....Part 2: <ul><li>Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): </li></ul><ul><li>9. You could __ wait ___ until the last minute, or you could ___ do ___ the work now and ___ get ___ it over with. </li></ul><ul><li>10. ___ Can ___ you name ten countries in Africa? </li></ul><ul><li>11. I __ didn’t __ sleep very well last night. </li></ul><ul><li>I have __ given __ my promise, and I __ will ___ keep my word. </li></ul>
  56. 58. This is the end of Lesson 3
  57. 60. by Rachel Bar Yosef
  58. 61. ? LESSON 4 V
  59. 62. English verb phrases can be l o n g ! <ul><li>I couldn’t have been expected to have </li></ul><ul><li>known that. </li></ul>! יו An 8-word verb! © Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
  60. 63. Forming Yes/No Questions <ul><li>Take the first element ( מרכיב ) of the </li></ul><ul><li>verb and put it before the subject ( נושא ): </li></ul><ul><li>I can believe it. </li></ul><ul><li>Can you believe it? </li></ul><ul><li>I ’ve been there. </li></ul><ul><li>Have you been there? </li></ul>
  61. 64. Forming questions...still! <ul><li>Follow the same rule even for a </li></ul><ul><li>monster verb! </li></ul><ul><li>He couldn’t have been expected to </li></ul><ul><li>understand . </li></ul><ul><li>Could he have been expected to </li></ul><ul><li>understand ? </li></ul>©Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
  62. 65. How do I translate &quot; האם &quot; when I’m forming a yes-no question? © Rachel Bar Yosef,1997
  63. 66. To translate “ האם” when forming a yes-no question, simply begin the question with the suitable helping verb. © Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
  64. 67. For example : Are you serious? ? האם אתה רציני Are you listening? האם אתה מקשיב ? Do you collect stamps? האם אתה אוסף בולים ? Have you lost weight? האם רזית ? Will he succeed? האם הוא יצליח ? Can you convince me? האם תוכל לשכנע אותי ? © Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
  65. 68. Let’s Practice.... <ul><li>Complete the conversation: </li></ul><ul><li>BENNY: Arik! I haven’t seen you for a long time! </li></ul><ul><li>__________________________________________? </li></ul><ul><li>ARIK: Of course I haven’t been hiding! I’ve been very busy. </li></ul><ul><li>BENNY: _______________________________________? </li></ul><ul><li>ARIK: Yes, I’m studying a lot. I want to do well on my exams. </li></ul><ul><li>BENNY: ________________________________________? </li></ul><ul><li>ARIK: Yes, unfortunately, I still have that part-time job. It’s really too much. That’s why I’m always so tired. </li></ul><ul><li>BENNY: ________________________________________? </li></ul><ul><li>ARIK: You’re right. I guess I wasn’t smart to take the job. But I need the money! </li></ul><ul><li>BENNY: ________________________________________? </li></ul><ul><li>ARIK: Yes, I’ve been able to save a lot of money, although not as much as I’d hoped to save! </li></ul>
