Software:
         Graphic, Media, Multimedia
                                   Arry Akhmad Arman
                       ...
Invention of WWW (World Wide Web)
                       (              )

                                               ...
Web Browser Creator

      •    Microsoft Internet Explorer: 73.81%
      •    Firefox: 18.43%
      •    Safari: 6 14%
  ...
Microsoft Internet Explorer
                           p




                                                             ...
Focus on Computer Graphic (
                  p        p    (Image)
                                    g )

      •    Im...
Focus on Computer Graphic (Image)
      Image Representation




                                                pixel


A...
Focus on Computer Graphic (Image)
      Image Representation

     • Total number of                                 Pixel...
Greyscale Image ( byte p p
         y         g (1 y per pixel)
                                   )

     • Image 500 x 4...
Color Image (true color, 3 byte per pixel)


    • Image 500 x 400 pixel
    • Total number of pixel is 200.000
      pixe...
Color vs Greyscale vs BW
                  y


                                                                           ...
Black and White (1 bit p p
                      (      per pixel)
                                      )
               ...
Focus on Computer Graphic (Image)
      Image Compression

      • Lossy Compression: some information are loss,
        d...
Focus on Computer Graphic (Image)
      Image Compression Quality




                Best quality,                       ...
Focus on Computer Graphic (Image)
      Graphic (Vector)




Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Info...
Focus on Computer Graphic (Image)
      Image Processing Application

      •    Adobe Photoshop
      •    Corel Draw
   ...
Sample of Image Processing
      Blue Screen Technique
                                         1. Find the boundary
     ...
Real Sample
              p




Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008
Sample of Image Processing [ ]
         p         g           g [2]

      • Digital photo management software programs su...
Postscript
              p

      • PostScript: a standard page-description
                                page descripti...
3D Modeling
                g




Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008
3D Model and Rendering
                           g

      • Rendering is the process of g
                  g       p    ...
3D Model and Rendering
                           g




    Images in wireframe
   view; those on the right
     are fully...
Sample of Rendering Result
         p              g

                                                                    ...
Sample of Rendering Result
         p              g




Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informat...
Rendering Quality
              gQ      y




Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008
CAD/CAM:
      Turning Pictures into Products
      • Computer Aided Design (CAD)
        software:
            – Allows e...
CAM/CIM
         /

      • Computer‐Aided Manufacturing
             p                         g
        (CAM) is the pro...
Graphic as Presentation Tools
         p

      •    Remember your goal.
      •    Remember your audience.
      •    Out...
Video Principle
                  p


                         NTSC = 30 fps, PAL = 25 fps




                           ...
Video and TV Resolutions


                                                              Today TV
     VCD (PAL)
         ...
Video Game




Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008
Nintendo Wii: Playing Tenis
                       y g




Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Inform...
Nintendo Wii: Starwars




Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008
MIDI
      (Musical Instrument Digital Interface)
      • MIDI is a digital interface for music equipment
      • MIDI is ...
Thank you
            y




                                                                       Tolong b k k
          ...
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IT Introduction - 06. Graphic & Multimedia

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IT Introduction - 06. Graphic & Multimedia