  66. 69. Let’s Practice.... <ul><li>Complete the conversation: </li></ul><ul><li>BENNY: Arik! I haven’t seen you for a long time! </li></ul><ul><li>_ Have you been hiding? _____________________? </li></ul><ul><li>ARIK: Of course I haven’t been hiding! I’ve been very busy. </li></ul><ul><li>BENNY: __ Are you studying a lot? ___________________? </li></ul><ul><li>ARIK: Yes, I’m studying a lot. I want to do well on my exams. </li></ul><ul><li>BENNY: ___ Do you still have that part-time job? ________? </li></ul><ul><li>ARIK: Yes, unfortunately, I still have that part-time job. It’s really too much. That’s why I’m always so tired. </li></ul><ul><li>BENNY: _ Are you sure you were smart to take the job? ___? </li></ul><ul><li>ARIK: You’re right. I guess I wasn’t smart to take the job. But I need the money! </li></ul><ul><li>BENNY: __ Have you been able to save any money? ______? </li></ul><ul><li>ARIK: Yes, I’ve been able to save a lot of money, although not as much as I’d hoped to save! </li></ul>
  67. 70. Let’s Practice <ul><li>Ask these questions in English: </li></ul><ul><li>האם אתם חייבים לעשות כל כך הרבה רעש ? ___________________________________________ ___ </li></ul><ul><li>האם אראה אותך הערב ? </li></ul><ul><li>_________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>האם מותר לנו להשתמש במילון ? </li></ul><ul><li>_________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>השתגעת ? </li></ul><ul><li>_________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>האם אתה מקשיב ? </li></ul><ul><li>_________________________________________________ </li></ul>
  68. 71. Let’s Practice <ul><li>Ask these questions in English: </li></ul><ul><li>האם אתם חייבים לעשות כל כך הרבה רעש ? </li></ul><ul><li>_ (Do you have to/Must you) make so much noise? _________ </li></ul><ul><li>האם אראה אותך הערב ? </li></ul><ul><li>_ Will I see you tonight? ______________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>האם מותר לנו להשתמש במילון ? </li></ul><ul><li>_ (Are we allowed to/ May we) use a dictionary? ___________ </li></ul><ul><li>השתגעת ? </li></ul><ul><li>_ Are you crazy? Have you gone crazy? _________________ </li></ul><ul><li>האם אתה מקשיב ? </li></ul><ul><li>_ Are you listening? _________________________________ </li></ul>
  69. 72. Let’s Practice <ul><li>Ask these questions in English: </li></ul><ul><li>האם אי פעם בקרת בפטרה ? </li></ul><ul><li>_________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>האם שמעת בימיך דבר כל כך מגוחך ? </li></ul><ul><li>_________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>האם הייתם בהפגנה ? </li></ul><ul><li>_________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>האם ראית את המפתחות שלי ? </li></ul><ul><li>_________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>האם היית מציע לי להזמין אותם ? </li></ul><ul><li>_________________________________________________ </li></ul>
  70. 73. Let’s Practice <ul><li>Ask these questions in English: </li></ul><ul><li>האם אי פעם בקרת בפטרה ? </li></ul><ul><li>_ Have you ever visited Petra? _________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>האם שמעת בימיך דבר כל כך מגוחך ? </li></ul><ul><li>_ Have you ever heard anything so ridiculous? ____________ </li></ul><ul><li>האם הייתם בהפגנה ? </li></ul><ul><li>_ Were you at the demonstration? ______________________ </li></ul><ul><li>האם ראית את המפתחות שלי ? </li></ul><ul><li>_ Have you seen my keys? ____________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>האם היית מציע לי להזמין אותם ? </li></ul><ul><li>_ Would you (advise me to/suggest that I) invite them? _____ </li></ul>
  71. 74. WH-words <ul><li>Learn these question words : </li></ul><ul><li>who whom whose which </li></ul><ul><li>what where when why </li></ul>? ? ? ? ?
  72. 75. <ul><li>And these, too : </li></ul><ul><li>how how much how many </li></ul><ul><li>how often [ באיזו תדירות ] </li></ul><ul><li>how long (ago) [( לפני ) כמה זמן ] </li></ul><ul><li>how + כל תואר שהוא </li></ul><ul><li> (how rich, how strong, how sick) </li></ul><ul><li>? ? ? ? ? </li></ul>WH-words
  73. 76. How easy is it? <ul><li>It’s really easy! </li></ul><ul><li>(The answer:) I want my money. (The next </li></ul><ul><li>question:) Why do you want your money? </li></ul><ul><li>(The answer:) I ’ve given Adam some money. (The next question:) How much money have you given him? </li></ul><ul><li>(The answer:) I ’m planning to leave tomorrow. (The next question:) Why aren’t you planning to leave today ? </li></ul>
  74. 77. “ Who” and “What” as subjects <ul><li>Where who or what refers to the subject ,( הנושא ) </li></ul><ul><li>the Hebrew translation is מי או מה ? </li></ul><ul><li>If who or what refers to the subject, DON’T use do-does-did in the simple tenses; DON’T change the word order: </li></ul><ul><li>Answer: Tal loves Rami Kleinstein’s music. </li></ul><ul><li>Question: Who loves Rami Kleinstein’s music? </li></ul>
  75. 78. “ Stumpers” ( מכשולים ) <ul><li>How old are you? ? בן כמה אתה </li></ul><ul><li>What happened ? מה קרה ? </li></ul><ul><li>What did x do? ? X מה עשה </li></ul><ul><li>When were you born? מתי נולדת ? </li></ul><ul><li>What do you do for a living? ? במה אתה עובד </li></ul><ul><li>How long will he be gone? </li></ul><ul><li>לכמה זמן הוא לא יהיה ? </li></ul>
  76. 79. How good are you at this? <ul><li>Ask the right questions. See how much you’ve learned. </li></ul><ul><li>X: Hello, I’m phoning about your advertisement. _____________________________________________? </li></ul><ul><li>MOTI: They’re not very old. Five years isn’t really so old. Anyway, they’re in good shape. </li></ul><ul><li>X: _____________________________________________? </li></ul><ul><li>MOTI: I’m not “getting rid of” them. I’m offering them because I’m moving to a new flat, where I’m not allowed to keep them. </li></ul><ul><li>X: _____________________________________________? </li></ul><ul><li>MOTI: I don’t understand it either. They don’t bother anyone. </li></ul>
  77. 80. How good are you at this? <ul><li>Ask the right questions. See how much you’ve learned. </li></ul><ul><li>X: Hello, I’m phoning about your advertisement. </li></ul><ul><li>_ How old are they? ______________________________? </li></ul><ul><li>MOTI: They’re not very old. Five years isn’t really so old. Anyway, they’re in good shape. </li></ul><ul><li>X: _ Why are you getting rid of them? _________________? </li></ul><ul><li>MOTI: I’m not “getting rid of” them. I’m offering them because I’m moving to a new flat, where I’m not allowed to keep them. </li></ul><ul><li>X: _ Why aren’t you allowed to keep them? _____________? </li></ul><ul><li>MOTI: I don’t understand it either. They don’t bother anyone. </li></ul>
  78. 81. Keep going... <ul><li>X: ____________________________________________? </li></ul><ul><li>MOTI: You can take them whenever it’s convenient. I’m always home. </li></ul><ul><li>X: ____________________________________________? </li></ul><ul><li>MOTI: I live on the corner of Plony and Almony. </li></ul><ul><li>X: I know the building. ___________________________? </li></ul><ul><li>MOTI: My entrance is Number 2. </li></ul><ul><li>X: ____________________________________________? </li></ul><ul><li>MOTI: Oh, I don’t want any money for them. All I care about is finding a good home for them! </li></ul><ul><li>X: A good home! ________________________________? </li></ul><ul><li>MOTI: Of course I’m not selling a set of skis! I’m giving away my beloved cats! </li></ul>
  79. 82. Keep going... <ul><li>X: _ When can I take them?_ _______________________? </li></ul><ul><li>MOTI: You can take them whenever it’s convenient. I’m always home. </li></ul><ul><li>X: _ Where do you live? ___________________________? </li></ul><ul><li>MOTI: I live on the corner of Plony and Almony. </li></ul><ul><li>X: I know the building. _ Which entrance is yours? _____? </li></ul><ul><li>MOTI: My entrance is Number 2. </li></ul><ul><li>X: _ How much money do you want for them? _________? </li></ul><ul><li>MOTI: Oh, I don’t want any money for them. All I care about is finding a good home for them! </li></ul><ul><li>X: A good home! _ Aren’t you selling a set of skis? _____? </li></ul><ul><li>MOTI: Of course I’m not selling a set of skis! I’m giving away my beloved cats! </li></ul>
  80. 83. CONGRATULATIONS! YOUR NAME has been awarded the M.V. (Master of Verbs)

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