  1. 1. Software: Graphic, Media, Multimedia Arry Akhmad Arman School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia Email: arman@kupalima com arman@kupalima.com Website: http://www.kupalima.com Blog: http://kupalima.wordpress.com This course material can be downloaded at http://slideshare.net/kupalima Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008
  2. 2. Invention of WWW (World Wide Web) ( ) • The World Wide Web (commonly shortened to the Web) is a system of interlinked hypertext documents accessed via the Internet. With a Web browser, a user views Web pages that b b h may contain text, images, videos, and other multimedia and navigates between them using hyperlinks hyperlinks. • The World Wide Web was created in 1989 b B i i h scientist Si Ti by British i i Sir Tim Berners‐Lee, working at the European Tim Berners-Lee Organization for Nuclear Research weaves the Web for Everybody (CERN) in Geneva Switzerland and Geneva, Switzerland, released in 1992. Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008
  3. 3. Web Browser Creator • Microsoft Internet Explorer: 73.81% • Firefox: 18.43% • Safari: 6 14% 6.14% • Opera: 0.71% • Netscape: 0 62% 0.62% • Mozilla: 0.11% • Other: 0.18% Other 0 18% Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008
  4. 4. Microsoft Internet Explorer p URL (Uniform Resource Locator) http://www.itb.ac.id/STEI/index.html htt // itb id/STEI/i d ht l http = protocol name www.itb.ac.id = server name /STEI/index.html = file location Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008
  5. 5. Focus on Computer Graphic ( p p (Image) g ) • Image representation • How big you need memory to store image? • Image Compression • Types of Image Compression • Image file format • Image Processing Application Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008
  6. 6. Focus on Computer Graphic (Image) Image Representation pixel Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008 6
  7. 7. Focus on Computer Graphic (Image) Image Representation • Total number of Pixel pixels is (H x V) H (horizontal number of pixel) • Every pixel represented by – 1 bit (black and white) – 1 byte (greyscale) – 1 byte (256 color) – 2 byte (64K color) – 3 b t (16M color) byte l ) – more … Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008 7
  8. 8. Greyscale Image ( byte p p y g (1 y per pixel) ) • Image 500 x 400 pixel • Total number of pixel is 200.000 pixel • E h pixel represented b 1 b t Each i l t d by byte • Total image capacity 200.000 x 3 byte = 200.000 byte Pixel-2 Pixel-n = 1 byte Pixel-1 Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008 8
  9. 9. Color Image (true color, 3 byte per pixel) • Image 500 x 400 pixel • Total number of pixel is 200.000 pixel • Each pixel represented by 3 byte • Total image capacity 200.000 x 3 byte = 600 000 byte 600.000 Pixel-1 Pixel-2 Pixel-n = 1 byte Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008 9
  10. 10. Color vs Greyscale vs BW y Black and White Color Greyscale Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008 10
  11. 11. Black and White (1 bit p p ( per pixel) ) 8 pixels 8 pixels = 1 byte 8 pixels Greyscale Black & White Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008 11
  12. 12. Focus on Computer Graphic (Image) Image Compression • Lossy Compression: some information are loss, de‐compression result not same with original image. Example: JPEG • Lossless Compression: no information loss, de‐ compression result same with original image. Example: GIF, TIFF C Compression i ?!hasoas$^%& 823hiwef93 hnf*6867888 DeCompression Original, 600KB Compressed, <<600KB Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008
  13. 13. Focus on Computer Graphic (Image) Image Compression Quality Best quality, Low quality, file size 99KB file size 28KB Original Image Med quality, quality file size 600KB file size 41KB Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008
  14. 14. Focus on Computer Graphic (Image) Graphic (Vector) Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008
  15. 15. Focus on Computer Graphic (Image) Image Processing Application • Adobe Photoshop • Corel Draw • Visio • AutoCAD • etc Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008
  16. 16. Sample of Image Processing Blue Screen Technique 1. Find the boundary of the object 2. Copy the object 4. 4 Put it together 3. Prepare the new background Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008
  17. 17. Real Sample p Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008
  18. 18. Sample of Image Processing [ ] p g g [2] • Digital photo management software programs such as g p g f p g Apple iPhoto and Microsoft PictureIt! simplify and automate common tasks associated with capturing, organizing, editing, organizing editing and sharing digital images images. Combine it with Take an image other objects Make a statement Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008
  19. 19. Postscript p • PostScript: a standard page-description page description language for describing text fonts, illustrations, and other elements of the printed page • Used by professional drawing programs such as Adobe Illustrator and Macromedia FreeHand • Built into many laser printers and other high‐end output devices so those devices can understand and follow PostScript instructions • PostScript‐based drawing software constructs a PostScript P S i program as the user d h draws Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008
  20. 20. 3D Modeling g Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008
  21. 21. 3D Model and Rendering g • Rendering is the process of g g p generating an image from a g g model, by means of computer programs. The model is a description of three dimensional objects in a strictly defined language or data structure It would contain structure. geometry, viewpoint, texture, lighting, and shading information. Rendering Process Model in wireframe Rendering result Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008
  22. 22. 3D Model and Rendering g Images in wireframe view; those on the right are fully rendered to y add surface textures Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008
  23. 23. Sample of Rendering Result p g Rendering result wireframe Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008
  24. 24. Sample of Rendering Result p g Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008
  25. 25. Rendering Quality gQ y Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008
  26. 26. CAD/CAM: Turning Pictures into Products • Computer Aided Design (CAD) software: – Allows engineers, designers, and architects to create – designs on screen for products ranging from computer – chips to public buildings – Can test product prototypes – Cheaper, faster, and more accurate than traditional – design‐by‐hand techniques Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008
  27. 27. CAM/CIM / • Computer‐Aided Manufacturing p g (CAM) is the process by which data related to the product design are fed into a program that controls the manufacturing of parts. • Computer‐Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) refers to the combination of CAD/CAM and is a major step toward a fully automated factory. Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008
  28. 28. Graphic as Presentation Tools p • Remember your goal. • Remember your audience. • Outline your ideas. • Be stingy with words words. • Keep it simple. • Use a consistent design. • Be smart with art. h • Keep each slide focused. • Tell them what you’re going to tell them, then tell them, then tell them what you told them. Read “Good Presentation” in http://slideshare.net/kupalima Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008
  29. 29. Video Principle p NTSC = 30 fps, PAL = 25 fps frame 10 minutes NTSC video consist of 10 x 60 x 30 = 18 000 frames 18.000 Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008 29
  30. 30. Video and TV Resolutions Today TV VCD (PAL) Resolution 352x288 Today Computer DVD (PAL) Display Resolution 720 x 576 (1280 x 800) Full F ll HD TV (1920 x 1080) High Definition Video 1920 x 1080 Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008
  31. 31. Video Game Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008
  32. 32. Nintendo Wii: Playing Tenis y g Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008
  33. 33. Nintendo Wii: Starwars Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008
  34. 34. MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface) • MIDI is a digital interface for music equipment • MIDI is not a musical instrument • MIDI represent record and play the pattern of represent, music playing, not record the sound of music. MIDI Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008
  35. 35. Thank you y Tolong b k k l berikan komentar anda d tentang penyampaian kuliah ini di http://kupalima.wordpress.com Belgium, 2000 Arry Akhmad Arman | School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics ITB | 2008
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